A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

St John's College MS. 101

Glossed Gospels

Physical Description

Comprising four originally separate MSS
Form: codex
Support: Comprising four originally separate MSS, all on vellum (all HSOS/HFFH).
Extent: Fols. iii + 39 + i (numbered fol. 40) + 118 (numbered fols. 41–158) + iii (numbered fols. iv–vi).
Dimensions (leaf): 265 × 180 mm.

Condition

Tabs glued to leaves at the heads of the three Gospels.

Binding

A modern replacement. Sewn on four thongs. At the front, a marbled paper leaf and two modern paper flyleaves; at the rear, two modern paper leaves and another marbled paper leaf (iv–vi).

History

Origin: s. xii ex. and xiii in. variously ; England

Provenance and Acquisition

‘Todulus et uillelmus et godri’ (fol. 158, lower margin, s. xiii); a further pen-trial in the upper margin, fol. 158v, s. xv.

Contents list (fol. 1 lower margin, s. xvii).

In the Benefactors’ Book among John White’s donation (col. i): ‘Glossa in Marcum Lucam et Johannem ad Capitulum 7m. MS’.

Manuscript 1 = Fols. 1–40

Contents

Language(s): Latin

1. Fols. 1–39vc:
Incipit: marcvs euangelista dei \electus/ et petri in baptismate filius […] [fol. 1rc, the gloss] Ieronimus Quatuor enim qualitates de quibus sancta euangelia contexuntur precepta mandata […] [fol. 1vb, the text] Inicivm euangelij ihesv cristi filii dei sicut scriptum est in esaia propheta
Explicit: [fol. 39vb, the text ends] predicauerunt ubique domino cooperante et sermonem confirmante seqventibvs signis […] [fol. 39va, the gloss ends] quo seruo perducet per formam serui ut liberi contemplentur formam dei Gloria seculorum amen
Mark, with the ordinary gloss

Stegmüller, RB 11828 (9:523–5), preceded by Stegmüller, RB 607, the standard prologue. The text of the prologue begins in a gloss-sized hand and is written across the full page, only settling into its proper column on the lower half of fol. 1. A vast amount of added material in an ungainly textura, s. xiii ex., which, along with another hand, has contributed a large group of notes on the blank fol. 40rv.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: diebus (text, fol. 2)
Support: Vellum (HSOS/HFFH).
Extent: Fols. 39 + i (numbered fol. 40).

Collation

1–48 58 (–8, probably blank, a stub before fol. 40). Fol. 40 is a flyleaf from an earlier binding, half a bifolium, its stub visible after it. No catchwords; signed with a roman numeral on the final verso (quires 2–4 only = ii–iiii).

Condition

The vellum here is poorly prepared and very uneven at the page foot.

Layout

Formatted for a central text column 180–5 × 65 mm. , in 21 lines, flanked by gloss columns 200 × 30 mm. (on the inner margins of the leaf) and 200 × 40–5 mm. (on the leading edge), in up to 52 gloss lines. Prickings, for text lines only; bounded and ruled in stylus (on some pages, traced over in brown crayon).

Hand(s)

Written in gothic textura quadrata, s. xii ex. or xiii in., the text above the top line (as is usually the gloss); the text and the gloss in different styles and perhaps written by different scribes. Punctuation by point and punctus interrogativus (the text); in the gloss, the punctus elevatus also occurs.

Decoration

A 4-gloss-line blue lombard on red flourishing at the head of the prologue; a red capital on blue and gold ground at the head of the text.

All decoration in text ink except for frequent ochre-slashed capitals to open glosses and sentences.

At the head of ch. 14 (fol. 32rb), a 2-line blue lombard with some ochre infill, unusual in that space was left for an initial here, whilst in most instances the text is run on.

A hand of s. xv has tried to bring this text into conformity with the next by providing running titles with chapter numbers.

History

Origin: s. xii ex. or xiii in. ; England

Manuscript 2 = Fols. 41–126

Contents

Language(s): Latin

2. Fols. 41rb–126:
Incipit: ⟨Q⟩voniam qvidem mvlti \videlicet basilides et apelles et qui sub nomine […] / conati svnt ordinare narrationem […] [fol. 41ra, the gloss] Lvcas de omnibus que fecit ihesus et docuit usque in diem
Explicit: [fol. 94va, the gloss ceases] altum senserat humiliat dicens cum propheta Ego autem exaltatus humiliatus sum et confusus […] [the text ends] Et erant semper in templo laudantes et benedicentes devm Explicit evangelivm secvndum lvcam
Luke, with the ordinary gloss

Stegmüller, RB 11829 (9:525–6); the gloss ceases at Luke 14:7. The final verso is blank but ruled.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: -dium tibi
Support: Vellum (HSOS/HFFH).
Extent: Fols. 86.

