MS. Bodl. 579
Summary Catalogue no.: 2675
The Leofric Missal
MS. Bodl. 579 - Part 1 (fols. 1-8, 17-37v, 59, 337-375, etc.) (=Part C)
A large number of miscellaneous masses (fols. 4-5, 7v, 17-37v, 59, 337-75v, with Holy Week services), blessings, exorcisms, prefaces and some historical matter (fols. 1, 8v, 377v; 2); a list of relics at Exeter (fol. 6) etc.
Partly occupying separate quires, partly written on blank leaves of parts 2 and 3 (A and B)
For items in Old English (fols. 11v, 1, 377v, 8rv) see Ker, Catalogue.
Some musical neums are written over the liturgical texts; all in different handwritings, either English or continental.
MS. Bodl. 579 - Part 2 (fols. 9-16, 60-154, 158-253, 262-3, 266-336) (= Part A)
Preceded by the preface and the canon (fol. 60), and throughout with episcopal blessings worked in: temporale (fol. 65-154); sanctorale (fol. 158-203) from St Stephen (26 Dec.) to St Thomas, apostle; common of the Saints (fol. 204-10); votive masses (fol. 212-40); and masses for the dead (fol. 240-5v); ritual, consisting of an ordo in agenda mortuorum (fol. 246-58); prayers from special intentions (fol. 262-3); and a litany (fol. 266), incomplete; ordination service (fola. 268-73, 278-81); ritual of the dedication (fol. 281v-84); various blessings and consecrations (284-318v); ordo ad visitandum et ungendum infirmum (fol. 319); orationes pro peccatis (fol. 324); cotidianae (fol. 326); matutinales and vesperales (fol. 329); orationes cotidianis diebus ad missam (fol. 331v); episcopal blessings cotidianis diebus etc. (fol. 332v); blessing of Holy water (fol. 334v). To this part also belong the blessings for matins and at meals at the beginning of the book (fol. 9v-11v). Throughout the sacramentary the parts to be sung are indicated in the margins, where a slightly later English hand added the opening words of the lessons and corrected the music. Rubrics in the ritual.
English and continental musical notations are added in many places.
Important borders, arched frames, and initials. Franco-Saxon school. (P&A i. 422, pl. XXXIV) Fine initial on fol. 154v in Consecratio hiasmatis is an English addition from 10th century, second quarter. (P&A iii. 20, pl. II)
Red initials with gold and a line in black rustic capitals with red and green brush strokes (77, 78, 82v, 149v, 159, etc.); larger initials of plain gold, edged with red, and an opening line as above (65, 71, 76, 94, 102, etc.); large gold initials elaborately shaped and ornamented with a few lines in gold uncial letters (67v, 115v, 128, 131); a full-page of coloured uncials at the beginning of the preface (60), followed by 2 full-page initials with the common preface and Te igitur in gold on a black ground (60v-2).
MS. Bodl. 579 - Part 3 (fols. 38-58) (=Part B)
Calendar, preceded and followed by elaborate paschal tables, solar and lunar calculations, etc. (fols. 38-58), among which an Easter table of the years 969-1006 and a paschal hand.
1 col., c. 34 lines
Important miniatures (drawings in coloured inks), borders, diagrams. Paschal tables from 969. St. Edward Martyr, d. 979, not in calendar. (P&A iii. 25, pl. III)
Provenance and Acquisition
'Fol. 53 contains Easter tables for 969-87 and 988-1006, and fol. 57, a table of the number of weeks between Christmas and Ash Wednesday in the years 979-1011. This suggests a day of writing in or after 979 and before 987, when the first Easter cycle would become obsolete. A table of Golden Numbers on fol. 57 supports this deduction by fitting the years 973-9 within the first Easter cycle.' (Watson)
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