A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 118

Former shelfmark: H. 2. 1

CHRONICA &c.; S. XIV ex.

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Fols. iii, iv-vi blank. On f. viv is a contemporary table of contents.

1. (fols. 1-170)
RANULF HIGDEN, Polychronicon

Alphabetical index, Abraham—Zorobabel.

Incipit: Prima etas seculi ab Adam usque ad diluuium
Incipit: ⟨I⟩n historico namque contextu cronographorum diligencia
Incipit: Iulius Cesar diuinis humanisque rebus singulariter instructus
Explicit: mare tranquillitatem, Scocia concordiam, ecclesia libertatem. Explicit.

The ‘short version’, ed. C. Babington and J. R. Lumby (9 vols, RS, 1865-86), ending at viii. 324 (1327), as their MSS C and D; J. Taylor, The Universal Chronicle of Ranulf Higden (Oxford, 1966), pp. 97, 157.

2. (fols. 170-97v)
JAMES OF VITRY, Historia Orientalis, abbrev. and continued to 1291
Incipit: Capitula. De uariis generibus hominum bonorum et malorum qui terram sanctam inhabitauerant. Melchisedech Dei altissimi sacerdos rex fuit Salem
Explicit: perdiderunt in terra sancta quicquid ante fuit lucratum.
Final rubric: Explicit primus liber opusculi magistri Iacobi de Vitriaco qui fuit primus episcopus Acon et postea cardinalis de historia Ierosolimitana.

Here there are 54 chapters; the text of 54 is reasonably full until 1187, after which are annalistic entries for 1188-1291.

The full text ending in 1215, with the anonymous third book ending in 1244, ed. in 102 chapters by J. Bongars, Gesta Dei per Francos, 2 vols in 1 (Hannover, 1611), 1. 1048-1145; P. Funk, Jakob von Vitry, Leben und Werke (Leipzig, 1909/1973), pp. 133-44.

3. (fols. 198-210)
JOHN CHRYSOSTOM, De Compunctione Cordis
Rubric: Incipit liber primus de compunctione.
Incipit: Dum te intueor, beate Demetri, frequenter insistentem michi
Explicit: uitam uero suam atque operam necligenti.
Final rubric: Expliciunt libri beati Crisostomi de compunctione cordis.

CPG 4308-9; ICO v. 565-96; G. Schmitz, Monumenta tachygraphica codicis Paris, lat. 2718, fasc. 2 (Hannover, 1883); Wilmart nos 40-41.

4. (fols. 210-17v)
HONORIUS AUGUSTODUNENSIS, Imago Mundi
Incipit: Incipit Beda de ymagine mundi
Incipit: (Capitula.) Mundus dicitur quasi undique motus
Explicit: (i. 104) cum sub illo signo ambulat. Assit ei lumen qui scripsit tale uolumen / Penna precor siste quoniam liber explicit iste. Explicit.

ed. V. I. J. Flint in AHDLMA 49 (1982), 7-153 (text 48-151). Here without the Epistle or Prologue.

5. (fols. 217v-29v)
AMBROSE (attrib.), Sermones
5.1.
Ps.-Remigius of Auxerre, De Dedicatione Ecclesiarum
Incipit: Incipit Ambrosius de consecracione ecclesiarum. Morem quem sancta ecclesia tenet
Explicit: (f. 225) leticia semper erit eis. Explicit ...

PL 131. 845-66.

5.2.
Ps.-Ambrose, Libellus de Dignitate Sacerdotali
Incipit: Incipit sermo beati Ambrosii episcopi de obseruantia episcoporum. Si quis frater oraculum Domini reminiscatur
Explicit: (f. 228) quo te sanctis dare promisisti amen.

CPL 171a.

5.3.
Ambrose, Epist. 69
Incipit: Ambrosius Hyreneo ne uir muliebri ueste nec mulier uirili uti deberet. Pertulisti ad me quasi filius quesiuisse aliquos a te
Explicit: ut parentes diligamus contuli. Explicit.

CPL 160; PL 16. 1232-3.

5.4.
Ambrose, Epist. 44
Incipit: Ambrosius Oranciano quod sex diebus fecit mundum et septimo die requieuit Deus. Diuisionem egregie aduertisti propheticam
Explicit: quia nos te diligimus. Contuli. Explicit.

