A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 280

Former shelfmark: O. 1. 12

COMMENTARIES ON ARISTOTLE; S. XIII ex.

Contents

Language(s): Latin

On f. ivv is an informal table of contents, s. xiv.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: in complexum
Three volumes, probably originally separate, together by s. xiv in.
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 149 leaves (iv + 145)
Dimensions (leaf): 310 × 225 mm.
Savagely retrimmed affecting marginalia and running heads, the edges spattered with red.

Collation

A bifolium, 1–212, 312(12 canc.), 4–812, 912(12 canc) / 10–1112 / 1212(+ 1 after 12); catchwords and leaf-numbers. Quire 12, lettered D, was evidently the fourth in a larger book.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii; sewn on five bands; formerly chained from the usual position; fols. i-ii, 144–5 are paper binding leaves, the outermost from the same printed book as in MS 118. f. iii was formerly a pastedown in an earlier binding. f. iv has a mark probably of an iron chain-staple at the foredge near the foot. This mark does not appear on f. iii because most of its foot is torn away.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

Probably made at Oxford.

At the College by 1372, when it was in circulation: UO48. 128.

On f. iii is an erased cautio: ‘C⟨autio⟩ sabati proxima post festum sancti domini M bury de ’.

On f. iiiv: ‘Liber domus scolarium de Merton’ in Oxon’ ex assignacione Magistri Willelmi Ingge archidiaconi Surr’ quondam socii dicte domus ita quod a dicta domo non alienetur uel distrahatur quouis modo [erased]’, s. xiv.

‘Liber domus scolarium de Merton’ in Oxon’, twice, in different hands of s. xv; ‘de sorte Hereward’’; ‘De sorte [erased]’; ‘5us De sorte Swyndon’’. Inge (BRUO 1001) was apparently fellow c. 1324; d. 1347. John Swyndon (BRUO 1835) was fellow in 1390–1, still in 1400. John Hereward (BRUO 915–16) was fellow in 1381, still in 1391.

Near the head of f. ii is ‘13 Eye’. On f. ivv are several more erased inscriptions, incl. ‘14’.

At the foot of f. 145v are: ‘Iste liber constat Willelmo de Hordle scolari Oxonie scolatisanti anno Domini millesimo CCCmo XV eodem anno domino magistro Henrico de Harklee cancellario ibidem existente’, and ‘Liber scholarium domus de Mertone in Oxonia’, s. xiv ex. These inscriptions presumably refer to part II. Hordle is not in BRUO.

The book is apparently mentioned by Bale: Thomson, Merton, Appendix C, no. 43 (the first two arts only, ascr. by him to Grosseteste).

Near the head of f. iii is the James no. ‘102’ (recte 92), s. xvii in.

Inside the front board is a sheet of paper with a table of contents, s. xvii, ‘E. 4. 8.’, s. xvii, canc., ‘Q. 1. 12. Art:’, s. xvii, canc. and replaced with ‘O. 1. 12 (CCLXXX)’ in red; the College bookplate. ‘12’ is inked on the foredge.

Merton College MS. 280 – Part I (fols. 1–106v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 1–35v)
?ROBERT GROSSETESTE, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, Sophistici Elenchi
Incipit: De sophisticis autem elenchis et de hiis que uidentur elenchi
Explicit: quidem artis indulgeant finientis autem multas referant grates.
Final rubric: Explicit tractatus super librum elenchorum datus a magistro Roberto Grostest.

Unpr.; Thomson, Grosseteste, pp. 81–2; Lohr, p. 104; the unique copy.

2. (fols. 36–100)
ROBERT KILWARDBY, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, Prior Analytics
Incipit: Cum omnis scientia sit ueri inquisitiua et hoc per rationem
Explicit: et illa quod non est inconueniens.
Final rubric: Expliciunt notule super secundum priorum.

Pr. (as Giles of Rome) Venice 1499, 1516; Lohr, pp. 111–12.

3. (fols. 100–5v)
Commentary on ARISTOTLE, Prior Analytics
Rubric: Incipiunt dubitaciones super mixtionibus.
Incipit: Circa conuersiones illarum de inesse dubitatur primo in illis de preteriti et postea in illis de preterito et futuro
Explicit: et in hoc complentur dubitationes super librum priorum (added in a later hand) secundum Kylwardeby et finiuntur questiones bone super eodem libro.

f. 106rv blank but for faint early pencil-notes on 106.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 260–70 × 180–5 mm.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 52–62 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in several bookhands of university type, using many anglicana forms.

Decoration

Blue initials flourished in red; running heads in red and blue capitals.

History

Origin: s. xiii ex. ; England, Oxford.

Merton College MS. 280 – Part II (fols. 107–30v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 107–30v)
ROBERT GROSSETESTE, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, Posterior Analytics
Incipit: Intentio Aristotelis in hoc libro est inuestigare et manifestare essentialia demonstracionis
Explicit: et demonstracione in omni sillogismo se habente. Grates sint Deo altissimo Ihesu Christo Domino Amen. Explicit amen.

Ed. P. Rossi (Florence, 1981); Thomson, Grosseteste, p. 84; Lohr, pp. 103–4.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 255 × 180 mm.

Layout

Ruled with crayon in 2 cols of 53 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in several bookhands of university type, using many anglicana forms

Decoration

Blue initials flourished in red; running heads in red and blue capitals.

History

Origin: s. xiii ex. ; England, Oxford.

Merton College MS. 280 – Part III (fols. 131–43)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 131–42)
Quaestiones on ARISTOTLE, Posterior Analytics
Incipit: (Beg. impf.) demonstrationes sunt mente igitur continuo. Ad primum principale quando arguitur quod sunt non se habet in re alterius
Explicit: oportet quod quelibet doctrina philosophi sit demonstratiua quemadmodum doctrine mathematice sunt.

The table of contents of s. xvii ascribes this to Giles of Rome.

On fols. 142v-3 are pen-trials of s. xv, including parts of legal documents. The pencilled opening words of an indenture seem to name ‘Iohannes de Rebus alius filius Raguelis’.

f. 143v is filled with specimen examples of libelli, in a neat small anglicana, s. xiv in.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Dimensions (written): 265 × 190 mm.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 52 lines.

Hand(s)

Written in anglicana.

Decoration

Blue initials flourished in red.

History

Origin: s. xiii ex. ; England, Oxford.

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, pp. 110–11; Powicke, no. 207; Ker, ‘Books of philosophy at Merton College’, inBooks, Collectors and Libraries, p. 358.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Warden and Fellows of Merton College .

Last Substantive Revision

2019-10-14: First online publication