A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 219

Former shelfmark: N. 3. 2

GALEN, CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN &tc.; S. XIII

Contents

Language(s): Latin

On f. iiv is a table of contents in an anglicana hand little later than the main contents.

1. (fols. iii-ivv, and blank spaces left at the end of works on fols. 14-15v, 37v, 90v, 113rv, 139v, 159rv)
PHILIP OF CORNWALL, Quaestiones de Impressionibus
Rubric: Tractatus de impressionibus
Incipit: Ad noticiam impressionum habendam quedem oportet premittere secundum doctrinam Aristotelis in primo metheororum
Explicit: sciri possunt et ideo de hiis nichil ad presens.
Final rubric: Explicit Summa uel tractatus de impressionibus que fuerint ex eleuacione et depressione elementorum secundum quod diffusius traditur a philosopho in libris metheororum et celi et mundi.

Unpr.; TKI 55; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 436, both citing only Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibl. 2897 (s. xiv), fols. 66v-75v.

2. (fols. 1-14)
ROGER OF SALERNO, Chirurgia
Rubric: Incipit cyrurgia magistri Rogerii Salernitani.
Incipit: Post mundi fabricam eiusque decorem
(capitula)
Incipit: Capud uulnerari diuersis modis contingit
Explicit: et ad indecentem corporis inflationem.
Final rubric: Explicit cyrurgia Rogeri.

Ed. S. Renzi, Collectio Salernitana, 5 vols (Naples 1852–9), II, pp. 426-96, K. Sudhoff, Studien zur Geschichte der Medizin 12 (1918), 148-236; TKI 1064, 191.

3. (fols. 16-35v)
GALEN, De Complexionibus (transl. GERARD OF CREMONA)
Rubric: Incipit prima particula de complexionibus G. Summe que sunt in primo libro
Incipit: Insignes antiqui medicorum et philosophorum
Explicit: ante diximus in medicinis ipsis.

Pr. in his Opera (Venice 1490), II, fols. 233v-7v; TKI 1538.

4. (fols. 35v-7v)
GALEN, De Malitia Complexionis Diuersae
Rubric: Incipit liber Galieni archistratos medicorum de malicia complexionis diuerse.
Incipit: Malicia complexionis diuerse quandoque in toto animalis corpore consistit
Explicit: post illum librum de ingenio sanitatis.

Pr. in his Opera, II, fols. 237-8v; TKI 846.

5. (fols. 38-90v)
GALEN, De Simplicis Medicinis (transl. CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN)
Rubric: Incipit prima particula de simplici medicina Galieni.
Incipit: Quoniam mihi necesse est hic ostendere summam utilitatem
Explicit: per se si Deus uoluerit.
Final rubric: Finitus est tractatus quintus libri G. in medicinis singularibus.

Pr. in his Opera, II, fols. 238v-300v; TKI 1285.

6. (fols. 91-113)
GALEN, De Morbo et Accidente
Rubric: Incipit prima particula de morbo et accidente.
Incipit: In initio huius libri diffinire morbum oportet
Explicit: semper alia sequitur quod uero non.
Final rubric: Explicit ...

Pr. in his Opera, II, fols. 355-69; TKI 684.

7. (fols. 114-39v)
GALEN, De Crisibus (transl. WILLIAM OF MOERBEKE)
Rubric: Incipit primus liber de crisi.
Incipit: Ego non intendo in hoc meo libro determinare
Explicit: et non est necessarius tractatus quartus.
Final rubric: Explicit ...

Pr. in his Opera, I, fols. 78-95v; TKI 490.

8. (fols. 140-59)
GALEN, De Criticis Diebus (transl. GERARD OF CREMONA)
Rubric: Incipit primus liber Galeni de creticis diebus.
Incipit: Et egritudinum que non paulatim minuuntur
Explicit: ad finem auxilio Dei et eius adiutorio completus est tractatus tercius libri Galieni de creticis diebus.
Final rubric: Explicit.

Pr. in his Opera, I, fols. 96-108v; TKI 1617.

9. (fols. 160-94v)
GALEN, Megategni (transl. CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN)
Rubric: Hic incipit prologus megategni.
Incipit: (prologue) Quamuis karissime fili Iohannes
Incipit: Quoniam intencio gloriossimi G. in hoc libro fuit ad redarguendum semita medicorum
Explicit: suauiter percutiantur &c.
Final rubric: Hic expliciunt xiiii. particula Megategni.

Pr., with the works of Isaac Iudaeus, Lyon 1515, II, fols. 189v-209v; TKI 1163, 1282.

