A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 234

Former shelfmark: O. 1. 1

SUBJECT INDEXES TO WORKS OF THEOLOGY AND CANON LAW; S. XIV in.

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Fols. iv, vrv blank.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: Osiam
Six originally independent books and booklets; by 1366 they existed as three (probably corresponding to I, II and III-VII). Between this date and 1385 they were united in the present book.
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 222 leaves (v + 217)
Dimensions (leaf): 325 × 225 mm.
The edges retrimmed and spattered with red. f. 194 is only one col. wide.

Collation

A bifolium, 18, 26 / 3-412, 516, 612, 710 / 8-1012, 1114(13-14 canc; + 3 after 14) / 128, 136 / 144, 1516(+ 1 after 16), 168, 178(8 canc.), 188, 198(+ 1 after 8), 208, 216 / 228; quires 3-6, 9-10 have catchwords.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, sewn on six bands; formerly chained from the usual position. Fols. i and 217 are modern paper blanks. Fols. ii-iii are paper binding leaves, s. xvii. On f. iv are the marks of two foredge straps or clasps, and of the large iron chain-staple. This mark suggests that the bifolium Fols. iv-v was once at the end of the book.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

At the head of f. 77, cropped by the binder, ‘Ista tabula est concessa usibus fratri Ric’ / de Insula de ordine fratrum minorum’, s. xiv in., in the sort of hand used by the English friars, partly over an earlier erased inscription, which seems to have included the same name. Presumably it refers to the man of that name (BRUO 1003) who was born 1270, studied at Oxford and Orleans, and joined the Franciscans.

On f. ivv ‘Liber M. Willelmi Reed episcopi Cicestrie cuius partem primam habuit ex dono reuerendi domini sui M. Nicholai de Sandwyco, secundam uero emit ab executoribus uenerabilis patris domini Iohannis de Schepeya episcopi Roffensis, sed tertiam emit ab executoribus uenerabilis patris domini Simonis de Islip archiepiscopi Cantuariensis. Oretis igitur pro singulis supradictis.’ Followed by a table of contents in the same hand, and a lengthy erased inscription of four lines, beg. ‘Liber’. ‘Liber domus scolarium de Merton’ in Oxon’ in communi libraria eiusdem, et ad usum communem sociorum ibidem studencium cathenandus. Ex dono uenerabilis patris domini Willelmi tercii episcopi Cicestrie. Oretis igitur pro eodem et animabus omnium fidelium defunctorum. ix. uolumen.’ At the head, cropped by the binder, ‘pertinet librarie’, s. xiv. For William Reed, fellow from 1344 until at least 1357, d. 1385, see MS 8. For Nicholas Sandwich, see MS 8. John Sheppey, bishop of Rochester, d. 1360. Simon Islip, archbishop of Canterbury d. 1366. Part of Reed’s bequest.

At the head of f. 1 is the James no. ‘283’ (recte 177), s. xvii. Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with table of contents and ‘F. 4, 2’ (canc.), s. xvii, and ‘P. 3. 1. Art:’, canc. and replaced with ‘O. 1. 1’ in red and ‘(CCXXXIV)’ in pencil; the College bookplate. ‘1’ is inked on the foredge.

Merton College MS. 234 - Part I (fols. 1-14v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 1-14v)
Ps.-ALEXANDER NEQUAM, Correctiones Bibliae, part I
Rubric: Incipit prima pars correccionum biblie uidelicet orthographia nominum Hebreorum.
Incipit: Quoniam multos in hebraicis nominibus errare conspexi
Explicit: ca. 15 Alleluia.
Final rubric: Explicit orthographia nominum hebreorum de tota biblia.

Unpr.; Stegmüller, Bibl. 1171, Glorieux, Arts, 21ag. Proceeds through the Bible book by book.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 285 × 185 mm.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 6 cols of c. 55 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in an anglicana hand.

Decoration

Red highlighting and paraphs.

History

Origin: S. XIV in. ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 234 - Part II (fols. 15-76v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

2. (fols. 15-52)
Ps.-ALEXANDER NEQUAM, Repertorium Vocabulorum Bibliae
Incipit: Licet nonnulli circa uocabula biblie simplicibus ignota lucidius exponenda diligenter laborauerunt
Incipit: Abba secundum Papiam Syrum nomen est
Explicit: (Zizannia) et super seminauit zizanniam. Explicit.

Unpr.; also in Eton Coll. 4, Graz, Universitätsbibl. 322; Hereford Cath. O. V. 2; BL Harl. 2270, Royal 8 E. vii; Lambeth 162; Bodl. Libr., Bodl. 863, Laud misc. 30; Merton College MS. 12, art. 5.

Stegmüller, Bibl. 1159.

