St John's College MS. 49
Peter Lombard, Sentences
the extant medieval portions corresponding to Sententiae in iv libris distinctae, 3rd edn. (Grottaferrata, 1971–81), 1:3–2:507/16 (breaking off in 18.104.22.168). Between the prologue and text (fols. 2rb–3rb) is the table of chapters for book 1. A considerable amount of marginal material has been added on fols. 16v–17, 32rv, 33v, 75–80, 111v (primarily a correction), and 135.
Watson, DMO, no. 870 (146) and plate 65 (fol. 4), suggests that the MS might have been produced in northern France, and considers it datable, since the Lombard completed his work 1158, and bishop Hilary of Chichester died in 1169. Our MS is discussed by Malcolm Beckwith Parkes, ‘The Influence of the Concepts of Ordinatio and Compilatio on the Development of the Book’, in J. J. G. Alexander and M. T. Gibson (eds.), Medieval Learning and Literature: Essays presented to Richard William Hunt (Oxford: Clarendon, 1976), 117, 126, 139, and plate x (fol. 13v).
The fragmentary conclusion has been filled out with a modern supply, ending at fol. 149rb (ed. cit. 2:560/2): ‘ […] id est electis Laetabit enim iustus cum viderit vindictam Finis’. Fol. 149v is blank but ruled.
In double columns, each column 228 × 65 mm. , with 7 mm between columns, in 54 lines to the column. Along the leading edge a column for comments, about 22 mm wide. Frequent prickings; bounded and ruled in black ink.
Written in transitional protogothic bookhand/gothic textura. Punctuation by point and punctus elevatus.
Headings and marginal notations in red.
At the head of internal divisions, 2-line alternate slatey blue and red lombards with pen-work of the other colour.
Although the illumination at the head of book 1 has been excised, the illuminated letters at other major divisions survive:
Fol. 2ra (the prologue): an 8-line red and blue lombard with green and gold (as well as red and blue) leafy infill;
Fol. 44rb: God creating Eve from Adam’s side, on gold leaf within a blue initial on diapered red ground;
Fol. 81va, the Nativity, on gold leaf inside a red initial on a diapered blue ground;
Fol. 107ra: a large green and blue S, its ends animal heads and filled with vine and leaf design and with animals, on gold leaf.
See AT, no. 89 (12) and plate 6 (fol. 44rb).
Reversed calf over millboards, s. xvii. Sewn on four thongs. Cloth ties on both boards to close the book. An old tab ‘62’ at mid lower board leading edge. Gold ‘49’ at the top of the spine; in ink on the leading edges. Pastedowns modern paper, a College bookplate on the front pastedown. At the front, a modern paper flyleaf and a medieval vellum flyleaf (half a bifolium, preceded by its stub); at the rear, a single modern paper flyleaf (ii).
Provenance and Acquisition
‘liber sententiarum h⟨illa⟩r’ [clear in ultraviolet light] Episcopi ijdo fo dicatur F xxiiij’ (fol. 2, the lower margin; s. xv2), and an erased ex-libris (fol. 1, upper margin). Ker, MLGB 51, 247 associates the book with Chichester Cathedral.
‘Liber Collegij Sanctj Johannis Baptistae Oxon’ ex dono venerabilis virj Guilielmj Laud sacrae Theologiae Doctoris Archidiaconj Huntingtoniensis Ecclesiae Cathedralis Glocest Decanj et ejusdem Collegij Praesidis MDCXVIIo’ (fol. 1vb). Our MS is described as Laud Exhib, no. 4 (7).
For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact St John's College Library.
Funding of Cataloguing
Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Thompson Family Charitable Trust
Last Substantive Revision
2022-04: First online publication