A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Exeter College MS. 21

Robert Grosseteste, Dicta, sermones; etc.; Oxford?, England, s. xv1

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. (fols. 1r-36v)
Robert Grosseteste, Dicta
Incipit: ||itaque officium est tripartitum
Explicit: [fol. 12v] vellet amor autem qui [nulli precepto]||
Incipit: ||[fol. 13r] et exclamacio eius
Explicit: [fol. 24v] in lacum omnem preconsam[sic](?) [substanciam]||
Incipit: ||[fol. 25r] punt per accidens dici
Explicit: [fol. 35v] reddit haustus aque cognicionis iusticie et misericordie.
(fols. 35v-36v)
[Tabula capitulorum]
Incipit: 1. De amore et conceptu temporalium
Explicit: 147. De aqua simpliciter et quibusdam aquis.
Final rubric: In hoc libello sunt capitula 147 ... quos eodem tempore ad clerum uel ad populum feci.

Thomson, Grosseteste, 24–32. Mostly unprinted but nos. 130 (fol. 25r), 141 (fols. 31v–2v) and 142 (fols. 32rv) are printed by E. Brown, Fasciculus rerum expetendarum et fugiendarum, 2 vols. (London, 1690), ii. 295–6, 288–90, 292–3, respectively. Because of the loss of leaves much text is lacking: fol. 1r begins in Dictum 51 and the loss of a quire after fol. 12, which ends in Dictum 72, causes a gap until (fol. 13r) Dictum 93; fol. 24v ends in Dictum 107, and resumes (fol. 25r) in Dictum 123. On Grosseteste see Sharpe, Latin Writers.

2. (fols. 36va-36vb)
Robert Grosseteste (?)
Incipit: || aptatur nam alum pro anima ponitur
Explicit: et contemplaciorum affecioni [in bono]||

Unidentified; probably Grosseteste. Continuing from a missing page, it begins immediately after item 1 in a different hand, and was continued on a page which is now also lacking.

3. (fols. 37r–59r, 68r–73v, 75v–84v)
Robert Grosseteste, Sermons

For Grosseteste’s sermons references are to Thomson, Grosseteste, 164, and Schneyer, 5. 177 et seq.

3(i). (fols. 37r-39r)
Incipit: ||quia ad thesaurorum
Explicit: cum Deo patre reconciliantis.

Grosseteste, Sermo 12 (Thomson), Sermo 14 (Schneyer, v. 177).

3(ii). (fols. 39r-44r)
Incipit: Beatus Paulus apostolus discipulum
Explicit: optimo usu et ordinatissimo fine composuerunt exterius.

Grosseteste, Sermo 13 (Thomson), Sermo 15 (Schneyer, v. 177).

3(iii). (fols. 44v-48v)
Incipit: Erunt signa in sole et luna et stellis requirentibus discipulis a domino
Explicit: cum ipso fulgeamus sicut sol in regno patris sui sine fine Amen.

Grosseteste, Sermo 2 (Thomson), Sermo 3 (Schneyer, v. 177).

3(iv). (fols. 48v-52v)
Incipit: Pauper et inops laudabunt nomen tuum. Canitur hodie in laude bead Martini. Martinus hic pauper et modicus[sic] ... consuevimus autem vocare pauperes
Explicit: et in futuro premiorum honore fulgebis.

Grosseteste, Sermo 1 (Thomson), Sermones 1–2 (Schneyer, v. 177).

3(v). (fols. 52v-53r)
Incipit: Conuenitis ex consuetudine ad collationem quasi ad alicuius admirabilis
Explicit: breuis sit hoc nobis huius collatiunculi finis.

Grosseteste, Sermo 6 (Thomson), Sermo 7 (Schneyer, v. 177).

3(vi). (fols. 53r-54r)
Incipit: Exiit edictum a Cesare Augusto verus princeps mundi terrenis mundi principibus
Explicit: coronauit predictorum circulorum diademate.

