A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Exeter College MS. 35

Medica; England, ss. xiiimed–xivin

Contents

fols. 1–12 || fols. 13–36 || fols. 37–40 || fols. 41–50 || fols. 51–86 || fols. 87–235 || fols. 236–254 || fols. 255–263 || fols. 264–270

Fore- and endleaves: fol. ir blank; fol. iv note on contents, s. xixin; fol. iirv blank; fol. iiir = text, *A; iiiv ex dono, title, bookplate; fols. Iv, IIv–IIIv blank.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: faciant.
Form: codex
Support: parchment

Collation

112 ∥ 2–312 ∥ 44 ∥ 52 68 ∥ 7–810 ∥ 9–108 ∥ 1116 (6 + 7–10; wants 16) ∥ 122 13–2312 ∥ 2412 (wants 1, 4) 2518 ∥ 266 (6 is a bifolium, fols. 269–70, mounted on a guard). There are no catchwords, quire signatures, or quire numbers.

Binding

Sewn on four bands. Standard Exeter binding: simple and quite elegant, calf over millboards, the calf bearing blind decoration of a floral type, early 19th century. The spine is original but it has been removed and reattached; it is elaborately tooled, as is that of MS 33. At the foot of fol. 111 are holes which were probably caused by a chain plate. To assist consultation, sixteen tabs were attached to the first leaves of major items, perhaps, judging from ‘De’ on the tab on fol. 229, in the 16th century.

History

Origin: ss. xiiimed–xivin ; England

Provenance and Acquisition

The volume comprises ten roughly coeval parts, A-J, preceded and followed by flyleaves. Since the leaves of B, I, and J were similarly extended at an early date, they and all the parts between them probably originated in one place and there is nothing to suggest that they were not united soon after. At some stage, however, after the columns had been numbered, some 43 leaves were lost between fols. 86 and 87, i.e. at the end of section F, and as a result cols. 472–642 are lacking.

There is no evidence about the book’s history before it was given to the College (in 1383 according to Rector’s Accounts for Trinity Term in that year), but that it was much used is suggested by extensive annotations and the means by which access to the texts was facilitated, viz. the provision of tabs and the numbering of all columns throughout to ‘1465’ (although this was done with a good deal of error in the way of omitting or repeating numbers).

Titles in a hand of s. xviiin on items F(ii) and F(iv) and the numbering of items ‘1’ to ‘25’ passim in a hand which is certainly post-medieval show that the book continued to be of interest.

Pen-trials with the name ‘Johannes Mortymer’ were written on fols. 1r and 11v at a time (s. xv/xvi) when the book was certainly at Exeter, but he has not been identified as an Exeter man (fol. 1r ‘Ego Johannes mortymer portaba’; (fol. 11v) ‘Johannes mortymer versus. Fert flaue regnant floret ...’).

The gift of the book to the College is recorded on fol. iiiv, ‘Hunc librum dedit magister Henricus Whitefeld Rectori et Scolaribus de Stapeldonhall Oxon’ ad vsum studij eorundem dumtaxat et eorum successorum’ and on fol. 1r, ‘Liber de Stapeldenhall Ex dono magistri Henrici Whitefelde.’ On Whitefeld, still alive and archdeacon of Barnstaple in 1384 and joint donor also of MS 28 above, see BRUO.

At the foot of fol. 1 and on fol. 270v is ‘ES’ and at the foot of fol. 2r are five names, ‘Whiddon’, ‘Stroude’, ‘Hipslye’, ‘Merscer’, and ‘Dod’, in a hand of s. xviiin. Francis Whiddon, John Strode, and Thomas Dod are recorded as donors of plate to the College in Boase1, lix, Boase2, 277, Dod’s gift being dated 1620. Merscer may be Robert Mercer, who matriculated in 1619 and died in 1623 (ibid. 98). For several Hippisleys, s. xviimed, see Boase1, pt. 2, 157.

Not recorded in Ecloga or CMA.

Exeter library identifications are, on the front pastedown, bookplate 3 on which are ‘P8—4 Gall’ (deleted), ‘172–E–4’, ‘MSS XXXV’ (pencil). On fol. iiiv are bookplate 1, and ‘2’.

Exeter College MS. 35 – Part *A (fol. iii)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fol. iiir)
[A list of the capitula of chapters 36–64 of the Itinerarium of Marco Polo, as in Antwerp, 1485 edn.]

A leaf from another book, probably the second page of capitula, here used as a flyleaf. The beginnings of lines are lost in the inner margin and a good deal of the text is further lost by rubbing.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Dimensions (leaf): 225 × 150 mm.

Layout

One column. 33 lines written on an unruled sheet.

Hand(s)

Bastard anglicana.

