A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 3

Former shelfmark: A. 2. 3

WORKS OF AUGUSTINE; S. XV in.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: (f. 7) ad pocioris
Composite: fols. 1-4, 220-3 || main MS.
Support: Parchment
Extent: 230 leaves (iii + 226, incl. 130A)
Dimensions (leaf): 380 × 260 mm.
The edges lightly retrimmed, the feet stained yellow.

Collation

A4, 1-268, 2710(9-10 canc.), B4; framed catchwords and numbers at the end of quires; quire-signatures of the usual late medieval form.

Binding

s. xix, repaired and resewn on eight bands. ff. i-iii, 224-6 are paper blanks. The outermost parchment leaves were pastedowns in an earlier binding. The early leaves are marked with rust from a chain-staple near the foot of the foredge. A spot of verdigris on f. 221v may be from a chain-staple at the middle of the foot.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

It is not known when the book entered the College prior to 1600. A large square of parchment has been cut from the bottom outer corner of f. 219, perhaps removing evidence of ownership. Perhaps given to the College by John Burbage: Appendix B, no. 106, records his gift of ‘Epistolae Augustini’ in 1454-5 (but this was illuminated at a cost of 16 s. 1/2 d.). Burbage (BRUO 306) was fellow 1411-35, rector of St John the Evangelist, London, d. by Dec. 1451. He donated and repaired a number of books. At the head of f. 6 is the James no. ‘14’ (wrongly), s. xvii in. On f. 1v are ‘Lib: Coll: Mertonensis Oxon:’ and ‘N. 1. 3. Art’, s. xvii. ‘3’ is inked on the foredge. On f. 2 is ‘Liber Coll. Merton’ Oxon.’, perhaps s. xviii, and the College bookplate. Near the head are ‘M. A. 12’, canc., and ‘14’ again, s. xvii. A different bookplate is inside the front board, with ‘N. 1. 3’, canc. and replaced by ‘A. 2. 3’ and ‘(III)’ in red.

Merton College MS. 3 - Part A (fols. 1-4, 220-3)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Justinian, Codex

A quire of eight from an originally larger copy of bks. 8 and 9, in the order 220–1, 1–4, 222–3.

Physical Description

Dimensions (written): 190 × 120 mm.

Collation

One quire

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 49 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in a French gothic rotunda bookhand.

Decoration

Plain red initials, paraphs and titles, sometimes missing.

Additions: Glossed informally in anglicana hands between the lines and in the wide margins.

History

Origin: s. xiii ; France

Merton College MS. 3 - main MS. (fols. 5-219)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 5-177v)
Augustine, Epistolae

Capitula f. 5rv. Epist. 132, 135, 137, 136, 138, 92, 143, 41, 233-5, 98, 25, 27, 30-1, 24, 32, 109, 243, 26, 16-17, 127, 214-15, 93, 102, 185, 154-5, 152-3, 117-18, 187, 121, 149, 90-1, 23, 173, 164, 111, 257, 96, 259, 100, 97, 265, 144, 101, 199, 266, 99, 58, 110, 77-8, 122, 245, 260-1, 264, 188, 145, 248, 205, 33, 21, 38, 112, 232, 242, 3, 18, 20, 19, 15, 5-7, 9-10, 4, 141, 46-7, 258, 131, 190, 43, app. 1-7, app. 11-15, app. 8-10, 189, 34-5, 52, 76, 88, 51, 66, 238-41, 150, 228, 147 (‘ad Italicam’, beg. ‘Cum ut de inuisibili Deo utrum per oculos corporeos possit uidere’), 139, 134, 133, 176, 49, 87, 44, 53, 89, 148, 262, 196, 80, 130. Closely related to the collections in Aberdeen University 6, Carlisle, Tullie House 1 (s. xiii1), and Eton College 105 (s. xiii in.) (MMBL 2. 383, 717). The second of these has arts 1-4 in that order, the third arts 1 and 2 (the sermons in reverse order). CPL 262; CSEL 34, 1-2 (1895, 1898), 44 (1904), 57 (1911), 58 (1923).

2. (fols. 177v-9v, 179v-81)
Augustine, Serms 356, 355 (De Vita et Moribus Clericorum)
Rubric: Sermo Sancti Augustini episcopi ad populum excusatorius pro clericis
Incipit: Caritati uestre hodie de nobis ipsis sermo reddendus est
Explicit: et tamen nobiscum ibi regnemus
Rubric: Sermo sancti patris nostri Augustini episcopi de uita clericorum et moribus eorum
Incipit: Propter quod uolui et rogaui hesterno die
Explicit: suppetunt in uerbo Dei seruiam nobis

PL 39. 1574-81, 1568-74.

3. (fols. 181-7)
Ps.-Augustine (Quodvultdeus), Aduersus Quinque Haereses
Rubric: Incipit liber Sancti Augustini episcopi contra quinque hereses
Incipit: Debitor sum fratres fateor non necessitate
Explicit: qui credentes in se custodit in s.s. amen.
Final rubric: Explicit ...

CPL 410; CCSL 60 (1976), pp. 261-301.

4. (fols. 187-207)
Augustine, Contra Aduersarium Legis et Prophetarum
Rubric: Aurelii Augustini doctoris Ypponensis episcopi contra aduersarium legis et prophetarum liber primus
Incipit: Librum quem misistis f. d. nescio cuius heretici inuentum
Explicit: quantocius explicare curabo

CPL 326; CCSL 49 (1985), pp. 35-131.

5. (fols. 207-10)
Augustine, De Disciplina Christiana
Rubric: Aurelii Augustini de Christianorum disciplina
Incipit: Locutus est ad nos sermo Dei
Explicit: conuersi ad Dominum amen

CPL 310; CCSL 46 (1969), pp. 205-24.

6. (fols. 210-19; 219v blank)
Augustine, De Videndo Deo (Epist. 147)
Rubric: Epistola Augustini ad Paulinam de uidendo Deo
Incipit: Memor debiti quod ex tua peticione
Explicit: quid disputare ualeamus
Final rubric: Explicit liber epistolarum beati Augustini episcopi

CSEL 44 (1904), pp. 274-331. The foot of the col. has been removed, taking the rest of the explicit and perhaps a colophon.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Dimensions (written): 270 × 180 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 45 lines. Running heads on a line ruled right across the page.

Hand(s)

A single Continental, probably Low Countries scribe, writing cursiva formata.

Decoration

On f. 6 is a red and blue initial flourished in red, blue and violet, with three-sided border; blue initials flourished in red; plain red or blue initials in the capitula ; red titles and running heads with blue paraphs.

History

Origin: S. XV in. ; Low Countries (?)

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, p. 3; Powicke, no. 1243; Römer 2. 298-9.