Grosseteste, Sermo 7 (Thomson), Sermo 9 (Schneyer, v. 177).

3(vii). (fols. 54r-59r)
Incipit: Beati pauperes spiritu. vos omnes et singuli
Explicit: et subiecta figura visibiliter descripcimus.

Grosseteste, Sermo 8 (Thomson), Sermo 10 (Schneyer, v. 177).

4.
Robert Grosseteste, Sermons
4(i). (fols. 59r-62v)
Incipit: Dominus noster Ihesus eternus eterni patris filius
Explicit: a me peccatore extremo est attemptatum.

Grosseteste, Sermo 14 (Thomson), Sermo 16 (Schneyer, v. 178), i.e. Memorandum to pope Innocent IV and the curia, 13 May, 1250. Ed. S. Gieben, ‘Robert Grosseteste at the Papal Curia, Lyons 1250: edition of the documents’, Collectanea Franciscana, 41 (1971), 340–93. See also Thomson, Grosseteste, 141–7.

Items 4(ii–vii) following are parts of the dossier relating to the occasion of Grosseteste’s visit to the curia and his denunciation of ecclesiastical customs. Our collection lacks the Parabola (Gieben, 370–2). The text of our manuscript (his E) is described by Gieben as being ‘sorely astray'. There are countless omissions which indicate that the scribe must have been pressed for time and consequendy decided to stick to the essentials. Often he does not care about the ending of a word or about its correct spelling … Noteworthy are his errors by metathesis, which sometimes creates odd variants like strangulari/transgulari. Nevertheless, some correct readings and even a few larger omissions are preserved only in this manuscript.’

4(ii). (fols. 62v-63va/42)
Robert Grosseteste, Conquestio cleri anglie
Incipit: Itaque post primo proponita paucis diebus elapsis
Explicit: inconsuetas procuraciones.

ed. Gieben 375–7.

4(iii). (fols. 63va/42–64rb/6)
Robert Grosseteste, De regno et tyrannide
Incipit: Tercio si verba philosophica possent ... De regno et rege et tirannide
Explicit: iuuante domino sufficienter ostenditur[sic]

ed. Gieben, 377–80.

4(iv). (fols. 64rb/6–65ra/38)
Robert Grosseteste, De iure eiusque apparatibus
Incipit: Quarto quia ad hec quidam cardinalium
Explicit: pre omnibus tenemini.

ed. Gieben, 380–5.

4(v). (fols. 65ra/38–65va/31)
Robert Grosseteste, De lege et justo
Incipit: Tandem idem episcopus sicut[sic] domino
Explicit: et ad infernalia deificatis[sic].

ed. Gieben, 385–7.

4(vi). (fols. 65va/32–66vb/42)
Robert Grosseteste, Defensio sui
Incipit: Interim dum predicta agerentur
Explicit: eminencia sunt angelus et deus ... scripsit in hunc modum.

ed. Gieben, 387–93/23.

4(vii). (fols. 66v-67v)
Robert Marsh, archdeacon of Oxford, Introduction to Grosseteste’s Memorandum (art. 4(i) above)
Incipit: Anno domini .mº. ccº[sic]. iº feria viª post ascencionem domini ... [fol. 67r] ... Ecce quam bonum et quam jocundum habitari fratres
Explicit: in domo eius omnibus diebus vite vestre.

ed. Gieben, 350. On Marsh see Sharpe, Latin Writers.

5. (fols. 67v-68r)
Sermon
Incipit: Erit firmamentum in terra. Christus est firmamentum primum quia ipse est primogenitus
Explicit: Per memoriam tangit firmamentum ... per meditacionem aut diligentem non agnitorum inuestigacioni.

An unidentified sermon on Ps. 71. 16.

