A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 276

Former shelfmark: H. 2. 8

COMMENTARIES ON ARISTOTLE ; S. XIV in.

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Fols. i-ii blank.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: et ideo commune
Six originally independent books, together by s. xiv2.
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 179 leaves (ii + 177)
Dimensions (leaf): 265 × 200 mm.
Savagely retrimmed with loss of marginalia, sometimes of text at the foredge; the edges stained red; fols. i-ii, 176–7 of thick, stiff parchment.
Foliation: Foliation of s. xiv2, 1–19, 32–174 (‘174 sunt folia in hoc libro et non plura’), 20–31, skipping a leaf before 142, and indicating that art. 10 once followed art. 3.

Collation

A bifolium at each end, 116 / 24(lacks 3) / 3–512, 612(12 canc.) / 7–812, 94(3 canc.) / 108, 118(lacks 7–8), 12–188 / 1912; quires 3–5 have catchwords.

Hand(s)

Anglicana hands except for art. 4, similar but apparently different in each booklet.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii, resewn on four bands and rebacked by Maltby, 1953; formerly chained from the usual position. The outermost leaves were pastedowns in an earlier binding, which was sewn on five bands. On f. i is the mark of a brass chain-staple at the foredge, near the foot. Before the book was disordered, the rear flyleaf was f. 163, which has the marks of an iron ?chain-staple near the head, and of the large iron chain-staple near the foot.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

At the head of f. 1, cropped, ‘Liber domus scolarium de Merton’ in Oxon’ de legato ⟨M. Ioh’ Reynham sacre pagine professoris et quondam socii eiusdem domus.⟩’ For Reynham, fellow 1335–58, see MS 18.

At the head of f. iiv ‘Hic liber reparatus est de nouo bonis M. Roberti Fermour. Oretis igitur pro anima eius.’ Robert Fermer was fellow in 1452, until his death which occurred before May 1453 (BRUO 680).

On f. 163v are written the names ‘Dudley’ (twice) and ‘Grenow’ (three times). For Thomas Grenow, d. by Sept. 1530, not a fellow of Merton, see BRUO 822.

Inside the front cover is a sheet of paper with a table of contents, s. xvii, ‘Q. 1. 8. Art:’, s. xvii, canc. and replaced with ‘H. 2. 8’ (CCLXXVI)’, in red; the College bookplate.

Merton College MS. 276 – Part I (fols. 1–16v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 1–8v)
Quaestiones on ARISTOTLE, De Sensu et Sensato
Rubric: ⟨Q⟩ueritur utrum de sensu et sensato possit esse scientia.
Incipit: Videtur quod de sensato non sit scientia
Explicit: ideo in mundo unius non impetratur comutacionem alterius.
Final rubric: Explicit questionista super librum de sensu et sensato.
2. (fols. 9–12v)
Quaestiones on ARISTOTLE, De Memoria et Reminiscentia
Rubric: ⟨D⟩e memoria autem et memorari quid sit.
Incipit: Dicto de sensibus exterioribus dicendum est de sensibus interioribus
Explicit: que sunt diuersa accidentia.
Final rubric: Expliciunt questiones de sensibus exterioribus et interioribus et Deo cui nihil est simile sicut gratie infinite.
3. (fols. 13–16v)
Quaestiones on ARISTOTLE, De Anima
Incipit: Iste liber habet duas partes, prohemialem et excecutiuam. Pars excecutiua incipit ibi Principium autem questionis
Explicit: (ends impf. in q. 3) addit super speciem sed illa est so
Final rubric:

Beg. as bk. 1 of Giles of Rome’s Commentary (Lohr, pp. 331–2), and refers to Algazel, Averroes, Avicenna and Grosseteste.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 225–30 × 150 mm.

Layout

Frame-ruled with crayon in 2 cols, written in 48 lines.

Hand(s)

A single anglicana hand.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: S. XIV in ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 276 – Part II (fols. 17–19v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 17–18v)

Ps.-ARISTOTLE Liber de Causis, transl. GERARD OF CREMONA, with the commentary of ADAM OF BUCKFIELD (Recension II)

Ps.-ARISTOTLE, Liber de Causis (transl. GERARD OF CREMONA)
Incipit: Omnis primaria causa
Explicit: (ends impf. in edn. sect. 187, p. 188 line 84) non cadens sub corruptione
ADAM OF BUCKFIELD, Commentary on Ps.-Aristotle Liber de Causis
Incipit: Cum ergo remouet causa secunda secundum uirtutem suam a re cause uniuersalis
Explicit: est generata ex re alia

Text ed. A. Pattin in Tijdschrift voor Filosofie 28 (1966), 90–203, text from 134; TKI 996; comm. TKI 335, unascribed; Lohr, p. 318–19, not this copy.

f. 19rv is covered with notes in pencil. An inscription in large formal script, perhaps ending ‘omnia’, has been erased from the head of f. 19v.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 210 × 150 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 54 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in a formal gothic rotunda bookhand, the lemmata in larger script.

Decoration

A red and blue flourished initial; red or blue initials flourished in the other colour, red or blue paraphs.

