A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 44

Former shelfmark: C. 1. 5

PENITENTIAL WORKS, HONORIUS AUGUSTODUNENSIS, &c. ; S. XIII, XIV 1/4

Contents

Language(s): Latin with a very little French (accompanying material)

ff. i-iiv blank. f. 1 is a waste leaf from a much larger book containing part of a quaestio ‘de intellectu’, written in a small, neat gothic rotunda bookhand, probably Italian, s. xiv in. f. 1v is blank.

Physical Description

Four books, probably put together for the present binding.
Secundo Folio: (f. 11) -tudinem uituli
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 183 leaves (ii + 181)
Dimensions (leaf): 250 × 170 mm.
The edges retrimmed and spattered with red.

Collation

A4(lacks 1), 18 / 2-612, 716, 84(1 and 4 half-leaves) / 9-1412, 1510(7-10 canc.) / 1612; catchwords in II and III.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, sewn on five bands; formerly chained from the usual position; ff. 180-1 are blank paper binding leaves. f. i, formerly pasted down in an earlier binding, has the mark of a brass chain-staple at the foredge near the foot.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

II was at the College by 1556: UO65. 183. At the head of f. 166 is a smudged and erased inscription: ‘[?Pertinet ad magistrum ... Chynnge]’. Perhaps John Chynnge (BRUO 421), recorded as MA in 1449. It is not clear when the rest of the book came to the College, prior to s. xvii in. Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with a table of contents s. xvii, and ‘N. 4. 5. Art:’, canc. in red. The College bookplate. ‘5’ is inked on the foredge.

Merton College MS. 44 - Part I

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 2-4v)
Distinctiones
Incipit: Tribus modis confessio dicitur: est confessio fide

In tabular form.

2. (fols. 4v-9v)
Robert Grosseteste, Templum Domini
Incipit: Templum Domini factum est quod estis uos. Ad Corinthos. In iiio sermo Iste quamuis omnis tangat quos spiritus Dei inhabitare debet
Explicit: ab eius seruitute est esse in temperancia
Final rubric: Explicit summa magistri Roberti Lincoln’ episcopi de articulis fidei et de fide catholica et de omnibus rebus pertinentibus ad officium sacerdotis

Thomson, Grosseteste, no. 103; ed. J. Goering and F. C. Mantello (Toronto, 1984); Bloomfield 5982.

Physical Description

Layout

Written space 230 × 140 mm. , roughly ruled with pencil in c. 65 long lines, but the writing does not necessarily observe the lines.

Hand(s)

Small, informal early gothic bookhands.

Decoration

Red highlighting and paraphs.

History

Origin: S. XIII

Merton College MS. 44 - Part II

Contents

Language(s): Latin

3. (fols. 10-46)
Ralph of London OSB, Electuarium in Delectatione et Refocillatione Animae
Rubric: Bernardus de reparatione lapsus humani
Incipit: Consideranti diligentius quid sit homo, nichil probabilius occurrit quam ipsum esse animal diuinum
Explicit: ex hoc mundo ad Patrem cui ...

unpr.; Sharpe, Handlist , p. 449, citing two copies, not this one; there were three more at Dover Priory in 1389.

4. (fols. 46-51v)
Rubric: Sermo beati Ieronimi ad Paulam et Eustochium de penitencia Teophili
Incipit: Factum est priusquam mencsio fieret in romanam rem pupplicam execrande Persarum gentis fuisse
Explicit: uiuos et mortuos iudicaturo occisurum. Cui ...

Unauthentic. unpr.; Lambert 615, citing six copies, four of them English, though the earliest of the six (Milan, Bibl. Ambros. L. 28. Sup., s. x), is presumably Italian.

5. (fols. 52-84)
Berengar Fredoli, Summula in Foro Penitentiali
Rubric: Incipit summa in foro penitenciali breuis et utilis maxime sacerdotibus super hiis noticiam non habentibus
Incipit: In primis debet interrogare sacerdos penitentem utrum sciat Pater noster
Explicit: (De quadruplici statu filiorum) alii modi secundum leges quos omitto quia raro accidunt

unpr.; Schulte 2. 533; Bloomfield 2625.

