A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Exeter College MS. 16

William Norton, Tabula super Nicholaum de Lyra; John of Hildesheim, Historia triaregum, etc.; England, A s. xv; B s. xivex; C s. xv

Contents

The present order of the four works and their division into five sections is wrong. It is: A fols. 1–93; B pt. 1 fols. 94–117; C(i) pt. 2 fols. 118–69; C(i) pt. 1 fols. 170–93; B pt. 2 fols. 194–208. The contents are described below in the correct order.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: A gr. 4b
Secundo Folio: B in 25º capitulo
Secundo Folio: C discamus
Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: 210 leaves, preceded by one 18th-century paper flyleaf and one medieval membrane flyleaf, and followed by one 18th-century flyleaf.
Dimensions (leaf): 280 × 190 mm.

Collation

1 leaf, 1–28 36 4–88 910 10–118 128 (wants 6–8) ∥ 13–158 ∥ 16–218 224 ∥ 23–258 ∥ 268 276 284 (wants 4). Only quire 2 has a catchword. Quire signatures in A consist of small red letters a–m with brown figures; in B of numbers in the form of simple letters and figures; and in C of small cursive letters or figures 4us–8us (but nonus).

Binding

Sewn on five bands. Standard Exeter binding: simple and quite elegant, calf over millboards, the calf bearing blind decoration of a floral type, early 19th century.

History

Provenance and Acquisition

The book’s pre-Exeter history is unknown and how long the parts have been united is unclear.

On fol. 1v is a title in an italic hand of s. xvi2 and (s. xv) ‘Iste liber assignatur ad perpetuum vsum Rectoris et Scolarium Collegij Exon’ in Oxon’ per venerabilem virum magistrum Johannem Alward Rectorem Ecclesie parochialis de Stokebruere in Comitatu Northampton’ quondam dicti Collegij Socium.’ He had died by March 1458: see BRUO, also under MS 6, History.

Recorded at Exeter c. 1600 as Ecloga, no. 10, then CMA, no. 35.

Exeter library identifications, on the front pastedown, are the library book stamp, ‘Ex: Coll: Oxon:’, ‘Q7—9 Gall’ (deleted), ‘174–K–2’ altered to ‘170–I–2’ and ‘Coxe XVI’ (pencil).

Exeter College MS. 16 – Part A (fols. 1–93))

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 1r-93r)
William Norton, OFM,, Tabula super Nicolaum de Lyra
Rubric: Incipit tabula super liram noui ac veteris testamenti.
Incipit: Aalma dei virgo abscondita in tota sacra scriptura non inueniuntur ... Abacuth prophetauit destructionem caldorum ad consolacionem duarum tribuum
Explicit: Zorobabel erat de tribu regia et iesus iosedech erat summus sacerdos de tribu sacerdotali et utriusque officium debebat conferri per unccionem et ideo dicti sunt filii olim. nota Zac. 1º f.
Final rubric: Explicit tabula super doctorem de lira compilata per fratrem Willelmum Norton de sacro ordine fratrum minorum in conuentu Couentre. Anno domini Mº CCCC Tercio.

Stegmüller, Bibl., 3000. Stegmüller records a copy in Merton College, MS 12, to which can be added Lincoln College, MS 69. Both begin twenty-five lines after our text, which contains entries for Aalma to Aaron et Moyses unknown to them. For other manuscripts see Sharpe, Latin Writers.

Fol. 93v is blank.

Physical Description

Support: parchment HFFH
Dimensions (columns): 210 × 65 mm.

Layout

Two columns, 41 lines; ruled in ink.

Hand(s)

Gothic quadrata bookhand, punctuated by low point.

Decoration

Plain red 2/3-line initials, red paraphs. In both A and B guide letters for the rubricator can be seen.

History

Origin: s. xv ; England

Exeter College MS. 16 – Part B (fols. 94–117; 194–208)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

i. (fols. 94r-117v; 194r-204v)
John of Hildesheim, Historia trium regum
Rubric: Incipit quidam tractatus de tribus regibus Colonie.
Incipit: [Capitula] In primo capitulo huius libri qui est collectus de gestis et translacionibus sanctorum trium regum
Incipit: [fol. 96r] In 45º tractato describuntur laudes regni reperte et constructe in diuersitatem[sic] partibus et locis transmarinis.
Incipit: [Text] Cum venerandorum trium magorum immo verius trium regum gloriosissimorum
Explicit: [fol. 117v] tradidit et obligant||
Incipit: [fol. 194r] et cum grecorum maxima lamentacionem exultacionem que francorum
Explicit: [fol. 204v] quod hij tres reges virgines fuerunt. Deo gracias.

ed. C. Horstmann, The Three Kings of Cologne, EETS 85 (1886), 206–312. Our copy ends differendy from the one edited by Horstmann, MS I. 1. 176 of the Ritter Akademie, Brandenburg (now Berlin, Staatsbibliothek der Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz, MS Theol. lat. 2º 565 (685)) but agrees with the text in Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 275/5, a manuscript of English origin.

