A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

Lincoln College MS. Gr. 34

Diktyon no.: 48688

THEODORET OF CYR and PHILO OF ALEXANDRIA; 1st half of the 10th c.


Language(s): Greek

1. (1r–140r)
Theodoret, Περὶ πρόνοιας δεκάλογος (On Divine Providence)
ed. J. L. Schulze in PG 83, 556–773
tr. T. P. Halton (New York 1988)

Fol. 140v is blank.

2. (141r–219r)
Philo, Περὶ τοῦ βίου Μωσέως (On the Life of Moses)
ed. L. Cohn, Philonis Alexandrini opera, IV (Berlin 1902) 119–268
tr. J. M. Hunt (Waco TX 2023–)
3. (219r–224v)
Philo, Περὶ ἀνδρείας (On Courage)
ed. Cohn, Philonis opera, V (Berlin 1906) 266–279
tr. W. Wilson, On Virtues (Leiden 2010) 43–53
5. (253v–280v)
Philo, Βίος κατὰ διδασκαλίαν τελειωθέντος ἢ Νόμος ἀγράφων (On the Life of Abraham)
ed. Cohn, Philonis opera, IV, 1–60
tr. E. Birnbaum and J. M. Dillon (Leiden 2020)

The end is lost, so that the text breaks off with the words γνῶσις εὐσεβείας κλῆρος.

This manuscript is not listed in Y. Azéma, Théodoret de Cyr: Discours sur la Providence (Paris 1953) 9n.2.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Parchment (ff. 2–41, 46–280) and paper (ff. 42–45) (see below)
Extent: 280 + i leaves. Fol. 1 is an endpaper.
Dimensions (leaf): 265 × 180 mm.


5 × viii (ff. 2–41), iv (ff. 42–45), 22 × viii (ff. 46–220), iv (ff. 221–224), viii (ff. 225–232), viii (ff. 233–240: ff. 234 and 239 single), viii (ff. 241–248), viii (ff. 249–256: ff. 250 and 255 single), 2 × viii (ff. 257–272), viii (ff. 273–280: ff. 274 and 279 single). Quire signatures, probably scribal, survive in the upper outer corners of the first pages of some quires: ιγ´ (f. 233r), ιδ´ (f. 241r), ιη´ (f. 273r).


Part A (ff. 2–41, 46–140) 24 lines [ 193 × 114 mm. ], ruling Leroy 20B1.

Part B (ff. 42–46) 30–33 lines [ 183 × 114 mm. ], no ruling. These leaves replaced a loss in the original manuscript; see below.

Part C (ff. 141–280) 30 lines [ 196 × 113 mm. ] (ff. 141–188) and 35 lines [ 200 × 113 mm. ] (ff. 189–280), ruling Leroy 20B1.


Written by three independently working scribes:

Part A (ff. 2–41, 46–140) Cosmas (RGK I, no. 216), who signed his name on f. 140r: Ὁ Θ(εο)ς ἱλάσθητι καὶ | συγχώρισον δια πρεσ|βίων τῆς σὲ τεκού|σης αμαρτωλῶ | Κοσμᾶ. Similar hands are found in Princeton University Library, Garrett 14, dated 955, in Paris, BNF, Grec 668, dated 954, and in Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale, II.2404, dated 976.

Part B (ff. 42–46) anonymous, active in the mid-fourteenth century (judging from the paper watermarks).

Part C (ff. 141–280) anonymous.


There is no prominent decoration.

Additions: Note in black ink in the lower margin of f. 1r: Ἐκ τῶν τοῦ Μιχαὴλ ἱερέ(ως) τοῦ Ἀγαπητοῦ. Verse in black ink by an eleventh-century hand in the margin of f. 169v: Κακ(ῶς) λέγεις γίνωσκε φίλτατε φίλων. This dodecasyllable seems to bear no relation to Philo’s text on the same page. Another, probably late-Byzantine hand has written in the side margin of f. 141r: Ἢ Φίλ⟨ων⟩ πλατωνίζει ἢ Πλάτ(ων) φιλωνίζει. Remark by a fifteenth-century hand next to the title Φίλωνος Περὶ τοῦ βίου Μωσέως λό(γος) β´ on f. 211v: Τέλος τοῦ γου λόγου. Λάθ(ος) ὡς ἔοικε γέγονε τοῦ γραφέ(ως) καὶ ὁ παρὼν λόγος ὁ δεύτ(ε)ρ(ος) ἐτέθη μετὰ τὸν τρίτον.


Binding (probably eighteenth-century) of marbled paper over pasteboard. The endpapers and pastedowns contain no watermarks.


Origin: 1st half of the 10th c.

Provenance and Acquisition

Bequeathed by Sir George Wheler (1651–1724), who acquired it during his journey to Greece (1675–1676).

Lincoln College MS. Gr. 34, fols. 42-46

Physical Description

Support: Paper, fruit/pear watermarks very similar to Mošin and Traljić 4280 (attested in 1342), chain-distance unclear. These leaves replaced a loss in the original manuscript.



Origin: c. 1342

Additional Information

Record Sources

Description by Georgi Parpulov, Jan. 2023.


Last Substantive Revision

2023-01: Revised description by Georgi Parpulov.