A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Exeter College MS. 31

Martinus Polonus; Constitutiones ecclesiastici; Petrus Blesensis; etc.; England, s. xivex

Contents

Fore- and endleaves: fols. ir–iiv, blank; fol. iiir erased ex dono; fols. iiiv–ivv = text *A below; fol. ivv also bookplate; fols. Ir–IIv, blank.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: dignitatis.
Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Extent: 289 leaves, preceded by two 18th-century paper flyleaves and two medieval membrane flyleaves, and followed by two 18th-century paper flyleaves.
Dimensions (leaf): 353 × 245 mm.

Collation

1–1612 ∥ 17–1812 ∥ 1916 204 ∥ 21–2312 2412 (lacks 12). Catchwords and quire signatures are by the scribes. One series of quire numbers runs throughout, a medieval series of rough roman figures written in crayon on the last leaf of quires (occasionally also on the first leaf). In quire 23 there are occasional small red roman figures and in quire 24 others in crayon, but their significance is not apparent.

Hand(s)

All sections are written by different scribes.

Binding

Sewn on six bands between millboards covered with reversed calf decorated with a blind roll with a delicate floral pattern, arranged to form panels (s. xviii).

History

Origin: s. xivex ; England

Provenance and Acquisition

Although A–E are written by different scribes they share a decorator and were probably produced and put together by the same workmen.

On fol. iiir are two thoroughly erased inscriptions. That at the top of the page is of at least twelve lines and the other of five lines. Neither is recoverable by ultraviolet light or infrared photography but the second is evidently an ex dono inscription, beginning ‘Istum(?) librum(?) Robertas Rg Cancellarius ecclesie beati Petri Exon.’ The last line ended with a date, ‘anno domini millesimo cccc(?) nono(?).’ The donor is evidently Robert Rygge (Regge, Rigge, Rugge, Ryge, etc.), chancellor 1400–1410, and the book is presumably one of those referred to in the Rector’s Accounts for 1410, payment ‘pro tribus cathenis ad cathenand’ libros legatos per M. Robertum Rygge et M. Johannem Lydeford.’ On Rygge, fellow and visitor of Exeter College, Chancellor of the University of Oxford, benefactor to Exeter College, etc. see BRUO, Rygge. On Lydeford, d. 1407, see ibid., but no books from his bequest have been identified. Ecloga, no. 17, CMA, no. 46.

Exeter library identifications are, on the front pastedown: bookplate 3, ‘C2—9’ (deleted), ‘Ex: Coll: Oxon:’, ‘Q8–11 Gall’ (deleted), ‘172–E–7’, ‘Coxe MS XXXI’ (pencil); and, on fol. ivv, bookplate 1. ‘7’ is on a paper label at the top of the spine.

Exeter College MS. 31 – Part *A (fol. iii-iv)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fol. iiiv-ivv)
Petrus Blesensis, Epistola 140
Incipit: Magister P. ble. ba. ar. dilecto socio suo magistro P. Rossig’ salutem in vero salutari. Diuisus es et cor tuum in diuersa distrahitur
Explicit: in odorem suauitatis incensum etcetera.

pr. PL 207. 416–22. See further item D below, but the presence of this letter in our manuscript is not noticed by Wahlgren. P. Rossig’ is likely to be Peter Russinol, one of King John’s clerks and the recipient of letter 23. See n. 1 in E. Revell, The Later Letters of Peter of Blois (Auctores Britannici medii aevi, 13; Oxford, 1993) for details of him; see also Sharpe, Latin Writers.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Dimensions (column): 280 × 85 mm.

Layout

Two columns, c. 60–65 lines. Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

Secretary, with looped d, punctuated by low point and double virgula.

Decoration

None.

Exeter College MS. 31 – Part B (fols. 1 (3)-108 (110))

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 1r (3r)- 108v (110v))
Martinus Polonus (Martin of Troppau), OP, Margarita decreti
Rubric: Incipit prologus in Martiniana decreti et decretalium.
Incipit: Inter alia que ad fidem Christi doctrinam scripta sunt … in secula seculorum amen.
Rubric: Incipit alphabetum decreti et decretalium que Martiniana nuncupatur.
Incipit: Aaron. quod Aaron sacerdotum approbatur
Explicit: Zizannia. De zizannia mixta tritico et crescens ... xxiii. q. i. C. 1 ante finem. Opere completo sit laus et gloria Christo.

pr. Nürnberg, 1481 (Hain, 10834), etc.; Kaeppeli, 2973; Verfasserlexicon, vi. 158–66.

