A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 266

Former shelfmark: G. 1. 4

JOHN OF FAENZA &c.; S. XIII-XIV

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: (f. 14) dolor in culpa
Five originally independent books or booklets, probably together early, as the same annotator is found in I-III and V, and as III-V are in similar hands and format. The original part of II is on parchment prepared in the Italian manner.
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 304 leaves (i + 304, om. 230)
Dimensions (leaf): 255 × 170 mm.
for fols. 289-90
Dimensions (leaf): 225 × 165 mm.
for the remainder The edges savagely retrimmed with loss of marginalia, and spattered with red. Early foliation runs 1 (mod. 4)-10, (probably in another hand) 1-129 (141). II has medieval pagination, in pencil, at the foot of (mainly) each verso, as far as 72 (f. 48v).

Collation

112 / 2-912, 1010, 116(+ 8 and 6 between 3 and 4), 124 / 13-1512, 1616, 1712(+ 1 before 1), 18-1912, 208 / 2110, 226 / 23-268 / a bifolium, 2712; catchwords; the quires of II are numbered in pencil at each end and also have pencilled quire-signatures of the usual late medieval form. At the foot of f. 143 (quire 13) is ‘pecia prima decretalium’. At the foot of f. 196 (quire 17) is pencilled ‘prima pecia decretarum’.

Hand(s)

Decoration

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, sewn on four bands; formerly chained from the usual position. Fols. i, 303-4 are paper binding leaves; 304 and a former bifolium before i, now only stubs, are from a printed copy of one of Hieronymus Zanchius’s works (cap. xix De dolore ac poena cacodaem[onum]). f. 1 was a pastedown in an earlier binding. It has the marks of two straps and perhaps of an iron chain-staple at the foot, near the foredge.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

At the foot of f. 302v is an erased inscription of 3-4 lines. At the foot of f. 37, in an early hand, ‘Iste quaternus restituatur domino Ioseph uicario de Cestrehunte’ (Cheshunt, Herts.).

At the foot of f. 300v is a note in anglicana headed ‘Barnbye’. This might be Thomas de Barneby (BRUO 111), fellow of Merton in 1276, twenty-third lector of the Oxford Franciscans, c. 1291-2, probably warden of York when on 12 Oct. 1300 he presented to Bp. Dalderby of Lincoln friars from Lincoln, Grimsby and Boston for licences to hear confessions. Nonetheless, it is not known when the book came to the College prior to s. xvii in.

On f. i is a table of contents, s. xvii, and ‘P. 4. 17. Art:’, canc. and replaced with ‘G. 1. 4 (CCLXVI)’ in red. Inside the front board is another title, s. xvii, and the College bookplate.

Merton College MS. 266 - Part I (fols. 1-12)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 1-2v)

Covered with informal notes in an early anglicana hand, mostly concerning the contents of the Decretum. On f. 1 is a prayer in French, and a list, in 2 cols, of the provinces of the Franciscan order, Hungaria—Siria, with the numbers of convents in each, headed ‘Prouincia fratrum minorum si queris denominacio scriptus est fratris beati Bartholomei anno Domini 1242 in capitulo prouincialis.’ Above is ‘Frater Hugo de confessione dixit ...’.

Language(s): Latin and French
(fols. 3-12v)
Verses
Incipit: Fecit Deus hominem ad ymaginem suam et similitudinem | facere id est quod faciem dare

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment

Layout

The leaves, though ruled in crayon for varying numbers of long lines, are effectively unformatted. Running heads run 1 fol. a, 1 fol. b etc. as far as 9 fol. a.

Hand(s)

Rough English gothic rotunda bookhand.

History

Origin: s. xiii ; England

Merton College MS. 266 - Part II (fols. 13-142v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 13-128, 130-41)
JOHN OF FAENZA, Summa super Decretum
Incipit: Humanum genus &c. Tractaturus Gratianus de iure canonico a naturali iure non discordat
Incipit: Humanum genus duobus modis regitur
Explicit: (f. 137v) coequalis est et coeternus.
Final rubric: Explicit tractatus decretorum per magistrum Iohannem de Cadomo compilatus.

Unpr.; Schulte 1. 137-40; Kuttner 143-6.

Originally the text ran fols. 13-121v, 130-7v. However, large sections were omitted, and these have been made good on inserted quires (fols. 122-8v and 138-41). The text from f. 121v continues on f. 130 to the penultimate line of col. b; it then continues on fols. 122-8v, then from f. 130b last line to 137v. The text on fols. 138-41 is marked for insertion on f. 136b.