History

Origin: s. xiv/xv

Exeter College MS. 35 – Part B (fols. 1–12)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

i. (fols. 1r-12v)
Incipit: Quedam animalia sunt simplices diuisibiles in partes similes que solum partes dicuuntur
Explicit: annorum forte et forte apud senectutem propter multitudinem in amplitudine ossis in quo radicantur.

Unidentified: TK 1186(10) = 1187(12). The same tract is found in Cambridge, St John’s College, MS 99 item 9, headed ‘Tractatus de libro animalium. Diuisio parcium animalium.’ On the extended leaves, at the foot of fols. 5v–6r, 7v–8r, 9r, 10rv, 12v, are lists of ointments, plasters, oils, opiates, and laxatives.

*ii. (fol. 12v)
Incipit: Nota quod duodecim sunt sirupi communes qui recipiuntur in apotheca(?). Primus est Synnel ... Siripus de citoniis
Explicit: ad stringendam uentrem.

Unidentified: 27 lines.

*iii. (fol. 12v)
Incipit: Unguentum atharmita magm. relat. ad Alexandrum quo ungiur uenter et ylia
Explicit: Conficiantur et administrantur.

Unidentified: 26 lines. At the foot of the extended leaf is a list of compound medicines in the hand that wrote the list of ointments in items *i and *ii above.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment HFFH
Extent: overall size
Dimensions (leaf): 253 × 160 mm.
but extended from the original size, by strips of membrane pasted to the outer and lower margins
Dimensions (leaf): 230 × 138 mm.
Dimensions (column): 190 × 58 mm.
Quire 1 of the volume.

Layout

Two columns, 54 lines. Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

Anglicana formata, punctuated by low point.

Decoration

Plain red 2/3-line initials.

History

Origin: s. xiiiex

Exeter College MS. 35 – Part C (fols. 13–36)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 13r-36v)
Gerard of Montpellier or; Gerard of Cremona, Summa de modo medendi
Rubric: Incipit summa magistri Guturdi[sic] de modo medendi et ordine vnde corpus sit purgandum et quomodo.
Incipit: Cum omnis sciencia ex suo fine et utilitate sua
Explicit: ab umbilico [inferius discendere] ||

unprinted. For other manuscripts see TK 327(11) and Wickersheimer, Suppt., 93. For a brief discussion of the problem of authorship see Wickersheimer, 204–5.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Dimensions (leaf): 255 × 165 mm.
Dimensions (column): 180 × 55 mm.
Quires 2–3 of the volume.

Layout

Two columns, 45 lines. Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

An informal bookhand, punctuated by low point.

Decoration

Two-line red initials, rubrics, red paraphs. Marginalia of s. xiiiex.

History

Origin: s. xiii2 Marginalia of s. xiiiex.

Exeter College MS. 35 – Part D (fols. 37–40)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

i. (fols. 37r-39v)
Trotula
Rubric: At top of page, Tro
Incipit: || Contra difficultatem partus que fuit constriccione orificii ... [fol. 37vb/6] ... ut cepe pastinace domestice et similia ... [fol. 37vb/6] ... Ad probandum si mulier labore frigida …
Explicit: [fol. 39v] Et cum exierit pista ||

Parts of the text which goes under the name Trotula, pr. in Medici antiqui (Venice, 1547), 71–80. Because of the loss of the preceding leaf our text begins in ch. 115 of the first tract of the complete text, Liber de sinthomatibus mulierum (edn., fol. 74v/20) which ends at fol. 37vb/6. After three interpolated recipes, the tract De ornatu mulierum, version 3, begins and runs to fol. 39v where it ends incomplete in ch. 214 (edn. fol. 75v/57) despite available space for continuation. Followed in the same hand by chs. 304 and 304a, beg. ‘Accipe calcem vinam sulphur uivum auripigmentum’. For these details see M. Green, ‘A handlist of the Latin and vernacular manuscripts of the so-called Trotula texts’, Scriptorium, 50 (1996), 137–75, no. 76, and on the history of the text see ead., ‘The development of the Trotula’, Revue d’histoire des textes, 26 (1996), 110–203, in which our manuscript is no. 76. Further parts of De ornatu mulierum are G(ix) below. Note that (i) our manuscript having been refoliated, folio numbers cited by Green should be reduced by one digit; and (ii) that our text is in a different order from parts of the text of the 1547 edn.

ii. (fols. 39vb-40va)
Ps.-Hippocrates, Epistola ad Antiochum regem
Rubric: Hic Incipit Epistola Ypocratis ad Antigonum.
Incipit: Quoniam conuenit te omnium
Explicit: provocrib’. Explicit.

