A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 220

Former shelfmark: N. 3. 3

ARTICELLA &c.; S. XIV

Contents

Language(s): Latin

fol. 1 blank. Fols. 1v-2v are covered with writing, faint to very faint, in anglicana hands little later than the main text. The main one annotates throughout. Apparently a copy of a medical text; chapters ‘de alimentis’ are referred to on fol. 2. On fol. 2v is a table of contents, s. xv.

1. (fols. 3–6v)
IOHANNITIUS, Isagoge ad Galeni Artem Paruam
Incipit: Medicina diuiditur in duas partes i. in theoricam ii. in practicam
Explicit: boni maliue discretione.

Ed. D. Garcia and J. L. Vidal, Asclepio 26–7 (1974–5), 267–382; TKI 856, 1352.

2. (fols. 6v-10)
THEOPHILUS, De Vrinis
Rubric: Incipit liber urinarum.
Incipit: De urinarum differencia negotiorum multitudine trium medicorum agressi sunt scribere
Explicit: in diuersas conueniunt exposuimus.

Pr. as part of the Articella, Padua 1476 &c.; TKI 393.

3. (fols. 10v-11v)
PHILARETUS, De Pulsibus
Incipit: Intentionem habemus in hac presenti conscriptione de pulsuum negotio compendiosam exponere traditionem
Explicit: et mortem signat et hec nobis ad presens sufficiant.
Final rubric: Explicit liber Philareti de pulsibus.

Pr. Venice 1483 &c.; TKI 764. On the rest of fol. 11v, and fol. 12rv, originally blank, are additions in an anglicana hand, s. xiv ex.: subject-indexes to arts 5 and 8, in 4 cols; notes on art. 5.

4. (fols. 13–38v)

HIPPOCRATES, Prognostica, with the commentary of GALEN, transl. CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN

Incipit: Omnis qui medicine artis studio seu gloriam seu delectabilem amicorum copiam
Explicit: exposite ordine preceptorum.
Final rubric: Explicit liber pronosticorum Ypocratis cum comento G.
Incipit: (comm.) Videtur mihi quod ex melioribus rebus uti preuisione
Incipit: Manifestum est quod Ypocrates non utitur hac dictione
Explicit: et in quibusdam earum in lxº.

Pr. as part of the Articella, Padua 1476 &c.; text TKI 1002; this copy HL 210.

At the foot of fol. 28 are verses ‘Vis leuitas sensus mens sompnus spiritus uirtus’ (WIC 20631).

5. (fols. 39–75)

HIPPOCRATES, Aphorismi, with the commentary of GALEN, transl. CONSTANTINE THE AFRICAN

Rubric: Prefacio domini Constantini Affricani Montis Cassianensis monachi ad Glauconem discipulum suum.
Incipit: (prol.) Pluribus peticionibus tuis continuis acquiescens
Incipit: Vita breuis ars uero longa
Explicit: tanto plus peiorabuntur &c.
Final rubric: Explicit liber afforismorum Ypocratis cum commento G.
Incipit: (comm.) Plurimi interpretes huius libri in hoc maxime sunt concordati
Explicit: et non esse ypocratica consummare poterit.

Text and comm. pr. as part of the Articella, Padua 1476 &c.; text TKI 1704, 828, this copy HL 56; comm. TKI 1055; HL 39–40.

6. (fols. 75–7v)
JOHN OF DAMASCUS, Aphorismi
Incipit: Liberet te Deus filii amantissime a deuio erroris et in uia conseruet prosperitatis
Incipit: Cum humana (corr. to Certe quod in) medicina immensa profunditas sit
Explicit: ante oculos pone contraria uero contrario.
Final rubric: Expliciunt amphorismi Iohannis Damasceni.

Pr. Venice 1497, fols. 149v-151, &c.; TKI 824, 481.

7. (fols. 78–109v)

De Regimine Acutorum Morborum, with the commentary of GALEN, transl. GERARD OF CREMONA

Incipit: Qui de egrotantium accidentibus
Explicit: in aliis aliquando conueniens est
Final rubric: Expliciunt regimenta acutorum.
Incipit: (comm.) Illi qui sentencias illis de asidis relatas scripserunt
Explicit: quod infirmus ei dicat ipsas

Text and commentary pr. Articella, Padua 1476, &c.; text TKI 1205, HL 7–18, not this copy; comm. TKI 660.

