A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Canon. Bibl. Lat. 45

Summary Catalogue no.: 18938

Gospel lectionary. 11th century, second half, with added drawing, 12th century, middle; Austria (?), Salzburg (?)

Contents

Gospel lectionary
(fols. 1v-97r)

Temporale, from Christmas eve to the last Friday of Advent, containing the Purification of the Virgin

Rubric: VIIII Kalendas Ianuarii. Vigilia natalis domini. Sequentia sancti ęvangelii secundum Matheum. In illo tempore.
Incipit: Cum esset desponsata mater Ihesu Maria Joseph
Explicit: Unigenitus filius qui est in sinu patris ipse enarravit

For major feasts, see Decoration.

The Passion narratives with superscript letters: t = Christ, c = Narrator, a = the Jews (cf. K. Young, ‘Observations on the origin of the mediæval Passion-play’, PMLA, 25.2 (1910), 309–54 at 316): Matthew (fols. 35r–40r), Mark (fols. 41v–46r), Luke (fols. 46r–50r), and John (fols. 53v–57r).

(fols. 97v–115r)

Sanctorale from St Silvester to St John the Evangelist (31 Dec. – 27 Dec.)

Rubric: II Kal. Ianuarii. Nat. sancti Silvestri pape, secundum Matheum. In illo tempore
Incipit: Dixit Ihesus discipulis suis. Vigilate ergo quia nescitis qua hora fur venturus esset
Explicit: Hęc mando vobis require in nat. sanctorum Tiburtii, Valeriani, & Maximi
(fols. 115r–116r)

Dedication of a church

Rubric: In dedicatione templi secundum Lucam
Incipit: In illo tempore … Non est arbor bona quę fecit fructus malos
Explicit: & salvum facere quod perierat
(fols. 116r-118v)

Votive masses:

(fols. 116r–117r)

The days of the week

Rubric: De sancta trinitate
Incipit: In illo tempore … Cum venerit paraclitus
Rubric: Feria II. De sapientia
Rubric: Feria III. De sancti spiritus gratia
Rubric: Feria IIII. De karitate
Rubric: Feria V. De angelis
Rubric: Feria VI. De sancta cruce
Rubric: Sabbato. De sancta Maria
(fols. 117r-v)

Ordinations, consecrations, and the blessing of brides

Rubric: In ordinatione diaconi
Incipit: In illo tempore … Nisi granum frumenti cadens in terram
Rubric: In ordinatione presbiteri
Rubric: In ordinatione episcopi
Rubric: In consecratione virginis
Rubric: In die consecratione viduę
Rubric: Ad sponsas benedicendas
(fols. 117v-118v)

Other purposes

Rubric: Pro rege
Rubric: Pro iter agentibus
Rubric: In tempore belli
Rubric: Pro ubertate pluvie
Rubric: Pro quacumque tribulatione
Rubric: Pro salute vivorum
Rubric: Pro infirmis
(fols. 118v–120r)

Masses for the Dead

Rubric: In agenda mortuorum
Incipit: In illo tempore … Dixit Martha ad Ihesum ...
Incipit: In illo tempore … Amen dico vobis …
Incipit: In illo tempore … Omne quod dat mihi pater …
Incipit: In illo tempore … Sicut enim pater suscitat mortuos …
Incipit: In illo tempore … Nemo potest venire ad me …
Incipit: In illo tempore … Ego sum panis vivus …
Explicit: Et ego resuscitabo eum in novissimo die.

Fol. 120v, and most of 120r, blank

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: ii (paper) + 120 + ii (paper) fol.
Dimensions (leaf): c. 215 × 155 mm.
Foliation: i-ii, 1–122 in pencil (fols. i-ii, 121-2 foliated May 2021)

Collation

1(8)-15(8)

Layout

Ruled in feint plummet for 26 long lines; the written area c. 150 × 95 mm.

Hand(s)

Late Caroline minuscule, rubrics and incipits in majuscules

Decoration

Major feasts and other Sundays with initials (typically 4- or 3-line respectively, but letters with ascenders/descenders, and ‘I’s, are often much taller) in gold, outlined and ornamented with orange, on a blue ground; in the first quire they also use a silver metal; initials for minor feasts (typically 2-line) and rubrics in gold on an orange ground; major feasts with 1-line capitals in gold.

Blank spaces, doubtless for miniatures, sometimes framed, precede major feasts:

  • Christmas (fol. 1v)
  • Epiphany (fol. 5r)
  • Purification (fol. 9v)
  • Palm Sunday (fol. 34v)
  • Last Supper (fol. 50v)
  • Good Friday (fol. 53v)
  • Holy Saturday (fol. 57r)
  • Ascension (fol. 65v; full-page)
  • Pentecost (fol. 67v; full-page)

The framed space before Easter day (fol. 57v) is filled by a 12-cent. drawing in brown with orange elements: The Empty Tomb and Noli me tangere: from left to right, the cave-like sepulchre with the discarded burial cloth; the angel sitting on the stone that has been rolled away (Matt. 28:2); Mary Magdalene kneeling before Christ, who blesses her and holds the cross of the Resurrection.

Binding

Italian, 18th-century. Sewn on four bands laced into pasteboards covered with reddish-brown leather, each cover blind-tooled with a central lozenge within a panel and a border of scrolling leaves; the spine with two green leather title-pieces lettered in gilt capitals ‘Evangelia | de | tempore’ and ‘Cod. mem. | saec. XII.’, the other compartments each with a gilt stamp of a sprig of leaves and flowers.

History

Origin: 11th century, second half ; Austria (?), Salzburg (?) ; added drawing, 12th century, middle; Austria, Salzburg

Provenance and Acquisition

Localization and date after Pächt and Alexander; localization presumably based on the added drawing.

‘Prov.: Italie’ in R. Grégoire, ‘Repertorium Liturgicum Italicum’, Studi medievali, Ser. 3, 9 (1968), pp. 465–592 at 551, citing T. Klauser, Das römische Capitulare evangeliorum (Münster, 1935), p. CV no. 236.

Unidentified (late?)18th-century Italian owner(s), responsible for the binding and the title ‘Evangelia de Tempore & Sanctis’ (fol. 1r)

Matteo Luigi Canonici, 1727–1805, Venetian Jesuit and bibliophile; to his brother:

Giuseppe Canonici , -1807, on whose death to their nephew: Giovanni Perisinotti, from whom over 2,000 books were:

Purchased by the Bodleian in 1817. Former Bodleian shelfmark: ‘Bibl. Can 45.’ (fol. ir), cancelled by encircling.

Record Sources

Description (May 2021) by Peter Kidd, edited by Matthew Holford. Previously described in the Quarto Catalogue (H. O. Coxe, Catalogi codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecæ Bodleianæ pars tertia codices Græcos et Latinos Canonicianos complectens, Quarto Catalogues III, 1854).

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2021-05: Description revised for Polonsky German digitization project.