Kibre, HL, XX.A.2k.

iii. (fol. 40va)
Rubric: Alia epistola. Ypocratis ad Antigonum.
Incipit: Nunc quoniam prescripsi
Rubric: Vt mulier concipiat.
Incipit: Menstrua deducenda sunt ut bene purgentur
Rubric: Puluis probatissimus ad cancrum.
Incipit: Puluis probatissimus ad cancrum et fistulam et omnem carnem superfluam
Explicit: Tibi defuerit non multum nocebit.

Not identifiable in Kibre, HL, xx.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Dimensions (leaf): 255 × 165 mm.
Dimensions (column): 230 × 65 mm.
Quire 4 of the volume.

Layout

Two columns, 64 lines. Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

Written in anglicana, and punctuated by low point.

Decoration

Rubrics; 2-line red initials in (ii) and (iii).

History

Origin: s. xiiiex

Exeter College MS. 35 – Part E (fols. 41–50)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

i. (fol. 41r)
A list of herbs, roots, etc. for medical use
Rubric: Incipit id pro quo.
Incipit: Omnia ea que sunt utilia
Explicit: Explicit id pro quo.

TK 990(2) (this only), and W. Schum, Beschreibendes Verzeichniß der Amplonianischen Handschriften-Sammlung zu Erfurt (Berlin, 1887), 442 (MS Q.185), item 4, beg. ‘Quoniam ea que sunt utilia’.

ii. (fols. 41ra-46r)
Alphita or Synonima herbarum
Rubric: Incipiunt sinonima.
Incipit: Alfita farina ordei. Arsenicus
Explicit: Zuccozaria id est flos agni casti ule[sic] salicis marine.
Final rubric: Expliciunt sinonima deo gracias.

ed. R. Creutz (Berlin, 1940), J. L. G. Mowat, Alphita: A Medico-Botanical Glossary from the Bodleian Manuscript Selden B.35 (Oxford, 1887), 7–199 (which is substantially the same as that published by Renzi, iii. 271–321); TK 990 (this only) and cf. TK 86(9.1).

iii. (fols. 46v-49v)
Roger Bacon, Liber de creticis diebus
Incipit: Ad euidenciam dierum creticorum est notandum
Explicit: in se ipso ea studuerit experiri.

pr. OHI 9 (1928), 186–200; TK 36(11).

The text is followed on fol. 50r by diagrams in the scribe’s hand which are part of the text (edn. figs. 2, 3) and on fol. 50v by ‘De modo dispensandi medicinas saponitas’ (8 lines) and figurae divisiones and other medical notes. On Bacon see Sharpe, Latin Writers.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Dimensions (leaf): 205 × 165 mm.
Fols. 41–46r:
Dimensions (column): 90 × 30 mm.
fols. 46v–50v
Dimensions (column): 110 × 65 mm.
Quires 5 and 6 of the volume.

Layout

Fols. 41–46r: four columns, 59 lines. Ruled in hardpoint.

Fols. 46v–50v: two columns, 48 lines. Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

Fols. 41–46r: Written in an informal bookhand, unpunctuated.

Fols. 46v–50v: The script is anglicana, punctuated by low point.

Decoration

fol. 50r: diagrams in the scribe’s hand which are part of the text.

Fols. 41–46r: The only colour is red bracketing.

History

Origin: Fols. 41–46r: s. xiiimed Fols. 46v–50v: s. xiiiex

Exeter College MS. 35 – Part F (fols. 51–86)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

i. (fols. 51r-67r)
Ægidius Corboliensis, De Pulsibus, with the commentary of Gentilis de Fulgineo
Rubric: Incipiunt versus pulsium Egidii cum commento.
Incipit: (text) Quatuor sunt membra principalia quibus humani corporis
Incipit: (text) [fol. 51vb/25] Incipit prohemium. Ingenii uires modicis conatibus impar.
Incipit: (comm.) [fol. 51vb/40] Ingenii uirorum. Actor more recte
Explicit: (text) Philareti uomeris horret.
Explicit: (comm.) Hic metham et opus suum concludit.
Final rubric: Expliciunt uersus Egidii de pulsibus.

pr. Padua, 1484 (GW 268, Hain, 103); ed. L. Choulant, Aegidii Corboliensis carmina medica (Leipzig, 1826), 21–43. TK 1181(9), 744(3); Walther, Initia, 9332. On the author see Wickersheimer, 196–7, and Suppt., 90–1. Contemporary distinctiones. In the lower margins, in the same hand as wrote notes at the foot of leaves in B*i–iii, are figurae divisiones concerning pulse.

ii. (fols. 67v-68v])
De urinis
Incipit: De urina [Diagram]
Incipit: [fol. 68r] Vrina puerorum magis dicitur esse subtilis et alba quam grossa quia secundum auicennam pueri non spermatizant quia habent poros strictos
Explicit: Quinque modis diuersificatur urina contenta scilicet secundum colorem. secundum substanciam. secundum quantitatem. secundum figuram. secundum situm.

