St John's College MS. 42
Bible: Jeremiah and Lamentations glossed
ascribed to GILBERT (THE UNIVERSAL) OF AUXERRE (Stegmüller RB 2543/11808 [2:352, 9:504–5]). Beryl Smalley assesses the evidence for Gilbert’s responsibility for the gloss in ‘Gilbertus Universalis, bishop of London (1128–34), and the problem of the “Glossa ordinaria” ’, Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 7 (1935), 235–62, and 8 (1936), 24–60. Less than half the gloss column on the final leaf is filled, and the remainder of the page, although ruled, is blank.
A good many marginal notes, especially chapter summaries of the biblical text, s. xvi2, perhaps Backhouse’s. In contrast, relatively few medieval additions, e.g. a distinctio for ‘?penis’ (fol. 72, the lower margin).
Not in Walther (fol. vii, lower margin; s. xiv1).
The page format varies according to the extent of the gloss, generally a writing area of about 213 × 130 mm. , in 61 gloss lines, 31 text lines. Prickings rare after the first quire; bounded and ruled in black ink.
In two sizes of gothic textura quadrata, the gloss above the top line, but the text beneath it. Punctuation by point and punctus elevatus.
Fols. 96v–vv, viv are covered with faded notes, including some music.
Headings in red, for the alphabetical divisions within Lamentations only.
A 9-line red and blue lombard at the head, on red vine-work with blue touches and flourishing; a smaller and rather more stylized example at the beginning of Lamentations.
Chapter numbers in alternate red and blue roman numerals marginally.
Glosses introduced by large alternating red and blue paraphs, sometimes with enlarged lombards in text ink.
Running titles in alternate red and blue lombards (Iere | mie throughout).
A modern replacement. Sewn on five thongs. At the front, a marbled paper leaf, two modern paper flyleaves, and a medieval vellum flyleaf; at the rear, three medieval vellum flyleaves, two modern paper ones, and another marbled paper one (v–x). The last vellum flyleaf (fol. vii) may have been a pastedown in an earlier binding.
Provenance and Acquisition
Three erased ownership inscriptions: on fol. 1, upper margin, ‘Liber is⟨ ⟩ herici [sic for henrici] simones’ (s. xiv2); others at the top of fol. vii and on fol. viiv, this last in part ‘⟨ ⟩ amico Rogero Walter suus R ⟨ ⟩’.
‘Iohannes backhus me possidet precium ij s’ (fol. 1, upper margin).
‘Commentarivs G Altisiodorensis in Ieremiam’ (s. xvii, probably the hand of Christopher Wren), and ‘42’, an early form of the College shelfmark (fol. 1 upper margin).
'Liber Collegij Sanctj Iohannis Baptistae Oxon ex dono Venerabilis Virj Richardi Butler Doctoris Theologiae Archidiaconi Northampt’ procurante Reuerendo in Cristo Patre Iohanne Episcopo Roffens 1613’ (fol. 1, in the gutter).
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Funding of Cataloguing
Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Thompson Family Charitable Trust
View list of abbreviations and editorial conventions.
Last Substantive Revision
2022-04: First online publication