A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Bodl. 684

Summary Catalogue no.: 2498


Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on Peter Lombard, Sentences (on Sentences, Book IV)

The first leaf is missing and the text begins '[-]tens scilicet sacramentum est in quo sub integumento rerum uisibilium' (in the fourth part of the first article in the Quaestio prima of the Distinctio prima). The last words are 'ipsum dirimere et sic quandoque conuenit quod matrimonium (et matrimonii impedimentum)', in Dist. 42, quaest. 1, art. 1 ad fin.

Fols 1-9 have a table of all the fifty Distinctiones, as far as Dist. 50, quaest. 2, art. 1

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: ii + 356 leaves
Dimensions (binding): 15 × 10 in.


With some leaves stained, and imperfect at beginning and end; wanting one leaf at the beginning


2 cols


17th-century Oxford binding, with earlier label (see provenance).


Origin: 14th century

Provenance and Acquisition

Windsor, Berkshire, Royal collegiate chapel of St George: 'Orate pro anima reuerendi in Christo patris domini Iohannis Marschull nuper Landauensis episcopi et canonici istius Collegii qui hunc librum dedit ad communem vtilitatem hic studentium', c. 1500, under a label covered by talc and affixed to the front cover of the 17th-century Oxford binding. 'Constabat doctori Marshall episcopo Landavensi quondam hic cano⟨ni⟩co qui contulit hunc librum Collegio de Wyndesore. Qui alienaverit anathema sit Amen (s. xvi, on flyleaf at end). No sign of the original chain mark (MLGB3)

John Marshall was Bishop of Llandaff 1478–1496. He gave two books and bequeathed a further eight books to Merton College (see Powicke, Medieval books of Merton Coll., pp. 219, 222) (MLGB3)

If this manuscript came in 1612 as part of the gift of the Dean and chapter of Windsor it may be 'Hugo de Sancto Victore de Sacramentis folio' (Benefactors' Register), and Hugo's name occurs in the first column of fol. 10, as having defined a sacrament, while in the 1620 Catalogue this manuscript is certainly described as Hugo's. On the other hand, MS. Bodl. 773 has some claims to be considered the Windsor book referred to. Perhaps both came in 1612, and this one, having no title or colophon, escaped the Benefactors' Register, cf. MS. Bodl. 697

The Bodleian acquired this volume before 1655

Record Sources

Description adapted (February 2023) by Stewart J. Brookes from the Summary Catalogue (1922)


Last Substantive Revision

2021-12-14: Add provenance information from MLGB3.