After the text follow: ‘Nil ualet hoc metrum. sin hoc requirito Petrum. | Qui dedit expleri. laudetur corde fideli’ and ‘Nobilitas hominis est mens deitatis ymago. | Nobilitas hominis uirtutum claro propago. | Nobilitas hominis humilem releuare iacentem. | Nobilitas hominis mentem refrenare furentem. | Nobilitas hominis nisi turpia nulla timere | Nobilitas hominis nature iura tenere. Deo gracias’ (Walther, Initia, 11860).

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Dimensions (column): 280 × 85 mm.

Layout

Two columns, c. 60–65 lines. Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

Bastard anglicana, punctuated by medial point.

Decoration

On fol. 1r a 27-line J in red and blue, elsewhere 3/4-line blue lombards flourished red, and 1-line red and blue initials; blue and red paraphs, lemmata underlined red.

Exeter College MS. 31 – Part C (fols. 109 (111)-204 (205))

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 109r (111r)-204r (205r)
A dictionary of canon law
Incipit: A. de ista diccione notatur de electis c. 1 ... Aaron an aaron et melchisedech possunt referre ordinem secundum sacerdotium
Explicit: zizannie. Jo an. in cle’. Explicit littera .z.

Fol. 204v (205v) is blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Dimensions (column): 280 × 85 mm.

Layout

Two columns, c. 60–65 lines. Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

Bastard anglicana, punctuated by medial point.

A few headings in bookhand.

Decoration

Larger initials, 4/6-line, are in the same style and hand as those in B but there are also red-and-blue line-fillers. Occasional headings are in ink.

Exeter College MS. 31 – Part D (fols. 205 (207)-241 (243))

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Constitutiones ecclesiasticae
i. (fols. 205r (207r)-207v (209v))
Canons of the Legatine Council held in London by Cardinal Otto, 1237–41
Rubric: Incipiunt constituciones domini Octonis quondam apostolico sedis legati edite London’ anno octauo.
Incipit: Quoniam \decet/ domum Dei sanctitudo
Explicit: in ea re decreuimus fore primatum.
Final rubric: Expliciunt constituciones Octonis.

On the Council and for references see Powicke and Cheney, ii. 237–8 and for the text of the canons 245–59.

ii. (fols. 207v (209v)-216r (218r))
Canons of the Legatine Council held in London by Cardinal Ottobuono, 1268.
Rubric: Incipiunt constituciones domini Octoboni legati in anglia edite London’ anno gracie .12.68. mº ccº lxviij.
Incipit: Octobonus miseracione diuina sancti Adriani diaconus cardinalis apostolice sedis legatus
Explicit: domini regis priuilegiis in hac parte.
Final rubric: Expliciunt constituciones Octoboni.

On the Council see Powicke and Cheney, ii. 738–43 and for the text of the canons 747–92.

iii. (fols. 216r (218r)-221r (223r))
Canons of the Council of Oxford and some synodal statutes
Rubric: Et hic incipiunt constituciones Oxonie edite anno domini mº .ccº. x proximo .iiº.
Incipit: Ex auctoritate Dei patris omnipotentis ... excommunicamus omnes illos qui ecclesias maliciose
Explicit: a nobis uel auctoritate nostram penitenciam suscepturi.
Final rubric: Expliciunt constituciones Oxonie.

As far as fol. 219va/24 (221va/24) Canons of the Council of Oxford, 1222, pr. Powicke and Cheney, ii. 106–25, lacking the final paragraph. On the text see also C. R. Cheney, ‘Legislation of the medieval English church’, EHR 50 (1935), 193–224, 385–417, at 389–98 (repr. in C. R. Cheney, The English Church and its Laws in the 12th–14th Centuries (London, 1982)).

