MS. Bodl. 572
Summary Catalogue no.: 2026
I(A-D) ‘Codex Oxoniensis Posterior’, Cornwall (?), Wales (?), s. x; II Penitential and canonical collection, N. E. France (?), s. ix1
Provenance and Acquisition
The additions relating to St Augustine’s, Canterbury (fols. 39v, 49v) suggest that fols. 1-50 had reached that institution by the late 11th century at the latest.
Fols. 1-50, but not certainly fol. 51-105, identifiable as BA1.129 in the 15th-century St Augustine’s library catalogue: ‘Textus Thobie cum A 2o fo et quando et In eodem Exposicio canonis dist’ 1 Ga. 3o’.
Given by him in 1606 (Summary Catalogue I.93).
MS. Bodl. 572 - Part I (fols. 1-50)
Provenance and Acquisition
The four units of part 1 are sometimes regarded as all written in Cornwall, although a Welsh origin for fols. 26-40 and 41v-49 has also been proposed.
Possibly at Winchester, New Minster, c. 1000 (additions, fol. 40r).
At St Augustine’s, Canterbury, by the end of the eleventh century, as indicated by additions on fols. 39v, 49v. .
MS. Bodl. 572 - Part I.A (fol. 1)
Sharpe & Lapidge 122
1 col., c. 25-6 lines.
Caroline minuscule with some insular forms.
Coloured initials, rubrics.
MS. Bodl. 572 - Part I.B (fols. 2-25)
As pr. PL 83, 1145-54 and PL 138, 1163-73.
Jerome's prologue (Stegmüller 332).
With three Cornish glosses (fols. 14r, 23v, 25r). The text, related to the distinctive Monkwearmouth-Jarrow text in the Codex Amiatinus, is discussed by R. Marsden in Journal of Theological Studies 45 (1994), 1-23.
1 col., c. 25-8 lines, written space 195-200 × 110-15 mm.
Fols. 2r-13v: one hand, Caroline minuscule.
Fols. 14r-25v: several hands, hybrid insular-Caroline minuscule.
Fol. 13v: Anglo-Saxon neums over ‘ite missa est deo gratias’ (see Hartzell).
Some coloured initials.
Provenance and Acquisition
Not certainly written in Cornwall, although the glosses indicate it was in that region at an early stage. Presumably written before the tables on fol. 40v, q.v., which may date to 981.
MS. Bodl. 572 - Part I.C (fols. 26-40)
CSEL 44, pp. 40-77 (collated as MS. O).
Antiphons, added in several hands probably at St Augustine's, Canterbury, early twelfth century:
Forms of benediction for use at the distribution of funeral-food, at manumissions, and at the blessing of crops, each preceded by a rubric in Old English; printed Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, I.697-8; Ker, Catalogue, pp. 376-7 (Old English only). Main text and third dated by Ker to the tenth century, first two rubrics (in red ink) to the first half of the eleventh century (with query).
Key to cryptographic writing, with two Old English cryptograms, pr. Ker p. 377; dated by him to the mid-eleventh century. Both cryptograms also occur in BL Cotton Vitellius E. xviii (Winchester, s. xi med). Scragg, Conspectus, nos. 855-7, suggests (with query) that the items on fol. 40r were added at Winchester New Minster.
Table showing the possible dates of Lent (from 8 Feb. to 14 March); the week of the year (from 5 to 11) in which these fall; the concurrent; and the corresponding date of Easter; keyed to a 532-year table covering 836-1367; a possible faint mark in the rectangle for 981 may perhaps indicate the date of writing.
1 col., c. 33-35 lines, written space 195-200 × 110-15 mm.
Fols. 26r-39v written in insular minuscule by Bledian (fols. 36, 39v).
Initial, fol. 26r (P&A iii. 28)
Initials touched in red and yellow.
MS. Bodl. 572 - Part I.D (fols. 41-50)
Now blank except for runes and runic alphabet (cf. S. Gwara, Education in Wales and Cornwall (2003-4), 13 and n. 37). Erased text, perhaps a text on the Harrowing of Hell; cf. partial transcription by E. W. B. Nicholson, now pasted on fol. i.
A Latin colloquy, with glosses in Old English, Latin, and Brittonic (Welsh and Cornish), both interlinear and embedded in the text (see S. Gwara, Education in Wales and Cornwall, passim). Text and glosses pr. Scott Gwara, De raris fabulis (Cambridge, 2002).
Text incomplete, breaks off 47r l. 15 in mid word ‘pla⟨ne⟩’.
Liturgical and other additions.
Antiphons, added c. 1000:
Responsories and versicles from an office for the dead, identified by van Dijk as Benedictine, added c. 1000:
Ottosen, Latin Office of the Dead, R 49, V 110, 151, 368; R 83, V 191; R 58, V 191 (?); R 1, V 216; R 38, V 55, 180, 159
Strophe on St. Augustine of Canterbury; added, late 11th century.