Unidentified. The incipit, fol. 68r, is preceded on fol. 67v by a large circular diagram, distinctiones, and verses on the four temperaments, beg. ‘Largus amans hyllaris’, TK 811(14), Walther, Initia, 10131, ed. L. Thorndike, Traditio, 11 (1955), 179.

At the end on fol. 68v are nine recipes in another hand.

iii. (fols. 68v-70r)
De urinis
Incipit: Dicendum quod omnis urina duarum rerum est signatiua. aut enim significat passionem epatis et uenarum aut uesice et renum aliquorum uero improprie sed in urina tria considerantur
Explicit: tandem dicemus quia urina mulieris spumosa uentositatem significat et declarat.

Unidentified.

Followed by seven recipes, four in one hand, two in a second hand, and one in a third hand.

iv. (fol. 70v)
Nicholaus Praepositus?, Quid pro quo,

a list of equivalent substitutes in pharmacy

Rubric: Hic incipit quid pro quo.
Incipit: Pro amoniaco signus
Explicit: pro calamento dragagantum.

TK 1274(1). A version of the text is pr. in Mesue, Opera (Venice, 1562), fols. 439r–42v.

Followed by three recipes in two contemporary hands, rubbed and largely illegible.

v. (fols. 71r-86r)
Ægidius Corboliensis, De urinis (in verse, with the prose preface but without the verse epilogue), and with the commentary of Gentilis de Fulgineo
Rubric: \Egidius de Vrinis/
Incipit: (comm.) Liber iste quem legendum preponimus liber est noue institucionis
Incipit: (text) Dicitur urina quoniam fit renibus una
Explicit: (comm.) presit eam eleuare
Explicit: (text) circumstancia culpam.
Final rubric: Expliciunt versus Egidii.

pr. Padua, 1483 (GW 269, Hain/Copinger/Reichling, 100), etc.; ed. Choulant, as item F(i) above, 3–18; TK 422(4); Walther, Initia, 4432. On the author see Wickersheimer, 196–7, and Suppt., 90–1. At the top of fol. 71r is ‘Egidius de urinis’ in the hand that wrote a title on item (iv). Contemporary marginalia.

vi. (fol. 86v)
Verses
Incipit: Thetanus omne tenet me cernat.

Walther, Initia, 19272 (this MS only). In all, 96 lines of verse, in elegaic couplets with hexameters picked out in red. Three other hands, not much later in date, added two, six, and eight lines respectively. The subjects of the verses are noted in the margins: ‘signa critica’, ‘membra officialia’, ‘typus pondera’, ‘typi febrium’.

A gap in the numbers of the columns shows that some forty-three leaves are missing from the book at this point: see History, below.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Dimensions (leaf): 255 × 165 mm.
Dimensions (column): 183 × 55–60 mm.
Quires 7–10 of the volume.

Layout

Two columns, 55 lines to a full page of commentary, number variable when text is on same page. Ruled in hardpoint.

Hand(s)

Rotunda bookhand, the version used for the commentary differing from that used for the text only in size. The text, in a larger size, is written on every second line. Punctuated by low point.

Glossing in the lower margin is in anglicana.

Decoration

67v: diagram.

Red paraphs and stroking.

History

Origin: s. xiiiex

Exeter College MS. 35 – Part G (fols. 87–235)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

i. (fols. 87r-101v)
Ps.-Aristotle, Secretum secretorum,

in the version of Philippus Tripolitanus

Incipit: || quem habebunt in te dominaberis in eis
Explicit: sub hac forma.
Rubric: De epistola Aristotelis missa ad peticionem Alexandri.
Incipit: O fili bone gloriosissime imperator
Explicit: ad extremitatem et eius foramina non multus magna. De facie.

ed. R. Möller, Hiltgart von Hürnheim, Mittelhochdeutsche Prosaübersetzung des “Secretum Secretorum” (Berlin, 1963), 1–164. For the large number of manuscripts, for early and modern editions, and for bibliography, see PAL, no. 81B. Our text begins at edn. 16/11 (ch. 1) and ends 160/20 (ch. 76). Between fols. 93 and 98 a quire of four leaves from another manuscript, s. xiv, has been inserted. It covers the text (with some variations) from ch. 50 ‘et siccitatem’ to ch. 54 ‘sicut predictum est’ (edn. 90/9–100/21) and ends with capitula. Since the text on the added leaves is already in the book and the relevant column numbers in the latter have been written into the added capitula, it may be that the leaves were added for the sake of the capitula. That does not explain why as many as four leaves were added, for the bifolium now numbered as fols. 95 and 96 would have sufficed. Perhaps the recipes added in s. xv on fols. 96v–97r were thought to be of value. They are (fol. 96v) ‘Accipe radices petrosolini brusci … et venenum expellitur’ and (fol. 97r two other recipes and a macaronic Latin-English-French list of herbs. Fol. 97v is blank.

