A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Hamilton 39

Summary Catalogue no.: 24469

Canon law; A-D Germany (mostly Leipzig), 15th century, first half (mostly 1421)

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: ii (paper) + 1 (parchment, former pastedown) + 274 + 1 (paper, repaired, = fol. 274) + ii folios (132 is double)
Dimensions (leaf): 304 × 215 mm.
Foliation: [unfoliated], i, ii, 1-273 (132 is double), 274, 275, [unfoliated]

Binding

15th-century binding of blind-ruled and stampted leather over boards, rebacked. Tabs. The stamps are rosette of six leaves (Einbanddatenbank m002438; rosette of four leaves.

History

Origin: 15th century, first half (mostly 1421) ; Germany, (chiefly) Leipzig

Provenance and Acquisition

Dated on fols. 46, 69v, 76v, 101, 126v, 165, 261; the undated sections are contemporary except for short texts added later in the fifteenth century. Fols. 262-274 not dated, but the watermark is compatible with a date of c. 1421 or perhaps a little later.

Erfurt, Carthusian abbey: identifiable as A23(2) in the late-fifteenth-century catalogue (ed. P. Lehmann, pp. 253-4).

Friedrich Gottlieb Julius von Bülow, 1760-?1831, probably identifiable as 234 in the catalogue of part 3 of his sale, 10 Oct. 1836.

Sir William Hamilton, 1788-1856

Presented to the Bodleian Library by his sons and received in 1857.

MS. Hamilton 39 - part A (fols. 1-129)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 1ra-126va)
1.1. (fols. 1ra-101rb)
⟨Summaria capitulorum seu Casus summarii Decretalium Gregorii IX⟩

Here attributed to an unidentified 'Bernardus' or 'Bernardus graecus' (not the work of Bernard of Compostella or Bernard of Parma). For apparently similar texts see J. Fliege, Die Handschriften der ehemaligen Stifts- und Gymnasialbibliothek Quedlinburg in Halle. (1982), 234, on Qu. Cod. 131, fols. 121r-156v (on Liber extra books 1-2 only); S. Heyne, Die mittelalterlichen Codices Erfordenses in der Universitäts- und Forschungsbibliothek Erfurt / Gotha (2005) 61-2, on CE 8o 22, fols. 1r-132v (similar only in Liber extra bks. 1-2); and more generally Schulte II.492-4.

(fols. 1ra-24rb)
Rubric: Rubrica de Summa Trinitate et Fide Catholica [later hand]
Incipit: Firmiter credimus Simpliciter credendum est quod vnus solus et verus deus eternus
Incipit: (fol. 1rb) Damnamus Casus licet quis erret in fide non debet hereticus censeri dum tamen fidem romane ecclesie paratus sit suscipere uel se illa tenere fatetur
Incipit: (fol. 1rb) De constitucionibus. Canonum Postquam deus formauit hominem ad ymaginem et similitudinem eius Ius naturale cum ipso prodiit
Explicit: Compromissum non extenditur in conpromittentes heredes si de ipsis non caueatur ibidem etc.
Final rubric: Expliciunt casus Bernhardi
Final rubric: Explicit primus liber decretalium
(fols. 24va-46rb)
Rubric: De iudiciis II liber
Incipit: De quo uult deo Casus. Qui promisit iudicem suum non declinare
Incipit: Decreuimus Casus. Laycus ecclesiatica negocia tractare non debet
Explicit: Item papa per constituciones non intendit viribus episcoporum preiudiciam
Colophon: Tunc est finis 1420\1421/ In die marcelli
Final rubric: Et est finis huius secundi libri decretalium
(fols. 46va-69vb)
Rubric: De vite et honestate clericorum III
Incipit: Et[sic] layci Casus. Quando sacra celebrantur in ecclesia clerici stare debent in choro et layci in parte maiori ecclesie
Explicit: Item litterati in theologia debent esse bellatores pro fide katholica contra impugnatores etc.
Colophon: Finis huius 3ij anno MCCCCxxj ipso die Brigide virginis
Final rubric: etc finis huius tercii
(fols. 70ra-76vb)
Rubric: De sponsalibus et matrimoniis IIII liber
Incipit: De Francia Nota sponsalia sunt futurarum nupciarum promissio dicta a spondendo id est promittendo
Incipit: Preterea Casus. Soluuntur sponsalia de futuro si sponsi se ab inuicem absoluunt
Colophon: est finis anno MCCCCo xxj in die sancti blasij hora septima de mane
Final rubric: Etc finis huius quarti sequitur quintus
(fols. 77ra-101rb)
Rubric: V De accusacionibus et inquisicionibus et denunciacionibus
Incipit: Si legittimus Accusacio est criminis alicuius apud iudicem competentem facta
Incipit: Denuncciacio Casus. Criminis alicuius apud iudicem competentem non inscripcione
Explicit: prelato suo facere obedienciam etc.
Final rubric: Expliciunt casus libri decretalium compilacionis greci bernhardi
Colophon: Anno MCCCCo xxj ipso die sancti valentini in lypcz.
1.2. (fols. 101va-126va)
⟨Summaria capitulorum seu Casus summarii Libri sexti decretalium ⟩
Incipit: Bonifacius episcopus Prohemium illud in quattuor diuiditur partes. In prima ponitur salutacio
Incipit: Episcopus Hoc est verbum(?) ante consecracionem et coronacionem, Seruus seruorum dei, non simpliciter dicit se seruum sed seruum dei, quasi de hiis que sunt foris
Incipit: (fols. 102rb) ⟨Fideli⟩ Errore grecorum qui dicebant spiritum sanctum procedere a solo patre extirpato per canones
Explicit: Sicut si conceditur(?) episcopo ut possit beneficia suorum clericorum cedencium vel decedencium conferre tunc sub clericorum solum ipsius domestici et familiares intelligitur

