A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Bodl. 277

Summary Catalogue no.: 2124

Contents

Language(s): Middle English with some Latin

(fols. 1r–375v)
Old and New Testaments in the Later Version of the Wycliffite Bible

Solopova identifies this as a unique further revision. Includes a revised 3 Ezra, found otherwise only in the Earlier Version of the Wycliffite Bible, as well as prologues to Isaiah and Baruch, and to the books of the New Testament (for Romans, both the Later Version and Earlier Version’s prologues).

(fol. 1r)
Chapter 1 of the General Prologue
Rubric: Prolog
Incipit: Fyue & twenty bookis
Final rubric: Heere endiþ prolog on þe book of Genesis
(fol. 1v)
Genesis
Rubric: Here biginniþ þe book of Genesis
(fol. 17v)
Exodus
Rubric: Heere endiþ Genesis and bigynniþ Exodus
(fol. 30v)
Leviticus
Rubric: Heere endiþ Exodus and biginniþ leuyticus
Final rubric: Heere endiþ leuyticus
(fol. 39r)
Numbers
Rubric: Here bigynniþ þe book of Numery
(fol. 51r)
Deuteronomy
Rubric: Heere endiþ Numery and bigynniþ Deutronomye
(fol. 62r)
Joshua
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe book of Deutronomie and bigynniþ þe book of Iosie
Final rubric: Heere endiþ þe book of Iosue
(fol. 69v)
Judges
Rubric: Here bigynniþ þe book of Iudicum
(fol. 77r)
Ruth
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe book of Iudicum and bigynneþ þe book of Ruth
(fol. 78v)
1 Kings
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe book of Ruth and bigynniþ þe firste book of kyngis
Final rubric: Heere endiþ þe firste book of kyngis
(fol. 89r)
2 Kings
Rubric: Heere bigynniþ þe ii book of kyngis
(fol. 97r)
3 Kings
Rubric: Hee[sic] endiþ þe secounde book of kyngis and bigynneþ þe þridde

Imperfect at the end, ending at 22:11, due to a leaf lost after fol. 106.

(fol. 107r)
4 Kings

Begins imperfectly at 2:16.

(fol. 116r)
1 Chronicles
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe fourþe book of kyngis and bigynniþ þe firste book of Paralipomynon þat is of wordis of daies
Final rubric: Heere endiþ þe firste book of Paralipomynon
(fol. 124v)
2 Chronicles
Rubric: Heere biginniþ þe secounde book of Paralipomynon

Prayer of Manasseh included (fol. 135r) without a rubric.

Final rubric: Heere endiþ þe seconde book of Paralipomynon
(fol. 135v)
1 Ezra
Rubric: Heere biginniþ þe firste book of Esdre
(fol. 138r)
2 Ezra
Rubric: Heere eendiþ þe firste book of Esdre and þe secounde biginniþ
(fol. 142v)
3 Ezra
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe secounde book of Esdre and heere biginnyþ þe þridde book of Esdre
(fol. 147v)
Tobit
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe þridde book of Esdre and bigynniþ Thobie
(fol. 150v)
Judith
Rubric: Here endiþ Thobie and bigynniþ Iudith
(fol. 154v)
Esther
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe book of Iudith and bigynniþ Ester

Usual notes on the divergences between the Hebrew and Latin texts in red, chapters X–XV.

Final rubric: Heere endiþ hester
(fol. 159r)
Job
Rubric: Heere bignniþ Iob

At the end of the second column on fol. 158v, in red, ‘Iob was a very man in kynde …’, by the original rubricator, with a rubric ‘a glose’.

