St John's College MS. 96
Eadmer, Vita Oswaldi etc.
Not noted in BHL but a life of Mary with the same incipit appears at Cambrai, BM, MSS 809, fol. 61v, and 846, fol. 148; Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine MS 1709, fol. 126v.
ed. Christine E. Fell, ‘Edward King and Martyr’ (Leeds, 1971), using this MS as base.
Added texts, in four hands of s. xiii in., responsible for a, b–c, d, e–f, respectively:
ed. D. Whitelock, M. Brett, and C. N. L. Brooke, Councils and Synods, 2 vols. (Oxford, 1981), 800–4, our MS mentioned at 797.
discussing differences between the bishop of Worcester and archbishop of York, in one part and the archbishop of Canterbury; ed. J. Leclercq et al., Opera, vol. VIII (Rome, 1977), 115–19.
Raine describes (p. ix), the text as ‘a letter from the prior and monks of Marmoutier to Henry II, refusing to accede to his request to give up the body of Roger, bishop of Worcester, who seems to have died there in 1179’.
with additions s. xiv in. The last original entry mentions Richard, chamberlain to William Beauchamp.
ed. William Stubbs, Chronica Magistri Rogeri de Houedene, RS 51.2 (1869), 346–7, where it is dated 1188.
Quire 4, in spite of its brevity, appears to be complete. It represents a superseded booklet boundary: the scribe intended only to copy item 1, which would fit neatly in the allotted space, but subsequently decided to extend his work.
In long lines, about 28 lines to the page (varies slightly with the scribe). Prickings; bounded and ruled in stylus until fol. 46v, thereafter in black ink (some sections in brown crayon).
Written in several hands, all using protogothic bookhand; see N. R. Ker, English Manuscripts in the Century after the Norman Conquest (Oxford, 1960), 20 n. 5. The first scribe copied fols. 1–2 the second, fols. 3–46v; the third, fols. 47–80; the fourth, in a very spiky hand, fols. 80v–149v, with the table of chapters, fols. 104v–6, probably a fifth scribe. Scribes 2–4 punctuate by point and punctus elevatus; scribe 3 also uses the punctus interrogativus.
Throughout the MS, red headings in rustic capitals, although many spaces are blank.
At the head of item 1, a 10-line green, blue, and orange arabesque capital with vine interlace and human and animal figures and heads; at the head of item 2, a large blue arabesque initial in a different slate colour and with red and green vine pattern.
At chapter divisions of item 1, plain 3-line arabesque capitals in slate-blue, violet, and red; in item 2, arabesque capitals in red and green, at least one unfilled.
In booklet 2, a purple arabesque initial at the head, a 6-line red initial with blue vine at the head of the Passion; small red and green arabesque capitals for chapters.
In booklet 3, a 9-line gold and red arabesque capital (fol. 106); regularly alternating red, gold, and green arabesque capitals at chapter divisions.
Both books of the ‘Translation’ begin with 6-line arabesque capitals in gold and red with vine and leaf design; chapters introduced by 2-line red or gold arabesque capitals (occasionally with floral decoration in the other colour).
A plain 4-line red capital at the head of St Letard.
See AT, no. 84 (12), , dating s. xii3/4, and plate v (fol. 1). The authors connect the book with Dublin, Trinity College MS 53 (‘the Winchcombe Psalter’), and more distantly, BodL, MS Douce 368, , another book from Winchcombe, with Bede’s Historia (PA 3, no. 104 ).
A modern replacement. Sewn on two thongs. At the front, a marbled paper leaf and two medieval vellum flyleaves; at the rear, only another marbled leaf (iv).
Provenance and Acquisition
A contents list (s. xiii in., with an addition s. xiii/xiv); and ‘liber Gilleberti prioris’ (s. xiii) (fol. ii). On this basis, as well as the added text (d), the book is associated with Pershore (Worcs., OSB) (Ker, MLGB 550, 293). Two other surviving books, both of patristic authors, belonged to prior Gilbert: Cambridge, Emmanuel College MS 38; and Oxford, Jesus College MS 4.
Pen-trials and verses from hymns, s. xv and xv/xvi (fol. ii).
‘Orate pro anima Rogeri Euyrton patris domini Symonis Euyrton vicarie chorali ecclesie cathedralis Wellen’ Et animabus fratrum consanguiniorum que dicimus et animabus Omnium fidelium defunctorum Amen’ (fol. iii; s. xv ex., anglicana).
A table of contents s. xvii, with additions s. xviii (fol. iiiv).
Given to St John’s college by John White; in the Benefactors’ Book (col. ii) as ‘Vita et miracula Oswaldi Mariae Magdalenae Sancti Edwardi Augustini MS’.
For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact St John's College Library.
Funding of Cataloguing
Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Thompson Family Charitable Trust
Last Substantive Revision
2022-12: First online publication