A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 10

Former shelfmark: E. 1. 2

Former shelfmark: P. 1. 3

GROSSETESTE, Ps.-JOHN CHRYSOSTOM, GREGORY; S. XIV in., XV in.

Contents

Language(s): Latin

f. iv blank. On the verso are theological notes, s. xiv, and a table of contents, s. xv, listing all the items now in the book.

Physical Description

Two main volumes (I and III), together by s. xv in., when II was inserted.
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 233 leaves (iv+229)
Dimensions (leaf): 350 × 245 mm.
the edges retrimmed with loss of marginalia, and spattered with red.

Collation

a singleton, 1-612 / 712 / 8-178, 1810, 19-248, 254; catchwords to I and III, which have quire-signatures of the usual late medieval form.

Layout

All parts frame-ruled with crayon in 2 cols and written in c. 60 lines.

Hand(s)

I and III are in gothic rotunda bookhands of ‘university’ type, those of II with some anglicana letter-forms. II and ff. 225-6 are in a neat anglicana, which corrects the text of I.

Binding

s. xix, sewn on five bands. ff. i-iii, 227-9 are blank paper binding leaves.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

This was presumably the volume with the same secundo folio pledged seven times by a group of fellows between 1445 and 1455 (see below, MS 154). The rear flyleaves, on which these transactions would have been recorded, are missing. On f. ivv twice, in different hands, ‘Liber [ ... ]’, s. xv; an erased cautio of four lines, s. xv in.: ‘Causio magistri Walteri H[… exposita] cista W[ … ] habend’ / proxima [post festum sancti] Ambrosii [anno Domini ... et habet] / duo supplementa una magister sentenciarum [ ... ] sec. fol.tendit.’ Above the first line is an addition ‘Iohannis Carlel Hugonis Dodeke et [Ricardi ?Andrew] et Iohannis Glastoniensis’. An erased inscription, s. xv, ‘Iste liber datur domui scolarum de Mertonhalle in Oxonia ⟨per M. Henricum Abendone custodem eiusdem domus ut incathenetur libraria ⟨nec exhibendus⟩ sine custodis et vi. seniorum licencia speciali’. The table of contents immediately below this is in the same hand. The inscription is of the same form and in the same hand as that in MS 154. Abingdon (BRUO 7-8) was warden from 1421 until his death in 1437. His inscription is partly hidden under a scribble of s. xvi ‘here was Wylle’; a sheet of paper with contents, s. xvii, ‘N. 1. 10. Art.’, canc. and replaced with ‘A. 2. 10 (X)’ in purple, itself canc. and replaced with ‘E. 1. 2’ in red. At the head of f. 1 is the James no. ‘51’ (recte151), s. xvii in.

Merton College MS. 10 - Part I

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 1-73)
Robert Grosseteste, Dicta
Incipit: (1) Amor multipliciter dici uidetur
Explicit: (2) haustus aque cognicionis iusticie et misericordie
Final rubric: Expliciunt dicta Roberti Lincoln’ episcopi

Followed on f. 72rv by a numbered list of the Dicta, prefaced by a paragraph of explanation: ‘In hoc libello sunt capitula 147 quorum quedam sunt breuia uerba que [quando] in scolis morabar scripsi ... Si te libri finis constat hic cernere si uis.’ Thomson, Grosseteste, pp. 214-32, not this copy; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 545; ed. V. I. J. Flint and E. J. Westerman (Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi, forthcoming).

Physical Description

Decoration

Blue initials flourished in red; red or blue paraphs; red highlighting.

History

Origin: s. xiv in

Merton College MS. 10 - Part II

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 73-82v)

Subject-indexes to arts 1 and 3.

ff. 73-6v AbstinentiaXtus, numbered; ff. 76v-82v AbhominacioZabulon, referring to homily-numbers and alphabetical letters. van Banning, p. ccxlix, finds the second in three more MSS, of which one, Bodl. Libr., Laud. misc. 444, ff. 2v-12v, is a direct copy of this one. Another, Durham Cath. B. III. 29, ff. 12v-21v, was copied by William Seton while at Durham College, Oxford, in 1438; the other is Antwerp, Plantin-Moretus Museum 216, ff. 31-8v, from Balliol College. On f. 83 is a numbered list of the homilies, identified by their scriptural texts; ff. 83v-4v blank.

Physical Description

Decoration

II and ff. 226-7: blue initials flourished in red.

History

Origin: s. xv in ; England

Merton College MS. 10 - Part III

Contents

Language(s): Latin

3. (fols. 85-174v)
Ps.-John Chrysostom, Opus Imperfectum in Mattheum
Incipit: Sicut referunt Matheum conscribere Euangelium causa compulit talis
Incipit: Liber generationis ...; Liber est quod apotheca gratiarum sicut in apotheca deitatis alicuius
Explicit: (57) abhominacionem desolacionis stantem in loco sancto
Final rubric: Explicit opus imperfectum beati Iohannis Crisostomi super Matheum

CPL 707; PG 56. 611-946; Stegmüller, Bibl. 4350. This copy listed and classified by van Banning, pp. ccxliv, ccxlix-ccl, cccii. A title of s. xvii heads f. 85.

4. (fols. 175-224v)
Gregory, Homiliae XL super Euangelia
Incipit: In illo tempore Dixit Iesus discipulis suis Erunt signa in sole ...
Incipit: Dominus ac redemptor noster f. k. paratos nos inuenire desiderans
Incipit: (40) I. i. t. Dixit Iesus discipulis parabolam hanc Homo quidam erat diues et induebat purpuria ...
Incipit: In uerbis sacri eloquii f. k. prius seruanda est ueritas historie
Explicit: per se in nostris mentibus loquatur, qui ...
Final rubric: Expliciunt omelie

CPL 1711; CCSL 141 (1999); Stegmüller, Bibl. 2646. Followed by a numbered list of the homilies, identified by the scriptural text.

Arts 3-4 have homily-numbers as running heads, and each homily is divided into sections by alphabetical letters in the margin.

On ff. 225-6v is a subject-index to art. 4 in 3 cols, Abrahe-Xtianos, in the hand of art. 2, referring by number and alphabetical letter.

Physical Description

Decoration

on f. 86 two large initials in colours and gold, with a handsome full ivy-leaf border; blue initials flourished in red; red or blue paraphs; red underlining of biblical lemmata.

History

Origin: s. XV in.

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, p. 6; Powicke, no. 506; Alexander & Temple, no. 340.