Merton College MS. 219
Former shelfmark: N. 3. 2
GALEN, CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN &tc.; S. XIII
On f. iiv is a table of contents in an anglicana hand little later than the main contents.
Unpr.; TKI 55; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 436, both citing only Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibl. 2897 (s. xiv), fols. 66v-75v.
Ed. S. Renzi, Collectio Salernitana, 5 vols (Naples 1852–9), II, pp. 426-96, K. Sudhoff, Studien zur Geschichte der Medizin 12 (1918), 148-236; TKI 1064, 191.
Pr. in his Opera (Venice 1490), II, fols. 233v-7v; TKI 1538.
Pr. in his Opera, II, fols. 237-8v; TKI 846.
Pr. in his Opera, II, fols. 238v-300v; TKI 1285.
Pr. in his Opera, II, fols. 355-69; TKI 684.
Pr. in his Opera, I, fols. 78-95v; TKI 490.
Pr. in his Opera, I, fols. 96-108v; TKI 1617.
Pr., with the works of Isaac Iudaeus, Lyon 1515, II, fols. 189v-209v; TKI 1163, 1282.
Fols. 194v-5 are filled with text by the scribe of art. 1: (1) ‘Nota de dormientibus exercitatibus opera uigilie. Si queratur de quibusdam qui dormientes exercitatur opera uigilie ... fuerit apprehensa. Explicit.’ (2) Ysa. 30. Et erit lux lune sicut lux solis ...; Inter hec omnia .in. propter hominem facta in eius lapsu sunt peiorata ... serpens grauetur. Explicit.’ (3) f. 195 (beg. impf.) te latere quem tamen latere non possum ... et modus species et ordo.’ The original fols. 196-209 (between fols. 194-5, probably quires of 10 and 4) are lost; according to the table of contents they contained John of St Paul, De Simplici Medicina, and Constantine the African, De Gradibus.
Pr. with his Opera, Basel 1536, pp. 215-74; TKI 1691, 1012.
TKI 510; a different version (TKI 528, 864) pr. with his Opera, pp. 280-98; ed. (with the Arabic text) K. Gerbers (Hamburg, 1977).
Ed. E. Montero Cartelle, Monografías de la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela 77: Santiago de Compostela, 1983, citing this MS at p. 43f.; TKI 273.
An excerpt from Constantinus Africanus, Pantegni (Practica, bk. 1, cc. 68-74). TKI 1071, this copy only. But another is in Krakow, Bibl. Jagellon. 778 (s. xv), f. 314rv.
Pr. in his Opera, I, fols. 38v-9v; TKI 1521.
Pr., with the works of Isaac Iudaeus, Lyon 1515, II, fols. 172-8, &c.; TKI 1252, 1012; Lindberg, no. 185.
Unpr.; TKI 700. In Sheffield, Central Libr., Jackson Collection 1302 (English, c. 1500), f. 37rv, it is called ‘Practica magistri Benedicti de coloribus urinarum’ (MMBL 4. 268).
Ed. G. H. Kroemer (Leipzig, 1920); TKI 230 (and cf. 229), 1034.
In the lower margin of f. 236 is ‘Modus agendi in decretalibus talis est’, s. xv.
Unpr.; TKI 1392, this copy only.
An early hand writes ‘Va—cat quia in alio loco’.
Glorieux, Théol. 129b; ed. J. Ribaillier (6 vols, Grottaferrata, 1980-86). The table of contents shows that this was always the last item in the book.
The book is heavily annotated throughout by the scribes of the main text, and by small cursive hands, probably French, s. xiii, and by the scribe of art. 1, including prescriptions. Some of the annotation is in a hand very like that which annotated MS 255.
Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 51 lines. Running heads between ruled lines. The outer margins of 6, 11 and the lower margins of 91, 171 excised; f. 234 is mutil., having been torn from the upper outer corner to the inner margin at the foot; f. 236 is (and probably always was) only 130 mm. deep. Early foliation in arabic numerals runs 1-6, 6-8, 10, 12-195, 210-48, lost (prob. 249), 252-3, 253-65.
Several similar proficient small French early gothic bookhands, except for art. 1, in an anglicana hand, s. xiv in.
Red and blue flourished initials; a very few red or blue initials flourished in the other colour; plain red or blue initials and paraphs; running heads in capitals of both colours; red highlighting.
Standard Merton s. xvii, sewn on five bands; formerly chained from the usual position. Fols. i and 250 are paper binding leaves. f. i was formerly a pastedown.
Provenance and Acquisition
French, but in England early on. At the head of f. ii is ‘xxii s. viij d.’, in an English hand, s. xiv.
At the head of f. iiv is an erased cautio of ‘Noreys’ dated 1341.
Below is ‘C(aucio) cum 3bus supplementis xxxiii s. iiij d.’, canc. Other thoroughly-erased inscriptions occur lower down.
In the lower margin of f. 1 is an erased inscription, s. xiv: ‘⟨Memoran⟩d’ quod iste liber ⟨?iacet⟩ pro ⟨ ... Nor⟩ys / et M. Bryand Norys x s. Bryand x s. [ ... ]’. Of the many Oxford men named Nor(r)eys, the only one whose dates fit is Richard Norreys of Exeter diocese (BRUO 1366), who studied in Oxford at intervals between 1317 and 1345. ‘Bryand’ would then be Reginald de Bryan (BRUO 290-1), BCL by 1349, bp. of Worcester 1352-61.
Also in the lower margin of f. 1 is ‘Liber domus scolarium de Merton in Oxon’ ex dono magistri Thome Donecan quondam socii eiusdem domus in electione philosophie ibidem annis singulis a regentibus artium eligendus.’ Duncan (BRUO 605) was fellow in 1404, still in 1420, physician to the Earl of March, Edward IV’s father, d. by Apr. 1461.
At the head of f. 1 is the James no. ‘76’, s. xvii in. ‘2’ is inked on the foredge. Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with a table of contents, s. xvii, and ‘P. 2. 2. Art:’, canc. and replaced with ‘No. CCXIX’ and ‘N. 3. 2’ in red; the College bookplate.
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