A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 274

Former shelfmark: O. 1. 5

THOMAS AQUINAS, PIERRE D'AUVERGNE, THOMAS SUTTON; S. XIV in.

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Fols. i-ii blank; on f. iiv is a title, s. xvii.

1. (fols. 1-54v)
Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, De Caelo et Mundo I-II
Incipit: Sicut dicit philosophus primo Phisicorum tunc opinamur unumquodque scire
Explicit: de stellis et in hoc terminatur sentencia secundi libri.
Final rubric: Finit liber iius a fratre Thoma de Aquino.

STO 3. 1-257; Glorieux, Théol. 14cr.

2. (fols. 55-79)
PETRUS DE ALVERNIA, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, De Caelo et Mundo III-IV
Incipit: De primo quidem igitur celo. Cum philosophus compleuit considerationem de corporibus simplicibus
Explicit: quorum conditor primus est Deus benedictus in s. s.
Final rubric: In hoc completur expositio magistri Petri de Aluernia.

Pr. Venice 1495 (GW2355); Glorieux, Théol. 210v; Lohr, pp. 337-8.

3. (fols. 79v-92)
Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, De Generatione et Corruptione
Incipit: Sicut philosophus tradit in tertio de Anima sciencie secantur quemadmodum et res
Explicit: et fiet totaliter aqua. Quoniam autem primum.
Final rubric: Hic terminatur expositio fratris Thome de Aquino et incipit expositio fratris Thome de Suthona.

STO 3. 261-322; Glorieux, Théol. 14cy; Lohr, p. 166.

4. (fols. 92-121; 121v blank)
THOMAS DE SUTTON OP, Supplementum super I-II de Generatione
Incipit: Quoniam autem primum oportet &c. Postquam philosophus determinauit de generatione et corruptione in communi
Explicit: a quo omnia participant esse Ipsi honor et gloria ...

The unique copy; ed. F. E. Kelley (Texte aus der mittelalterlichen Geisteswelt 6: Munich, 1976); Lohr, pp. 186-7; Kaeppeli 3867.

5. (fols. 122-222; 222v-3v blank)
PETRUS DE ALVERNIA, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, Meteora
Incipit: Philosophus in primo Phisicorum proponit innata ex certioribus et nocioribus nobis
Explicit: a quo principaliter procedunt et diriguntur omnia Qui ...
Final rubric: Explicit sentencia magistri Petri de Auernia super libris Metherorum Aristotilis.

Pr. Salamanca 1497; Glorieux, Théol. 210g; Lohr, pp. 338-9.

Followed, in an anglicana hand, by a list of ‘Questiones mote super iiii Meteororum per P. Al.'

6. (fols. 224-52v)
PETRUS DE ALVERNIA, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, De Somno et Vigilia
Incipit: Secundum philosophum secundo Phisicorum Quecumque mouent mota sunt naturalis consideracionis
Explicit: et a causa supernaturali Deo qui est benedictus in s. s.

Unpr.; Glorieux, Théol. 210f; Lohr, p. 340.

7. (fols. 252v-64v)
PETRUS DE ALVERNIA, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, De Motu Animalium
Incipit: Sicut innuit philosophus 3. Phisicorum uolentem considerare de natura
Explicit: ergo dicendum est de generatione animalium.

Many copies, unpr.; Glorieux, Théol. 210e; Lohr, pp. 340-1.

8. (fols. 265-71v)
PETRUS DE ALVERNIA, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, De Iuuentute et Senectute
Incipit: Sicut dicit philosophus primo phisicorum innata est nobis uia ex nobis nocioribus
Explicit: et aque possint refrigerari.

Unpr.; Glorieux, Théol. 210o; Lohr, p. 341.

9. (fols. 269v-82)
PETRUS DE ALVERNIA, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, De Respiratione
Incipit: Animalium autem &c. Postquam philosophus declarauit qualiter fiat refrigeracio in plantis
Explicit: mors propter defectum infrigidacionis.

Unpr.; Glorieux, Théol. 210q; Lohr, p. 341.

10. (fols. 282-5v)
PETRUS DE ALVERNIA, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, De Vita et Morte
Rubric: Incipit de morte et uita.
Incipit: Est quidem omnibus. Postquam philosophus determinauit de infrigidacione in animalibus
Explicit: habent ad mortem et uitam fere.
Final rubric: Explicit sentencia magistri Petri de Aluernia de morte et uita.

Pr. Padua 1493, &c.; Glorieux, Théol. 210p; Lohr, pp. 341-2.

11. (fols. 286-311v)
Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, De Sensu et Sensato
Incipit: Sicut dicit philosophus in tercio de anima sicut separabiles sunt res a materia
Explicit: fit aliqua precognicio futurorum

STO 45/2. 103-33; Glorieux, Théol. 14au; Lohr, p. 167.

12. (fols. 312-19v)
Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, De Memoria et Reminiscentia
Incipit: Sicut dicit philosophus in vij. de historiis animalium natura ex inanimatis
Explicit: in quomodo fiat et propter quam causam.

STO 45/2. 3-101; Glorieux, Théol. 14av; Lohr, pp. 167-8.

(fols. 320-21v)

On f. 320, in an anglicana hand, is a summary of ARISTOTLE, Physica, bk. 1. On f. 321 is an informal table of contents; 321v blank.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: partibus eius
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 323 leaves (ii + 321)
Dimensions (leaf): 300 × 210 mm.
Dimensions (written): 220 × 145 mm.
The edges retrimmed and spattered with red.

Collation

A bifolium at each end, 1-712, 812(lacks 12), 9-1012, 114(3-4 canc.), 12-1912, 206, 21-812; framed catchwords.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 45 lines.

Hand(s)

French gothic rotunda bookhands.

Decoration

Parisian. Red and blue flourished initials with long extensions; red or blue initials flourished in the other colour; red or blue paraphs; running heads in capitals of the colours; underlining in red.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, sewn on five bands; formerly chained from the usual position. The outermost leaves were formerly pastedowns in an earlier binding. Near the foot of the early leaves is the mark of a chain-staple.

History

Origin: S. XIV in. ; France, Paris

Provenance and Acquisition

Made in Paris.

Bought for the College when Richard Billingham was subwarden, c. 1350 (Appendix B, no. 50), as was MS 273. On f. 320v ‘Liber scolarium de Merton ex empcione’. UO48. 6.

Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with an elaborate table of contents, s. xvii, and ‘Q. 1. 6. Art:’, canc. and replaced with ‘O. 1. 5 (CCLXXIV)’ in red; the College bookplate.

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 107-8; Powicke, no. 517; Dondaine & Shooner, no. 2150.