St John's College MS. 194
Language(s): Latin with some Greek and Old English
A few exegetical notes in the lower margins. The subsequent unnumbered leaf (fol. 20 bis) is blank.
Fol. 31vb and the unnumbered fol. 31 bisrv are blank.
Below the explicit the notation ‘Iohannes aquila’.
Below the text after the explicit, four lines of non-Latin script, the last two Greek, as well as an illegible line, and the verse ‘Sic scriptor fersus kalamum sub calle laboris’. The remainder was originally blank.
‘Anno dominice incarnationis dcccclxxix. Ego aegelredus rex gratia dei tocius britannie monarcha pro salute anime mee concedo ecclesie cristi in dorobernia terras uiris mei scilicet Sandwich et estree ad opus monachorum in eadem ecclesia deo seruientium liberas ab omni seculari seruitio et fiscali tributo exceptis expeditione pontium et castrorum constructione Quisquis hanc meam largifluam munificentiam uiolare presumpserit cum reprobis in die iudicii a sinistris cristi collocatis accipiat sententiam dampnationis cum diabolo et angelis eius’ (s. xiii ex.).
‘Ic aegelreð ðurh geue gealra eingla landes ane king ⁊ ealra ðere ylande þe ðerto beliggat for mire saule alisendnesse gean cristes chirichan inne chantƿareberi landas on mine gerihte ꝥ is to ƿittenne sandƿich ⁊ aestree […] (s. xii med.).
Text (a) in Old English translation, written in insular minuscule (including the letter wynn).
In double columns, each column 125 × 45 mm. , with 7–9 mm between columns, in 33 lines to the page. Some prickings; bounded and ruled in stylus.
Written in caroline (frequent use of insular a, occasionally insular g and s). Punctuation by point only.
Headings in text ink in uncial.
Initials at major divisions, the same size as those within text, usually marginally and in scribal ink.
Unusually, at the head of John, a 14-line high capital in text ink, outlined by and with simple interlace inside (a space left for a second on the page is unfilled).
Running titles to identify the Gospel in uncial, rustic capitals, occasionally (e.g. fols. 41v–2) in Greek.
Illustrations: on fol. 1v, in ink, with green, brown, and flesh-coloured wash for highlights, under a canopy John holding a pen and a copy of his Gospel, with a cross-bearing angel leaning down towards him. Francis Wormald, English Drawings of the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries (London, 1952), 23, 77 (no. 52), first identified this drawing as copied from BL, MS Cotton Tiberius A.ii (where it depicts Matthew), a Gospel book made at Lobbes and presented by Otto I to Athelstan, who is believed to have donated it to Christ Church, Canterbury.
On fol. 2 (probably s. xv): a crowned and robed king, perhaps Edward the Confessor, gesturing toward the ‘Ego’ of the inscription.
A few further drawings in the lower margins, e.g. a dog’s head (fol. 42v) or a simple floral interlace pattern (fol. 15v).
There are also the faint remains of drawings on fols. 20vb and 31vb.
See AT, no. 1 (3), for fol. 1v only, dated c.950 and Christ Church?, and plate i (fol. 1v, the evangelist identified as Matthew, not John); and AT, no. 508 (50) for fol. 2, dated s. xv med., an added drawing.
The drawings have often been reproduced; see ASIllum 7 and plate 5; Wormald, plate 40b (fol. 1v); Temple, no. 12 (41–2), and fig. 47 (fol. 1v). See Plate 7.
A modern replacement. Sewn on two thongs, but probably originally others at the top and foot, suggesting an s. xii binding; three thongs showed on the spine (now damaged). At the front, a marbled paper leaf and two modern paper flyleaves; at the rear, three vellum flyleaves, two modern paper flyleaves, and another marbled paper leaf (iii bis–ix).
Provenance and Acquisition
The illustration and the two deeds suggest Christ Church, Canterbury, as do the two pressmarks ‘GL’ (fol. 2, s. xi; fol. 4, s. xii); see further James, AL, Appendix D (527). Tentatively accepted as a Christ Church book by Ker, MLGB 39.
‘Ob prophetum multum crimen pertransit multum’ (fol. 65v, s. xv).
‘Nunc lege nunc ora nunc cum feruore labora | Sic erit hora breuis labor ille leuis’ (WIC 12951; fol. iii; s. xv, secretary).
The old cancelled shelfmark ‘Abac: ij. N. 40.’ (fol. 1v).
‘Liber Collegij Sancti Joannis Baptistae Oxon’ ex Legato Henrici Price Sacrae Theologiae Bachalaurei et hujus Collegij olim Socij qui obijt 20 Februarij Anno 1600’ (fol. 3, upper margin).
For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact St John's College Library.
Additional bibliography provided by St John's College staff:
Funding of Cataloguing
Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Thompson Family Charitable Trust
Last Substantive Revision
2021-09: First online publication