CPL 160; PL 16. 1136-41.

6. (fols. 229v-40v)
BERNARD OF CLAIRVAUX, Sermones super Missus Est
Rubric: Incipit prefatiuncula Bernardi abbatis Clareuallis in laudibus uirginis matris.
Incipit: Scribere me aliquid et deuocio iubet et prohibet occupacio
Explicit: sed spiritualiter fiat mihi secundum uerbum tuum.
Final rubric: Explicit tractatus.
Rubric: Incipit excusatio.
Incipit: Leccionem euuangelicam exposui sicut potui
Explicit: opusculum deuotissime destinaui. Explicit excusacio.

SBO 4. 13-58; Stegmüller, Bibl. 1726.

7. (fols. 241-313v; 314-18v blank)
Vitas Patrum
Incipit: Inter multos sepe dubitatum est a quo potissimum monachorum heremus habitari coepta sit
Explicit: (f. 242v) multo magis eligeret tunicam Pauli cum meritis eius quam regias purpuras cum regnis suis.
Jerome, Vita S. Pauli (BHL 6596) PL 23. 17-28.
Incipit: Benedictus Deus qui uult omnes homines saluos fieri
Explicit: (f. 259v) et tanta nobis ostendit mirabilia, ipsi gloria ...
Incipit: Scripturus uitam beati Hilarionis habitatorem
Explicit: (f. 266v) non posse autem superari.
Jerome, Vita S. Hilarionis (BHL 3879) PL 23. 29-54
Incipit: Presbiter Euagrius Carino filio
Incipit: Athanasius episcopus ad peregrinos fratres
Incipit: Igitur Antonius nobilibus religiosisque parentibus Egipto oriundus fuit
Explicit: (f. 279) et tocius corrupcionis artifices.
Athanasius, Vita S. Antonii (BHL 609) PL 73. 125-70
Incipit: Si cuncta mei corporis membra uerterentur in linguas
Explicit: (f. 285v) te in Bethleem conditam lector agnoscat. Explicit uita beate Paule.
Jerome, Vita S. Paulae (BHL 6548) PL 22. 878-906
Incipit: Scipio quam genuit Paulique fuere parentes Grecorum soboles
Explicit: ne post incipiat perfidus esse tibi.
Incipit: In hoc libro quem de uita sanctorum patrum scripturi sumus
Incipit: (f. 312v) Ancilla Dei quedam uirgo aliis uirginibus duabus cohabitans
Explicit: Omnia tibi ista dabo si me pronus uolueris adorare. Explicit Heraclidis.

Vitae Patrum (BHL 6532), PL 74. 243-342.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: (table) De nithinia terra
Secundo Folio: (text, f. 8) meum profusioribus
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 326 leaves (vi + 320)
Dimensions (leaf): 290 × 200 mm.
Dimensions (written): 230 × 160 mm.
The edges retrimmed and spattered with red.

Collation

A4, 1-2612, 276; catchwords, nearly all trimmed off.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 50 lines.

Hand(s)

Two proficient anglicana hands, the second writing art. 7.

Decoration

Blue initials flourished in red; red or blue paraphs; in art. 7 small plain red or blue initials.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, sewn on five bands; formerly chained from the usual position. Fols. i-ii, 319-20 are paper binding leaves, the outermost from a folio copy of Coverdale’s Bible (or a derivative). On f. iii, formerly a pastedown, is the mark of a brass chain-staple, near the foot of the foredge. On f. 318v are marks from the large iron chain-staple.

History

Origin: S. XIV ex. ; script of English appearance

Provenance and Acquisition

On f. iiiv ‘Liber domus scolarium de Mertone in Oxonia ex dono M. Roberti Stonham quondam socii eiusdem domus’, c.1400. Stoneham (BRUO 1789-90) was fellow in 1384, until 1397, vicar of Oakham, d. 1409. Seen at Merton by John Bale (Appendix C, no. 56). Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with a table of contents, s. xvii, and ‘K. 4. 10’, canc. Above is ‘O. 2. 1. Art:’, s. xvii, canc. and replaced with ‘H. 2. 1 (CXVIII)’ in red. Below is the College bookplate. ?’6’ is inked on the foredge.

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 54-5; Powicke, no. 602.