A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 26

Former shelfmark: B. 3. 4

JEROME etc. ; S. XV ex.

Contents

Language(s): Latin

ff. i–v blank.

1. (fols. 1-45; 45v-6v blank)
Jerome, Commentary on Matthew
Rubric: Incipit prefacio sancti Hieronimi presbiteri super Mattheum
Incipit: Plures fuisse qui euuangelia scripserint
Incipit: Liber generacionis...; In Ysaia legimus Generacionem eius quis enarrabit
Explicit: non ignorat eam diem in qua se scit futurum cum apostolis
Final rubric: Finit liber quartus commentarii beati Hieronymi presbiteri super Matheum

CPL 590; CCSL 77 (1969); Stegmüller, Bibl. 3372; Lambert 217.

2. (fols. 47-53)
Victorinus of Pettau (revised by JEROME) Commentary on the Apocalypse (Recensio breuior Hieronymi)
Rubric: Incipit prologus beatissimi Ieronimi ad Anatolium de explanacione apocalipsis
Incipit: Diuersos maxima discrimina transcendentes inueniunt casus
Incipit: Principium libri beatitudinem legenti audienti et seruanti promittit
Explicit: qui cum Cherintho sentiunt

CPL 80; CSEL 49 (1916), pp. 11-154; Stegmüller, Bibl. 3457; Lambert 490, 1.

3. (fols. 53-4)
De Monogramma Christi
Incipit: Hec est sapiencia et intellectus id est sapere et intelligere
Explicit: que pater possint in sua potestate

ed. G. Morin, Anecdota Maredsolana III (3) (Maredsous, 1903), pp. 195-8, repr. PL Suppl. 2. 287-91; Lambert 508. All of the other known copies of this work are Continental and from the ninth century, except for BL Harl. 3049, s. xv, from Durham.

4. (fols. 54-6v)
Syagrius, Regulae definitionum contra haereticos prolatae
Rubric: Regule diffinicionum sancti Ieronimi contra hereticos
Incipit: Omne quod est aut ingenitum est aut genitum aut factum
Explicit: collata credentibus conferebantur

CPL 560; ed. K. Künstle, Antipriscilliana (Freiburg, 1905), pp. 142-59; Lambert 506.

5. (fols. 57-68; 68v blank)
Ps.-Jerome (Cummean), Commentary on Mark
Rubric: Incipit prefacio sancti Ieronimi presbiteri super Marcum
Incipit: Omnis scriba doctus in regno celorum similis est homini patrifamilias
Incipit: Initium euangelii Iesu Christi filii Dei sicut scriptum est in Ysaia
Explicit: et Luca concordans enarrat
Final rubric: Explicit commentarium beati Hieronymi presbiteri super euangelium Marci

CPL 632; PL 30. 589-644; Lambert 473.

6. (fols. 69-136v; 137-9v blank)
Pelagius, Commentaries on the Pauline Epistles
Rubric: Hieronimi presbiteri breuiarium incipit feliciter
Incipit: Primum queritur quare post euangelia que supplementum legis sunt
Incipit: Romani sunt qui ex Iudeis gentibus
Incipit: Paulus. Querimus quare Paulus scribat cum Saulus ante sit uocatus
Explicit: ceterum maiora crimina et que puniuntur cese uictime non remittunt
Final rubric: Expliciunt annotationes super epistolam ad Hebreos

Rom.-Philemon. CPL 728, 759; Stegmüller, Bibl. 6355-67; Lambert 481-2; ed. A. Souter, Texts & Studies, 9. 1-2 (Cambridge, 1926), repr. PL Suppl. 1, pp. 1110-1374 (ending with Philemon). Ps.-PELAGIUS, In Hebraeos (‘In primis dicendum est cur apostolus in hac epistola non seruauerit morem suum … Multipharie …; Per multos inquit prophetas et diuerso modo maioribus’) CPL 1122a; Stegmüller, Bibl. 6368; ed. E. Riggenbach, Die älteste lateinischen Kommentare zum Hebräerbrief (Leipzig, 1907), pp. 206–212; Lambert 485 (not this copy). Apparently copied from Oxford, Balliol Coll. 157 (not listed by Lambert), made for William Gray, bishop of Ely, probably between 1447 and 1454 (A. Souter in Proc. British Acad. 7 [1915/16], 277; Mynors, Balliol, p. 141).