For the ending cf. Augsburg UB Cod. II. 1. 4o 71 art. 5 (also followed by Regulae iuris); elsewhere seems to be abbreviated from Johannes Andreae, Apparatus ad Sextum

1.3. (fol. 125vb-126va)
Boniface VIII, Liber sextus: De regulis iuris
Rubric: De regulis iuris
Incipit: Beneficium ecclesiasticum non potest licite
Explicit: contra leges nititur voluntatem
Colophon: 1421
Explicit: Datum Rome aput sanctum petrum v nonarum marcii pontificatus nostri anno 4o.

The text only.

2. (fol. 126v-127r, margin)

A later hand adds notes from the Stella clericorum, the Speculum exemplorum, and the Revelations of St Bridget.

3. (fols. 126vb-127vb)
Epistola Luciferi
Rubric: Epistola Sathane missa ex centro inferni vniuersis principibus mundi maxime moderne ecclesie qui eius imperio et voluntati famulantur [later hand]
Incipit: Lucifer princeps tenebrarum profundi tristicie regens acherontis Dudum quidem christi vicarii sequentes eius vestigia
Explicit: in roborem[sic] premissorum

Helen Feng, 'Devil's Letters: Their History and Significance in Church and Society, 1100-1500' (PhD, Northwestern University, 1982), 450-455 (listing this ms.)

4. (fols. 127vb-129ra)
⟨Casus reservati⟩
Rubric: Casus papales
Incipit: Primus quando aliquis verberat clericum et sunt multe excepciones
Rubric: Casus episcopales
Incipit: Primus est coytus cum moniali
⟨Casus in quibus⟩
Rubric: Nota casus in quibus potest sibi dicere
Incipit: Primus est in nocturno alius in notorio depopulliatore
Rubric: Casus in quibus ecclesia consecrata debet reconsecrari
Incipit: Nota quod tres sunt casus in quibus ecclesia consecrata debet reconsecrari. Primus si ecclesia combusta fuerit

Cf. Wiesbaden, Nassauischen Landesbibliothek, Hs. 25 fol. 339v; (in part) BnF, Latin 8931, fols. 256-257v.

Fol. 129v blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Fols. 1-31 paper and parchment mixed (the inner and outer bifolia of each quire are parchment); fols. 32-129 paper.

Layout

2 cols., c. 36-42 lines, column space 225-30 × 65-75 mm.

Hand(s)

Cursive.

Decoration

Art. 1: 4-7 line red initials with simple silhouette decoration at the beginning of books.

Elsewhere 2-3 line red initials.

MS. Hamilton 39 - part B (fols. 130-165)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 130ra-158vc)
⟨Vocabularius utrius iuris cum tabula⟩

A text which combines a vocabulary of civil law, the 'Epitome exactis regibus', with vocabularies of canon law. The resulting text is divided into 234 numbered sections, which form the basis of an alphabetical index. The same or a very similar compilation in Jena, MS. G. B. f. 18a fols. 29ra-72vb (prov. Erfurt, St Peter's).

