MS. Canon. Liturg. 319
Summary Catalogue no.: 19408
Sacramentary (‘The Reichenau sacramentary’), German (Reichenau), 11th century, first quarter
Hoffmann (1986, I.336) distinguishes six hands, of which two (A and D) are responsible for the original text:
- A: fols. 1v-27v14
- B: fols. 27v16–28v17 (additions)
- C: fol. 28v18–29r (additions)
- D: fols. 31v-263v
- E: fols. 263v9–265v (additions)
- F: fol. 266r-v
Modern red leather binding.
Provenance and Acquisition
Written after 997 (St Adalbert an original entry in the calendar, 23 August); and either before or after 1018 depending on whether the obit of Henricus Marchio, i.e. Henry I von Babenberg, 23 June, is regarded as original (Kauffmann, Turner) or an addition (Watson).
Localized to Reichenau, first quarter of the eleventh century by Hoffmann on palaeographical grounds. Some liturgical evidence for Reichenau in the calendar, but dedication of Reichenau not present: the ‘dedicatio ecclesiae sanctae Mariae’ is 29 March, and ‘Dedicatio sancti Nicolai’ on 17 December; no Reichenau saints in the sacramentary. Regarded by Kauffmann as written at Reichenau for use at another, unidentified house.
As Freising by the second quarter of the eleventh century, according to Hoffmann's dating and localization of the additions on fols. 27–28v and 263v-265v.
At Aquileia in the later 11th century (by 1077 (?)), as evidenced by added entries in the calendar. These include six patriarchs of Aquileia: John (19 July), of Poppo (28 Sept.), Eberhard (13 Nov.), Gotebold (27 Dec.), Rabinger (18 Feb.), and Sigehard (12 Aug.); entries for the mother (Bilihilt, 23 Oct.) and brother (Friedrich, 29 Aug.) of Sigehard; of the emperors Henry II and Henry III; counts Otto (22 Aug.) and Sirus (21 July); of an abbess Reginlinda (4 Feb., 3 May) and a nun Hadauuich (28 Sept.), probably of S. Maria di Aquileia. Perhaps, therefore, taken to Aquileia by Sigehard, whose consecration (15 June 1068) is in the same hand as many other additions but whose obit (12 August 1077) is a different hand.
Purchased by the Bodleian in 1817.
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Last Substantive Revision
2019-03: Further revisions to clarify physical description and contents and incorporate published descriptions by Hoffmann, Kauffmann and Turner.