A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Exeter College MS. 43

Robert Cowton, Super Sententias Petri Lombardi; England, s. xivin

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: tamen at.
Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Extent: 280 leaves, some poorly prepared, preceded by a probably incunable leaf (fol. iii) and its stub (fol. ii) between an 18th-century paper flyleaf (fol. iv) and its stub (fol. i), and followed by one 18th-century paper flyleaf (fol. I) and its stub (fol. IV) enclosing another leaf probably from the same incunable (fol. II) and its stub (fol. III). On these leaves see Binding below.
Dimensions (leaf): 348 × 215 mm.
Dimensions (column): 245 × 70 mm.


1–1012 1110 1212 138 14–2312 2410. Catchwords by scribes. A has a series of quire numbers at bottom centre of first leaf in the form ‘2 qu’ etc., some in the reversed form, as ‘quus 12’, and sometimes with the arabic figures only. There are none in B.


A, in c. 55–60 lines; B, in a variable number of lines. Ruled in crayon.


A, gothic bookhand of academic type by several scribes, punctuated by low point sometimes combined with a double virgula.

B, anglicana of s. xivin.


A, four-line blue-and-red lombards flourished in the same and extended as bar-frame borders on two sides of page; two-line blue lombards flourished red; red-and-blue running book numbers, lacking on fols. 235r–46v; blue and red paraphs.

B, one-line plain red and blue initials; red and blue paraphs.


Sewn on three bands between thick millboards covered with reversed calf with blind triple rules round the edges, s. xvii. Thongs enter the boards through incisions in the edge. On the spine is a red leather label with a gold title. Binding leaves at front and back are from the same probably incunable copy of Gratian’s Decreta as those in MSS 26, 28, and 30 and were probably added in s. xvii. The book received its earliest Exeter binding, at a cost of 11d., when it reached the College (Rector’s Accounts, 1417/18).


Origin: s. xivin ; England

Provenance and Acquisition

At the top of fol. 1r, in the hand that wrote the same inscription in MS 23, is ‘Hunc librum dedit Magister Thomas Plymiswode Collegio seu aule de Stapyldonhalle Oxon’ ad cathenandum in libraria ibidem. Oretis pro eo.’ On Plymiswode, d. 1418, see note on MS 23, History, and BRUO.

Recorded at Exeter c. 1600 as Ecloga, no. 9. Not in CMA.

Exeter library identifications are, on the front pastedown, ‘E1–20’ and ‘P8—12 Gall’, both deleted; ‘173–H–8’ and bookplate 1. On fol. ir is ‘Coxe Cat. no. XLIII.’ On the spine is a round paper label with the number ‘8’ on it.

Exeter College MS. 43 – Part A (fols. 1r-276v)


Language(s): Latin

(fols. 1r-276v)
Robert Cowton, OFM, Super Sententias Petri Lombardi
Incipit: Sicut dicit beatus Ambrosius super epistolas sancti Pauli in principio. Rerum inquit principia sunt inquirenda ... Utrum theologia nostra per diuinam faciem designata ...
Explicit: [fol. 117v] effectus predestinacionis ut recipitur in subiecto secundum dictum modum.
Final rubric: Explicit liber .j.
Incipit: Utrum sit ponere in Deo aliquam potentiam in ordine
Explicit: [fol. 192v] … sicut patet intuenti.
Final rubric: Explicit 2us.
Incipit: [Fol. 193r] Circa tertium librum sententiarum. Queritur utrum si homo non pecasset filius Dei incarnatus et arguitur quod sic …
Explicit: [fol. 246v] si mag’ onerosum bene operar’.
Final rubric: Explicit liber tercius.
Incipit: [Fol. 247r] Utrum sacram noue legis efficiant gratiam
Explicit: experimentaliter discere faciat qui cum Deo patre et spiritu sancto viuit et regnat in secula seculorum. Amen.
Final rubric: Explicit liber quartus.

Exeter College MS. 43 – Part B (fols. 277r- 280v)


Language(s): Latin

(fols. 277r- 280v)
List of quaestiones,

in A in text order.

Rubric: In prologo.
Incipit: An Theologia sit quid composicioni
Explicit: Ypositas ...

At the top of fol. 277r the scribe wrote ‘Aue maria gracia plena.’

Additional Information

Record Sources

Andrew G. Watson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Exeter College, Oxford (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2000.


For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Exeter College Library.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Rector and Fellows of Exeter College.

Last Substantive Revision

2020-04-29: First online publication

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