(fols. 130ra-145va)
⟨Epitome exactis regibus⟩
Incipit: Exactis a romana ciuitate regibus constitutei sunt consules duo
Explicit: quod supervacuum est prouectis et tantum de isto

Here sections 1-170

(fols. 145va-154vb)
⟨Expositiones titulorum Decretalium⟩
Rubric: Declaracio terminorum in rubricis primi libri decretalium
Incipit: Constitucio est ius scriptum unius cause uel negocii. Consultacio est in qua
Explicit: Priuilegium est beneficium contra ius commune institutum

Followed immediately by three other alphabetical vocabularies all presented as one continuous text:

Incipit: (fol. 147ra) Ambicio est inordinatum desiderium honoris
Incipit: (fol. 147vb) Aduersio est assumpcio cuius operis pro certa mercede
Incipit: (fol. 150ra)A quandoque facit separacionem et quandoque includit
Rubric: De significacionibus anni
Incipit: Annus naturalis est a quolibet die incipiens
Explicit: de iudeis c. ult. Hic est finis.

Sections 171-234

(fols. 154vb-158vc)

Alphabetical index of terms

Incipit: 206 A | 52 ABigeus | 106 Abolicio
Explicit: 233 Zelus | 17 Zenodochium | 17 Zenodochus, Zenon
Colophon: Et sic et finis sit laus et gloria | Detur pro pena scriptori pulchra puella | Si non est pulchra pacietur verbera dura
2. (fol. 158vb
List of the archdioceses in Germany and the dioceses within them

Added in a different hand.

3. (fols. 159-165)
⟨Johannes de Lignano⟩, ⟨De horis canonicis⟩
Rubric: Circa materia horarum canonicarum [later hand]
Rubric: Repeticio doctoralis et vtilis valde ad studiose persoluendum horas canonicas illius rubrice De celebracione missarum in Clementinas [later hand]
Incipit: In nomine domini amen. Ad honorem illius cuius opera sunt inseperabilia
Incipit: (fol. 159va) Nota primo ex primo capitulo certum modum et ordine in diuinis officiis debere seruari
Explicit: ad aliquas horas peculiares uel vigilias mortuorum obligatur
Colophon: Et hec de horis canonicis anno .1421. in festo galli script(a)

Pr. USTC 805942, vol. 15/2, fols. 558ra-559vb. Rest of fol. 165r blank; fol. 165v blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: paper

Layout

2 cols., c. 46 lines, column space 230 × 65-85 mm.

Hand(s)

Cursive.

Decoration

Art. 1: 4-7 line red initials with simple silhouette decoration

Coloured red initial at the beginning of art 2.

MS. Hamilton 38 - part C (fols. 166-261)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 166ra-261rb)
⟨Commentary on Adam of Aldersbach, Summula Raymundi⟩
Rubric: Circa Raymundum
Incipit: Circa summulam raymundi ponitur tale thema, Oportet illud monstrare iter eterne salutis. Hanc proposicionem scribit beatus gregorius
Incipit: (fol. 167va) Queritur primo utrum utrum sacramenta sint septem in numero et arguitur quod non, tot sunt sacramenta quod sunt vasa gracie susceptiua
Incipit: (fol. 168va) Utrum ius canonicum a lege et ewangelio institutum sit hic subiectum et arguitur primo quod non, illud quod subicitur in decretalibus(?) et in decretis, hoc non est subiectum in hac sciencia
Incipit: (fol. 169vb) Summula de Iste liber cuius subiectum est ius canonicum ewangelica tradicione a sanctis patribus confirmatum, prima sui diuisione diuiditur in partem prohemiale et executiuam, pars executiua est ibi, In summis festis. Prima pars diuiditur in tres partes. Primo reddit auditores benevolos ostendens unum esse fundamentum(?) sui libri. Secundo reddit auditores dociles et attentos
Incipit: (fol. 169vb) In summis festis ad Hic est pars executiua. In qua a(ucto)r determinat secundum ordinem(?) de hiis que promisit in prologo, et diuiditur principaliter in quinque capitula principalia. In primo a(ucto)r determinat de hiis que pertinent ad officium misse et de quibusdam aliis sacramentis scilicet de corpore domenico uel eukaristia, de baptismo, et de uncione
Incipit: (fol. 170vb) In defunctorum Hic autor docet modus seruandi collectos in missa defunctorum

The final lemmata are:

Incipit: (fol. 260rb) O species lepre Hic exclamat contra peccatum sodomiticum et vtitur multis exclamacionibus in quibus detestatur hoc genus peccatorum
Incipit: (fol. 260vb) Te infelix pudet Hic autor reprehendit illos qui pudent confiteri peccata sua, sepeliendo ea in corde suo
Explicit: Est finis huius operibus[sic] in quibus si quid dixi quod videatur contrarium veritati in hoc petitorem(?) subicio correccioni uestra si quid aliter sapitis(?) hoc vobis dominus reuelauit etc.
Colophon: Et sic est finis huius libri Anno domini M CCCCo xx primo In vigilia annucciacionis beate marie virginis. In lypczig.