Fols. 194v-5 are filled with text by the scribe of art. 1: (1) ‘Nota de dormientibus exercitatibus opera uigilie. Si queratur de quibusdam qui dormientes exercitatur opera uigilie ... fuerit apprehensa. Explicit.’ (2) Ysa. 30. Et erit lux lune sicut lux solis ...; Inter hec omnia .in. propter hominem facta in eius lapsu sunt peiorata ... serpens grauetur. Explicit.’ (3) f. 195 (beg. impf.) te latere quem tamen latere non possum ... et modus species et ordo.’ The original fols. 196-209 (between fols. 194-5, probably quires of 10 and 4) are lost; according to the table of contents they contained John of St Paul, De Simplici Medicina, and Constantine the African, De Gradibus.

10. (fols. 195v-207v)
CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN, De Stomacho
Rubric: Incipit epistola Constantini ad Alphinum episcopum Salernitanum de sanitate stomachi custodienda.
Incipit: Reuerentissimo
Incipit: Vestre sanctitatis altitudini
(capitula)
Incipit: Oportet nos intelligere quod prima actio nature que fit in corpore
Explicit: nisi perfecte coquitur indigestibiles.

Pr. with his Opera, Basel 1536, pp. 215-74; TKI 1691, 1012.

11. (fols. 207v-12)
CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN, De Melancholia
Rubric: Incipit liber de melancolia.
Incipit: Cum ego Constantinus Affricanus genere Montis Cassiniensis
Incipit: Est igitur morbus quod patitur corpus
Explicit: est .ii. syrupi rosacii.
Final rubric: Explicit liber melancholie.

TKI 510; a different version (TKI 528, 864) pr. with his Opera, pp. 280-98; ed. (with the Arabic text) K. Gerbers (Hamburg, 1977).

12. (fols. 212-15)
CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN, De Coitu
Rubric: Incipit liber coitus ...
Incipit: Creator uolens genus animalium firmiter ac stabiliter permanere
Explicit: solutum fuerit opium. Explicit ...

Ed. E. Montero Cartelle, Monografías de la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela 77: Santiago de Compostela, 1983, citing this MS at p. 43f.; TKI 273.

13. (fols. 215-17v)
CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN, De Medicinis Dissolutiuis
Rubric: Incipiunt capitula in genere medicinarum dissolutiuarum.
Incipit: Postquam diximus uirtutem simplicis medicine
Explicit: et tunc ureret aqua tepidam.

An excerpt from Constantinus Africanus, Pantegni (Practica, bk. 1, cc. 68-74). TKI 1071, this copy only. But another is in Krakow, Bibl. Jagellon. 778 (s. xv), f. 314rv.

14. (fols. 217v-24)
GALEN, De Spermate
Rubric: Incipiunt capitula in electione medicine et quomodo seruientur ne uirtutem amittant.
Incipit: Sperma hominis descendit ex omni humore corporis
Explicit: secundum naturam sui corporis.
Final rubric: Explicit liber de spermate.

Pr. in his Opera, I, fols. 38v-9v; TKI 1521.

15. (fols. 224-34v)
CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN, De Oculis
Rubric: Incipit liber Constantini de oculis.
Incipit: Quod in libro Pantegni et uiatico de oculis sufficienter tractauimus
Incipit: Oportet medicum scire uolentem curam oculorum prius eorum naturam optime cognoscere
Explicit: cum uino agitentur.
Final rubric: ⟨Explic⟩it liber de oculis.

Pr., with the works of Isaac Iudaeus, Lyon 1515, II, fols. 172-8, &c.; TKI 1252, 1012; Lindberg, no. 185.

16. (fol. 235rv)
De Vrinis Significantibus Mortem
Incipit: (Beg. impf.) talem in dentes urinam dicunt remissionem esse caloris
Explicit: uulue uel matricis dolorem significat.
Final rubric: Explicit.

Unpr.; TKI 700. In Sheffield, Central Libr., Jackson Collection 1302 (English, c. 1500), f. 37rv, it is called ‘Practica magistri Benedicti de coloribus urinarum’ (MMBL 4. 268).

17. (fol. 235v)
?JOHN OF ST PAUL, De Simplici Medicina
Rubric: Hic incipit liber simplicis medicine.
Incipit: Cogitanti mihi sepe de simplicium medicinarum uirtutibus
(capitula)
Incipit: Perfecte igitur temperate sunt medicine
Explicit: (ends impf.) raphani .cc. hortensis’.

Ed. G. H. Kroemer (Leipzig, 1920); TKI 230 (and cf. 229), 1034.

