A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 103

Former shelfmark: I. 2. 2

WILLIAM OF WARE ON I-IV SENT. &c.; S. XIV in.

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 5-212v; 213rv blank)
WILLIAM OF WARE OP, Commentary on the Sentences
Incipit: ⟨V⟩trum finis per se et proprius theologie ut est habitus sciencie
Explicit: tamen patitur a qualitatibus tangibilibus
Final rubric: Explicit Deo gratias Waare super 4or libros sentenciarum

f. 94v, between bks. 1 and 2, blank.

List of questions pr. A. Daniels, ‘Zu den Beziehungen zwischen Wilhelm von Ware und Iohannes Duns Scotus’, Franziskanische Studien 4 (1917), 221-38, at 230-8; individual quaestiones pr. and discussed by L. Hödl, ‘Literar- und Problemsgeschichte: Untersuchungen zum Sentenzen-kommentar des Wilhelm von Ware OFM (nach 1305)’, RTAM 57 (1990), 96-141, at 122-41; Glorieux, Théol. 334a; Stegmüller, Sent.. 307; Sharpe, Handlist, pp. 815-16.

Accompanied by very extensive though spasmodic marginal glossing, occasionally naming Oxford teachers of s. xiii ex. In the margin of f. 10v ‘Thomas Rundel’; near the foot of f. 28v ‘Vide hanc opinionem apud Rundel et Baldeswelle’. These are Thomas Rondel OFM (BRUO 1588-9), lector at Oxford c. 1298, and Peter de Baldeswell OFM (BRUO 96), lector at Oxford c. 1302-3.

2. (fols. 214-56v)
Anonymous quaestiones on I Sent
Incipit: ⟨P⟩osito quod Deus sit hic subiectum queritur sub qua ratione et primo quod sub abstracta ratione
Incipit: (fol. 216) ⟨V⟩trum hec sciencia sit subalternata sciencie Dei
Incipit: (fol. 217) ⟨V⟩trum sit fruendum tribus personis unica fruicione uel pluribus quia pluribus uidetur nos tam in uia quam in propria intellectus
Explicit: (ends impf. in d. 28) non ut sub proprietate patris ne ut sub||
(catchwords: proprietate filii)

unpr.; Stegmüller, Sent. 1208, this copy only; it is not clear that it is a single work. The real beginning may be f. 217.

fols. 215v, most of 216v, 229 blank.

In the inner margin of f. 214 is ‘Iohannes Duns’, in the outer margin is ‘Gaunt’, perhaps Simon de Ghent (Gaunt) (BRUO 759-60), MA by 1280, chancellor 1291-3, bp. of Salisbury 1297-1315. At the head of f. 219 a passage of additional text is headed ‘Makfeld’, presumably William de Macclesfield OP (BRUO 1200), regent master at Oxford convent, prob. 1299-1300, d. 1303. In the outer margin of f. 226v ‘Bucestr’ (possibly uincestr’) q. 9. 3’. In the text on f. 251b ‘de hoc uide incepcione fratris Iohannis Basset in alio quaterno ad hoc signum X’. Presumably this is the man recorded in BRUO 127, lector of the Franciscan house at Oxford c. 1295, probable author of a collection of Oxford disputations in Assisi, Bibl. comm. 196.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: (f. 6) apertam uisionem
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 261 leaves (260, incl. 201A)
Dimensions (leaf): 315 × 210 mm.
Dimensions (written): 230 × 150 mm.
The edges heavily retrimmed with loss of marginalia and spattered with red.

Collation

A4, 1-1312, 148, 15-1712, 1812(10-11 canc.), 1916(+ 1 after 2, 3 and 13), 20-2112, B4; framed catchwords. Quires are missing after 11, 14 and 21.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 50 lines.

Hand(s)

The main hand is a small, neat gothic rotunda bookhand of university type and French appearance. There is copious marginal comment in an early anglicana hand of scholastic type. This hand or a very similar one writes text on fols. 214-15, 218rv and 229v. In the lower margin of f. 218 he writes ‘Hec Ricardus de Media Villa’.

Decoration

None; unfilled spaces for initials and rubrics.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, sewn on four bands; formerly chained from the usual position.

History

Origin: S. XIV in ; England, Oxford (?)

Provenance and Acquisition

Probably made at Oxford and perhaps from the Franciscan convent there. Given to the College by William Reed in 1374 (UO49. 74), although it does not include his usual inscriptions. At the head of f. 5 is ‘Waar’ super sententias 2o fo apertam’ and ‘18’, s. xv. At the foot, towards the gutter, is ‘17’. At the head of f. 4v is ‘Liber collegii ex dono Magistri Thome Bloxham’, in the same hand as the inscriptions in MS 69, and ‘B lier. 9us’, in the usual hand (see above, MS 60). For Reed, fellow from 1344 until at least 1357, d. 1385, see MS 8. For Thomas Bloxham, fellowc. 1449-61, see MS 41. Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with ‘D. 8, 1’ (canc.) and contents, s. xvii, and ‘N. 8. 8. Art:’ (twice), canc. and replaced with ‘I. 2. 2 (CIII)’ in red; the College bookplate.

Merton College MS. 103 - endleaves (fols. 1-4)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 1-4)
Justinian I, Digestum Nouum, with glosses

The end of bk. 5 and first few lines of 6.

Glossed informally between the lines and in the margins in cursive hands.

On f. 4v is a table of contents, s.xiv.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 190 × 115 mm.

Collation

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 48 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in an early gothic bookhand, probably French. Glossed informally between the lines and in the margins in cursive hands.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: s. xiii ; script of French appearance

Merton College MS. 103 - endleaves (fols. 257-60v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 257-60v)
A treatise on canon law

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: Thick stiff parchment, cut down from a much larger MS
Dimensions (written): (undetermined) × c. 220 mm.

Collation

Layout

Written in 2 cols of more than 67 lines

Hand(s)

Written in a cursive hand, probably not English.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: s. xiii ex

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 50-1; Powicke, no. 981.