A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 131

Former shelfmark: L. 1. 3



Language(s): Latin

fol. iv blank; on the verso is a table of contents, s. xv.

1. (fols. 1–214)
ROBERT KILWARDBY OP, Quaestiones on the Sentences
Rubric: Kylewardby super sententias (In the upper margin in an anglicana hand)
Incipit: ⟨S⟩apientia edificauit ...; In his uerbis attendi possunt quatuor cause huius doctrine
Explicit: in rebus spiritualibus similioribus illa econtrario.
(II fol. 37; III fol. 94v; IV fol. 174)

I ed. J. Schneider (Munich, 1986); II ed. G. Leibold (Munich, 1992); III/1 ed. E. Gössmann (Munich, 1982); III/2 ed. G. Leibold (Munich, 1985); IV ed. R. Schenk (Munich, 1993); Stegmüller, Sent. 742; Kaeppeli 3519; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 563.

At the foot of fol. 129v is pencilled ‘Hic fit saltus questionum in imitando a 86 ad 110’.

Spasmodic marginal annotation. fol. 214v is filled with early pencil notes.

At the foot of fol. 145v is pencilled ‘Ma treschere file en Deu dame Margerie de Verdun’. This was probably the woman who was a nun of Romsey c. 1283: Epistolae Iohannis Peckham, ed. C. T. Martin (3 vols, RS, 1882–3), II, p. 659.

Language(s): Anglo-Norman
2. (fols. 215–21)
ROBERT KILWARDY OP, De Necessitate Incarnationis
Incipit: ⟨T⟩riplex questio de incarnatione Dei proponitur
Incipit: Docet fides uera catholica Deum pro humano genere liberando incarnatum et passum
Explicit: ut participes meriti Christi inueniamur.

Extracts ed. A. Dondaine, ‘La question De necessitate incarnationis de Robert Kilwardby OP’, RTAM 8 (1936), 97–100 (text 98–100); Kaeppeli 3522; Sharpe, Handlist, pp. 562–3, citing only this copy and Chartres, Bibl. mun. 389, destroyed in 1944.

3. (fols. 221–9)
ROBERT KILWARDBY, De Natura Relationis
Incipit: ⟨D⟩e predicamento relationis querunt aliqui que sint res huius generis per se
Explicit: et posteriori in terminis suis. Sit Deo Trinitati summe laus.

fol. 229v blank but for faint pencil notes.

Ed. L. Schmücker (Lenggries, 1980); Glorieux, Arts 411x; Kaeppeli 3515; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 562.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: homo in hac
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 236 leaves (iv + 232)
Dimensions (leaf): 305 × 210 mm.
Dimensions (written): 210–20 × 140–50 mm.
Retrimmed affecting marginalia.


A singleton, 1–712, 812(+ 1 after 12), 9–1012, 1110, 12–1412, 158, 16–1812, 3 singletons, 1912, 204(2 canc.); catchwords.


Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 45 lines.


A small English gothic rotunda bookhand fols. 1–130 col. b line 27, 217–29. Fols. 130 col. b line 28 – 173v in anglicana; another anglicana hand fols. 174–214.


None: unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics.


s. xix, sewn on four bands; fols. i-iii, 230–2 blank paper binding leaves. On fol. iv, of thick, stiff parchment, is the mark of an iron chain-staple near the foot of the foredge.


Origin: S. XIV in ; Script of English appearance.

Provenance and Acquisition

At the head of fol. ivis ‘Liber collegii ex dono magistri Thome Bloxham’, and ‘B lier. iius’, in the usual hands (see above, MSS 60, 69). For Bloxham, see MS 41.

Seen at Merton by John Bale (Appendix C, no. 45).

On the same leaf are ‘D. 6, 14’ (canc.) and ‘O. 3. 3 Art:’, s. xvii, and the College bookplate.

At the head of fol. 1 is the James no. ‘47’, s. xvii in.

Inside the front board is another bookplate and ‘O. 3. 3.’ (s. xix), canc. and replaced with ‘L. 1. 3 (CXXXI)’ in red.

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.


For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.


    Coxe, p. 57; Powicke, no. 983.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Warden and Fellows of Merton College .

Last Substantive Revision

2018-08-01: First online publication

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