(fol. 167r)
Psalms
Rubric: Heere endiþ Iob And bigynniþ þe Sauter
Final rubric: Heere endiþ þe sauter of Dauid þe prophete
(fol. 186v)
Proverbs
Rubric: Heere bigynniþ þe book of prouerbis
(fol. 193r)
Ecclesiastes
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe book of prouerbis and bigynniþ Ecclesiastes
(fol. 195v)
Song of Songs
Rubric: Heere endiþ Ecclesiastes and bigynniþ Song of songis
(fol. 196v)
Wisdom
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe book of songis and biginniþ þe book of wisdom
(fol. 201v)
Ecclesiasticus
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe book of wisdom and bigynniþ þe book of Ecclesiasticus
(fol. 214r)
Prologue to Isaiah
Rubric: Heere endeþ Ecclesiasticus and biginniþ a prologe on ysaie & oopere prophetis
Incipit: As seynt Ierom seiþ
(fol. 214v)
Isaiah
Rubric: Heere eendiþ þe prologe and biginniþ ysaie þe prophete

Rubric ‘þe scripture of Ezechie kyng of Iuda’ at chapter 38, starting with a small gold initial.

(fol. 229r)
Jeremiah
Rubric: Heere endiþ ysaie and biginniþ Ieremye
(fol. 246r)
Lamentations of Jeremiah
Rubric: Heere biginnen þe lament- acions of Ieremye
(fol. 247r)
Prayer of Jeremiah
Rubric: Heere enden þe lamentacions and here biginniþ þe preier of Ieremye þe prophet
(fol. 247v)
Prologue to Baruch
Rubric: Heere biginniþ þe prolog of Baruk
Incipit: Þis book whiche is titlid
(fol. 247v)
Baruch
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe prologe and biginniþ Baruk

Chapter 6 with a gold initial and rubric ‘Heere biginniþ þe saumple...’.

(fol. 249v)
Ezekiel
Rubric: Heere endiþ Baruk and biginniþ Ezechiel
(fol. 265v)
Daniel
Rubric: Heere endiþ Ezechiel and here biginniþ Daniel
(fol. 272r)
Hosea
Rubric: Heere endiþ Daniel and biginniþ Osee
(fol. 274r)
Joel
Rubric: Heere endiþ Osee and biginniþ Ioel
(fol. 275r)
Amos
Rubric: Heere endiþ Ioel and biginniþ Amos
(fol. 276v)
Obadiah
Rubric: Heere endiþ amos and biginniþ Abdias
(fol. 277r)
Jonah
Rubric: Heere endiþ Abdias and biginniþ Ionas
(fol. 277v)
Micah
Rubric: Heere endiþ Ionas and biginniþ Micheas
(fol. 278v)
Nahum
Rubric: Heere endiþ Michee and biginniþ Naum
(fol. 279r)
Habakkuk
Rubric: Heere endiþ Naum and biginniþ Abacuk

Chapter 3 with rubric ‘þe preier of abakuc’.

(fol. 280r)
Zephaniah
Rubric: Heere endiþ abakuc and biginniþ Sophonie
(fol. 280v)
Haggai
Rubric: Heere endiþ Sophonye and biginniþ Aggey
(fol. 281r)
Zechariah
Rubric: Heere endiþ Aggey and biginniþ Zacharie
(fol. 283v)
Malachi
Rubric: Heere endiþ Zacharie and biginniþ Malachie
(fol. 284v)
1 Maccabees
Rubric: Heere endiþ Malachie and biginniþ þe firste book of Machabeis
(fol. 294r)
2 Maccabees
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe firste book of Machabeis and biginniþ þe seconde
Final rubric: Heere endiþ þe secounde book of Machabeis þe whiche is þe ende of þe olde testament

Most of the last leaf is blank.

(fol. 302r)
Prologue to Matthew
Rubric: Heere bigynniþ þe prologe of ierom on þe gospel of Matheu
Incipit: Matheu þat was of Iudee
Final rubric: Heere endiþ þe prologe

Nineteen-line blank frame in the first column. Solopova observes that the box is smudged as if the decoration was ‘lifted off’ and suggests that it contained pasted decoration, possibly including an indication of ownership.