Collation

6–158 166. Catchwords on about half the quires below the inner columns; many quires also signed with a roman numeral on first leaves, in no discernible sequence.

Layout

Formatted for a central text column 195–200 × 60 mm. , in 19 lines, flanked by gloss columns, each column 220–5 × 54 mm. (along the leading edge of the leaf) and 30 mm (along the inner margin), with 7 mm between columns, in up to 57 lines. Prickings, sometimes double, for both text column and gloss column; bounded and ruled in lead.

Hand(s)

Written by at least two scribes, one for the text and perhaps two for the fragmentary gloss (the second taking over on fol. 92). All write protogothic bookhand of s. xii ex., the first gloss scribe more conservative than the others. Punctuation by point and occasional punctus elevatus in both text and gloss.

Decoration

No decoration; paraphs, initials, and chapter numbers all in text ink (the last additions of s. xv).

History

Origin: s. xii ex. ; England

Manuscript 3 = Fols. 127–34

Contents

Language(s): Latin

3. Fols. 127ra–9vb:
Incipit: Quicumque uult saluus esse ante omnia opus est ut teneat […] [fol. 127rb, the gloss] Hic beatus athanasius liberum arbitrium posuit sicut dicit in psalmo
Explicit: [fol. 129va, the gloss ends] et si ita unusquisque non crediderit saluus esse non poterit […] [the text ends] nisi quisque fideliter firmiterque crediderit saluus esse non poterit
The Athanasian Creed glossed.
4. Fols. 130ra–va:
Incipit: Credo in deum \Deus noster non nos iubet discutere dei iudicia sed credere […] / patrem omnipotentem creatorem celi et terre
Explicit: remissionem peccatorum carnis resurrectionem \et/ uitam eternam amen [fol. 130rb, the gloss] Simbolum interpretatur indicium per quod indicatur omnis scientia ueritatis […] [the gloss ends] simbolum quod et credentes sanctificat et mortuos reducit ad uitam
The Apostles’ Creed glossed.
5. Fols. 130va–1ra:
Rubric: [later rubric:] Pater noster
Incipit: Pater noster Quia dixerat superius orationes autem nolite multum orare uel loqui docet nos breuem et puram oratione
Explicit: non negligatur Vnde subdit si dimiseritis etc. commendat condicionem
Bloomfield, nos. 8981, 8992,

cited from four continental MSS only.

6. Fol. 131ra–va:
Rubric: Sermo AUGUSTINI
Incipit: Questio sepe uentilata Qua iusticia anime pue\r/orum qui ante baptismum moriuntur damnentur Corpus
Explicit: nascitur omnes contrahunt maculam siue parentes baptizati fuerint seu non
PS.-AUGUSTINE, Sermon,

from the school of Laon, ed. PL 163:1043–4 as by GUILLIELMUS DE CAMPELLIS.

7. Fol. 131va
Incipit: Nota per ipsum est tibi omnis honor quia omnis creatura est te laudandi Creatura est
Explicit: per cristum pro legis gratia gratia euangelii permanens pro uerbis ueritas

Ed. Odon Lottin, Psychologie et morale au XIIe et XIIIe siècles 5 (Gembloux, 1959), 20, from BodL, MS Laud Misc. 216, fol. 108ra, where the text is ascribed to ANSELM OF LAON. There is a further copy in BodL, MS Auct. D.1.13, fol. ii.