6. (fols. 84-8v)
Raymond de Pennafort, Summa de Casibus Poenitentiae (abbrev.)
Rubric: Incipit summa breuis extracta a summa magistri Reymundi fratris predicatorum quomodo penitens debet remitti ad superiorum
Incipit: Quoniam sepe dubitatur quando penitens debeat remitti ad superiorum
Explicit: Sicut Moyses Amalech non armis sed orationibus expugnauit
Final rubric: Deo gracias. Explicit summa in foro penitenciali

unpr.; Bloomfield 5020. This is apparently the only English copy of the summary.

Physical Description

Layout

Written space 215 × 140 mm. , ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 30-4 lines.

Hand(s)

A large and handsome anglicana formata.

Decoration

Rather rough red initials, tituli , paraphs, highlighting and underlining.

Accompanying Material

The half-leaf f. 89 was reused from an account roll. On the originally blank remainder of ff. 88v and 89 (formerly the dorse of the roll) an index of the chapters of arts 3, 5-6 was added in an anglicana hand. The original text on f. 89v, sideways to the present book, is accounts of food (cod, ling, mackerel, whelks, herrings, salmon, stockfish, lampreys, ginger, galingale, rice, mustard), drink and household items purchased at Salisbury, in Latin and French, in an anglicana hand s. xiv. One entry ends ‘per Rogerum clericum’. In the blank spaces between entries pen-trials, including a whole alphabet, have been written in a large gothic quadrata bookhand. One pen trial is ‘Thomas Dei gratia’.

History

Origin: S. XIV 1/4 ; England

Merton College MS. 44 - Part III

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 90-165v; 166-7v blank)
Simon of Ghent, De Vita Solitaria

Capitula ff. 90-1v, ending ‘Expliciunt capitula librorum anachoritarum.’

Incipit: ⟨R⟩ecti diligunt te Cant. i. Verba sunt sponse ad sponsum. Est rectum grammaticum, rectum geometricum
Explicit: ideo non debetis eukaristiam sumere nisi quindecies in anno

A version of Ancren Riwle, ed. C. D’Evelyn, EETS o.s. 216 (1944); Sharpe, Handlist , p. 614. Ends in bk. 7 as the copy in BL Roy. 7 C. x, f. 124.

Physical Description

Layout

Written space 185 × 115 mm. , ruled with crayon in 28 long lines.

Hand(s)

A large gothic rotunda bookhand with many anglicana forms, of the character usually associated with vernacular texts; ‘corr’ at the end of quires.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for coloured initials; highlighting in yellow.

History

Origin: S. XIV 1/4 ; England

Merton College MS. 44 - Part IV

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 168-79v)
Honorius Augustodunensis, Elucidarius
Rubric: Incipit lucidarium
Incipit: Sepius rogatus a condiscipulis
Incipit: Gloriose magister rogo ut ad inquisita ne pigriteris respondere
Explicit: (ends impf. in 3. 10) Discipulus. Cum corpus sit insensibile (catchwords) et per se nichil||

PL 172. 1109-59; Y. Lefèvre, L’Elucidarium et les lucidaires (Paris, 1954), pp. 361-446.

Physical Description

Layout

Written space 190 × 120 mm. , ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 46 lines.

Hand(s)

An expert English gothic rotunda bookhand, using pale brown ink.

Decoration

On f. 168 a 6-line initial S in colours and gold on a square ground, enclosing a master teaching a student, with a 1-sided border, a goldfinch at the foot. Otherwise blue or red initials flourished in the other colour; red or blue paraphs, red highlighting. The remains of a handsome small book.

History

Origin: S. XIV 1/4 ; England

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, p. 30; Powicke, no. 1220; Alexander & Temple, no. 724 and pl. XL.