6.
Robert Grosseteste, Sermons
6(i). (fols. 68r-69r)
Incipit: Canimus in laudem beate virginis. Tota pulcra es amica mea et macula
Explicit: in quo creaturis omnibus restituit antequam dignitatem.

Grosseteste, Sermo 16 (Thomson), Sermo 18 (Schneyer, v. 178).

6(ii). (fol. 69rv)
Incipit: Prelati et doctores ecclesie et apostoli oculi sunt. Congruit enim illis
Explicit: ad fine creaturarum fonte velut axis processionem.

Grosseteste, Sermo 24 (Thomson), Sermo 26 (Schneyer, v. 178).

6(iii). (fols. 69v-70v)
Incipit: Christus in scriptura frequenter sol nominatur ut in Malach’
Explicit: patent contrariorum verborum non distincciones sentencia.

Grosseteste, Sermo 25 (Thomson), Sermo 27 (Schneyer, v. 178, but with a different ending).

6(iv). (fols. 70v-71r)
Incipit: Qui autem sunt Christi ... Caro potest intelligi ipsa carnis
Explicit: bonorum suauitate fortiter attrahente.

Grosseteste, Sermo 17 (Thomson), Sermo 19 (Schneyer, v. 178).

6(v). (fols. 71r-72r)
Incipit: Ad uerificacionem sequencium proprietatum que in superioribus non moralizantur
Explicit: unde tu possis proficere et perfectus est etc.

Grosseteste, Sermo 27 (Thomson), Sermo 29 (Schneyer, v. 177).

6(vi). (fol. Fol. 72rv)
Incipit: Tribulatur homo cum amittit inuitus
Explicit: saluacio et tandem beatitudo.

Grosseteste, Sermo 28 (Thomson), Sermo 30 (Schneyer, v. 179).

6(vii). (fols. 72v-73v)
Incipit: Absinthium tali dum [recte calidum] est et siccum coroboracionem stomachi
Explicit: penam diluas et culpam etc.
Final rubric:

Grosseteste, Sermo 29 (Thomson), Sermo 31 (Schneyer, v. 179).

7. (fols. 73v-74r)
Sermon
Incipit: Si rex est qui recte regit populum suum
Explicit: auctoritates patenter quedam spiritus quedam ad litteram assumpt’.

An unidentified sermon.

8. (fols. 74r-75r)
Sermon
Incipit: Timor est apprehensio inconuenientis in opinione quod erit. Est eciam timor fuga
Explicit: ne pereas tunc ne displicias.

An unidentified sermon.

9.
Robert Grosseteste, Sermons
9(i). (fols. 75r-78r)
Incipit: Ecclesia sancta celebrat hodie solemnitatem resurreccionis
Explicit: pro nobis resurrexit Rex gloriosus Amen.

Grosseteste, Sermo 30 (Thomson), Sermo 32 (Schneyer, v.179).

9(ii). (fols. 78r-84v)
Incipit: Premonitus a uenerabili Patre Otone
Explicit: euidenter sapiencia set et [archangelos]||

Grosseteste, Sermo 19 (Thomson), Sermo 21 (Schneyer, v. 178). Our text ends abruptly because of the loss of the next quire.

10. (fol. 85rv)
Incipit: || finit dulcia in cuius fortitudinem
Explicit: filii dei secundum diuinitatem ||

A fragment of an unidentified sermon, beginning abruptly because of the loss of the preceding quire and ending abruptly because of the loss of the second leaf of quire 10. The text is probably Grosseteste or Ps.-Grosseteste.

11. (fol. 86rv)
Ps.-Grosseteste, Sermo de septem gradibus contemplativorum
Incipit: || mulcet suam pinguedinem
Explicit: quem lacte virgineo educant manibus contractauit scilicet dominum nostrum Ihesum Christum benedictum in secula seculorum Amen.

pr. Bonaventura, Opera, vii (Rome, 1596), 104–5, our text beginning at 104b/9. ‘Sermo 37’, Thomson, 177; also Spurium 24, ibid. 250–1, q.v. for the various attributions.