(fol. 129rv)

Filled with informal notes on the contents of the Decretum.

Informal notes and mnemonic verses in anglicana hands also occur on fols. 140v-2v, including a long set of verses ‘De primo libro sentenciarum summaria contumelia. A. Res et signum sunt doctrine duo membra’ (WIC 81). At the foot of f. 141 is a very roughly-written note ‘Hic in fine(?) de patronatu(?) Oseneii scripta fidens’. At the foot of f. 142v is a draft letter, written by Dionysia de Monti Canisio (Mountchensey) at ‘Lud’’ to L(aurence) bp. of Rochester (1251-74), concerning a presentation to the church of ‘Ludesddone’ (Luddesdown) in his diocese. Walter of Bibbesworth wrote his Treitiz de Langage for her children (Dean & Boulton, no. 285).

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 170 × 140 mm.

Collation

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 4 cols of 43 lines. The two innermost cols are 100 mm wide. They are occupied by the text of Gratian, the commentary, written in slightly smaller script, extending into the the outer cols as required.

Hand(s)

fols. 13-121v, 130-7v are written in an Italian gothic rotunda bookhand; fols. 122-8v in a French or English bookhand; fols. 138-41 in an anglicana hand, which also glosses throught.

Decoration

On f. 13 is a red and blue florished initial; otherwise red and blue initials and paraphs, chapter-numbers in both colours.

History

Origin: s. xiii1 ; Italy

Merton College MS. 266 - Part III (fols. 143-240v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

2. (fols. 143-92v)
Alphabetical Index to the Decretals
Incipit: Abbates non exerceant que sunt episcopalis dignitatis
Explicit: Zonas de auro uel argento non portent clerici
Final rubric: Expliciant tabule decretalium.

Also in Bruges, Stadsbibl. 373 (1283), fols. 1-92.

3. (fols. 192v-4)
A list of rubrics to the Decretals
Rubric: Incipiunt rubrice primi libri.
Incipit: De summa trinitate et fide catholica
Explicit: De regulis iuris.
Final rubric: Expliciunt rubrice decretalium Deo gracias.
4. (fols. 194-5v)
A list of the key words in art. 5.

But the list does not always correspond. Followed by mnemonic verses, ‘Consentis operans defendens non reprehendens’ (WIC 3181, this copy only), in the same anglicana hand as earlier.

5. (fols. 196-236v)
Another alphabetical Index to the Decretals
Incipit: Abbates et alia officia per episcopos debent institui
Explicit: (Yconomus, then, inexplicably, Inuentarius) caritatem tuam. Explicit.

Also in Basel, Universitätsbibl., C. V. 37, fols. 1-52, and Bruges, Stadsbibl. 373, fols. i-lxxx (AD 1283).

6. (fols. 236v-7)
Distinctiones Decretorum
Incipit: Diuidit ac dicit quod ius distinctio prima
Explicit: Esse duos duos metros non uult centesima plura.
Final rubric: Explicit de distinctionibus decretorum.

WIC 4627.

7. (fols. 237v-8v)
Decretum Metricum
Incipit: ⟨E⟩st decretorum complexio causa duorum
Explicit: Ponitur ordo ut pereat distinctio prima.

WIC 5639.

(fols. 238v-40v)

Informal notes and mnemonic verses, incl. (f. 239) ‘Opiniones magistri sententiarum reprobate’, ‘Hec sunt errores contra ueritatem fidei catholice qui dampnati sunt ab episcopo Willelmo Paris’ ...’, dated 1240, followed by other lists of errors. At the head of f. 240v is a table of contents: ‘In hoc uolumine continent | Notabilia supra decreta | liber decretorum abreuiatus | concordancie decretalium | concordancie decretorum’, the last three titles braced together. Nearby are notes of persons holding lands mainly in the area of Worksop (Notts.): frater domini Walteri camerarii, D. Ricardus de Lauhtone (Laughton Le Morehen, Lincs.), Edmundus de Thorp, Thorp in Lindrik (Thorpe Salvin, Notts.), Blithe uersus Sirewude (Blyth, Notts.), Lindrik (now surviving as Lindrick Common and Carlton in Lindrick, Notts.), the abbey of Worksop, Tikehelle (Tickhill, Yorks.), Rufford in Sirewde (Rufford, Notts.), Willelmus de Cressi in Marcham (Markham, Notts.), Nottingham, Henricus de Tiuerlaw, Colingham (Collingham, Notts.). Also a note on distances between Paris, Marseilles, Toulouse, Nantes and other places in southern France.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 205 × 135 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols (4 cols art. 4) of 44 lines

Hand(s)

Written in an English gothic rotunda bookhand of university type.