8. Fol. 131va:
Incipit: AUGUSTINUS duos in quibus temerarium iudicium cauere debemus Cum incertum est quo animo quidque factum sit
Explicit: semper paratus est dare et in ipsa conuersione purgatio interioris oculi
AUGUSTINE, De sermone domini in monte (CPL 274), 2.18.61 and 2.3.14, ed. PL 34:1297, 1275.
9. Fol. 131vab:
Incipit: Sapientia eo modo et ordine reconciliare sibi \h/ominem uoluit quo nouerat
Explicit: Ieremias Nouum creaturi dominus super terram femina circumdabit uirum
Unidentified.
10. Fols. 131vb–32rb:
Rubric: Sermo beati AUGUSTINI De epihania [sic]
Incipit: Sicut dies hodiernus est anniuersario reditu commemorat nobis quod dominum nostrum ihesum cristum adorauerunt magi
Explicit: Vna qua in came nascimur aliae qua . in fide renascimur’
AUGUSTINE, Sermones app. (CPL 268), sermo 131.1–4, ed. PL 39:2005–7.
11. Fols. 132rb–va:
Incipit: Pascha apud grecos equinoc’ est dicitur enim et a paschi’ id est a passione et a transitu
Explicit: cum omnes eodem spiritu fuisse loquentes constet si in uno mentirentur in aliis eos non crederetur
12. Fol. 132va:
Incipit: Joseph ammonitus ab angelo fugit in egiptum cum puero cristo et ibi manserunt in ciuitate helias septennio
Explicit: predicauit donec tercio anno ad pascha ascendit et sic passus fuit
On Jesus’ travels.
13. Fol. 132vab:
Incipit: Quando uel quomodo dominus impleuit omnes gradus Hostiarius fuit quando uendentes et ementes de templo eiecit
Explicit: tunc cum magna modo maiori gloria quia de pena ueniunt
14. Fol. 132vb:
Incipit: Diptatia est . carta que continens nomina defunctorum fratrum super altare ponitur Pictacia est uetus liber abiectus
Explicit: canones posse sed intelligendum est hoc modo id est per deum
15. Fol. 132vb:
Incipit: Iohannes lucas greco sermone scripserunt Marcus latino sermone gentibus Matheus uero hebreis
Explicit: sit cibus in domo mea et pro\b/ate me in his dicit dominus [the last two words over erasure].
16. Fol. 132vb:
Rubric: Paulus apostolus de filiis leui
Incipit: Sacerdotes accipientes mandatum habent decimas sumere a \po/pulo secundum legem
Explicit: quem deus retribuens est et septies tantum reddet tibi
17. Fol. 133ra:
Rubric: AUGUSTINUS
Incipit: Decime enim tributa sunt egentium animarum Quod si decimas dederis non solum
Explicit: reddens decimas eciam de na\o/uem partibus studeat elemosinam dare
AUGUSTINE, Sermones, app. sermo 277,

the heading and 2–3, ed. PL 39:2266, 2267–8, , but very likely cited from GRATIAN, Decretum 2a pars, C. 16, q. I. c. 66 (CJCan 1:784).

18. Fols. 133rab:
Rubric: De ieunio sabbati AUGUSTINUS
Incipit: Cum \in/ eadem . [in unitate] \ciuitate/ mater mea mecum esset et nobis adhuc chatecuminis parum curantibus
Explicit: Per iniquum mihi uidetur esse ut pudicitiam uir ab uxore exigat qua ipse non exibet
AUGUSTINE

The incipit corresponds to Epistola 36.14.32, ed. PL 33:151.

19. Fol. 133rb:
Rubric: De confessionibus sanctus AUGUSTINUS in libro viiio
Incipit: Tu domine usquequo usquequo domine irasceris in finem Ne memor fueris iniquitatum nostrarum antiquarum
Explicit: ne feceritis in concupiscentiis Nec ultra uolui legere nec opus erat
AUGUSTINE, Confessions (CPL 251) 8.12, ed. Lucas Verheijen, CC 27 (1981), 131/14–36.
20. Fol. 133rb–va:
Rubric: Idem in xij. libro
Incipit: Uerum est informitatem que prope nichil est uices temporum habere non posse
Explicit: ex informi formatur prius esse informe deinde formatum
AUGUSTINE, Confessions,

12.19, ed. Verheijen 230/9–17.

21. Fols. 133va–4ra:
Rubric: De clericis culpas episcoporum retice utibus GELASIUS in ultimo capitulo
Incipit: quapropter clericorum quisquam se huius offense confidat inmunem si in his qui
Explicit: cuilibet ex clero gratie tantummodo causa uoluerit hec accipi nullo modo prohibemus

The incipit corresponds to a letter of GELASIUS 1, cited in the ps.-Isidoran canons, ed. PL 84:806, ; the text does not agree very closely with this or the other obvious citation, GRATIAN, Decretum 2a pars, C. 2, q. 7, c. 47 (CJCan 1:499–500).

22. Fols. 134rab:
Rubric: In natale sacro sacre sollennia misse
Incipit: Quid signent aut cur ter celebrentur habes Nocte prior sub luce sequens in luce
Explicit: uisibilium sacramtorum [sic for sacramentorum] prouocemur ad cognitionem et ad amorem inuisibilium edificiorum
HILDEBERT OF LAVARDIN, 'liber de sacra euchristia',

ed. PL 171:1198–9. The verso is blank and unruled.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: Et tamen
Support: Vellum (HSOS/HFFH).
Extent: Fols. 8.

