Merton College MS. 220
Former shelfmark: N. 3. 3
ARTICELLA &c.; S. XIV
fol. 1 blank. Fols. 1v-2v are covered with writing, faint to very faint, in anglicana hands little later than the main text. The main one annotates throughout. Apparently a copy of a medical text; chapters ‘de alimentis’ are referred to on fol. 2. On fol. 2v is a table of contents, s. xv.
Ed. D. Garcia and J. L. Vidal, Asclepio 26–7 (1974–5), 267–382; TKI 856, 1352.
Pr. as part of the Articella, Padua 1476 &c.; TKI 393.
Pr. Venice 1483 &c.; TKI 764. On the rest of fol. 11v, and fol. 12rv, originally blank, are additions in an anglicana hand, s. xiv ex.: subject-indexes to arts 5 and 8, in 4 cols; notes on art. 5.
HIPPOCRATES, Prognostica, with the commentary of GALEN, transl. CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN
Pr. as part of the Articella, Padua 1476 &c.; text TKI 1002; this copy HL 210.
At the foot of fol. 28 are verses ‘Vis leuitas sensus mens sompnus spiritus uirtus’ (WIC 20631).
HIPPOCRATES, Aphorismi, with the commentary of GALEN, transl. CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN
Text and comm. pr. as part of the Articella, Padua 1476 &c.; text TKI 1704, 828, this copy HL 56; comm. TKI 1055; HL 39–40.
Pr. Venice 1497, fols. 149v-151, &c.; TKI 824, 481.
De Regimine Acutorum Morborum, with the commentary of GALEN, transl. GERARD OF CREMONA
Text and commentary pr. Articella, Padua 1476, &c.; text TKI 1205, HL 7–18, not this copy; comm. TKI 660.
GALEN, Tegni, with the commentary of ALI IBN RODHAN (HALY ABBAS), transl. GERARD OF CREMONA
On fol. 156 the commentary (on cc. 216–231) concludes ‘et ista sunt nomina librorum eius in quibus docuit artem medicine scilicet expositionem et determinacionem ... sed quod magis completum est. Explicit tegni G. cum commento. H.
Text pr. as part of the Articella, Venice 1487; TKI 757, 1585; commentary pr. as part of the Articella, Venice 1483, fols. 157–210 (GW 2679); TKI 700, 757.
GILES OF CORBEIL, De Vrinis, glossed by GILBERTUS ANGLICUS
Text ed. L. Choulant (Leipzig, 1826), pp. 4–18; WIC 4432; TKI 422; Wickersheimer 196–7; commentary TKI 1483, 1588.
Followed by medical verses, beg. ‘Ista calore uigent tria salsus amarus acutus’.
In three columns.
At the end is an explanatory rubric: ‘Primus numerus est numerus ordinis M’ Nicholai. 2us numerus est numerus ordinis Ypocratis intitulata in 3º ordine qui est ordo librorum Ypocratis in Afforismis.’ Written apparently in the same hand as fols. 175–7.
Tingewick (BRUO 1877) was at Oxford University c. 1292–1305, physician to Edward I by 1306, d. by Feb. 1339; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 393.
Fols. 177v-9v are covered with notes as at the beginning. In this case they are quaestiones on medical topics.
The book is copiously annotated throughout in various anglicana hands, mostly s. xiv in.-med.
Ruled with pencil in 2 cols for 71 lines of gloss (or 36 when only text fills the page, as art. 6). The text is set against the left hand margins, in blocks occupying part or the whole width of a col., in larger script on alternate lines.
Probably a single English gothic rotunda bookhand throughout. The additions are all in anglicana hands, little later than the main text.
Large and handsome red and blue flourished initials; red or blue initials flourished in the other colour; plain red or blue initials and paraphs; occasional highlighting in red.
Standard Merton s. xvii, rebacked; sewn on four bands; formerly chained from the usual position. Fols. iii and 180 are modern paper blanks; fols. i-ii, 181–2 are s. xvii, fols. i and 182 from the same printed book as in MS 117. Near the foot of fol. 179v is the mark of the large iron chain-staple. Fol. 1 was pasted down in an earlier binding, which probably had an iron chain-staple near the foot of the foredge. Marks on the first and last leaves suggests the presence of two straps on earlier covers.
Provenance and Acquisition
Probably made at Oxford, and perhaps owned and annotated by Nicholas Tingewick.
At the College beforec.1500; seen there by John Bale (Appendix C, no. 9). Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with a table of contents and ‘P. 2. 3 Art:’, s. xvii; the same or a similar hand writes some of the contents onto the turn-in and board. Also the College bookplate, and another paper slip with the shelf-mark s. xvii, canc. and ‘No. CCXX N. 3. 3’ in red. ‘3’ is inked on the foredge.
For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.
Funding of Cataloguing
Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Warden and Fellows of Merton College .
Last Substantive Revision
2019-08-01: First online publication