St John's College MS. 108
Gilbert the Englishman, Compendium medicine
Language(s): Latin with a flyleaf text in English
'Triplex causa febrem generat custodit et auget vt putrido porum constriccio praua dieta et quandoque porus generat custodit et auget' (s. xiv in., anglicana; above an erased version, s. xiii ex., in textura).
in lead and much faded.
‘Pro effusione sanguinis longeus smot god to þe hert þerowt com blod and water þat was wel good and wel holy þorw þe vertu of þat blod N y congour
þe þy blod þat it stynt and stawnche and no more blede God was ybore in bedleem and yfwllyd in þe water of flom Iordayn þe flod was wood þe chylde was good […] '
Cited in full; cf. IMEV 624, Suppl. 627.5, 1946.5; ed. OT 89, and see further Douglas Gray, ‘Notes on Some Middle English Charms’, in Beryl Rowland (ed.), Chaucer and Middle English Studies in Honour of Rossell Hope Robbins (London, 1974), 58–71 at 61–3. Added at mid-page, s. xv1, in anglicana.
In double columns, each column 175 × 45 mm. , with 10 mm between columns, in 48 lines to the column. No prickings; bounded and ruled in lead and black ink.
Written in gothic textura rotunda. Punctuation by point and medial point.
Like MS 76, the textual presentation is modelled on that of Bible MSS. Rubrics in red; alternate red and blue 2-line lombards at the heads of divisions (up to fol. 86, elaborately flourished in the other colour forming a full column border; thereafter flourishing ceases).
Running titles usually in blue (only fitfully present after fol. 300)—in books 1, 3, and the early part of book 5 (fols. 189–201), alternate red and blue—giving book and folio number.
Quire 26, in addition to its peculiar formation, is also unusual in its decoration, with some starts on flourishing with extended blue bars by initial capitals and a few capitals in gold leaf (continuing into the next quire and occasionally used for numbering in running titles).
One illuminated initial, in a champe with marginal floral sprays on gold-leaf ground, shows a red-robed physician examining a urine flask (fol. 1ra).
See AT, no. 293 (30), dating s. xiv2/4.
A limp vellum wrapper, s. xvi, with two rag ties to hold the book shut. Sewn on three thongs. Gold ‘108’ at the head of the spine, in black ink on the leading edges. Pastedowns modern paper, a College bookplate on the front pastedown. At the front, one modern paper flyleaf and three medieval vellum ones (apparently fols. ii + iv are a bifolium, fol. iii single and followed by its stub); at the rear, one medieval vellum flyleaf and one modern paper one (v–vi). When Coxe described the MS, it included flyleaves (s. xv3/4) from a commentary on Paul’s epistles to Timothy. These have now been removed and form MS 235, frag. nos. 112–13.
Provenance and Acquisition
‘Liber Collegij Divi Johannis Baptistae Oxon’ ex dono Domini Gulielmi Paddei Militis et olim Collegii Convictoris 1634’ (fol. 2, upper margin).
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Funding of Cataloguing
Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Thompson Family Charitable Trust
View list of abbreviations and editorial conventions.
Last Substantive Revision
2022-04: First online publication