7. (fols. 140-215; 215v-18v blank)
Jerome, Commentarii in IV Epistulas Paulinas (Galat., Ephes., Tit., Philemon.)
Rubric: Incipit prologus Ieronimi super epistolam ad Galathas
Incipit: Pauci admodum dies sunt quod epistolam Pauli ad Philemonem interpretatus
Incipit: Paulus ...; Non superbe ut quidam putant ...
Rubric: Incipit prologus eiusdem super epistolam Pauli apostoli ad Ephesios
Incipit: Si quicquam est O Paula et Eustochium
Incipit: Paulus ...; Si prepositio misterium eius per quem res agitur ostendit
Rubric: Incipit prologus eiusdem super epistolam ad Titum
Incipit: Licet non sint digni fide
Incipit: Paulus ...; In epistola ad Romanos ita orsus est Paulus seruus Christi
Rubric: Incipit ad Philemonem
Incipit: Qui uolunt inter epistolas Pauli eam recipere que ad Philemonem scribitur
Incipit: Paulus ...; Prepostero ordine atque peruerso
Explicit: quotiens auditus et lectus edificat

CPL 591; PL 26. 307-618; Stegmüller, Bibl. 3381, 3400-02; Lambert 219.

Throughout are chapter-numbers in the margins and in the upper outer corners of each recto, and other annotation, s. xvi in., some in the hand of Fitzjames, some in the hand of his ex dono (see below).

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: fuerunt quos
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 223 leaves (v + 218)
Dimensions (leaf): 390 × 255 mm.
Dimensions (written): 260 × 160 mm.
The edges retrimmed, affecting marginalia of s. xvi in., and stained yellow.

Collation

a bifolium, the first leaf the front pastedown, A4, 1-58, 66, 7-88, 96, 10-178, 186(+ 1 after 6), 19-258, 264, 27-88, B4, the last leaf the rear pastedown; catchwords; quire-signatures of the usual late medieval form. ff. i and 216 are of thick, stiff parchment.

Layout

Ruled with fine pencil in 2 cols of 51-3 lines.

Hand(s)

A single Continental archaizing bookhand, also found also MS 25.

Decoration

English: f. 1 has a full floral border and 8-line initial in colours and gold; at the bottom are the arms of Fitzjames of Dorset and Somerset, not an integral part of the border but painted over it. Art. 5 opens with an initial and 3-sided floral border in colours and gold. Arts 2, 3, 4, prols. and commentary on each book in arts 6 and 7, open with large champe initials. Blue initials flourished in red.

Binding

s. xv ex.: brown polished leather over wide-bevelled wooden boards with slightly projecting squares, repaired; sewn on five bands, raised and outlined with string. Straps with clasps, now lost, from recesses in the front board to catches at the back, of which the lower remains. Nail-holes show that Fitzjames’ label, 160 × 70 mm., was once on the rear board. The marks of post-medieval chain-staples at the foredge of each board, near the foot at the front, near the head at the back.

History

Origin: S. XV ex. ; English and Continental

Provenance and Acquisition

On f. vvis ‘In presenti uolumine continentur opera beati Hieronimi sequentia Ex dono domini Ricardi Fitzjames nuper Cicestrensis episcopi ac Custodis istius Collegii Cuius anime propicietur Deus amen ...’, in the usual untidy secretary hand. For Fitzjames see MS 9. On 31 Dec. 1498 and 14 Jan. 1499 he pledged it to the College in return for the loan of two separate copies of the Decretum, redeeming it on 29 Nov. (Registrum, pp. 227-8, 238). On the front pastedown: ‘quere titulos folio 5’, s. xvii; ‘N. 2. 14. Art:’, s. xvii, canc. and replaced with modern ‘B. 3. 4 (XXVI)’ in red. ‘14’ is inked on the foredge.

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 20-1; Powicke, no. 1182; Alexander & Temple, no. 541.