A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 140

Former shelfmark: M. 1. 2

VARIA; S. XIII, XIV

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Five originally independent volumes or fragments, together by an indeterminate date before s. xvii.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: (f. 2) destruuuntur
Secundo Folio: (f. 13) quio quidem
Secundo Folio: (f. 104) certe
Secundo Folio: (f. 132) mandatum
Secundo Folio: (f. 180) in publico
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 204 leaves (ii + 202) Five originally independent volumes or fragments, together by an indeterminate date before s. xvii. The edges retrimmed and stained red. f. 179, the first leaf of V, is dirty and was clearly without a binding for a long time.

Collation

A singleton, 112(12 canc.) / 2-812, 98(8 canc.) / 10-118, 1212 / 13-1612 / 17-1812. The quires of III are numbered iiii-vi, those of IV are lettered, beginning with e. All were numbered at the beginning, s. xvii.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, sewn on five bands; formerly chained from the usual position. f. 198 was a pastedown in an earlier binding. f. i was the rear pastedown, or else the front pastedown in reverse position to the present, in a binding sewn on four bands. It has traces of a brass chain-staple on a piece of parchment pasted to the verso, near the top of the foredge, and possible traces of straps at head and tail, two more at the foredge. f. 198 has the mark of a central strap or clasp, corresponding to a mark on f. 1 (there is no corresponding mark on f. i). Near the foot of f. 1 are rust-marks of irregular pattern, perhaps from the large iron chain-staple. f. ii is a paper binding leaf, s. xvii.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

On f. i, upside down: ‘Hunc librum M. Willelmus Reed habuit ex accomodacione magistri Willelmi Lynham in quaternis pro quibusdam libellis quos dictus M. W. Lynham habuit ex accomodacione M. W. Reed predicto’; ‘Liber domus scolarium Mertone Oxon’ ex assignacione magistrorum Willelmi Lynham et Willelmi Reed episcopi Cicestrensis quondam sociorum domus eiusdem. Oretis igitur pro utroque.’ For William Reed, fellow from 1344 until at least 1357, d. 1385, see MS 8. William Lynham (BRUO 1193) was fellow in 1330, until 1349, d. by July 1361. But it is not certain that these inscriptions apply to this book, since f. i shows signs of having belonged elsewhere.

An erased cautio at the foot of f. 11v: ‘Caucio magistri Iohannis de Gl[ ... die ... festum / anno Domini M CCCC XXX VIII ...]’. I at least was distributed in the electio of 1519 (UO63. 3).

At the head of f. 1 is the James no. ‘109’ (wrongly, for that is MS 145), s. xvii in.

On f. iiv is a table of contents and ‘O. 3. 12. Art:’, s. xvii.

Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with contents, s. xvii, and ‘O. 3. 12. Art:’ again, canc. and replaced with ‘M. 1. 2 (CXL)’ in red; the College bookplate.

‘12’ is inked on the foredge.

Merton College MS. 140 - endleaf (f. i)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(f. i)
A flattened bifolium from another book
Incipit: (A section beg.) Circa diffinicionem coloris quam ponit philosophus est innuendum quod color non habet esse

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 310 × 210 mm.
Dimensions (written): 185 × 160 mm.

Layout

Bound in sideways, written in 2 cols, with loss of text from the head and much of the outer cols: written space more than 185 × c. 160 mm.; more than long 46 lines.

Hand(s)

A debased English rotunda gothic bookhand.

Decoration

Space for a coloured initial; a rubric and red highlighting.

History

Origin: s. xiv in. ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 140 - Part I (fols. 1-11v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 1-3)
Ps.-ARISTOTLE, Liber de Causis (transl. GERARD OF CREMONA)
Incipit: Omnis causa primaria
Explicit: sub tempore eius ens et generatio simul
Incipit: (comm.) Cum ergo remouet causa secunda utilis uirtutem suam a re
Explicit: non adquisitum sicut ostendimus. Conpletus est noster ordo &c.
Final rubric: Explicit tractatus Aristotelis de causis.

ed. A. Pattin in Tijdschrift voor Filosofie 28 (1966), 90-203, text from 134; TKI 996 (text), 335 (‘commentary’). The ‘commentary’, variously ascribed in the MSS, is in fact a set of demonstrations added by the compiler of the main text; Pattin integrates the two.