(fol. 302r)
Matthew
Rubric: Here bigynniþ þe gospel of Matheu
(fol. 311v)
Prologue to Mark
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe gospel of Matheu and biginniþ þe prologe on þe gospel of Mark
Incipit: Mark þe gospeller was þe chosen seruaunt
(fol. 311v)
Mark
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe prologe & bigynniþ þe gospel of M a r k
(fol. 317v)
Prologue to Luke
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe gospel of Mark and biginniþ þe prologe on Luyk
Incipit: Luye was a man of sirie
Final rubric: Heere endiþ þe prologe
(fol. 318r)
Luke
Rubric: Here biginniþ þe gospel of luyk
(fol. 327v)
Prologue to John
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe gospel of Luyk and biginniþ þe prologe of Ierom on þe gospel of Ioon
Incipit: This is ioon euangelist
(fol. 327v)
John
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe prologe and heere biginniþ þe gospel of Ioon
(fol. 334v)
The Earlier Version of the Wycliffite Bible, Prologue to Romans
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe gospel of Ioon and biginniþ þe firste prologe on þe pistle to Romayns
Incipit: First us bihoueþ vndirstonde
Final rubric: Heere endiþ þe firste prolog on þe pistil to Romayns
(fol. 335r)
The Later Version of the Wycliffite Bible, Prologue to Romans
Incipit: Romayns ben in þe cuntrey
Rubric: Heere biginniþ þe ii. prologe on þe pistle to Romains
(fol. 335r)
Romans
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe prologe and here biginniþ þe pistle
(fol. 338v)
Prologue to 1 Corinthians
Rubric: Here endiþ þe pistle to Romayns And bigynneþ þe prolog on þe firste pistle to Corinthies
Incipit: Corynthis ben
Final rubric: þis seiþ Ierom in his prolog on þe firste pistle to corynthies
(fol. 338v)
1 Corinthians
(fol. 342r)
Prologue to 2 Corinthians
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe firste pistle to Corinthies and biginiþ þe prologe on þe ii pistle to Corinth
Incipit: Aftir penaunce
(fol. 342r)
2 Corinthians
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe prologe & biginiþ þe pistle
(fol. 344v)
Prologue to Galatians
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe secounde pistle to Corynthies and biginiþ þe prologe on þe pistle to Galathies
Incipit: Galathies ben grekis
(fol. 355r)
Galatians
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe prologe & biginniþ þe pistle
(fol. 346r)
Prologue to Ephesians
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe pistle to Galathies & biginniþ þe prologe on þe epistle to Ephesians
Incipit: Ephecians ben of asye
(fol. 346r)
Ephesians
(fol. 347r)
Prologue to Philippians
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe pistle to Effesians and bigynniþ þe prologe on þe pistle to Philippencis
Incipit: Filipencis ben of macedonye
Final rubric: Here endiþ þe prologe
(fol. 347r)
Philippians
(fol. 348r)
Prologue to Colossians
Rubric: Heere endeþ þe pistle to Philipencis and biginiþ þe prologe on þe pistle to Colocencis
Incipit: Colocencis ben also laodicencis
(fol. 348r)
Colossians
Rubric: Here biginniþ þe pistle
(fol. 349r)
Prologue to 1 Thessalonians
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe pistle to Colocencis and biginniþ þe prologe on þe i pistle to Thess’
Incipit: Tessalonycensis ben macedonies
(fol. 349r)
1 Thessalonians
Rubric: Here biginniþ þe pistle
(fol. 349v)
Prologue to 2 Thessalonians
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe firste pistle to Tessalonicencis and biginniþ þe prologe on þe ii pistle to Thessalonycencis
Incipit: Þe postle writeþ
(fol. 349v)
2 Thessalonians
(fol. 350r)
Prologue to 1 Timothy
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe ii epistle to thessalonicensis and biginniþ þe prologe of þe i epistle to Thymothe
Incipit: He enformiþ and techiþ
(fol. 350r)
1 Timothy
Rubric: Heere biginniþ þe pistle
(fol. 351r)
Prologue to 2 Timothy
Rubric: Heere endiþ þen i pistle to Thymothe & biginniþ þe prologe on þe ii
Incipit: He writiþ also
(fol. 351r)
2 Timothy
(fol. 351v)
Prologue to Titus
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe ii pistle to Thymothe and biginniþ þe prologe of þe pistle to Tite
Incipit: He warniþ tyte
(fol. 351v)
Titus
(fol. 352r)
Prologue to Philemon
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe pistle to tyte & biginniþ þe prologe on þe pistle to Philemon
Incipit: He makeþ familiar
(fol. 352r)
Philemon
(fol. 352v)
Prologue to Hebrews
Rubric: Heere endiþ the pistle to Philemon and biginniþ þe prologe on þe pistle to Ebrewis
Incipit: First it is to sey
(fol. 352v)
Hebrews
(fol. 355v)
Prologue to Acts
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe pistle to Ebrewis and biginniþ þe prologe on þe dedis of apostlis
Incipit: Luyk of antioche
Final rubric: Heere endiþ þe prologe
(fol. 355v)
Acts
(fol. 365v)
The Catholic epistles. Prologue to James
Rubric: Heere enden þe dedis of apostlis and heere biginniþ a prologe on þe pistlis of cristen feiþ þat ben seuene in ordre
Incipit: Þe ordre of þe seuene epistlis
(fol. 365v)
James
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe prologe and bigynniþ þe epistle
(fol. 366v)
1 Peter
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe epistle of iames and bigynniþ þe firste epistle of Petir
(fol. 367v)
2 Peter
Rubric: Heere biginniþ þe ii of petre
(fol. 368r)
1 John
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe ii epistle of petre & bigynniþ þe i epistle of Ion
(fol. 369r)
2 John
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe i epistle of Ioon and biginniþ þe ii
(fol. 369v)
3 John
Rubric: Heere endeþ þe ii epistle of Ioon and biginniþ þe iii
(fol. 369v)
Jude
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe þridde epistle of Ioon and biginniþ þe epistle of Iudas
(fol. 370r)
Prologue to the Apocalypse
Rubric: Heere endiþ þe epistle of iudas and heere bigynniþ a prologe of þe apocalips þat is þe reuelacioun of seint Ioon
Incipit: Alle men þat wolen
(fol. 370r)
Apocalypse
Rubric: Heer endiþ þe prologe and bigynniþ þe apocalips
Final rubric: Heere endiþ þe apocalips þat Ioon wroot in þe Ile of Pathmos þe whiche is þe ende of þe newe testament
(fols. 375v–377v)

