A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 132

Former shelfmark: L. 1. 4

PETER OF POITIERS, SIMON OF TOURNAI; S. XII ex.

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(f. i)
Three letters from the dean of Rouen to Archbishop Walter of Coutances (d. 1207), apprising him of the difficulties endured by his church during his absence and imploring his return

In an excellent French documentary hand of c. 1200

Powicke, p. 211 n.

Across the head is ‘Questiones [erased] Et questiones magistri Simonis de Tornay’, in an early hand. At the head of f. iv is a table of contents, s. xv; more text below this has been erased.

1. (fols. 1-103v; 104rv blank)
PETER OF POITIERS, Commentary on the Sentences
Incipit: In deserto manna colligentes alius integrum gomor alius plus alius minor
Explicit: mandata eius obserua; hoc est omnis homo.
Final rubric: (In a hand of s. xv, over erasure) Explicit summa beati Ancelmi super libros sententiarum. Deo gratias

Ed. P. S. Moore and M. Dulong, 2 vols (Notre Dame, Ind., 1943, 1950); Glorieux, Théol. 100b; Stegmüller, Sent. 679; many copies.

2. (fols. 105-63v)
SIMON OF TOURNAI, Summa siue Institutiones in Sacra Pagina
Rubric: Institutiones Simonis Tornacensis in sacram paginam.
Incipit: Sicut legitur in ortographia d. littera media est inter th. aspiratum et t. lene
Explicit: est autem affinitas spiritualis compaternitas.

Extracts ed. M. Schmaus, RTAM4 (1932), 59-72, 187-98, 294-307, M.-T. d’Alverny, Alain de Lille. Textes inédits (Paris, 1965), pp. 305-12, W. Knoch, Die Einsetzung der Sakramente durch Christus. Eine Untersuchung zur Sakramententheologie der Frühscholastik von Anselm von Laon bis zu Wilhelm von Auxerre (BGPTM, Neue Folge, 24: Münster, 1983), pp. 298-303; R. Heinzmann, Die ‘Institutiones in Sacram Paginam’ des Simon von Tournai: Einleitung und Quaestionenverzeichnis (Munich, 1967), gives a complete list of quaestiones; the prol. ed. C. Marmo in CIMA 67 (1997), 93-103; Glorieux, Théol. 101a; 1768; Stegmüller, Bibl. 1768; Stegmüller, Sent. 818; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 618. One of six copies.

(fols. 109v, 110 and 113v)
William de Thetford OP, Drafts of three letters

Written between 1239 and 1241/2 (a) to the abbot of St Benet’s Hulme; (b) to ‘Magister A. archidiaconus’ (Amaury of Buckden, archdeacon of Bedford, c. 1231-1245/6); (c) to R(obert Grosseteste), bishop of Lincoln.

Pr. K. W. Humphreys, ‘Three letters of William of Thetford, O. P.’, Jnl. of Eccl. Hist. 5 (1954), 201-6.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: multe auctoritates
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 166 leaves (ii + 164)
Dimensions (leaf): 350 × 220 mm.
Dimensions (written): 230 × 140 mm.
Probably retrimmed at the head. Foliated in arabic numerals, s. xiv, as far as 56, repeating 3 and omitting 19.

Collation

A singleton, 1-188, 194, 208, 218(8 canc.); the quires numbered at the end; catchwords.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 50 lines. Written above top line.

Hand(s)

Small neat French early gothic bookhands.

Decoration

On f. 1 two large initials I in colours and gold, in ‘Channel style’ with beasts and a bearded man’s head; on f. 105 a red and blue flourished initial; red or blue initials flourished in the other colour; marginal rubrication, especially in art. 2.

Binding

Late medieval, repaired s. xix: chamfered oak boards with slightly projecting foredges, rebacked with brown pigskin; resewn on four bands; two straps from recesses in the front board to clasps at the back, all gone. Formerly chained from the foredge of the front board near the foot. Fols. i and 164 are paper blanks, s. xix.

History

Origin: S. XII ex. ; France

Provenance and Acquisition

Made in France; later at the Oxford Dominican convent: at the foot of fols. 109v, 110 and 113v are pencilled drafts of letters, written, between 1239 and 1241/2, from W. de Theford ‘fratrum predicatorum Oxonie’ (see above). The sender was William de Thetford OP (BRUO 1859), prior of the Oxford convent c. 1236, still in 1239.

On f. iv‘liber collegii ex dono magistri Thome Bloxham’ and ‘B. lier8us’, in the usual hands (see above, MSS 60, 69). For Bloxham, see MS 41.

At the head of f. 163v is ‘3usliber’, showing that it was in an electio.

On f. iv is ‘O. 3. 4. Art:’, s. xvii, canc. and replaced with ‘L. 1. 4’ in red.

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 57-8; Powicke no. 987; Alexander & Temple, no. 657.