Decoration

Arts 3 and 6 open with a red and blue flourished initial; red or blue paraphs, red highlighting and underlining. Art. 3 also has blue initials flourished in red. Arts 4-5 and 7-8 are undecorated.

History

Origin: s. xiv in. ; England

Merton College MS. 266 - Part IV (fols. 241-288v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

8. (fols. 241-56)
Rubric: Kalendarium ad inueniendum per combinationes duarum primarum uocalium in qualibet dictione omnes materias de quibus loquitur in nouis decretalibus cuius subtilitas quinque uersibus subsequentibus datur intelligi

Data—Iudicare

9. (fols. 256rv)
A ?sermon on the virtues of the Decretum
Incipit: Principium omnium rerum uisibilium et inuisibilium celestium
Incipit: In hoc ergo modo proposito ipsius duxi primum auxilium implorandum dicens in nomine Domini
Incipit: Vidit Iacob scalam ...; Gracianus ergo et Iacob scalam ascendent
Explicit: per hanc scalam gradatim ascendere.
10. (fols. 257-88; 288v blank)
An alphabetical index to the ?Decretum
Incipit: Abbas conueniri potest sine monachis
Explicit: Zelus et inuidia aliunde prohibentur.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 200 × 130 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 45 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in an English gothic rotunda bookhand.

Decoration

No decoration except for art. 10, which has red paraphs.

History

Origin: s. xiv in. ; England

Merton College MS. 266 - Part V (fols. 289-302v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 289-302v)
A series of academic speeches to incepting doctors of canon law
11.1.
Rubric: Incipit pulcra introduccio libri decretorum cum diuisione eiusdem
Incipit: Primum nostri agressus stabilimus principium
Explicit: ad exponenda que circa litteram acceduntur.

f. 290v blank.

11.2.
Incipit: In nomine summi gloriosissimi Saluatoris sublimisque Creatoris omnipotentis
11.3.
Incipit: In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti ad quod facit lxxiii Di. in nomine &c.
11.4.
Rubric: Pulcra introductio decretalium uel etiam decretorum.
Incipit: Audite celi quid loquar ...; Hec auctoritas habendo in cantico Moysi in Deuteronimio
11.5.
Incipit: Decretalium. A a a nescio loqui quia puer ego sum. Verba ista loquuntur viii. q. i. in scripturis
11.6.
Incipit: Decretarum. Beatus homo qui inuenerit sapientiam ...; Verba sunt e’i [pro regis siue Salomonis] in parabolis cui datus fuit thesaurus sapientie
11.7.
Rubric: Sequitur pulcra benedictio que requiritur in dacione libri decretorum.
Incipit: Iste est qui cognouit iusticiam et uidit mirabilia magna ...; Legitur quod qui sacra usitatus est
11.8.
Rubric: Incipit pulcra introductio libri decretorum cum diuisione eiusdem.
Incipit: Ex ore sedentis in trono ...; Gladius bisacutus est ius per bipartitum naturale uidelicet et positiuum
11.9.
Rubric: Pulcherrimum p(roemi)um super decretales.
Incipit: Legitur in Ezechiele Et uenit uir ad portam que respicit ad uiam orientalem ...; O(stenditu)r in(de) rex regum principium est omnium rerum
11.10.
Rubric: Pulcherrima introductio libri decretorum.
Incipit: Quoniam in omnibus rebus id iudicatur esse perfectum
11.11.
Rubric: In datione libri decretorum.
Incipit: Habet etiam argentum uenarum suarum ...; Priusquam ad uerborum uborum interpretacionem ueniam supplico robur
11.12.
Rubric: In libro regend’.
Incipit: Quia petisti a me tibi tradi cum benedictione magistrali tibi sic dico Trado tibi librum singnaculatum vii singnaculis quem nemo dignus fuit soluere nisi leo de tribu Iuda hoc est nisi tu quasi de tua congregatione leo ausus fuit hunc librum aperire
Explicit: te magnificent quod tibi annuat qui ...

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 295 × 125 mm.
for fols. 289-90
Dimensions (written): 200 × 130 mm.
for the remainder.

Layout

Fols. 289-90, frame-ruled with crayon in 2 cols; written in c. 37 lines.

Remainder ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 44 lines.

Hand(s)

In an anglicana hand of the sort found in law books of the period.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for coloured initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: s. xiv in. ; England

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 104-5; Powicke, no. 1230.