Exeter College MS. 35
Medica; England, ss. xiiimed–xivin
fols. 1–12 || fols. 13–36 || fols. 37–40 || fols. 41–50 || fols. 51–86 || fols. 87–235 || fols. 236–254 || fols. 255–263 || fols. 264–270
Fore- and endleaves: fol. ir blank; fol. iv note on contents, s. xixin; fol. iirv blank; fol. iiir = text, *A; iiiv ex dono, title, bookplate; fols. Iv, IIv–IIIv blank.
Sewn on four bands. Standard Exeter binding: simple and quite elegant, calf over millboards, the calf bearing blind decoration of a floral type, early 19th century. The spine is original but it has been removed and reattached; it is elaborately tooled, as is that of MS 33. At the foot of fol. 111 are holes which were probably caused by a chain plate. To assist consultation, sixteen tabs were attached to the first leaves of major items, perhaps, judging from ‘De…’ on the tab on fol. 229, in the 16th century.
Provenance and Acquisition
The volume comprises ten roughly coeval parts, A-J, preceded and followed by flyleaves. Since the leaves of B, I, and J were similarly extended at an early date, they and all the parts between them probably originated in one place and there is nothing to suggest that they were not united soon after. At some stage, however, after the columns had been numbered, some 43 leaves were lost between fols. 86 and 87, i.e. at the end of section F, and as a result cols. 472–642 are lacking.
There is no evidence about the book’s history before it was given to the College (in 1383 according to Rector’s Accounts for Trinity Term in that year), but that it was much used is suggested by extensive annotations and the means by which access to the texts was facilitated, viz. the provision of tabs and the numbering of all columns throughout to ‘1465’ (although this was done with a good deal of error in the way of omitting or repeating numbers).
Titles in a hand of s. xviiin on items F(ii) and F(iv) and the numbering of items ‘1’ to ‘25’ passim in a hand which is certainly post-medieval show that the book continued to be of interest.
Pen-trials with the name ‘Johannes Mortymer’ were written on fols. 1r and 11v at a time (s. xv/xvi) when the book was certainly at Exeter, but he has not been identified as an Exeter man (fol. 1r ‘Ego Johannes mortymer portaba…’; (fol. 11v) ‘Johannes mortymer versus. Fert flaue regnant floret ...’).
The gift of the book to the College is recorded on fol. iiiv, ‘Hunc librum dedit magister Henricus Whitefeld Rectori et Scolaribus de Stapeldonhall Oxon’ ad vsum studij eorundem dumtaxat et eorum successorum’ and on fol. 1r, ‘Liber de Stapeldenhall Ex dono magistri Henrici Whitefelde.’ On Whitefeld, still alive and archdeacon of Barnstaple in 1384 and joint donor also of MS 28 above, see BRUO.
At the foot of fol. 1 and on fol. 270v is ‘ES’ and at the foot of fol. 2r are five names, ‘Whiddon’, ‘Stroude’, ‘Hipslye’, ‘Merscer’, and ‘Dod’, in a hand of s. xviiin. Francis Whiddon, John Strode, and Thomas Dod are recorded as donors of plate to the College in Boase1, lix, Boase2, 277, Dod’s gift being dated 1620. Merscer may be Robert Mercer, who matriculated in 1619 and died in 1623 (ibid. 98). For several Hippisleys, s. xviimed, see Boase1, pt. 2, 157.
Not recorded in Ecloga or CMA.
Exeter library identifications are, on the front pastedown, bookplate 3 on which are ‘P8—4 Gall’ (deleted), ‘172–E–4’, ‘MSS XXXV’ (pencil). On fol. iiiv are bookplate 1, and ‘2’.
For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Exeter College Library.
Funding of Cataloguing
Conversion of the prindted catalogue to TEI funded by the Rector and Fellows of Exeter College.
Last Substantive Revision
2020-04-29: First online publication