Rest of fol. 261rb blank; fol. 261v blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: paper

Layout

2 cols., c. 38-40 lines, column space 220 × 60-70 mm.

Hand(s)

Cursive.

Decoration

10-line flourished initial in red and black at the beginning of art. 1; 6-line red initial with silhouette decoration, fol. 168vb

MS. Hamilton 38 - part D (fols. 262-274)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 262ra-265ra)
Incipit: Distinctus est librum decretorum in tres partes. Prima vocatur distincciones eo quod distincta sit in particulas centum et vna, que particule vocatur distincciones
Incipit: In primis xxti distinccionibus tractat gracianus de iure ponendo iuris diffiniciones diuisiones et subdiuisiones
Explicit: Item anno domini MCCCmo xvj Clementine sunt promulgate etc.
2. (fols. 265ra-270rb)
(fols. 265ra-269ra)
⟨Johannes Andreae⟩, ⟨Lectura arboris consanguinitas⟩
Incipit: Circa lecturam arboris consangwinitatis et affinitatis diuersi olym diuersi modum ponentibus uel tenentibus
Explicit: et precipue studentes continue perseuerentes per graciam eius qui est benedictus in secula seculorum amen

Pr. GW 1692 etc. The 'arbor' on fols. 267v-268r.

(fols. 269ra-270rb)
⟨Distincio de successionibus⟩
Rubric: Addicio
Incipit: Decimo ut promissi pro plena instruccione quantum ad nigra puncta arboris et per me apposita in supplementum quantum leuius potero subnecto
Explicit: debeneficio femine. Hec de huiusmodi opuscule huius partis.

Also in Berlin, SB, Theol. lat. fol. 141 (Rose 534), fol 389v. Cf. Dessau, Stadtbibliothek, Georg Hs. 265. quart, attributed to Johannes Cald⟨erinus⟩, but ending differently.

3. (fols. 270v-273v)
Repetitio de usuris
Rubric: Repeticio casus nauiganti de vsurie
Incipit: Nauiganti . Casus summarius. Usurarius est qui a debitore aliquid recipit ultra sortem et si suscepit in se periculum. [X 5.19.19] Nauiganti Exempli gratia ut hic ponitur. Et quia frequencius in talibus casibus illud solet contigere
Incipit: Nundinas id est ad locum ubi sunt nundine uel mercimonia et conuentus publicus ad merces emendas
Explicit: sed quia prima facie quicquid similatur(?) usure propter hoc tamen non est usura etc finis
4. (fol. 274r)
Verses on the ten plagues, ten commandments, ten trespasses; added, later hand
Walther 14595
Walther 19669
Incipit: Ydola fecit homo dominum iuravit inique
6. (fol. 274r, slip pasted on)

Acknowledgement by Nicholaus Wilberg of the sale to the 'archipresbyter' of Wetzlar (Wesflariensi) of a Liber decretalium and a Speculum humanae salvationis in 1471

7. (fol. 274v, fragment pasted on)

Fragment of a document mentioning 'Swalbach' (Schwalbach (Schöffengrund?)) perhaps relating to gifts to the parish church ('... dat ad fabricam et plebano ...'). Mistakenly described as a German-language document in the Summary Catalogue.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper. Watermark: bull's head with cross or perhaps trefoil above (indistinct), (?) type Piccard xi.51-147 (cf. 106-9?)

Layout

(fols. 262ra-270rb) 2 cols., scribe A c. 38-40 lines, scribe B c. 49 lines, column space 225-30 × 70-5 mm.

(fols. 270v-273v) 1 col., c. 47-9 lines, written above top line, ruled space 215 × 155 mm.

Hand(s)

Cursive by three scribes: fols. 262ra-265ra, 265ra-270rb, 270v-273v

Decoration

6-line red initial at the beginning of art. 2; elsewhere smaller red initials.

Arbor consanguinitas, fols. 267v-268r.

MS. Hamilton 38 - endleaf (fol. ii)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Document concerning a benefaction to the church of Uelzen ('Vltzen'); issued by 'Turibius episcopus Tuden(sis)' [Tui-Vigo, Spain; occ. 1403, P. M. Baumgarten, Von der Apostolischen kanzlei (1908), 37] in the second year of his pontificate.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment

History

Origin: 14th century, late or 15th century, early

Additional Information

Record Sources

Description adapted by Matthew Holford (Sept. 2020), with additional description of content, layout, decoration, binding, and provenance, from A. G. Watson, Catalogue of dated and datable manuscripts c. 435-1600 in Oxford libraries (1984), no. 505. Previously described in the Summary Catalogue.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2020-09-25: Finalize description for Polonsky German project.