Language(s): Latin, English, French
ii. (fols. 102r-107r)
Roger Baron, Rogerina minor
Rubric: Incipit summa Rogerini minor.
Incipit: Cum medicinalis artis due sunt partes integrales
Explicit: consueuit menstruam habere. Explicit parua summa Magistri Rogeri.

pr. Monza, 1498 (Hain, 4811) etc.; TK 317(6). On the author see Wickersheimer, 720–1 and Suppt., 263. At the top of fol. 102r the scribe wrote ‘Assit principio sancta Maria meo.’

iii. (fols. 107r-108r)
Medical text on diet
Incipit: Cum omnis operacio medicine tribus modis consistet secundum dicta farmacia et cirurgia
Explicit: parua quantitas eiusdem ru uirtutis nec ci non erit proporcionalis. Explicit.

Unidentified; on diet. TK 326(13) (this only).

iv. (fols. 108r-121v)
Ricardus Anglicus, Signa
Rubric: Hic incipiunt signa Ricardi.
Incipit: Finis medicine duntaxat laudabit existit
Explicit: signum est mortale.
Final rubric: Expliciunt signa Ricardi

At the top of fol. 108r the scribe wrote ‘Aue Maria gracia plena dominus tecum. benedicta tu tecum. Ihesus amen’ and ‘Ihesus’.

part ed. H. H. Beusing, Das Leben und Werke des Richardus Anglicus (diss., Univ. of Leipzig, 1922). This forms the fifth part of Ricardus’s Micrologus; TK 561(13). On the author, a master of Bologna, d. after 1226, see Wickersheimer, 694–8, and Suppt., 256–7; Talbot and Hammond, 270–2; Sharpe, Latin Writers, s.n. Richard the Englishman.

v. (fols. 121v-134v)
Johannes de S. Amando, Expositio super antidotario Nicholai
Rubric: ^Avicenna^
Rubric: Incipit summa que vocatur secundum quod vult Auicenna super antidotarium Nicholai.
Incipit: Secundum quod vult Auicenna primo libro qui in principio practica diuiditur in conseruacionem sanitatis et curacionem egritudinis. Curacio autem diuiditur
Explicit: vidilicet senibus contra habundanciam plantis in membris pectoralibus inbibiti. Explicit Deo Gracias.

Our text is one of a number of abbreviations of the standard text pr. in Mesue, Opera, Venice, 1495 (Hain, *11111) and other early edns., TK 1423(1). It is dealt with by Walton O. Schalick, III, Add one part pharmacy to one part surgery and one part medicine: Jean de Saint-Amand and the Development of Medieval Pharmacy in thirteenth-century Paris (Ph.D. diss., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1997), 286–7. On Johannes see also Wickersheimer, 476–8, and Suppt., 179–80. There are many contemporary marginalia.

vii. (fols. 135v-206r)
Geraldus (Giraud) Bituricensis, Commentary on Isaac Judaeus's Viaticus, in the translation of Constantinus Africanus
Incipit: (prol.) Cum omnia ex quatuor elementis generata quodammodo sunt agnoscenda …
Explicit: (prol.) exterius contingentibus.
Rubric: De allopicia. Rubrica.
Incipit: Premisso ergo prohemio incipit a passionibus capillorum
Explicit: consolidare hunc et modificare. Explicit deo gracias.

pr. Venice, 1505; TK 325(10). Wickersheimer, 203, and Suppt., 92–3. Guide wording for the rubricator is at the foot of each column, sometimes cropped. There are contemporary marginalia.

viii. (fols. 206r-227v)
Gilbertus Anglicus (‘Gilbertus de Aquila’), Commentary on Ægidius Corboliensis, De urinis
Incipit: (comm.) Sicut dicit Constantinus in pantegni et idem testatur Johannicius
Explicit: Residuum sermonis est intellectum.
Final rubric: Expliciunt versus Egidii cum commento Gilberti. Qui scripsit carmen sit benedictus amen. Explicit expliceat ludere scriptor eat.

unprinted; TK 1483(2). Wickersheimer, 191–2, and Suppt., 88–9; Talbot and Hammond, 58–60; Sharpe, Latin Writers. The Ægidius text consists only of extended lemmata. There are contemporary marginalia.

ix. (fols. 227v-229r)
De ornatu mulierum,

version 3.