2. (fols. 3v-6v, 8rv)
NICHOLAS OF AMIENS, Ars Fidei Catholicae Potentia est uis
Incipit: Clemens papa cuius rem uocationis et uite subiecti
Explicit: apparebit hominibus iudicandis homo iudex. Explicit.

Ars Fidei Catholicae and Potentia est uis, as one work.

Ed. M. Dreyer, BGPTM, Neue Folge 37 (1993), pp. 76-120, this copy at p. 52; the Ars only Glorieux, Théol. 107a; Bloomfield 0831. For other copies of the two works as one, see Dreyer, pp. 58-62.

3. (fols. 8v, 7rv, 9-11v)
Ps.-AUGUSTINE, De Spiritu et Anima
Incipit: Quoniam dictum est mihi ut meipsum cognoscam
Explicit: (c. 33) est alium non sic quam racio. Explicit.

PL 40. 779–803.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 310 × 210 mm.
Dimensions (written): 210 × 150 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 63 lines, in arts 1-2 with blocks of text and comment alternating, the text in larger script on every second line.

Hand(s)

Written in a small neat English or French early gothic bookhand.

Decoration

A blue and red flourished initial; blue initials, plain or flourished in red; red paraphs.

History

Origin: s. xiii ; script of English or French appearance.

Merton College MS. 140 - Part II (fols. 12-102v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

4. (fols. 12-63v; 64rv blank)
JOHN OF DAMASCUS, De Fide Orthodoxa (transl. BURGUNDIO OF PISA)
Rubric: Iohannis presbiteri Damasceni qui Mansur liber incipit in quo est traditio certa orthodoxe fidei capitulis diuisa a Burgundione iudice ciue Pisano de greco in latinum ...
Incipit: Deum nemo uidit unquam
Explicit: ab ipso est gaudium fructificantes amen.
Final rubric: Explicit liber Damasceni.

Ed. E. M. Buytaert (St Bonaventure, NY, 1955).

5. (fols. 65-77v)
PROSPER OF AQUITAINE, De Vera Innocentia ex Operibus S. Augustini (or Liber Sententiarum)
Rubric: Incipit liber beati Augustini de uera innocencia.
Incipit: Innocentia est uera quem nec sibi nec alteri nocet
Explicit: aliquando memor autem eris si teipsum respexeris.
Final rubric: Explicit liber Augustini de uera innocencia uel Prosperi sentencie collecte ab Augustinus. Explicit quod idem est liber.

The running head is ‘Liber Prosperi extracte a libris Augustini’. CPL 525; CCSL 68A (1972), pp. 257-365.

6. (fols. 78–84v)
RICHARD OF ST VICTOR, De Potestate Ligandi et Soluendi
Rubric: (Ricardi de sancti Victore liber de potestate ligandi et soluendi in a later hand.)
Incipit: Quodcumque ligaueris super terram ...; Queritis a me utrum hoc ligandi atque soluendi potestas
Explicit: beatus uir cui non imputauit Dominus peccatum.

Ed. J. Ribaillier, Richard de Saint-Victor. Opuscules théologiques (Paris, 1967), pp. 77-110; Stegmüller, Bibl. 7340.

7. (fols. 84v-7)
RICHARD OF ST VICTOR, De Spiritu Blasphemiae
Rubric: (Ricardus de Sancto Victore. Liber de spiritu blasphemie in a later hand.)
Incipit: Que in euuangelio leguntur de spiritu blasphemie obscura ut dicis et perplexa sunt ualde
Explicit: si insipiens factus sum tu me coegisti.

Ed. Ribaillier, pp. 121-9.

8. (fols. 87–91)
RICHARD OF ST VICTOR, De Iudiciaria Potestate in Finali et Vniuersali Iudicio
Rubric: (Ricardus de Victore in librum de potestate iudiciaria in a later hand.)
Incipit: In regeneratione cum sederit filius hominis in sede maiestatis sue ...; Ecce audiuimus quid ueritas ipsa apostolicis uiris promittat
Explicit: insolubilem et dicunt et scribunt.

