Merton College MS. 132
Former shelfmark: L. 1. 4
PETER OF POITIERS, SIMON OF TOURNAI; S. XII ex.
In an excellent French documentary hand of c. 1200
Powicke, p. 211 n.
Across the head is ‘Questiones [erased] Et questiones magistri Simonis de Tornay’, in an early hand. At the head of f. iv is a table of contents, s. xv; more text below this has been erased.
Ed. P. S. Moore and M. Dulong, 2 vols (Notre Dame, Ind., 1943, 1950); Glorieux, Théol. 100b; Stegmüller, Sent. 679; many copies.
Extracts ed. M. Schmaus, RTAM4 (1932), 59-72, 187-98, 294-307, M.-T. d’Alverny, Alain de Lille. Textes inédits (Paris, 1965), pp. 305-12, W. Knoch, Die Einsetzung der Sakramente durch Christus. Eine Untersuchung zur Sakramententheologie der Frühscholastik von Anselm von Laon bis zu Wilhelm von Auxerre (BGPTM, Neue Folge, 24: Münster, 1983), pp. 298-303; R. Heinzmann, Die ‘Institutiones in Sacram Paginam’ des Simon von Tournai: Einleitung und Quaestionenverzeichnis (Munich, 1967), gives a complete list of quaestiones; the prol. ed. C. Marmo in CIMA 67 (1997), 93-103; Glorieux, Théol. 101a; 1768; Stegmüller, Bibl. 1768; Stegmüller, Sent. 818; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 618. One of six copies.
Written between 1239 and 1241/2 (a) to the abbot of St Benet’s Hulme; (b) to ‘Magister A. archidiaconus’ (Amaury of Buckden, archdeacon of Bedford, c. 1231-1245/6); (c) to R(obert Grosseteste), bishop of Lincoln.
Pr. K. W. Humphreys, ‘Three letters of William of Thetford, O. P.’, Jnl. of Eccl. Hist. 5 (1954), 201-6.
Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 50 lines. Written above top line.
Small neat French early gothic bookhands.
On f. 1 two large initials I in colours and gold, in ‘Channel style’ with beasts and a bearded man’s head; on f. 105 a red and blue flourished initial; red or blue initials flourished in the other colour; marginal rubrication, especially in art. 2.
Late medieval, repaired s. xix: chamfered oak boards with slightly projecting foredges, rebacked with brown pigskin; resewn on four bands; two straps from recesses in the front board to clasps at the back, all gone. Formerly chained from the foredge of the front board near the foot. Fols. i and 164 are paper blanks, s. xix.
Provenance and Acquisition
Made in France; later at the Oxford Dominican convent: at the foot of fols. 109v, 110 and 113v are pencilled drafts of letters, written, between 1239 and 1241/2, from W. de Theford ‘fratrum predicatorum Oxonie’ (see above). The sender was William de Thetford OP (BRUO 1859), prior of the Oxford convent c. 1236, still in 1239.
On f. iv‘liber collegii ex dono magistri Thome Bloxham’ and ‘B. lier8us’, in the usual hands (see above, MSS 60, 69). For Bloxham, see MS 41.
At the head of f. 163v is ‘3usliber’, showing that it was in an electio.
On f. iv is ‘O. 3. 4. Art:’, s. xvii, canc. and replaced with ‘L. 1. 4’ in red.
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