Collation

178. No catchwords or signatures.

Layout

To fol. 130, in double columns, one for the text, one for the gloss, each column 195–7 × 65–7 mm. , with 9 mm between columns, in 20 text and 56 gloss lines.

From fol. 130v in double columns, each column 195–205 × 65 mm. , with 8 mm between columns, in 40 lines to the column. No prickings; bounded and ruled in brown crayon.

Hand(s)

Written in protogothic bookhand, s. xii ex. Punctuation by point and punctus elevatus.

Decoration

Texts 3 and 4 are introduced by 4- to 7-line blue arabesque capitals, and each clause of text 3 has a 1-line arabesque initial.

The glosses are set off by 1-line capitals in text ink.

Thereafter, minimally decorated: blanks for rubrics are usually unfilled, the few present written in green ink, as is one initial arabesque capital.

Most texts are introduced by arabesque initials in the text ink.

History

Origin: s. xii ex. ; England

Manuscript 4 = Fols. 135–58

Contents

Language(s): Latin

23. Fols. 135ra–58vb:
Incipit: Hic erat iohannes apostolus et euangelista unus ex discipulis dei […] [fol. 135rb, the gloss] Omnibus diuine scripture paginis euuangelium excellit quia quod lex et prophete […] [fol. 136ra, the gloss to the text proper] In patre qui est principium sine principio fflius qui est principium […] [fol. 136rb, the text] In principio erat uerbum \uerbum no prolat’ in patre sed \eum manens/ semper apud filius sapiencia ut alia persona/ et uerbum
Explicit: [fol. 158va, the gloss ends] sed dei uel quia uerbum non est nullius set alicuius […] [the text ends] ad diem festum istum quia tempus \humilitatis/ meum nondum impletum est ||
John, with the ordinary gloss

Stegmüller, RB 11830 (9:527–9), preceded by Stegmüller, RB 624, the standard prologue, and breaking off in 7:8 at a quire end. In the lower margin of fol. 142v, a diagram giving Greek names of the cardinal directions.

Physical Description

Secundo Folio: In principio [text]
Secundo Folio: In patre [gloss]
Support: Vellum (HSOS/HFFH).
Extent: Fols. 24

Collation

18–208. No signatures or catchwords.

Layout

Formatted for a central text column 185 × 50 mm. , in 23 lines

flanked by gloss columns, each of them 185 × 44 mm. (along the leading edge) and 28 mm (along the gutter) in 45 lines to the column. No prickings; bounded and ruled in black and brown crayon.

Hand(s)

Written in transitional protogothic bookhand/ gothic textura, s. xiii in. (both the text and gloss below top line). Punctuation by point and occasional punctus elevatus in both text and gloss.

Decoration

At the head, a 4-gloss-line arabesque initial in red on green flourishing.

Verses begin with alternate 1-line red and green arabesque initials; glosses open with text ink paraphs slashed in red. No chapter divisions.

History

Origin: s. xiii in. ; England

Additional Information

Record Sources

Ralph Hanna, A descriptive catalogue of the western medieval manuscripts of St. John's College, Oxford (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002)

Availability

For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact St John's College Library.

Bibliography

    Morton W. Bloomfield et al., Incipits of Latin Works on the Virtues and Vices, 1100–1500 A.D., Including a Section of Incipits of Works on the Pater Noster (Cambridge Mass., 1979).
    Eligius Dekkers and Aemilius Gaar, Clavis patrum latinorum, 3rd edn. (Turnhout, 1995).
    Friedberg et al., Corpus Juris Canonici, 2 vols. (Leipzig, 1879–81).
    Odon Lottin (ed.), Psychologie et morale au XIIe et XIIIe siècles 5 (Gembloux, 1959).
    Jacques-Paul Migne (ed.), Patrologia Latina 33 (Paris, 1845).
    Jacques-Paul Migne (ed.), Patrologia Latina 34 (Paris, 1845).
    Jacques-Paul Migne (ed.), Patrologia Latina 39 (Paris, 1846).
    Jacques-Paul Migne (ed.), Patrologia Latina 84 (Paris, 1850).
    Jacques-Paul Migne (ed.), Patrologia Latina 163 (Paris, 1854).
    Jacques-Paul Migne (ed.), Patrologia Latina 171 (Paris, 1854).
    Friederich Stegmüller, Repertorium Biblicum Medii Aevi, 11 vols. (Madrid, 1950–80).
    Lucas Verheijen (ed.), Sancti Augustini Confessionum libri XIII, Corpus Christianorum 27 (1981).

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Thompson Family Charitable Trust

Last Substantive Revision

2023-01: First online publication

See the Availability section of this record for information on viewing the item in a reading room.