Ed. Ribaillier, pp. 142-54; Stegmüller, Bibl. 7340. 1.

9. (fols. 91–101v; 102rv blank)
THOMAS AQUINAS, Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum
Rubric: (Thomas de expositione cimboli in a later hand.)
Incipit: Credo in unum Deum. Primum quod est necessarium Christiano cuilibet
Explicit: quod uenturus est ad iudicium &c.
Final rubric: Explicit expositio symboli fratris Thome.

Ed. R. M. Spiazzi, S. Thomae Aquinatis opuscula theologica (Rome 1954), pp. 193-217; Glorieux, Rép.. 14da.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 310 × 210 mm.
Dimensions (written): 220 × 140 mm.

Collation

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 39 lines; running heads between separately-ruled lines.

Hand(s)

Written in an English gothic rotunda bookhand.

Decoration

Arts 4-5 blue or red initials, plain, or highlighted or modestly flourished in the other colour; red titles and running heads; arts 6-9 brick-red initials, underlining and highlighting.

History

Origin: s. xiv in. ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 140 - Part III (fols. 103-130v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 103-29v; 130rv blank)
RICHARD OF ST VICTOR, De Trinitate
Incipit: Iustus meus ex fide uiuit. Apostolica sententia est simul et prophetica
Explicit: quomodo conueniat unitas scribere cum personarum plurali⟨ta⟩te.
Final rubric: Explicit Ricardus de Sancto Victore.

Ed. J. Ribaillier (Paris, 1958).

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 290 × 210 mm.
Dimensions (written): 190 × 130 mm.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 43-9 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in a hand similar to I, but definitely French.

Decoration

A blue initial flourished in red; red initials and titles.

History

Origin: s. xiii. ; script of French appearance.

Merton College MS. 140 - Part IV (fols. 131-202v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 131-78v)
RICHARD OF ST VICTOR, Liber Exceptionum
Rubric: Incipiunt allegorie v. librorum Moysi de ueteri testamento.
Incipit: In precedentibus premissa descriptione originis uel discretionis artium
Explicit: usque ad obitum Herodis multique consilii spiritum accipiunt.
Final rubric: Expliciunt allegorie v. librorum Moysi cum descriptione quatuor euangeliorum. Adsit ei lumen qui scripsit tale uolumen.

ed. J. Châtillon (Paris, 1958); Stegmüller, Bibl. 7317.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 310 × 210 mm.
Dimensions (written): 240 × 150 mm.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 51 lines.

Hand(s)

A French gothic rotunda bookhand.

Decoration

The same brick-red initials, underlining and highlighting as part II.

History

Origin: s. xiv in. ; script of French appearance.

Merton College MS. 140 - Part V (fols. 179-202)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 179-201v; 202rv blank)
NICHOLAS TREVET OP, Expositio Historiarum que tanguntur ab Augustino in libro de Civitate Dei
Incipit: Gloriosa dicta sunt de te ciuitas Dei Ps. lxxxvi. Cum Romani aliquando Gothorum irrupcione affligentur
Incipit: Ad intellectum eorum que dicuntur in primo capitulo tria sunt notanda
Explicit: conuenerit cum uerba fide resurrectionis future ad eternam beatitudinem ad quam nos perductam qui ...
Final rubric: Expliciunt abreuiaciones de ciuitate Dei secundum ignotum.

Largely unpr., but the commentary on x. 29-xxii. 30 was used to continue the commentary by Thomas of Wales, never completed by its author, in the printed edns. of that work; Kaeppeli 3136; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 397.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 310 × 210 mm.
Dimensions (written): 255 × 155 mm.

Layout

Ruled with fine pencil in 2 cols of 62 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in a hand similar to part II (Englsih gothic rotunda bookhand).

Decoration

Red and blue flourished initials; blue initials flourished in red, red or blue paraphs and running heads.

History

Origin: s. xiv in. ; script of English appearance.

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 60-1; Powicke, no. 529; Römer 2. 307; Dondaine & Shooner, no. 140; P. R. Robinson, ‘The “Booklet”: A Self-Contained Unit in Composite Manuscripts’, in Codicologica 3, ed. A. Gruys and J. P. Gumbert (Leiden, 1980), pp. 46-9, and pl. 4.