Between fols. 117 and 194, item C below is inserted. At the foot of fol. 117v is an instruction in an early 17th-century hand about which page to turn to for the continuation of the text.

ii. (fols. 205r-208v)
Ogier of Locedio (Ps.-Origen, Ps.-Bernard of Clairvaux, Ps.-Anselm), Homilia de Maria Magdalena,

an extract from his De laudibus sanctae Dei genetricis

Incipit: In illo tempore Maria stabat ad monumentum foris plorans et reliqua. Audiuimus fratres Mariam ad monumentum foris stantem
Explicit: et hoc dixit mihi. Cui est honor et gloria cum patre et spiritu sancto in secula seculorum amen.

ed. L. Bourgain, La Chaire française au xiiᵉ siècle d’après les manuscrits (Paris, 1879), 373–83, attrib. to Anselm of Canterbury. For earlier edns. see M. Geerard, Clavis patrum Graecorum, i (Turnhout, 1983), no. 1523. For the ascription to Ogier see H. Barré, ‘Le “Planctus Mariae” attribué à Saint Bernard’, Revue d’ascétique et de mystique, 28 (1952), 243–66. See also J. P. McCall, ‘Chaucer and the Pseudo Origen, De Maria Magdalena: a preliminary study’, Speculum, 46 (1971), 491–509, listing over 120 manuscripts of the Latin text, not including ours; Sr M. Jennings, ‘The art of the Pseudo-Origen homily, De Maria Magdalena’, Medievalia et Humanistica, NS 5 (1974), 138–52.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Dimensions (column): 210–20 × 150–60 mm mm.

Layout

B, one column, 40–41 lines; frame-ruled in ink.

Hand(s)

Anglicana formata, punctuated by low point.

Decoration

Red 2/3-line initials, paraph, and stroking; lemmata underlined red. In both A and B guide letters for the rubricator can be seen.

History

Origin: s. xivex ; England

Exeter College MS. 16 – Part C (fols. 118–69; 170–93)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 170r-193v; 118r-169v)
William Brito, OFM, Prologi Genesis–Apocalypsim
Incipit: [fol. 170r] Partibus expositis textus noua cura cor angit ... sis mihi fautor. Frater ambrosius etc. Ad euidenciam huius epistole quam scribit Jeronimus ad Paulinum
Explicit: [fol. 193v] crescet et uidebunt in quam ||
Incipit: ||[fol. 118r] compunxerunt. Zach. xij
Explicit: [fol. 169v] quibus scribit secundum vij status ecclesie generaliter etc.

unprinted; Stegmüller, 2824–72.

The text is split into two after ‘uidebunt in quam’ and the parts bound in the wrong order. This is not the fault of the 18th-century binder; instructions to the reader in an italic hand of the early 18th century on fols. 117v, 170r, 193v, and 194r about where to find the continuation of the text show that the confusion was long-standing. The distribution of the prologues is as follows: fol. 170r Genesis (2824); fol. 193v Genesis (2825); fol. 120r Joshua (2826); fol. 123r Kings (2827); fol. 125v Chronicles (2828); fol. 127r Proverbs (2829); fol. 128v Ezra (2830); fol. 130r Tobit (2831); fol. 131r Judith (2832); fol. 131v Hester (2833); fol. 132r Job (2834); fol. 133r Job (2835); fol. 135v Proverbs (2836); fol. 136v Ecclesiastes (2837); fol. 137v Wisdom (2838); fol. 137v Ecclesiasticus (2839); fol. 139r Isaiah (2840); fol. 140v Jeremiah (2841); fol. 141v Baruch (2842); fol. 141v Ezechiel (2843); fol. 142v Daniel (2844); fol. 144v 12 minor prophets (2845); fol. 145r Hosea (2846); fol. 146r Joel (2847); fol. 146v Joel (2848); fol. 147r Amos (2849); fol. 147v Amos (2850); fol. 148r Amos (2851); fol. 149r Obadiah (2852); fol. 150r Jonah (2853); fol. 150v Jonah (2854); fol. 151r Micah (2855); fol. 151v Micah (2856); fol. 151v Nahum (2857); fol. 152r Habakkuk (2858); fol. 153v Zephaniah (2859); fol. 154v Haggai (2860); fol. 156r Zechariah (2861); fol. 156v Malachi (2862); fol. 157v Maccabees (2863); fol. 158v Matthew (2864); fol. 160v Mark (2865); fol. 162v Luke (2866); fol. 164v Luke (2867); fol. 165r John (2868); fol. 167v Acts(2869); [fol. 166v, Romans (2870)lacking]; fol. 166v Canonical epistles (2871); fol. 167v Apocalypse (2872). On fols. 170v, 193v, and 194r, the points at which the text breaks, are instructions in an early 17th-century hand about which leaf to turn to for the continuation. Running numbers (and sometimes names) of biblical books are in some upper margins (s. xv).

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Dimensions (written): 215 × 150–60 mm.

Layout

C, one column, c. 37–40 lines; ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

Anglicana formata influenced by secretary, punctuated by low point.

Decoration

2-line red initials; lemmata underlined red.

History

Origin: s. xv ; England

Additional Information

Record Sources

Andrew G. Watson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Exeter College, Oxford (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2000.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Exeter College Library.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Rector and Fellows of Exeter College.

Last Substantive Revision

2020-04-29: First online publication