3. (fols. 52v-76v)

An Anthology of Ps.-JOHN CHRYSOSTOM, Opus Imperfectum in Mattheum

3.1. (fols. 52v-55v)
Rubric: Incipit tabula super Crisostomum; omelia prima ...
Incipit: Liber generacionis
Explicit: Explicit numerus et ordo omeliarum Crisostomi in imperfecto cum sentenciis notabilibus in eis contentis que sentencie ponuntur in tabula sequente.
3.2. (fols. 55v-76v)
Incipit: Aduersitas. Vtilitas aduersitatum temporalium
Explicit: (Xristianus) quoniam hic intrasti non habens &c.
Final rubric: Explicit tabula Crisostomi.

Unpr.; Stegmüller, Bibl. 4350, 1, citing only Durham Cath., A. III. 11 (s. xiii), fols. 152–70. Van Banning, pp. ccxxvi, cclxii–cclxxii, however, lists another dozen copies.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 265 × 170 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 51 lines.

Hand(s)

A single hand writing anglicana formata.

Decoration

Oxford decoration: art. 2 a red and blue flourished initial with 1-sided border; blue initials flourished in red, red initials flourished in violet; red highlighting and paraphs; art. 3 a red and blue flourished initial; blue initials flourished in red; red or blue paraphs; red highlighting and underlining.

History

Origin: S. XIV in. ; England, Oxford

Merton College MS. 234 - Part III (fols. 77-127v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 77-127v)

RICHARD DE L’ISLE OFM, Index to GREGORY, Moralia in Iob

4.1. (fols. 77-123)
RICHARD DE L’ISLE OFM, Index to GREGORY, Moralia in Iob
Incipit: Abel. De innocentia eius
Explicit: (Zelus) qui est ydolum zeli li. 31. c. 9 c.
Final rubric: Scias quod prescripta tabula super moralia beati Gregorii super Iob faciliter et expedite inuenire docet quicquid in ipsis utile fuerit in quacunque materia circa quam uel de qua predicator aliquis desiderat loqui.
4.2. (fols. 123-4v)
Tabula tabule predicte
4.3. (fols. 124v-7v)
Incipits of chapters

Written in 3 cols.

Unpr.; Stegmüller, Bibl. 7272,1; also in BL, Harl. 5426, Roy. 8 F. ii, Bologna, Bibl. de Coll. di Spagna 6, BnF lat. 2311, Paris, Bibl. Maz. 668, Bruges, Stadsbibl. 143 and 144, and Bruxelles, Bibl. royale 1315.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 240 × 160 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 49 lines.

Hand(s)

A single English gothic rotunda bookhand.

Decoration

Keywords in red, red highlighting.

History

Origin: S. XIV in. ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 234 - Part IV (fols. 128-141v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

5. (fols. 128-38; 138v-9 blank)
An index of scriptural references in the works of GREGORY
Incipit: In principio creauit Deus celum
Explicit: (Qui audit dicat) Item omelia Eze. 14 Eze. 14.

Unpr.; Stegmüller, Bibl. 2634,2 (cf. 4872, 5590, 8913).

6. (fols. 139v-41; 141v blank)

Alphabetical index of titles to the Decretals, Liber Sextus and Clementines

Rubric: Tabula titulorum libri decretalium secundum ordinem alphabeti cum titulis 6ti libri et Clementis concordantibus ad eosdem.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 280 × 190 mm.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 51 lines.

Hand(s)

A single anglicana hand.

Decoration

Red initials, red highlighting, paraphs and underlining.

History

Origin: S. XIV in. ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 234 - Part V (fols. 142-208v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 142-208; 145r-v and 208v blank)
7.1.
THOMAS WALEYS OP, Campus Florum

The prologue is omitted. The work was copied by quires, with blank spaces at the end of each; f. 162v wholly blank.

Unpr., known from another three copies; Kaeppeli, no. 3899; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 685.

7.2. (fols. 142v-4v, 145rv blank)
Table of the key words, Auster-Zizannia

The table should have begun with Aaron, and the omission is made good on f. 142. The main index is in 3 cols: ‘Aaron. Moyses ex precepto Domini Aaron in summum pontificem ...’.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: To f. 144v
Dimensions (written): 270 × 170 mm.
From f. 146
Dimensions (written): 275 × 195 mm.
(the outer edge often cropped)

Layout

To f. 144v ruled with pencil in 6 cols of 76 lines (47 on f. 142).

From f. 146 frame-ruled with pencil for 3 cols of c. 63 lines.

Hand(s)

To f. 144 a small neat anglicana hand (f. 142 hand as IV).

A large and distinctive anglicana hand fols. 146-9v, and smaller one thereafter.

Decoration

To f. 144 red highlighting and paraphs (f. 142 decoration as IV). From f. 146 red touching, paraphs, framing and underlining.

History

Origin: S. XIV in. ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 234 - Part VI (fols. 209-16)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 209v-16)

Vocabulary of John of Salisbury, Policraticus, works of Gregory, John Chrysostom, Cyprian, Jerome.

A list of the authors and their works on f. 209.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 245 × 170 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 4 cols of 42 lines

Hand(s)

Written in bastard anglicana.

Decoration

Yellow highlighting.

History

Origin: s. xiv ex. ; script of English appearance.

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 91-2; Powicke, no. 549.