A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Exeter College MS. 134

Pleas of the Crown; Assizes of Edward III, Henry IV, Henry V; in French; London?, England, 1410 × 1415

Contents

Language(s): French

(fols. 1r-2r)
Names, titles, and library identifications: see History.

Fols. 2v-7v are blank but bear contemporary foliation.

1. (fols. 8r-11v)
Pleas of the Crown
Rubric: Placita. Corone. De anno. Regis. Edwardi. tercij. tricesimo.
Incipit: Nota qun attorne en bank le roy
Explicit: per bataille etc.

Fols. 12r–17v remain blank but bear contemporary foliation.

2. (fols. 18r-130v)
Assizes of Edward III
Rubric: Assises. Errours et Atteyntes Regis Edwardi tercii. Anno xixº.
Incipit: Errour fuist suey per Johan Gisores et lez heirs Henry Gysors
Explicit: [9 Edward III] et fist defaut etc. quer’ de cº

Fols. 131–7v remain blank but bear contemporary foliation.

3. (fols. 138r-167v)
Assizes of Edward III
Rubric: Assises. Errours. et Attentes. Regis Edwardi. tercij. anno. xlº.
Incipit: Assise de mortd. fuit parte vers le Priour de C.
Explicit: [20 Edward III] taxes per lassis etc.

Fols. 168r–74v remain blank but bear contemporary foliation.

4. (fols. 175r-178v)
Assizes of Henry IV
Rubric: Assise de anno octauo. Regis. Henrici quarti.
Incipit: Edward due de deuerwyk et philipp’ sa femme Elizabeth Countesse de Sarum
Explicit: Gascon.’ Nego argumentum et adiornantur etc.
5. (fols. 178v-182v)
Assizes of Henry V
Rubric: Assises de anno Regis Henrici quinto ^septimo^.
Incipit: Assise de rente fuit parte per labbe de Selby
Explicit: et nemye le fitz puisne de di’ sank’ etc. Et adiourn’. Anno 7 Henrici quinti.

After item 5 there follows a further case of 4 Henry V, beg. ‘⟨R⟩obert Hille Iustic’ et a sa femme part’ assis’ de no. diss’ en le counte de Cornewaile vers le counte doxenforde et sa femme Thom’ Twynbourne Chr. et sa femma et plusours autres.’ Fols. 1844–5v are blank.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: les seruauntes.
Form: codex
Support: parchment FHHF
Extent: 185 leaves of which fol. 1 is a raised pastedown and fols. 2v–7v are blank. There are many other blank leaves or half-leaves.
Dimensions (leaf): 310 × 215 mm.
Dimensions (written): 220 × c. 45 mm.
Foliation: All bear contemporary foliation as though prepared for later use. There is also a post-medieval foliation which ignores blank leaves and was followed by Coxe.

Collation

16 (wants 2) 212 3–178 186 19–218 228 (wants 6) 238 244 (wants 4). Catchwords by the scribe(s). There are occasional traces of quire numbers on first leaves, some in arabic figures, some just rough strokes in brown or blue crayon.

Layout

One column, 46 lines to a full page. Ruled in crayon.

Hand(s)

Anglicana by several scribes, but with secretary a and sometimes r, and all strongly influenced by secretary. Punctuated by low point.

Decoration

On fol. 18r is a 10-line illuminated initial with extenders forming a bar-frame border on three sides; blue and rose are the only colours. On fols. 99v, 138r, and 175r are 5-, 7-, and 6-line illuminated initials respectively, each with colours blue and crimson. Elsewhere 1/3-line blue lombards flourished red, blue paraphs flourished red, red running titles. Alexander and Temple, no. 385.

Binding

Sewn on five bands between slightly cushion-bevelled wooden boards covered with pink whittawed leather (s. xv). The cords enter the boards through tunnels in the edge and are secured with wooden pegs. On the front cover are the remains of two pink leather straps each held by three nails and there are corresponding catches on the back cover, each held by a single nail.

History

Origin: 1410 × 1415 ; London?, England

Provenance and Acquisition

Probably written in London, on art-historical evidence between 1410 and 1415. On fol. 1v are ‘Johannes Tallemach de Benteley’, i.e. John Tollemache of Bentley, 1419–77, and, also in his hand ‘Fuit homo missus a deo cuius nomen erat Iches[sic]’.

On fol. 183v is ‘Est liber Lioneli Talemache’ and on fol. 184r, in the same hand, is ‘Possessor Huius libri est Lionelli Talmache De Helmyngham’, i.e. Lionel Tollemache of Helmingham Hall, Norfolk, d. 1552 (the first of seven successive owners named Lionel but datable from his handwriting). On these men see E. D. H. Tollemache, The Tollemaches of Helmingham and Ham (Ipswich, 1949), at pp. 30 and 32, 34–9 respectively.

At the top of fol. 2r is ‘Wallworthe’ (s. xv, unexplained). ‘Robert Gray’ (fol. 185v, in a legal hand of c. 1500) and ‘John Markham’ (three times, in a legal hand, s. xviin) and ‘Markham’ (once) on the same page are difficult to fit into a succession of owners.

‘Liber Lanceloti Lake Hospitij Lincoln. Anno Domini 1633º’ (fol. 2r) is the ex libris of the third son of Sir Thomas Lake of Canons who was admitted to Lincoln’s Inn in February 1625/6 and may provide the connection with the next known owners, the Glynne family, since William Glynne, son and heir of William Glynn of Lleyar, co. Caernarvon, was admitted there in 1631/2.

On fol. 2r is ‘53. Placita Coronæ de anno regis Edwardi tertii tricesimo; et Assisæ ab anno 19 Ed. III ad 8 Henr: IV. vide Catal: MSS Glynne Barti’ (s. xviii), referring to the catalogue of the library of Sir William Glynne (CMA. ii. 49–54, no. 1977. 53), with the majority of whose manuscripts the book came to Exeter by bequest of Joseph Sandford: see MS 87, History.

Exeter library identifications are, inside the front cover, the book stamp; on fol. 1r, the book stamp and ‘MS. 134’; on the spine, ‘12’ on a round paper label and ‘53’ on a square paper label.

Record Sources

Andrew G. Watson, A descriptive catalogue of the medieval manuscripts of Exeter College, Oxford (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2000.

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact Exeter College Library.

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Rector and Fellows of Exeter College.

Last Substantive Revision

2020-04-29: First online publication