18. (fols. 236-7v)
COPHO, De Vrinis
Rubric: Incipit tractatus de urinis secundum magistrum Cophonem.
Incipit: Sciendum est in urinis duo esse consideranda colorem scil. et substantiam
Explicit: ante prandium rubeam post candidam.

In the lower margin of f. 236 is ‘Modus agendi in decretalibus talis est’, s. xv.

Unpr.; TKI 1392, this copy only.

19. (fol. 237v)
The opening of art. 9 again.
Rubric: Incipit epistola Constantini ad Alphinum episcopum Salernitanum de sanitate stomachi custodienda.
Incipit: Reuerentissimo domini A. Salernitane ecclesie archipresuli
Incipit: Vestre sanctitatis altitudini
Explicit: (ends impf.) stat enim infra epar et splen’.

An early hand writes ‘Va—cat quia in alio loco’.

20. (fols. 238-49v)
WILLIAM OF AUXERRE, Summa Aurea, fragm.
Incipit: Fides est substantia ...; Sicut enim uera dilectione
Explicit: (ends impf. in I. viii. 4. solut. 1; edn. vol. I, p. 132) quod si nascibilitas’.

Glorieux, Théol. 129b; ed. J. Ribaillier (6 vols, Grottaferrata, 1980-86). The table of contents shows that this was always the last item in the book.

The book is heavily annotated throughout by the scribes of the main text, and by small cursive hands, probably French, s. xiii, and by the scribe of art. 1, including prescriptions. Some of the annotation is in a hand very like that which annotated MS 255.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: uel aliud impediat
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 254 leaves (iv + 250)
Dimensions (leaf): 310 × 230 mm.
Dimensions (written): 220 × 130 mm.
The edges retrimmed affecting marginalia and spattered with red.

Collation

A4(4 canc.), 18, 28(8 canc.), 3-410, a bifolium, 512(2 canc.), 6-910, a bifolium, 10-1110, 124(4 canc.), 5-610, 76, 8-1110, 128, 1310, 144, 1510, 166, 1710, 1810(8-10 canc.), 194(lacks 1-2; + 1 after 3), 2012; occasional leaf-numbering. Several inner bifolia are missing from quire 19.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 51 lines. Running heads between ruled lines. The outer margins of 6, 11 and the lower margins of 91, 171 excised; f. 234 is mutil., having been torn from the upper outer corner to the inner margin at the foot; f. 236 is (and probably always was) only 130 mm. deep. Early foliation in arabic numerals runs 1-6, 6-8, 10, 12-195, 210-48, lost (prob. 249), 252-3, 253-65.

Hand(s)

Several similar proficient small French early gothic bookhands, except for art. 1, in an anglicana hand, s. xiv in.

Decoration

Red and blue flourished initials; a very few red or blue initials flourished in the other colour; plain red or blue initials and paraphs; running heads in capitals of both colours; red highlighting.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, sewn on five bands; formerly chained from the usual position. Fols. i and 250 are paper binding leaves. f. i was formerly a pastedown.

History

Origin: S. XIII ; France

Provenance and Acquisition

French, but in England early on. At the head of f. ii is ‘xxii s. viij d.’, in an English hand, s. xiv.

At the head of f. iiv is an erased cautio of ‘Noreys’ dated 1341.

Below is ‘C(aucio) cum 3bus supplementis xxxiii s. iiij d.’, canc. Other thoroughly-erased inscriptions occur lower down.

In the lower margin of f. 1 is an erased inscription, s. xiv: ‘⟨Memoran⟩d’ quod iste liber ⟨?iacet⟩ pro ⟨ ... Nor⟩ys / et M. Bryand Norys x s. Bryand x s. [ ... ]’. Of the many Oxford men named Nor(r)eys, the only one whose dates fit is Richard Norreys of Exeter diocese (BRUO 1366), who studied in Oxford at intervals between 1317 and 1345. ‘Bryand’ would then be Reginald de Bryan (BRUO 290-1), BCL by 1349, bp. of Worcester 1352-61.

Also in the lower margin of f. 1 is ‘Liber domus scolarium de Merton in Oxon’ ex dono magistri Thome Donecan quondam socii eiusdem domus in electione philosophie ibidem annis singulis a regentibus artium eligendus.’ Duncan (BRUO 605) was fellow in 1404, still in 1420, physician to the Earl of March, Edward IV’s father, d. by Apr. 1461.

At the head of f. 1 is the James no. ‘76’, s. xvii in. ‘2’ is inked on the foredge. Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with a table of contents, s. xvii, and ‘P. 2. 2. Art:’, canc. and replaced with ‘No. CCXIX’ and ‘N. 3. 2’ in red; the College bookplate.

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 84-5; Powicke, no. 932.