MS. Buchanan g. 4
[Items 1-2 originally occupied quires II-III; the start of item 1 was later copied onto the added quire I]
The Seven Penitential Psalms
Fol. 1r-v ruled, otherwise originally blank; fol. 2 is a supply leaf containing Ps. 6:1-6 (to '... inferno autem ||'; see also under Decoration)
Litany and collects
The litany with 'Sancte pater' Benedict (1), Placidus (6), and Romuald ('Romuade') (8) among eight monks, hermits, priests, and deacons; followed (fols. 22r-24v) by the usual ten collects (listed under MS. Buchanan e. 5), the fifth mentioning '... famulo tuo .N. ...'; fols. 25r-26v ruled, otherwise blank.
[Items 3-13 originally occupied the present quires IV-VIII; the start of item 3 was later copied onto the last leaf of quire III]
Office of the Dead
Omitting Vespers, and thus beginning at Matins, with only three lessons, corresponding to those of the Use of Rome; the first leaf is a supply leaf containing Ps. 94:1-59 (to '... adoremus. Quoniam ||'; see also under Decoration)
The Verses of St. Bernard
The verses in the same order as in MS. Buchanan e. 9, fols. 118v-119r (q.v.) followed by a versicle, response, and (fol. 53r) the usual prayer, here incorporating the name of the original owner:
Indulgenced prayer, here attributed to Pope Innocent [III (1198-1216)?]
Prayer to be said before Communion
Prayer to be said after Communion, carrying an indulgence of Pope Boniface
Hymn, here attributed to St. Bernard
Prayer, here attributed to St. Augustine
Prayer in Italian, here attributed to St. Augustine
Prayer to one's guardian angel
Commemoration of the archangel Raphael
with versicle, response, and the prayer
fol. 63r ruled, otherwise originally blank; fol. 63v originally blank.
14 lines ruled in very pale brown ink, sometimes almost invisible, between single vertical bounding lines extending the full height of the page; single PRICKINGS visible, often a Y-shaped puncture, in the fore-edge margin c.4 mm. below the bottom ruled line. 13 lines of text per page
Written in gothic bookhands by three scribes: (i) fols. 3r-24v; (ii) fols. 28r-62v (using a distinctive signe-de-renvoie to supply an omission, fol. 43v); and (iii) fols. 2r-v, and 27r-v (i.e. the supply leaves; somewhat clumsy, and perhaps artificial-see e.g. the unusual abbreviation 'do(m)ine' on fol. 2r).
Each scribe was responsible for his own headings, in red.
Two historiated initials (9- and 7-line) on inserted leaves, perhaps late 15th century, or later, each on a square gold field with foliate tendrils extending into the margins:
- (fol. 2r) Penitential Psalms. Initial D[omine]: a group of buildings (perhaps a monastery?), including a circular tower with three storeys, on top of which is a cross and pennant.
- (fol. 27r) Office of the Dead. Initial U[enite] (but shaped more like an 'O' or 'D'): group of buildings, similar in some details to those on fol. 2r.
Two-line initials, alternately in blue with red penwork or red with purple penwork, the penwork extending almost the full height of the page, at the start of psalms, collects, lessons, etc.; one-line initials alternately in red or blue, at the start of verses and other minor textual divisions.
Sewn on two cords; bound in 17th/18th?-century brown leather over pasteboards; with a double gilt fillet framing the covers (largely obscured), five (or six?) similar horizontal double fillets dividing the spine (largely obscured); each cover with an applied panel of 19th-century enamelled glass (the upper panel badly cracked) with a semée of gold stars on a deep blue ground, and with gold and silver oak-leaf motifs around the edges; these panels each with an openwork gilt metal framing (originally attached with a nail in each corner; three of the nails on the upper cover are now detached) in the form of branches, foliage, flowers, and fruit(?); with a silver(?) clasp (fastening from bottom to top); the spine with a convex gilt metal panel (damaged and repaired) with fleurs-de-lis and scrolls in relief, attached with a nail at each corner; yellow wove paper flyleaves conjoint with the pastedowns; fol. 63 apparently the pastedown of a previous binding; the edges of the leaves gilt; boxed.
Provenance and Acquisition
Made for an Italian-speaker named Giovanni/Iohannes (see text items 4 and 10); it is probable that the manuscript is the second half of a Book of Hours.
Unidentified owner: there is an erased ownership(?) inscription at the upper edge of fol. 1r, not legible even under UV light, probably added after the binding, since it appears to be offset onto the flyleaf, fol. i verso.
Thomas Arthur / William Ridler, London booksellers; inscribed in pencil on the upper pastedown with their characteristic price and pricecode: '£10-18-0' (the '10' altered from '11'), upper centre, with their price-code 'm/sd/-' (i.e. £8 15s), at the centre fore-edge, sloping upwards (cf. MSS. Buchanan b. 1 and d. 1).
Rt. Hon. T. R. Buchanan (1846-1911), probably bought from Arthur or Ridler after 1874)
Given to the Bodleian in 1941 by his widow, Mrs. E. O. Buchanan.
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Last Substantive Revision
2017-07-01: First online publication.