Rubric: Incipit summus tractatus de ornatu mulierum.
Incipit: Ut dicit Ypocras in libro quem de sciencia pronosticorum edidit
Explicit: et decenter conseruent. Explicit tractatus necessarius de supleccione pulcritudinis mulierum.

See M. Green, cited at D(1) above, for parts of another copy. Green notes that a recipe at the top of fol. 228r includes a reference to ‘mulieres gallice’.

x. (fols. 229v-235v)
Albertus Magnus, Mineralium lib. 1 tract. 1.
Rubric: Incipit .i. liber mineralium qui est de lapidibus. Tractatus primus est de lapidibus in communi. Capitulum primum de quo est intencio et que diuisio et modus et ordo dicendorum.
Incipit: De commixtione et coagulatione sicut autem coagulacione
Explicit: naturalibus inquirere causas ut autem in latina lingua.

pr. Padua, 1476 (GW686, Hain, p. 57, Hain/Copinger, 522); ed. A. Borgnet, Opera omnia, v (Paris, 1890), 1–103. Our text ends in the tenth line of bk. 1 tract 2, edn. 30ª/10. Our manuscript is L.1 in section 17 (Mineralia) in W. Fauser, Die Werke des Albertus Magnus in ihrer handschriftlichen Überlieferung. Teil 1. Die echten Werke (Aschendorff, 1982), 75. TK 368(13).

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Dimensions (leaf): 255 × 165 mm.
except for fols. 94–7:
Dimensions (leaf): 212 × 135 mm.
Dimensions (column): 210 × 60 mm.
except for fols. 94–7:
Dimensions (writtenLines): 170 × 110 mm.
Quires 11–23 the volume.

Layout

Two columns, 63 lines. Ruled in crayon.

except for fols. 94–7: one column, 45 lines. Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

Anglicana in several hands, punctuated by low point.

Decoration

Two/four-line red initials, rubrics, underlining.

History

Origin: s. xiiiex

Exeter College MS. 35 – Part H (fols. 236–254)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

i. (fol. 236r)
De lapidibus pretiosis
Incipit: Et per bis binos capit incremente sequentes
Explicit: lunam sentire putatur.

Walther, Initia, 5927 (this copy only). Ends fol. 236r.

fols. 236v–7v are a palimpsest and nothing is recoverable by ultraviolet light.

ii. (fol. 238rv)
Johannes Stephanus of Montpellier, Ars medicinarum laxativarum
Incipit: Ut testatur Auicenna hec est ars medicinarum in genere potencium secundum estimacionem propinquam veritati respectu habitudinis mediocriter
Explicit: de ij partibus olei laurini et thuris et dyalte. Hee precedencia sunt de experimentis P. Hyspani.

ed. K. Sudhoff, ‘Ein anonymer Traktat über die Abführwirkung verschiedener Arzneistoffe aus dem 13. Jahrhundert’, Archiv für die Geschichte der Medizin, 11 (1919), 212–13; TK 599(3). Sudhoff’s text, not quite identical to ours, occupies only fol. 238ra of our manuscript and is then followed, without a break and to the end of the verso of the leaf, by further text. Running titles at the foot of each column of fol. 238rv suggest that the text was thought to be continuous — ‘de defeccione appetitus’, ‘de canino appetitu’, ‘de irracionabili appetitu’, ‘de defeccione appetitus’. Apparent gaps caused by erasure lead to no loss: the membrane having been palimpsested, the scribe avoided writing on damaged bits. On the author see Wickersheimer, Suppt., 184; he is not to be confused with Jean Pontii, d. 1427.

iii. (fol. 239rv)
Virtutes vini
Incipit: Composicio aque vite. que facit hominem letum jocundum hillarem prolonget
Explicit: sanguine inde dificetur igitur sanguis secundum diuersitatem cause.

D. W. Singer, Catalogue of Latin and Vernacular Alchemical Manuscripts in Great Britain and Ireland, ii (Brussels, 1930), no. 1017 (this manuscript).

iv. (fols. 240r-243r)
John Tolet, OCist., cardinal, bp. of Porto (attrib.), De conseruanda sanitatis
Rubric: Incipit tractatus de regimine sanitatis secundum Johannem de Toleto.
Incipit: Ut dicit Constantinus in uiatico qui vult continuam custodire sanitatem
Explicit: De conseruacione autem sanitatis isti sufficiant. Explicit.

