St John's College MS. 198
William Heytesbury, Sophismata
Comprising three originally separate MSS, the first on mixed vellum and paper, the last two single quires on vellum (HSOS/HFFH). In manuscript 1, scribes 1 and 2 simply alternate vellum and paper leaves (the vellum always outside); scribe 3 uses a vellum sheet to form outer and central bifolia and regularly has two groups of two paper sheets each between these and a third vellum bifolium. The paper leaves do not appear to be formed by folding but from cutting appropriately sized bifolia from sheets; wire lines run both vertically and horizontally, and watermarks appear irregularly and indiscriminately. The first twelve quires are on very archaic paper, with pronounced widely spaced wire lines. There are four stocks:
A: Monts/Dreiberg in quire 3;
B, C: Ciseaux of two types, one each in quires 4 and 5;
D: Horn in quire 8;
E: Fleur, perhaps more than one type, in quires 16–18.
Various page formats noted below.
A modern replacement. Sewn on four thongs. At the front, one modern paper flyleaf (dated 1789); at the rear, one modern paper flyleaf (ii).
Provenance and Acquisition
Ker could read under ultraviolet light what we can no longer clearly discern, the erased inscriptions, ‘quaternus fratris Iohannis de Claxton ordinis predicatorum Bostonie’ (fol. 181, upper margin) and the words ‘quod [? quaternus] frater I Claxton de Booston’ (fol. 188v, below the inscription described next); for the ascription of fols. 181–8 alone to the Boston Dominicans, see MLGB 11, 231.
‘Ista sunt sophismata Fratris Willielmi Louent [the name over an erasure] ordinis predicatorum cicestrie [again over an erasure]’ (the upper margin, fol. 188v) (the Chichester Dominican convent, Ker MLGB 51, 248).
Ker also read with ultraviolet another erased inscription (s. xv ex., fol. 180v, below an earlier contents table added s. xv) ‘Iste quaternus ⟨ ⟩ ordinis predicatorum leycestrie’ (MLGB 113, fols. 1–180 only).
Pen-trials ‘Mary Whyght’ twice (fol. 173v, s. xvi).
The old shelfmark ‘Abac: ij N. 51.’ (fol. 1, margin).
‘Iohannes White de Suthwykk in Comitatu Sutht Armiger dedit hunc librum Thome White de london militi ad vsu Colegij per ipsum de nouo erecti in Oxon’ Anno 1555’ (fol. 1, lower margin).
Manuscript 1 = Fols. 1–180
in a different hand s. xv. A note derived from HUGH OF FOUILLY, De claustro animae, see MS 200, item 3, for the full text.
‘Fuit homo missus a deo cuius nomen erat Iohannes [s. xv ex., in the same head which continues as Provenance 3] Iste quaternus’.
In long lines, 33 lines to the page. No prickings; bounded in brown crayon, no rules.
Written in textura with some anglicana forms, s. xv. There are three scribes, whose stints run fols. 1–99, 99v–129v, 130–73. Punctuation by point only.
Logic diagram added, fol. 180.
Manuscript 2 = Fols. 181–8
for the name in the upper margin of fol. 188v, here taken as an owner, see Provenance.
In long lines, 32 lines to the page. No prickings, bounds, or rules.
Written in anglicana, probably s. xv in. Punctuation by point only.
Manuscript 3 = Fols. 189–94
the incipit followed by discussion of faith and charity, of virtue generally, of the resurrection, of obedience.
In double columns, each column 143 × 50 mm. (the leaves have been cut into at the top of the text), with 4 mm between columns, in about 65 lines to the page. No prickings, bounds, or rules.
Written in university textura, s. xiii ex. Punctuation by point and punctus elevatus.
For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact St John's College Library.
Funding of Cataloguing
Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Thompson Family Charitable Trust
View list of abbreviations and editorial conventions.
Last Substantive Revision
2022-04: First online publication