Versicle of the responsory ‘Sancte dei pretiose’ in honour of St. Stephen (cantus 007575a) with an alphabetical notation for two voices; added, late 11th century.
‘Benedicamus domino’ with neums; added, late 11th century.
Rhymed antiphon for a bishop; added, late 11th century.
Noted prose for the dedication; added, late 11th century.
50r-v ruled but blank.
(fols. 41v-47r) 28-33 long lines, written space 195-200 × 110-15 mm.
Fols. 47r-49v: German, Anglo-Saxon, and Anglo-Norman neums (see Hartzell, no. 259).
Fol. 49v: alphabetical notation (see Hartzell, no. 259).
MS. Bodl. 572 - Part II (fols. 51-106)
In twenty-one chapters; begins imperfect; ch. 1 and part of ch. 2 missing.
Chs. 2-16 (fols. 51r-70r) comprise Excarpsus Cummeani siue Poenitentiale pseudo-Cummeani, in the order cc. 3 (= c. 2 here); 1-2 (c. 2, here c. 4, ends at section 21 ‘Qui semen dormiens...’), 4-14 (here 6-16), as pr. E. Wasserschleben, Die bussordnungen der abendländischen kirche (1851), pp. 473-5, 465-71, 475-493
Ch. 17 (fols. 70r-76v) comprises a canonical collection. Fols. 70r-73r22 (as pointed out by Asbach, Poenitentiale Remense, 57-9) are paralleled by the collection in København, Kongelike Bibliothek, Ny Kgl. Saml., 58 8°, fols. 35r-43r, also following a text of the Excarpsus. Most, but apparently not all, of the material on fols. 73r22-76v is also found in the Vetus Gallica collection (Asbach, op. cit., pp. 61-64).
Canones Apostolorum (42-44 as numbered in PL 67.146).
Statuta Ecclesiae Antiqua 27, 35, 77, 83 (PL 56.883-7)
Canones Apostolorum (50 as numbered in PL 67.148).
Canones Apostolorum (4-5 as numbered in PL 67.141); Collectio Vetus Gallica xxvi.2-3.
Collectio Hibernensis xlii.14b; Vetus Gallica xlvi.14.
Collectio Hibernensis xxxix.10a, 11, 10b; Vetus Gallica xlvi.15-17.
Collectio Hibernensis xxxix.4a-c; Vetus Gallica xlvi.22-24.
Collectio Hibernensis xxxix.5 (attrib. Gildas); Vetus Gallica xlvi.25.
Ch. 18 (fols. 76v22-80r), Canon ‘Ecce manifestissme’ (Jaffé, Regesta Pontificum †868)
Ch. 19 (fols. 80r-v)
Followed by a note on the Penitential Psalms.
Ch. 20 (fols. 80v-82r), Inquisitio de paenitentia
Lambert no. 611 (different explicit); partly as pr. Wasserschleben, Bussordnungen , pp. 229-30 (as c. 10-12 of Ps.-Bede, Penitential).
Ch. 21 (fols. 82r-83r)
Poenitentiale Remense: extract from c. 2 (ed. Wasserschleben, Die bussordnungen der abendländischen kirche, pp. 499-500; ed. Asbach, Poenitentiael Remense, p. 12-14).
Eight sections; unidentified. The first two sections also in Bamberg, Staatsbibl., Can. 2 (A. I. 35), fol. 31v (pr. V. Krause in Neues Archiv der Gesellschaft für ältere deutsche Geschichtskunde 17 (1892), 324-5), followed by canons of the council of Mainz (852). The opening incipit (‘Septem igitur annorum...’) also in Paris, BnF, Latin 2998, fol. 83; Vienna, ONB, lat. 752, fol. 53v.
CPL 1887; Haddan and Stubbs, Councils and Ecclesiatical Documents III.416-418.
Collects, secrets, and postcommunions for two masses (the second with the marginal heading ‘xxv’); the first five texts only are associated with the 21st and 22nd Sundays after Trinity.
Corpus Orationum, 1062
Collated in the edition by E. Hauswald (MGH Quellen zur Geistesgeschichte, 25, 2010), siglum B, descr. pp. lxvii-lxix. Ends imperfect at end of c. 24 (Hauswald, p. 89, = PL 89, 1043A).
1 col., 24 lines.
fols. 51r-86r: one hand, Caroline minuscule; rubrics in uncial.
fols. 86r-90r, 91r-106v: seemingly one other scribe, Caroline minuscule with frequent ‘cc’ form of a.
fol. 90v: a third hand, Caroline minuscule with insular form of g and ‘open’ a alongside the regular Carolingian form.
Initials touched in red.
Provenance and Acquisition
Dating and localization: see Bischoff, Katalog, no. 3787.
Gneuss and Lapidge, Handlist, 583.3 suggest that this part may have been in England before 1100, but there seems to be no firm evidence for this.
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