A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

St John's College MS. 235 (fragment 109)

JUSTINIAN, Codex 1.2.13–14 and 1.2.23 and opening portions of 1.3 (binding fragment)


Language(s): Latin


1.2.13–14 and 1.2.23 and opening portions of 1.3 , ed. CJCiv 2:13, 16–17, 19; the texts include many of the ‘autentica’, suppressed in favour of the Novellae; see the table at CJCiv 2:510.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Vellum.
Extent: Fols. 2.
Dimensions (leaf): 325–30 × 220 mm.


The writing fills the leaf: a central text area in double columns, each column c.245 × 55 mm. , with 12 mm between columns, in 51 lines to the column, surrounded by glosses, about 80 lines to the page. No prickings; bounds and rules faded.


Written in Italian (probably Bolognese) gothic textura rotunda, different sizes for text and gloss, s. xiv in. (a few late interlinear additions in English hands, anglicana with secretary a, s. xv).


Headings in red.

All canons introduced by decorated capitals, at the simplest 3-line blue lombards with touches of red; many with full champes in gold leaf on blue and violet, always with vinework and often with lions or dragons; there are also two painted human figures.

The canon usually headed by a 1-line unflourished red lombard, and usually decorative penwork initials, frequently with infill or heads, often ochre-slashed.


Origin: s. xiv in. (text and gloss) s. xv (interlinear additions) ; Italy probably Bologna (text) ; England (interlinear additions)

Provenance and Acquisition

MS 235 is a collection of binding fragments removed from College books (medieval portions only). This entry is for fragment 109 only.

Record Sources

Ralph Hanna, A descriptive catalogue of the western medieval manuscripts of St. John's College, Oxford (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002)


For enquiries relating to this manuscript please contact St John's College Library.


    Paul Kruger et al., Corpus Juris Civilis, 2 vols. (Berlin, 1905).

Funding of Cataloguing

Conversion of the printed catalogue to TEI funded by the Thompson Family Charitable Trust

Last Substantive Revision

2022-06: First online publication

See the Availability section of this record for information on viewing the item in a reading room.