A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 223

Former shelfmark: N. 3. 6



Language(s): Latin

(fols. 1–340v)
PETER QUESNEL OFM, Directorium Iuris
Rubric: (f. 339v) Incipit Summa que uocatur directoria iuris composita a fratre Petro Quesuel de ordine fratrum minorum ex uiribus et doctorum sentenciis diuersorum.
Incipit: Si quis ignorat ignorabitur I Cor. xiiii. et hec uerba ponuntur D. xxxviii
Explicit: (f. 202v) contra duos ex diuersis causis finis.’

Unpr.; Schulte 2. 262; Bloomfield 5587; Sharpe, Handlist, pp. 433–4, listing sixteen copies.

The text as copied is in considerable disorder, as noted by Simon Bredon (see below), who wrote a long explanatory note at the foot of fols. 340v and 341. The order is: fols. 339v-40v (prol.), fols. 1–196 (bks 1–2), fols. 196–232 (bk. 4 and index), fols. 233–339 (bk. 3). fols. 23–4v contain text omitted from f. 22va, as signalled by the same hand, which annotates sparsely throughout.

Followed by a subject-index, ‘Abbas. Quod abbas exemptus potest prescribere capellam contra episcopum Votum. De dispensatione in uoto sine causa rationabili ...’

(fols. 202v-32; 232v)


Physical Description

Secundo Folio: non apparentibus
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 345 leaves (ii + 342, incl. 3a)
Dimensions (leaf): 315 × 220 mm.
Dimensions (written): 250 × 165 mm.
The edges heavily retrimmed and spattered with red.


A bifolium at each end, 112, 212(+ a bifolium after 11), 3–1612, 1712(+ 1 after 4), 18–1912, a bifolium, 20–2812; catchwords.


Ruled with faint pencil in 2 cols of c. 55 lines.


Low-grade French gothic rotunda bookhands.


Red and blue flourished initials; blue initials flourished in red; red or blue paraphs; running heads in both colours.


Standard Merton s. xvii, sewn on six bands; formerly chained from the usual position. Near the foot of f. 342 are the marks of the large iron chain-staple. Marks on f. i suggest a central strap replaced by two, on a previous binding, and perhaps an iron chain-staple at the foot. The outermost leaves were pastedowns in an earlier binding.


Origin: S. XIV ; France

Provenance and Acquisition

Made in France.

On f. 340v, is ‘Liber m. Symonis Bredon’ doctoris in medicina quondam socii domus de Merton’ in Oxon’’, s. xv ex. Simon Bredon (BRUO 257–8) was fellow in 1330, still in 1341, canon of Chichester, d. 1372. This book is not among those mentioned in his will (pr. Powicke, pp. 82–6).

Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with titles and ‘P. 2. 6. Art:’, s. xvii, the latter canc. and replaced with ‘N. 3. 6’ and ‘No. CCXXIII’ in red; the College bookplate. ‘6’ is inked on the foredge.

Merton College MS. 222 - flyleaves (fols. i-ii, 341–2)


Language(s): Latin

(fols. i-ii, 341–2)
ARISTOTLE, De Generatione et Corruptione (transl. vet.)

The text is cropped at the head, containing parts of i. 5 and 9: f. i contains part of i. 5; f. ii the end of i. 8 and beginning of i. 9; f. 341 part of ii. 4 and the beginning of ii. 5, f. 342 the beginning of ii. 11.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 225 × 135 mm.


Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of at least 40 lines.


Written in an excellent English formal gothic quadrata bookhand


Unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics.


Origin: s. xiv ; script of English appearance.

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.


For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.


    Coxe, p. 87; Powicke, no. 388.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Warden and Fellows of Merton College .

Last Substantive Revision

2019-08-30: First online publication

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