History

Origin: s. xiii

Merton College MS. 276 – Part III (fols. 20–66v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

5. (fols. 20–50)
ROBERT OF ORFORD OP, Reprobationes of GILES OF ROME on I Sent.
Rubric: Reprobaciones dictorum a fratre Egidio in ⟨primo sent.⟩.
Incipit: ⟨F⟩rater Egidius super primum sententiarum questione 3ª qua queritur quid est substantiam in sacra pagina, dicit quod quia ars est ymago nature
Explicit: ulteriorem potuit prefixisse per hoc idem potest ad idem quod sequitur.
Final rubric:

The unique copy, ed. A. P. Vella, Les premières polémiques thomistes: Robert d’Orford ... (Paris, 1968); Stegmüller, Sent. 747; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 568.

6. (fols. 50–2)
Index or Summary of GODEFROI DE FONTAINES, Quodlibeta V-XIII.
Rubric: Tabula super nouem quodlibet magistri Godefridi quoniam ad articulos et loca in quibus dissentit ab aliis et hoc a quinto quodlibet et sic deinceps.
Incipit: ⟨Q⟩uinto quodlibet q. i circa transubstantiacionem unius substancie in aliam uidetur ponere aliter
Explicit: quia de receptis et subditis.

Ed. J. Hoffmans, ‘La Table des divergences et innovations doctrinales de Godefroid de Fontaines Revue néoscolastique de philosophie 36 (1934), 412–36, text from 424, from this and two other copies.

7. (fols. 52–66; 66v)
ARISTOTLE, Magna Moralia (transl. BARTHOLOMEW OF MESSANA)
Incipit: Quoniam eligimus dicere de moralibus
Explicit: amicicia que est in equalibus amicis.
Final rubric: Explicit mangnorum moralium Aristotelis Stagirite. In hoc libro deficit tractatus de felicitate de qua in libro X cap. 7 et 8 et 9 et 10.

Unpr.; AL Codices, pp. 71–2.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 230 × 180 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 41 lines.

Hand(s)

A single anglicana hand.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: S. XIV in ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 276 – Part IV (fols. 67–93v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 67–92; 92v blank)
JOHN OF JANDUN, Super Librum Averrois De Substantia Orbis
Incipit: ⟨S⟩icud scribit philosophus 2º metaphisice uocari philosophiam ueritatis
Explicit: econuerso oppositum sentit commentator haberi.

Pr. Venice 1481, &c.; Lohr, p. 211.

On f. 93v are faint pencil notes.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 245 × 170 mm.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 45–50 lines.

Hand(s)

A single anglicana hand.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for initials; lemmata underlined.

History

Origin: S. XIV in ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 276 – Part V (fols. 94–164v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

9. (fols. 94–160v)
THOMAS AQUINAS, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, Physics
Incipit: ⟨Q⟩uia liber phisicorum cuius expositioni intendimus
Explicit: in primo principio tocius nature qui est super omnia ... .
Final rubric: Explicit expositio fratris Thome Auquini super 8 libros phisicorum Aristotilis.

STO 2. 1–458; Glorieux, Théol. 14al; Lohr, p. 165.

10. (fols. 160v-2v)
?WALTER BURLEY, De Fluxu et Refluxu Maris Anglici
Incipit: ⟨V⟩isis effectibus quorum causa latet
Explicit: aut compleuerit incompletam sit a paterna causa Dei benedictus amen.

Unpr.; Glorieux, Théol. 312ch; TKI 1703. J. Leland, Collectanea, 6 vols (2nd edn., Oxford, 1775), IV, p. 60, attributed the authorship to Roger Bacon, on the authority of a copy at the College; Bale, Index, p. 102, ascribes the authorship to Walter Burley, on the authority of a copy once in Oriel College MS 12.

On f. 163 is the note of foliation, on the verso pen trials in a small hand.

f. 164rv is blank but for a few pen-trials on 164v.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 230 × 175 mm.

Layout

Frame-ruled with pencil in 2 cols, written in c. 58 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in a small anglicana hand.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: S. XIV in ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 276 – Part VI (fols. 165–177v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 165–75; 175v-7v blank)
Commentary on ARISTOTLE, De Anima III
Incipit: ⟨Q⟩uia sicud dicit commentator comento quarto 3i de anima duo sunt fundamenta omnium que dicuntur de intellectu
Explicit: illud precedit intentionem in intellectu.

Individual quaestiones printed and discussed by L. J. Thro, ‘A question on the plurality of forms by John Dymsdale, Oxford master of arts’, Manuscripta 32 (1988), 93–120, and M. Oyarzabal Aguinagalde, ‘Las cuestiones al libro tercero De anima de John de Tytyngsale’, AHDMLA 57 (1990), 177–269, maintaining (p. 178) that this work is not by John Dinsdale – certainly its text is different from that in Balliol Coll. 311; Sharpe, Handlist, pp. 236–7.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 230 × 175 mm.

Layout

Frame-ruled with crayon in 2 cols; written in c. 48 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in a small anglicana hand.

Decoration

Unfilled spaces for initials; lemmata underlined.

History

Origin: S. XIV in ; script of English appearance.

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, p. 109; Powicke, no. 358; AL Codices, no. 367; J. Hoffmans in Les Philosophes Belges 14 (Louvain, 1937), pp. 148–50; Vella, pp. 24–7; Dondaine & Shooner, no. 2132.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Warden and Fellows of Merton College .

Last Substantive Revision

2019-10-14: First online publication