8. (fols. 110–56)

GALEN, Tegni, with the commentary of ALI IBN RODHAN (HALY ABBAS), transl. GERARD OF CREMONA

Rubric: Intendimus edere sermonem exponentem id quod clausum est de sermone G. in hoc libro qui nominatur ars parua.
Incipit: Dico ergo quod G. nominauit hunc librum artem paruam
Incipit: Tres sunt omnes doctrine
Explicit: (ends impf. in 215 on fol. 155v) determinabo orationem in eis||
Incipit: (comm.) In omnibus doctrinis que currunt secundum ordinem
Explicit: (ends. impf. on fol. 155v) sicut putat cum non est.||

On fol. 156 the commentary (on cc. 216–231) concludes ‘et ista sunt nomina librorum eius in quibus docuit artem medicine scilicet expositionem et determinacionem ... sed quod magis completum est. Explicit tegni G. cum commento. H.

Text pr. as part of the Articella, Venice 1487; TKI 757, 1585; commentary pr. as part of the Articella, Venice 1483, fols. 157–210 (GW 2679); TKI 700, 757.

9. (fols. 157–74v)

GILES OF CORBEIL, De Vrinis, glossed by GILBERTUS ANGLICUS

Incipit: (prol.) Sicut dicit Constantinus in Pangtegni et hoc idem testatur Iohannicius
Incipit: Dicitur urina quoniam fit renibus una
Explicit: (line 338) Aggrauat et cumulat mala circumstantia culpam
Incipit: (gloss) Tribus autem modis notificat urinam
Explicit: residuum sermonis est intellectum.
Final rubric: Expliciunt uersus Egidii cum commento Gilberti Deo gracias.

Text ed. L. Choulant (Leipzig, 1826), pp. 4–18; WIC 4432; TKI 422; Wickersheimer 196–7; commentary TKI 1483, 1588.

Followed by medical verses, beg. ‘Ista calore uigent tria salsus amarus acutus’.

(fols. 175–7)
Subject-indext to art. 6

In three columns.

(fol. 177)
Nicholas Tingewick, Tabula afforismorum secundum ordinem M. Nicholai de Tyngewyk

At the end is an explanatory rubric: ‘Primus numerus est numerus ordinis M’ Nicholai. 2us numerus est numerus ordinis Ypocratis intitulata in 3º ordine qui est ordo librorum Ypocratis in Afforismis.’ Written apparently in the same hand as fols. 175–7.

Tingewick (BRUO 1877) was at Oxford University c. 1292–1305, physician to Edward I by 1306, d. by Feb. 1339; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 393.

Fols. 177v-9v are covered with notes as at the beginning. In this case they are quaestiones on medical topics.

The book is copiously annotated throughout in various anglicana hands, mostly s. xiv in.-med.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: (fol. 4) in sua glaucedine
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 185 leaves (iii + 182)
Dimensions (leaf): 365 × 245 mm.
Dimensions (written): 265 × 175 mm.
The edges savagely retrimmed with loss of marginalia and spattered with red.

Collation

a bifolium, 110, 2–312, a bifolium, 4–612, 74(1 canc.), 8–912, 1010, 11–1312, 1410(lacks 9), 1512, 166, 174, a singleton; catchwords. Beginnings and ends of quires and works are made to correspond.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols for 71 lines of gloss (or 36 when only text fills the page, as art. 6). The text is set against the left hand margins, in blocks occupying part or the whole width of a col., in larger script on alternate lines.

Hand(s)

Probably a single English gothic rotunda bookhand throughout. The additions are all in anglicana hands, little later than the main text.

Decoration

Large and handsome red and blue flourished initials; red or blue initials flourished in the other colour; plain red or blue initials and paraphs; occasional highlighting in red.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, rebacked; sewn on four bands; formerly chained from the usual position. Fols. iii and 180 are modern paper blanks; fols. i-ii, 181–2 are s. xvii, fols. i and 182 from the same printed book as in MS 117. Near the foot of fol. 179v is the mark of the large iron chain-staple. Fol. 1 was pasted down in an earlier binding, which probably had an iron chain-staple near the foot of the foredge. Marks on the first and last leaves suggests the presence of two straps on earlier covers.

History

Origin: S. XIV ; England, Oxford

Provenance and Acquisition

Probably made at Oxford, and perhaps owned and annotated by Nicholas Tingewick.

At the College beforec.1500; seen there by John Bale (Appendix C, no. 9). Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with a table of contents and ‘P. 2. 3 Art:’, s. xvii; the same or a similar hand writes some of the contents onto the turn-in and board. Also the College bookplate, and another paper slip with the shelf-mark s. xvii, canc. and ‘No. CCXX N. 3. 3’ in red. ‘3’ is inked on the foredge.

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, p. 86; Powicke, no. 521.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Warden and Fellows of Merton College .

Last Substantive Revision

2019-08-01: First online publication