Mostly blank.

A woodcut depicting King Henry VI added at fol. 376v.

Addition on fol. 377r, contemporary hand

"Matthew in iudee. Mark in ytalie. luyk in aca[ye?] Ioon in asy[ae?]"

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: i (modern paper flyleaf) + 376 + i (modern paper flyleaf) leaves
Dimensions (leaf): 415 × 260 mm.
Foliation: Modern foliation. Parchment tabs at the beginning of books, with short titles (e.g. ‘Iudicum’) or opening letters.

Layout

Ruled in plummet for two columns of 64 lines, ruled space 290 × 180 mm.

Hand(s)

Gothic textura.

Decoration

Fine borders.

Initials.

Large woodcut of Henry VI, damaged, pasted in on fol. 376v. (Pächt and Alexander iii. 880, pl. LXXXIV)

Binding

Brown tanned calf over laminated pulpboard, 19th century.

History

Origin: 1415–1425 ; English, London (?)

Provenance and Acquisition

Henry VI (?)

Apparently given by him to the London Charterhouse. After an erased inscription on fol. 375 is written in a 16th cent. hand ‘Hic liber erat quondam Henrici sexti, qui postea donabatur domui Cartusiensium quæ Londino contigua est’, and this was clearly the substance of what has been erased above.

Sir George More (1553–1632).

Presented by More in 1604. Earlier shelfmarks: ‘Th. B. 24. 9’, ‘NE. C. 7. 1 (2124)’ (upper pastedown).

Record Sources

Description adapted (March 2023) from the following sources:
Elizabeth Solopova, Manuscripts of the Wycliffite Bible in the Bodleian and Oxford College Libraries, Exeter Medieval Texts and Studies (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2016), no. 3.
Otto Pächt and J. J. G. Alexander, Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, III (1973), no. 880 [decoration, origin, date]
Summary Catalogue (1922) [contents, physical description, provenance and acquisition]

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (14 images from 35mm slides)
Digital Bodleian (1 image of woodcut)

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2020-06-16: Description revised to include all information in SC.