MS. Ashmole 1431
Summary Catalogue no.: 7523
Herbal with Old English glosses; St Augustine’s, Canterbury, 1070s × 1090s
Blank apart from added 15th-century inscription.
Ed. Howald and Sigerist, pp. 10–11.
The last herb painted is ‘spueritis’ at fol. 36v; the last title is written in capitals (with ink, not in red): ‘Nomen herbe Aperina’.
Part of the final leaf is cut away.eTK 0899M eTK 0915G
Added in the twelfth century.
Blank, with added pen trials and an unfinished diagram of concentric circles.
Ruled in drypoint, 32–41 long lines, ruled space 175 × 110 mm.
English Caroline minuscule. Ker, English manuscripts in the century after the Norman Conquest (1960), p. 30, classifies this as an example of the ‘Christ Church script’ used at St Augustine’s. Dodwell, The Canterbury school of illumination, 1066–1200 (1954), p. 26, suggests that the hand can also be found in Cambridge, Trinity College, MS. O.2.51, part 2 (Priscian). Gameson, ‘English manuscript art in the late eleventh century: Canterbury and its context’, pp. 114, 125 affirms this, suggesting also that the artist might be the same as Durham, Cathedral Library, MS B.II.16.
Each section opens with coloured illustrations of plants. (Pächt and Alexander iii. 50, pl. VI)
Illustrations not executed from the middle of fol. 36v onwards, with only space left by the scribe.
Names of plants in red.
Brown tanned calf over laminated pulpboard. Rebacked 30 May 1959.
Appears in the St Augustine’s catalogues: B.C. Barker-Benfield, St Augustine’s Abbey, Canterbury (London, 2008), 1:5n4, 1:6, 2:1204, 3:1747, 3:1801, 3:1820. Inscribed in a 15th-century hand, ‘Herboralium Apuleii Platonis. De librario sancti Augustini Cantuar. D 14 Gª 2º’ (fol. *1v). (Cf. MLGB3: evidence from an ex-libris inscription or note of gift to an institution.)
Provenance and Acquisition
Elias Ashmole (1617–1692): bequeathed by him to the Ashmolean Museum.
Transferred to the Bodleian Library in 1860.
MS. Ashmole 1431, fols. 1–2
Bifolium from a choir breviary; English, 14th century
From the temporale: portions of the offices of the Circumcision, the octave of St Stephen, and the vigil and feast of the Epiphany (1–6 January).
"O Lorde in the is all my trust | geve eare vnto my wofull"
"When shall my sorowfull sighinge slake when shall m"
Ruled in ink. 2 columns of 38 lines, ruled space 157 × 100 mm.
Blue initials with red penwork.
Last Substantive Revision
2022-09-28: Andrew Dunning Revised with consultation of original.