Fols. 219va/25 (221vb/25)–221r(223r) contain, with variants, the following chapters of synodal statutes for an English diocese 1122 × 1125(?), Powicke and Cheney, ii. 139–54: 8 (our 1), 6 (our 8), 7 (our 9), 13 (our 10), 16 (our 11), 22 (our 12), 23 (our 13), 26 (our 14), 34 (our 15), 35 (our 16), 40 (our 17), 43 (our 18), 54 (our 19), 55 (our 20), 58–9 (our 21), 62 (our 22).

iv. (fols. 221r (223r)-224r (226r))
Canons of the provincial council of Lambeth, 1261
Incipit: Et incipiunt constituciones domini Bonefacii Cantuariensis archiepiscopi edite apud Lameth’ anno domini mº ccº lxº iº
Explicit: Expliciunt constituciones domini Bonefacii quondam Cantuariensis archiepiscopi edite apud Lameth’ aº domini mº ccº lx imo.

pr. Powicke and Cheney, ii. 669–85. On the text see ibid. 659–67, also Cheney, EHR 50 (1935), as in item (iii) above, at 402–6.

v. (fols. 224r (226r)-224v/50 (226v/50))
Statute of Abp. Boniface on tithes, 1249 × 1269
Rubric: Statutum London’ celebratum per uenerabilem uirum dominum Bonefacium archiepiscopum Cant. et episcopos sui archiepiscopatus.
Incipit: Quoniam propter diuersas consuetudines impetendo decimas
Explicit: archidiacono persoluerint. Alia littera. Et rectores uel uicarii seu capellani anni si negligentes uel desides in peticione iustarum decimarum fiunt non exigentes vel errores parochianorum non correxerint arbitrio superioris puniantur etc.

Ed. Powicke and Cheney, ii. 793–7. On the complicated history of the text see ibid. 792–3. The ‘Alia littera’ has not been identified.

vi. (fols. 224v (226v)-231v (233v))
Canons of the provincial council of Abp. John Pecham, 1279
Rubric: Hic incipiunt declaraciones et constituciones fratris Iohannis de Pecham quondam Cantuariensis archiepiscopi tocius Anglie primatis edite apud Reding iii kln’ Augusti anno Domini millesimo ducentessimo sexagesimo nono pontificatus sui anno primo.
Incipit: Cum recolende memorie patres sanctissimi Octo et Octoboni
Explicit: et consecracionis nostri tercio.
Final rubric: Expliciunt declaraciones fratris Johannis Pecham quondam Cantuariensis archiepiscopi tocius Anglie primatis.

pr. Powicke and Cheney, ii. 833 et seq., and Wilkins, Concilia, ii. 33–6. See C. R. Cheney, ‘The so-called statutes of John Pecham and Robert Winchelsey for the province of Canterbury’, JEH 12 (1961), 14–34 (repr. in C. R. Cheney, The English Church and its Laws in the 12th–14th Centuries (London, 1982)), and ‘Legislation of the medieval English church’, EHR 50 (1935), 193–224, 385–417, at 407–9 (repr. in Cheney, The English Church). Our text contains chs. 1–4, parts of 5, 6, 11–14 only.

vii. (fols. 231v (233v)-232r (234r))
Canons of the provincial council of Abp. Simon Mepham, 1328
Incipit: Hic incipiunt constituciones London’ Mepham. Zelari oportet pro domino Deo
Explicit: arbitrio moderandum etc.
Final rubric: Expliciunt constituciones domini Symonisquondam Cantuariensis archiepiscopi tocius Anglie primatis.

pr. Wilkins, Concilia, ii. 552–4.

viii. (fols. 232r (234r)-235v (237v))
Canons of the provincial council of Abp. John Stratford, 1342, issued May 1343
Rubric: Hic incipiunt constituciones Johannis de Stretforde quondam Cantuariensis archiepiscopi.
Incipit: Sponsam Christi sacrosanctam ecclesiam
Explicit: foueat et confirmet anni.

pr. Wilkins, Concilia, ii. 702–9. Our text lacks Wilkins, ch. 5, ‘De silua caedua decimanda’. This is the third series of Stratford’s canons as described by Cheney, ‘Legislation of the medieval English church’, as item vi above, at 415–17.

ix. (fols. 235v (237v)-236r (238r))
The so-called statutes of Abp. John Pecham, 1279 × 1296, ch. VII, ‘De ornamentis ecclesiae ad parochianis pertinentes’
Rubric: Decretum sancte memorie Roberti[sic] Cantuariensis archiepiscopi suam prouinciam visitando.
Incipit: Ad doctrinam presentium et memoriam futurorum cum plerumque altercacio inter rectores ecclesiarum
Explicit: a locorum rectoribus seu vicarijs reparari.

pr. Powicke and Cheney, ii. 1122–3. See articles by Cheney cited under item vi above.

x. (fols. 236r (238r)-236va/56–7ª)
The so-called statutes of Abp. Robert Winchelsey, 1295–1313
(a).
ch. VI, ‘De decimis’
Incipit: Ordinacio facta a domino Roberto Cantuariensi archiepiscopo in uisitacione. Sancta ecclesia constituit et ordinauit quod prelati et ordinarii
Explicit: ad prestacionem dictarum decimarum compellatis.

pr. Powicke and Cheney, ii. 1390/3–1391, and see articles by Cheney cited under item vi above

(b).
‘De decimis et nutrimenta animalium’
Incipit: Quoniam inter rectores supradictis
Explicit: precipimus obseruari.

pr. Powicke and Cheney, ii. 1391–3; Wilkins, Concilia, ii. 279, as proceedings of the Council of Merton, 1305, ch. 1

(c).
Incipit: Proinde attendentes quid ut frequencius

Not identified.