TK 1616(11). Essentially the same work, although shorter, as the anonymous text ed. by L. Elaut, Osiris, 13 (1958), 184–209, from Namur, Bibliothèque du Musée archéologique, MS 50. On the author see Wickersheimer, 493–4, and Suppt., 186; Sharpe, Latin Writers. Also attributed to Guido Paratus: see TK 1413(6).

v. (fols. 243r-245r)
Walter Agilon (attr.)
Rubric: Incipiunt iudicia urinarum secundum magistrum G. Agilon
Incipit: Nota secundum magistrum Galterum Agilon. In urina alba
Explicit: et polluciones sunt actuª cretica. Explicit.

TK 943(13) (this MS and BL, MS Sloane 3550 fols. 85v–9v). Wickersheimer, 171, notes our text as one of a number of tracts on urine which are attributed to Walter.

vi. (fols. 245r-249r)
Walter Agilon, Contenta urinarum
Rubric: Incipiunt contenta vrinarum secundum Magistrum G. Agilon.
Incipit: Iste modus est iudicandi urinas
Explicit: Et si sit paucula in hoc signant mortem. Explicit.

TK 792(12). Wickersheimer, 170–3, at 171, and Suppt., 80–1.

Followed by (fol. 249ra) figura divisionis concerning urine and (fol. 249rb) a uroscopy listing.

vii. (fols. 249v-253ra/22)
Ricardus Anglicus, Regula de urinis
Rubric: Urina Ric. \Ricardus Anglicus de Urinis/
Incipit: Qui cupit urinas mea per compendia scire hec legat assidue nec oportet longius ire. Circa urinas quinque attenduntur principalia
Explicit: per urinam haberi posse credo cognicionem. hic ergo sit finis regularium congruus.

unprinted. This forms the second part of Ricardus’s Micrologus. TK 1205(7); Walther, Initia, 15458. On the author and for other manuscripts see sources noted under item G(iv) above.

viii. (fols. 253rb/24–254rb/2)
Ricardus Anglicus(?), De ornatu
Rubric: De ornatu faciei
Incipit: Faciei decor et venustas non tamen capiti
Explicit: humectando poteris euellere. secundum .S.

pr. Arnaldus de Villa Nova, Opera omnia (Lyons, 1504), 298va–9ra. TK 548(9). On the author and for other manuscripts see under item G(iv) above. Followed by four recipes.

ix. (fol. 254rv)
Johannes de Parma (?)
Rubric: Magister J. de Parma de regimine contra sterilitatem.
Incipit: Regimen contra sterilitatem
Explicit: uero post diu iaceat.
Final rubric: Explicit Magister J. de Parma.

Authorship is uncertain. Wickersheimer, 307 and 460, states that Johannes de Parma is really Hugo de Parma, master regent at the faculty of medicine in Paris in 1272–4. No extant works are known. In a letter, Dr Walton O. Schalick, III (for whose thesis see item G(v) above) tentatively suggests that since our tract shows a fairly narrow use of contemporary sources based on Paris, the author may be Johannes de Sancto Amando, chronologically close to Johannes / Hugo de Parma.

Followed by twelve recipes.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment HFFH
Dimensions (leaf): 255 × 165 mm.
Dimensions (column): 220 × 60 mm.
Quire 24 of the volume.

Layout

Two columns, c. 65 lines. Ruled in pencil.

Hand(s)

Written in anglicana, and punctuated by low point.

Decoration

1/5-line red initials, rubrics, underlining.

History

Origin: s. xivin

Exeter College MS. 35 – Part I (fols. 255–263)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

i. (fols. 255r/1–255vb)
Medical notes
(a).
Incipit: || Quoniam plurium medicorum constituciones ultra annum
(b).
Incipit: [fol. 255r/24] Cum paulina datur ptisicis bona non operatur
Explicit: soluit mox anacard

Consists of twenty verses; TK 329(8) (recording the same text in Vendôme, Bibl. mun., MS 200, fol. 3).

(c).
Incipit: [fol. 255rb] Si vult facere oleum benedictum
(d).
Incipit: Hoc oleum est de secretis philosophorum
(e).
Incipit: Oleum ad guttum non fuerit in capite
(f).
Incipit: Spongia soporificera sic fit.
ii. (fol. 256r)
Hugh of Lucca, Cirurgia,

ch. VII, ‘De somniferis et sublimationibus’, beg. ‘Confectio saporis a cyrurgia facienda secundum dominum Hugonem sic fit’

Rubric: Dormitoria cyrurgica
Incipit: Confectio soporis ad cyrurgiam faciendam secundum dominum H. de Luca.

see E. Perrenon, Die Chirurgie des Hugo von Lucca ... Inaugural Dissertation ... zur Erlangung der Doctorwürde in der Medicin und Chirurgie, Friedrich-Wilhelms Universität zu Berlin (Berlin, 1899), 23. TK 245(13) (this only, not identified). On Hugh see Wickersheimer, 306–7.

