A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Canon. Bibl. Lat. 60

Summary Catalogue no.: 18953

The Ranshofen Gospels

Contents

Gospels ('The Ranshofen Gospels')

Fol. 1r blank.

(fols. 1v-5r)

Canon tables

Fols. 5v-6v blank.

(fols. 7r-8v)

Jerome, Prol. to Gospels (Stegmüller 595)

(fols. 8v-10r)

Jerome, Prol. to Gospels (Stegmüller 596)

(fol. 10r-v)

Prol. to Matthew (Stegmüller 581)

(fols. 10v-11r)

Prol. to Matthew (Stegmüller 601)

(fol. 11r-v)

Prol. to Matthew (Stegmüller 590)

(fols. 12r-13v)

Capitula to Matthew

Fol. 14r blank.

Fol. 14v, full-page evangelist portrait (Matthew)

(fols. 15r-45v)

Matthew

(fol. 46r-v)

Prol. to Mark (Stegmüller 607)

(fol. 47r-v)

Capitula to Mark

Fol. 48r blank.

Fol. 48v, full-page evangelist portrait (Mark)

(fols. 49r-68r)

Mark

(fols. 68v-69r)

Prol. to Luke (Stegmüller 620)

(fols. 69v-70r)

Capitula to Luke

Fols. 72-73r blank.

Fol. 73v, full-page evangelist portrait (Luke)

(fols. 74r-106v)

Luke

(fol. 107r-v)

Ps.-Bede, In evangelium Johannis (Stegmüller 620), prol.

Incipit: Hic est Johannes evangelista
Explicit: magisterii doctrina seruetur
(fols. 108r-v)

Capitula to John

Fol. 109r blank.

Fol. 109v, full-page evangelist portrait (John)

(fols. 110r-135r)

John

Fols. 135v-136r blank.

Fol. 136v, note on the completion of the binding in 1178 (see under Provenance).

Fol. 137r, note on the relics formerly contained in the binding (‘in hac huius operationis structura subtus tabulam maiestatis domini’).

Fol. 137v blank.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: i + 137 + ii fols.
Dimensions (leaf): 315 × 230 mm.
Foliation: 1-139, replacing an earlier foliation 1-136 (with 9 double)

Layout

1 col., 25-30 lines (usually 30), written space 200-5 × 125-30 mm.

Decoration

Important Canon Tables, miniatures, borders, initials. (P&A i.82, pl. VII)

Binding

Former treasure binding (‘celatura in auro. argento. et lapidibus’, with ‘tabulum maiestatis’ containing a reliquary), described in the inscriptions on fol. 136v, 137r (see Watson, Swarzenski).

Present binding Italian, blue leather, 18th century, probably for Canonici.

History

Origin: 1178 or before ; Austria, Salzburg

Provenance and Acquisition

Inscription, fol. 136v (transcribed in full in Watson) recording the completion of the binding in 1178 at the expense of Adelbard, provost of the Augustinian priory of Ranshofen, and Liutold, treasurer of Ranshofen, and its gift to the priory. This provides a terminus a quem for the writing and decoration of the manuscript; while a considerable interval between writing, decoration and inding is possible, most recent literature favours a date in the 1170s.

Liutold the treasurer was identified in earlier scholarship with the scribe and artist Liutold of Mondsee, an identification that is no longer accepted. Nevertheless the Ranshofen Gospels are associated on art-historical grounds with the Mondsee Gospels written and partly decorated by Liutold of Mondsee (Vienna, ONB, Cod. 1244, ), and with other manuscripts in the so-called 'Liutold Group' (notably a breviary-collectar, Munich, BSB, Clm 8271, , and a copy of Gratian's Decretum, Munich, BSB, Clm 13004, ), associated with Salzburg and the Benedictine abbey of St Peter (Klemm, Die romanischen Handschriften der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek I (1980) pp. 165-6); Schmidt attributes the Ranshofen Gospels themselves to St Peter's.

Possibly to be identified with the gospel book (‘Matheus’) listed in the mid-fourteenth-century library catalogue of Ranshofen (Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Österreichs, V.90).

Presumably seen at Ranshofen by Johannes Turmair (Aventinus) between 1519 and 1521: his Chronicon Ranshofense refers to ‘Alhardus, qui integre Adelhardus, evangeliorum vetustum codicem faciundum curavit’ (Johannes Turmair's genannt Aventinus sämmtliche werke I (1881) 68)

Mentioned by Hieronymus Mayor, canon of Ranshofen, in his 1650 Antiquarium Ranshovianum (Schmidt, Ranshofener Evangeliar, 4).

Matteo Luigi Canonici, 1727-1805, acquired at an uncertain date.

Giuseppe Canonici , -1807

Purchased by the Bodleian in 1817.

Record Sources

Description adapted (August 2019) from the following sources, with reference to published literature cited in the description and listed in the bibliography.
A. G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c.435-1600 in Oxford Libraries (Oxford, 1984), no. 112
Otto Pächt and J. J. G. Alexander, Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford, I (1966), no. 82

Availability

To ensure its availability to future readers, access to this item is restricted, and readers are asked to work from reproductions and published descriptions as far as possible. To apply to see the original, please send a message to specialcollections.enquiries@bodleian.ox.ac.uk, outlining the subject of your research, the importance of this item to that research, and the resources you have already consulted.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (28 images from 35mm slides)

Bibliography

    R. W. Schmidt, Das Ranshofener Evangeliar in Oxford (Ranshofen, 2012)
    G. Swarzenski, Die Salzburger malerei von den ersten anfängen bis zur Blütezeit des romanischen stils, Textband (1908), 100-2