(d).
Incipit: Nos enim exnunc decreuimus irritum et inane si senis actenus extitit

Not identified.

(e).
‘De ornamentis ecclesiae’
Incipit: Prouisum est et inter cetera ordinatum
Explicit: quacunque contigerit emendari.

pr. Powicke and Cheney, ii. 1386–7.

xi. (fols. 236v (238v)-237 (239r))
The so-called statutes of Abp. Robert Winchelsey, 1295–1313, ch. 1, ‘De presbiteris stipendiariis’
Incipit: De iuramento et obediencia rectoribus et vicariis in eorum ecclesiis celebrantibus faciend’. Constitucio domini Roberti de Wyncheliscee[sic] Cantuariensis archiepiscopi facta in uisitacione sua aº domini mº cº cº cº vto. Presbiteri stipendiarii necnon alii sacerdotes
Explicit: copiam de premissis in ecclesiis suis.

pr. Powicke and Cheney, ii. 1382–5. See articles by Cheney cited under item vi above.

xii. (fols. 237r (239r)-238r (240r))
Constitution 3.10un of pope Benedict XII, De censibus, exactionibus et procurationibus, 1335
Incipit: Constitutio de nouo edita super quota procurationis percipienda a quibuscumque visitantibus vbique terrarum. Benedictus episcopus seruus seruorum Dei etc. Vas eleccionis Paulus
Explicit: Dat’ Auinion’ xv kl. Januar’ pontificatus nostri anno primo.

pr. Benoit XII, Lettres communes (1334–1342), ed. J.-M. Vidal. Bibliothèque des écoles françaises d’Athènes et de Rome, sér. 3, ii bis (Paris, 1903), no. 4000; Friedberg, ii. 1280; Wilkins, Concilia, ii. 578–81.

xiii. (fols. 238r (240r)-239r (241r))
Constitution of pope Boniface VIII, granting to Dominicans and Friars Minor specified rights to preach, and concerning their own burial, 1300
Incipit: Constitutio extravagans contra fratres mendicantes. Bonifacius episcopus seruus seruorum Dei ... Etsi multis et arduis que jugiter in amplum romane curie alveum undique confluunt
Explicit: Dat’ Later’ nc’ xii Kal. Mart. pontificatus nostri anno vi.

Pr. J. C. Sbaralea, Bullarium franciscanum Romanorum pontificum, iv (Rome, 1768), 498, no. 179; Potthast, no. 24913.

xiv. (fol. 239r (241r))
Letter of pope Boniface VIII, De sepultura defunctorum, 1299
Incipit: Bonefacius viijus. Ad perpetuam rei memoriam. Detestande ferocitatis abusum quam ex quodam more horribili nonuli fideles improvide pros
Explicit: ecuntur ... Dat’ Annon’ [recte Anagnie] iiij Kal. Oct. pontificatus nostri anno quinto.

pr. Les Régistres de Boniface VIII, ed. J. Digard. Bibliothèque des écoles françaises d’Athènes et de Rome, sér. 2, ii (Paris, 1890), no. 3409; Potthast, no. 24881.

xv. (fols. 239r (241r)-)
A letter, probably of Gregory XI, 1 Mar. 1374, condemning the abuse of indulgences by the Order of St John of Jerusalem.
Incipit: Ad perpetue[sic] rei memoriam. Ad romani pontificis prouidenciam circumspectam
Explicit: Dat’ Auinion’ Kal. mrt. anno quarto

Against the beginning of the item in a later hand, is ‘Contra questores j⟨n⟩ hospital’ sancti Johannis ⟨in⟩ Anglia.’

xvi. (fols. 239v (241v)-241r (243r))
A list of the titles in the constitutions in items i–viii above.
Incipit: Sumptum de regist’ P. de Chas’ anno cccxxix. Othonis ... Stretford
xvii. (fols. 241r (243r)-241v (243v)
Visitation articles
Incipit: In primis inquirendum est an rector in ecclesia debitam faciat residenciam. Item an rector fructus suos ecclesiasticos vel laico feodo emat ... Item an ecclesia tradatur firmam ecclesiastico vel laico ... Item an vicar facit residenter
Explicit: an aliquis alicuius membri habuerit defectum uel aliquem.