iii. (fols. 256r-262ra/41)
Archimathaeus(?), Modus medendi
Rubric: Incipiunt Capitula de modo medendi secundum Cophonem
Rubric: [fol. 256v] Incipit prologus libri
Incipit: In medendis corporibus et maxime purgandis
Explicit: quibus proprie ualeant egritudinibus et principaliter et primum de opiatis.

pr. Mesue opera, 1523, etc. ed. Renzi, iv. 416–38. Our text continues for twenty-eight lines beyond the end of Renzi’s text, which ends ‘cum cocleario salis’ (fol. 262vb/3). For the various ascriptions of authorship see TK 691(1).

iv. (fols. 262ra-v)
Excerpts,

from the Antidotarium of Nicholas Salernitanus, following the order of that text but with shorter entries ‘Aurea Alexandrina’ to ‘Trifera maior’.

Rubric: De aurea Alexandrina
Explicit: vino sumpto(?) optime stringit(?). Explicit.
Final rubric:

The full text was pr. with Mesue, etc. Venice, 1471 (Hain 11764), etc. TK 490(2).

v. (fols. 262v-263r)
Medical notes
Rubric: Incipit flebotomia Johannis Damasceni
Incipit: Johannes Damascenus dixit quod flebotomia ante xiiij annum
Explicit: unde versus Tres tribus in nobis.

Unidentified; brief notes only.

vi. (fol. 263r)
Ps.-Arnaldus de Villa Nova, De visitando (visitatione) infirmorum
Rubric: Incipit tractatus de modo qualiter medicus uisitabit infirmos.
Incipit: O medice quando ad infirmum perueneris adiutorium tuum sit in nomine domini
Explicit: expectaris auxilio adiuuari. Explicit.

Pr. in all edns. of Arnaldus after 1504; by Renzi, ii (1853), 74–80; in English translation by H. E. Sigerist, Henry E. Sigerist on the History of Medicine, ed. F. Marti-Ibañes (New York, 1960), 131–40, at 134–40. Kibre, HL, 232–3, lists manuscripts and records the variant incipits. For a view of the text, and references, see M. R. McVaugh, ‘Bedside manners in the Middle Ages’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 71 (1997), 201–23.

vii. (fols. 263rv)
An antidotary
Incipit: Corpus hominis ex quatuor elementis et quatuor humoribus constat
Explicit: uel morientibus difficilis est(?).

An antidotary, sometimes called Flos dietarum and sometimes attributed to Arnaldus de Villa Nova (TK 268(8)) but also to Johannes de S. Paulo (TK 269(1)); the latter ed. H. J. Ostermuth, "Flores dietarum": eine salernitanische Nahrungsmittel Diätatik aus dem XII. Jahrhundert. Inaugural Dissertation, Univ. of Leipzig (Leipzig, 1919).

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Dimensions (leaf): 255 × 165 mm.
Originally smaller but leaves have been very neatly extended to full size at foot and/or side and written on by the original scribe:
Dimensions (leaf): 235 × 165 mm.
Dimensions (column): 217 × 60 mm.
Quire 25 of the volume.

Layout

Two columns, 46 lines. Ruled in pencil.

Hand(s)

Anglicana, punctuated by low point.

Decoration

There are 2/4-line red initials, red paraphs and rubrics.

History

Origin: s. xivin

Exeter College MS. 35 – Part J (fols. 264–270)

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fols. 264r-270v)
Johannes de S. Amando, De basibus medicinorum
Incipit: Quoniam ut diximus in areolis nostris. Et testatur Johannes Damascenus
Explicit: Explicit tractatus de medicinis componendis etc.

as identified by Wickersheimer, Suppt., 179. TK 1308(9), this MS only. Dr Walton O. Schalick, III, identifies it, however, as an abbreviation of Johannes de S. Amando’s Areolae: see his thesis (as at item G(v) above), 295.

Followed by two recipes for hernia and one for fistula.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Dimensions (leaf): 255 × 165 mm.
but, excepting fols. 269–70, leaves have been extended as those of quire 25 above:
Dimensions (leaf): 235 × 165 mm.
Dimensions (writtenLines): 150 × 100 mm.
Quire 26.

Layout

One column, 36 lines. Ruled in pencil.

Hand(s)

Anglicana, punctuated by low point.

Decoration

There are 2-line red initials, line-fillers, paraphs and underlining, and rubrics.

History

Origin: s. xivin

Additional Information

Record Sources

Andrew G. Watson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Exeter College, Oxford (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2000.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Exeter College Library.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the prindted catalogue to TEI funded by the Rector and Fellows of Exeter College.

Last Substantive Revision

2020-04-29: First online publication