A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 122

Former shelfmark: M. 2. 6

MARTIN OF TROPPAU, MODEL LETTERS; S. XIII, XIV

Contents

fols. iv-ii blank.

Three originally separate books, together by an uncertain date. f. 105v was clearly the last leaf in an unbound book for some time.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: Porte principales
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 125 leaves (ii + 123)
Dimensions (leaf): 305 × 210 mm.
The edges retrimmed affecting marginalia in I, and spattered with red. The lower margins of fols. 34, 59-60, 100-1, and the lower half of f. 97 excised.

Collation

A bifolium, 1-212, 310(7 canc.) / 4-108, 1110 (lacks 1-2), 128 / 136, 1412(1 canc.), a singleton.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii; sewn on five bands; formerly chained from the usual position. An earlier binding had two foredge straps.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

At the head of f. 123v is an erased inscription, possibly a cautio.

On f. iiv, in a large formal hand, s. xv, ‘Orate pro anima Iohannis Bohun qui istum donauit huic Collegio s. Mertone’, and ‘Liber domus scolarium de Merton in Oxonia ex dono predicti Iohannis’. John Bohun (BRUO 220) was perhaps the man of that name who was monk and prior of Bury, at Gloucester College in 1429, d. by Feb. 1470.

Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with a table of contents, s. xvii, much corrected in a slightly later hand; the College bookplate.

On f. i is ‘O. 2. 6. Art:’, s. xvii, canc. and replaced with ‘M. 2. 6 (CXXII)’ in red. ‘6’ is inked on the foredge.

Merton College MS. 122 - Part I (fols. 1-33v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 1-27v)
MARTIN OF TROPPAU, Chronicon
Rubric: Incipit liber cronicarum fratris Martini domini pape penitentiarii et capellani ordinis fratrum predicatorum.
Incipit: Quoniam scire tempora summorum pontificum romanorum necnon imperatorum nec non et aliorum patrum sanctorum
Explicit: in Italiam ueniens est defunctus.
Final rubric: Expliciunt cronica fratris Martini ...

Ed. L. Weiland, MGH Scriptores 22 (1872), pp. 377-482; Kaeppeli 2975; A. D. van den Brincken in Deutsches Archiv 41 (1985), 460-531.

2. (fols. 28-30v; 31-3v blank)
Provinciale
Rubric: Incipit liber qui dicitur prouincialis.
Incipit: In ciuitate Romana sunt v. ecclesie que patriarchales dicuntur
Explicit: (De imperatoribus et regibus) Rex Cypri.

Common in manuscript; beg. as the version pr. H. R. Luard in Matthew Paris, Chronica Majora (RS, 1872-82), VI, pp. 446-61, at 449.

The genre is studied and classified by H. Börsting, Das Provinciale Romanum mit besonderer Berücksichtigung seiner handschriften Überlieferung (Lengerich i. Westfalen, 1937), not mentioning this copy.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 270 × 160 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols (art. 2 in 5) of 60 lines.

Hand(s)

A proficient English gothic rotunda bookhand of university type

Decoration

On f. 1 a large red and blue flourished initial; blue initials flourished in red; red or blue paraphs. Red highlighting in art. 2.

History

Origin: s. xiv in. ; England, Oxford (?)

Provenance

Probably made at Oxford.

Merton College MS. 122 - Part II (fols. 34-105v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 4-105; 105v blank)
PIERO DELLA VIGNA, Epistolae
Incipit: ⟨E⟩xultet iam Romanam culmen imperii et pro tanta uictoria principis mundus gaudeat uniuersus
Explicit: iussimus nostri culminis sigillo munitum.

Ed. S. Sichard (Basel 1566); copies listed by H. M. Schaller, Deutsches Archiv 12 (1956), 114-59. Preceded by capitula on f. 34rv. The lower half of f. 97 is excised, the verso blank; capitula on f. 98. At the foot of f. 105v, in an early Italian hand, is ‘p(recium) di(midia)mar(ca)’.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 251 × 130 mm.

Layout

Ruled with fine pencil in 35 long lines.

Hand(s)

In Italian littera cancellaresca

Decoration

On fols. 82v, 96v and 98v handsome 7-line initials with curling foliage in blue, purple, green and gold; blue initials flourished in red, red initials flourished in violet; red or blue paraphs in the capitula. Some major initials and all rubrication omitted.

History

Origin: s. xiii. ; Italy

Merton College MS. 122 - Part III (fols. 106-123v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 106-22v; 123rv blank)
John Mason, Collectio epistolarum
Incipit: ⟨P⟩ost primi parentis culpam deputatam in posteros
Explicit: offero duo modica me et mea.

Formulary of 72 letters originally written at St Augustine’s Abbey, Canterbury, between 1307 and 1350, circulating as ‘Epistole fratris Iohannis Mason’.

Followed by three added letters, each labelled ‘Wortham’ in the margin.

On this collection, found in two other copies, see W. A. Pantin, ‘The letters of John Mason: a fourteenth-century formulary from St Augustine’s, Canterbury’, in Essays in Medieval History presented to Bertie Wilkinson, ed. T. A. Sandquist and M. R. Powicke (Toronto, 1969), pp. 192-219. Pantin prints select letters at pp. 205-17.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 230 × 150 mm.

Collation

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 38 long lines.

Hand(s)

An anglicana hand.

Decoration

None; unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: s. xiv med. ; England, Canterbury, St Augustine's Abbey (?)

Provenance

Presumably originated at St Augustine’s Abbey, Canterbury.

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 55-6; Powicke, no 1203.