Forty-five visitation articles, unidentified.

xviii. (fols. 241v (243v)-242r (244r))
Articles of excommunication, ch. 11 of the proceedings of the Council of Reading, 1279
Incipit: Isti sunt casus generales sententie excommunicacionis maioris publice quas in anno inter mis. solempnis prout dicitur in const’ Redyng. Excommunicantur omnes illi
Explicit: sic anime eorum extinguantur et ad satisfaccionem et emendacionem euenerint. Fiat fiat fiat. Amen.

ed. Powicke and Cheney, ii. 848–9, from PRO Exch. TR Misc. Books 274, noting variants.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Dimensions (column): 280 × 85 mm.

Layout

Two columns, c. 60–65 lines. Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

Bastard anglicana, punctuated by medial point.

Decoration

As C, but without line-fillers and with rubrics.

Exeter College MS. 31 – Part E (fols. 243 (244)-284 (285))

Contents

Language(s): Latin

i. (fols. 243r (2444)-284r (285r))
Petrus Blesensis, Epistolae
Rubric: Epistola magistri Petri Blesensis Bathoniensis archidiaconi.
Incipit: Henrico Dei gracia illustrissime Anglorum regi ... Rogatus a uobis epistolas …
Explicit: esto terre populi tui. Explicit.

pr. PL 207. 1–560. Our manuscript contains letters 1–13, 15, 17, 19, 21–2, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32–62, 65–75, 77–86, 88, 90–101, 128, 130, 136, 150, 153–6, 158, 162–3, numbered 1–100 in a medieval series of numbers and 1–101 in a post-medieval series, the discrepancy resulting from ‘94’ in the earlier series having been applied to letters 94 and 95, and ‘95’ being repeated for 96. No. 97 (fol. 279v (280v)) in the later sequence is the Instructio fidei catholicae, pr. PL 207. 1069–78 and no. 101 (fol. 282r (283r)) is the De itinere Hierosolymitana, pr. ibid. 1057–70. On these letters see L. Wahlgren, The Letter Collections of Peter of Blois. Studies in the Manuscript Tradition (Studia Graeca et Latina Gothoburgensia, 58; Gothenburg, 1993). This is Wahlgren’s MS 4 (see p. 192), a group a manuscript (see p. 26). On the authorship of the corpus of letters that goes under the name Petrus Blesensis see R. W. Southern, ‘The necessity for two Peters of Blois’, Intellectual Life in the Middle Ages: Essays Presented to Margaret Gibson, ed. L. Smith and B. Ward (London and Rio Grande, OH., 1992), 103–18.

*ii. (fol. 285rv(286rv))
[A subject index to E(i).]

References are to the medieval series of numbers noted under E(i) above but since some numbers are as high as the 250s, it is evident that the index was taken over from another book.

In a hand of s. xiv, with many addenda in a later, cursive hand.

*iii. (fols. 286r (287r-289r (290r))
Incipit: Fecit potestas secularis
Explicit: sicut gentes que deum ignorant an in malicia obduratos sicut erat Pharao qui dixit dominum nescio et israhel non dimittam.

An unidentified text, concerning a clerk’s duty to render a proportion of the goods of the church at times of public need. A reference ‘beatus Thomas Cantuar. apud Norhampton’, suggests an English origin.

Fol. 289v (290v) is blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Dimensions (column): 280 × 85 mm.
except E(*iii):
Dimensions (column): 270 × 90 mm.

Layout

Two columns, c. 60–65 lines (except E(*iii) with 52 lines). Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

E(*i), bastard anglicana, punctuated by medial point.

E(*ii), bastard anglicana, punctuated by low point, with additions in anglicana.

E(*iii), anglicana with secretary g and sometimes a, unpunctuated.

Decoration

As C, but without underlined lemmata, paraphs, and line-fillers and with rubrics.

Additional Information

Record Sources

Andrew G. Watson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Exeter College, Oxford (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2000.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Exeter College Library.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Rector and Fellows of Exeter College.

Last Substantive Revision

2020-04-29: First online publication