A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Merton College MS. 296

Former shelfmark: K. 1. 6

COMMENTARIES ON ARISTOTLE &c.; c. 1300

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Fols. i-iiv blank.

Quaestio-titles are given in the lower margins throughout, and there is some, but not copious, annotation. The condition of the parchment, however, shows that the book was heavily used.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: diuisione quod genus
Two originally separate volumes, together early.
Form: codex
Support: Parchment
Extent: 168 leaves (ii + 166)
Dimensions (leaf): 290 × 200 mm.
Dimensions (written): 235 × 150 mm.
Retrimmed with loss of marginalia. Fols. i-ii, 164–6, are of thick, stiff parchment.

Collation

A bifolium, 1–312, 410, 5–1112 / 1212(+ 1, a column wide, after 6), 1312, 148, 154(1 canc.); the quires numbered at the end in pencil.

Layout

Ruled with pencil in 2 cols of 48–52 lines.

Binding

Standard Merton s. xvii; sewn on five bands; formerly chained from the usual position.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

The secundo folio reading identifies it as UO46. 68, ‘in xvii quaternis ligatus et sine asceribus’, bequeathed by John of Sandwich (BRUO 1639–40), fellow in 1321, still in 1324. In UO48. 118 it is described as ‘quaternus’, in UO50. 57 as ‘expositorem sex principiorum’, in UO51. 33 as ‘expositorem logice’.

At the foot of f. 77 are pencilled the names ‘Iohannes Westram’ and ‘Robertus Derby’, s. xiv. The second may have been Robert de Derby (BRUO 571), fellow of Oriel College in 1360, until his death, by July 1361.

Inside the front cover, on a sheet of paper, are a table of contents, s. xvii, ‘Q. 2. 12. Art:’, s. xvii, canc. and replaced with modern ‘K. 1. 6 (CCXCVI)’, in red ink, and the College bookplate.

Merton College MS. 296 – Part I (fols. 1–130v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 1–7v)
Quaestiones on PORPHYRY, Isagoge
Incipit: ⟨S⟩icut dicit Aristoteles secundo metaphysice inconueniens est simul querere scientiam et modus sciendi
Explicit: et per continens tocius libri Porphirii sentencia explicit.

Also in Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibl. Clm 9677, pp. 221–36.

2. (fols. 7v-24)
Quaestiones on ARISTOTLE, Praedicamenta
Incipit: Incipit summa libri predicamentorum. ⟨E⟩quiuoca dicuntur ...; Ex prius dictis apparet in diuisione logices quid sit subiectum
Explicit: et de breuitate siue paucitate istorum modorum et apparet.
Final rubric: Expliciunt sentencie super librum Predicamentorum Aristotelis.
3. (fols. 24–40v)
PETRUS DE SANCTO AMORE, Sententia Libri Perihermenias
Incipit: ⟨P⟩rimum oportet constituere &c. Quid debeat dici subiectum in hac scientia? Patet ex diuisione logices
Explicit: et per consequens tocius libri periarmenias.
Final rubric: Expliciunt sentencie libri peryarmenias.

Unpr.; Lohr, p. 370, citing only Basel, Universitätsbibl. V. IV. 35, fols. 47–61 (s. xiii).

4. (fols. 40v-6v)
H. BRYGGEMORE, Super VI Principia
Incipit: ⟨F⟩orma est compositioni contingens &c. Supposito quod sex principia sunt causa materialis
Explicit: per modum priuacionis est generacio secundum quid. Et hec ad presens de vi. principiis sufficiant amen amen.
Final rubric: Expliciunt sentencie super librum sex principiorum.

Unpr.; Lohr, p. 211, citing only Bodl. Libr., Rawl. A. 428, fols. 59-(96), s. xv; the version here is obviously much shorter. Sharpe, Handlist, p. 158, not this copy. Nothing is known of the author.

5. (fols. 47–82v)
BOETHIUS OF DACIA, Quaestiones on ARISTOTLE, Topica
Incipit: ⟨C⟩um honorandi uiri uidelicet patres nostri reuerendi primo philosophantes
Explicit: ad principium de arte sophistici incipientes dicamus.

Unpr.; Lohr, p. 386.

6. (fols. 83–106v)
THOMAS AQUINAS, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, Posterior Analytics.
Incipit: ⟨S⟩icut dicit Aristotiles in principio Methaphysice hominum genus arte et rationibus uiuit
Explicit: (ends impf. in lect. 36) non sit aliquod medium propositionis date non poterit

STO 1*/2. 3–247; Glorieux, Théol. 14ba; Lohr, p. 164.

7. (fols. 107–30v)
Ps.-PETRUS DE HIBERNIA, Commentary on ARISTOTLE, Posteriora Analytica
Incipit: ⟨O⟩mnis doctrina et omnis disciplina &c. Sicut dicit Aristoteles primo et xº ethicorum felicitas hominis est operatio perfecta secundum uirtutem
Explicit: nec autem procedunt uiis suis.

Excerpts ed. S. Ebbesen and J. Pinborg, ‘Studies in the Logical Writings attributed to Boethius of Dacia’, CIMA 3 (1970), pp. 1–54, at 17–22; Lohr, p. 355; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 428, two copies, not this one.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment

Hand(s)

A university hand, writing gothic rotunda with some anglicana forms, using very black ink. The lemmata are written in larger and more formal script.

Decoration

None: unfilled spaces for initials and rubrics; a very few rubrics supplied.

History

Origin: c. 1300 ; script of English appearance.

Merton College MS. 296 – Part II (fols. 131–168v)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

8. (fols. 131–53)
WILLIAM ROTHWELL, De Principiis Naturae
Incipit: ⟨Q⟩ueritur de principiis et primo de materia prima an sit ens
Explicit: est ubi ipsius pedis.

Unpr.; Kaeppeli 1644; Sharpe, Handlist, p. 806, citing this and three other copies.

9. (fols. 153v-63v; 164–8v blank)
Quaestiones super Priscianum Minorum
Incipit: ⟨I⟩nnata est nobis uia a nocioribus nobis in nociora
Explicit: uenio ad me legendam Virgilium et hec precamen supradictam. Explicit.

Unpr.; Pinborg, Sprachlogik, p. 321 (A 71); also in Bodl. Libr., Digby 55, fols. 131–51, a different reportatio.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment

Hand(s)

An anglicana hand.

Decoration

None: unfilled spaces for initials and rubrics.

History

Origin: c. 1300 ; script of English appearance.

Additional Information

Record Sources

R. M. Thomson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Merton College, Oxford (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer), 2009.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Merton College Library.

Bibliography

    Coxe, p. 117; Powicke, no. 126; Dondaine & Shooner, no. 2144.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Warden and Fellows of Merton College .

Last Substantive Revision

2019-10-25: First online publication