12. (fols. 86v-107v)
Robert Grosseteste, De decem mandatis
Incipit: Sequitur de mandatis domini. Sicut dicit apostolus plenitudo legis est dileccio
Explicit: vt ipsis fruatur summo [opere]||

ed. R. C. Dales and E. B. King, Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi, 10 (1987) (MS ‘Ex’), who comment that chapters 3–4 and many quotations are omitted. Our text ends in IX. 10, edn. 89/19; Thomson, Grosseteste, 131–2.

*13. (fol. IR)

Added later.

[At top, ‘Iste liber valet xxs. emi pro xvjs. xd. posterius feci scribi sermones in eo et sic valet xxxvs.’ Below this, in another hand of s. xv, is a contents list.]

The original part of the volume is presumably item 1. The contents list follows the order of much of this volume but with curious extras. It lists our sermons 2, 3(iii–vii), 4(ii–vii), 6(i), 6(iii)?, 7, 9(i–ii) but also includes six sermons between our sermons 2 and 3(iii) which can never have been in this volume, at least at that point, since the existing text is continuous: they are Schneyer nos. 5, 6, 11, 12 = Thomson nos. 4, 5, 9, 10. It further includes ‘Sermo in colla. ^siue^ ordinacione’ and ‘alius de episcopis’; one of which might be our 3(ii). The verso is blank and was once pasted down.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: lacking.
Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Extent: 107 leaves preceded by two 18th-century paper flyleaves and followed by one medieval membrane flyleaf and two 18th-century paper flyleaves.
Dimensions (leaf): 328 × 240 mm.
Dimensions (column): 230–35 × 80 mm.
Foliation: Now foliated in pencil but before Coxe’s time paginated.

Collation

1–312 4–98 108 (wants 2) 118 128 (wants 5) 132 (wants 1). There are catchwords, not in the scribes’ hands, and red quire signatures in the form of small letters and roman figures on items 3–11.

Layout

Two columns, c. 50–53 lines. Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

Fols. 1r–12v, text hand; some punctuation added in 15th century. Fols. 13–36vb/27, text hand; occasional punctuation by virgula. Fols. 36va/28 to end of page, bastard anglicana, with occasional punctuation by double virgula; fols. 37r–107v, anglicana, unpunctuated. For a comment on the standard achieved by the scribe of fols. 13r–107v see note to item 4(i) 1 above.

Decoration

3/4-line blue lombards flourished red at beginning of each item. Red and blue paraphs. In the sermons the lombards do not always succeed in guiding the reader through the text of item 4, since the scribe left spaces for them at the wrong places.

Binding

Sewn on four bands. Standard Exeter binding: simple and quite elegant, calf over millboards, the calf bearing blind decoration of a floral type, early 19th century.

History

Origin: s. xv1 ; Oxford?, England

Provenance and Acquisition

Probably written in Oxford.

After having the additional material added to its nucleus (see item *13) the book came to Exeter in 1418 as part of the estate of M. Thomas Plymiswode, donor of MSS 23 and 43 (Rector’s Accounts, winter 1418; Boase1, 10–11, Boase2, 22).

Probably Ecloga, no. 24, CMA, no. 33, (‘Grosthed … Tractatus de Mandatis—De cura Pastorali’).

On fol. iv are two notes in 19th-century hands on the loss of leaves from the book.

Exeter library identifications are: on the front pastedown, bookplate 3, and on it ‘Q8—1 Gall’, deleted and replaced by ‘172–G–1’, and ‘Coxe xxi’ on it; and on fol. iv Coxe Cat. no. xvi’. ‘1’ is on a round paper label at the top of the spine.

Record Sources

Andrew G. Watson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Exeter College, Oxford (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2000.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Exeter College Library.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Rector and Fellows of Exeter College.

Last Substantive Revision

2020-04-29: First online publication