A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Canon. Liturg. 324

Summary Catalogue no.: 19413

Contents

Language(s): Latin

Mass Lectionary (combined Epistolary and Evangeliary)
(fols. 1r–136r)
Temporale, from Christmas Eve
Rubric: Lectio Isaye prophete
Incipit: Hec dicit dominus Propter Syon non tacebo …

The major feast days (marked by decorated initials) are: Christmas Eve (fol. 1r, 1v), Christmas (fols. 3v, 4r), Epiphany (fols. 7v, 8r), Holy Saturday (fol. 88r), Easter (fol. 88v), Ascension (fol. 99r), Pentecost (fol. 103r), Trinity (fol. 109v, 110r), 1st Sunday after Trinity (fol. 110v), 25th Sunday (fol. 130r), and 1st Sunday of Advent (fol. 130v).

The Passion narratives with superscript letters in red: t = Christ, c = Narrator, a = the Jews (cf. Karl Young, ‘Observations on the origin of the mediæval Passion-play’, PMLA, 25.2 (1910), 309–54 at 316): Matthew (fols. 61v–66v), Mark (fols. 70r–74v), Luke (fols. 75r–79v), and John (fols. 81v–85r).

(fols. 136v–160v)
Sanctorale, from Sylvester to Thomas (31 December – 29 December)
Rubric: Incipit de sanctis pertotum[sic] annum
Incipit: S. Siluestri pape. Epistola. Ecce sacerdos. Euangelium. Vigilate quia n(escitis) …

Saints’ feast days (whose readings are indicated by cues only) include Walpurga (relics at Eichstätt) (fol. 139r), Gangulf (relics at Bamberg and Eichstätt) (fol. 142r), Maximinus, of Trier (fol. 142r), Ulric, of Augsburg (fol. 147r), Kylian, of Würzburg, and Hermachorus of Aquileia (fol. 147v), Afra, of Augsburg (fol. 148v), Verena, of Zurzach (fol. 152r), Magnus, ‘apostle of the Allgäu’ (Bavaria) (fol. 152v), Aurelius (relics at Hirsau) (fol. 154r), Emmeram, of Regensburg, Wenceslas, of Bohemia (fol. 154v), Gereon, of Cologne, and Gallus, of St Gall (fol. 155v), Wolfgang, bishop of Regensburg (fol. 156v), Pirminus, of Alsace and Lake Konstanz, and Othmar, of St Gall (fol. 157v).

(fols. 160v–179r)
Common of the saints
Rubric: Vigilia.
Incipit: Beatus uir qui inuentus est sine macula …
(fols. 179r–181r)
The dedication of a church, and an altar
Rubric: In dedicatione ęcclesie
Incipit: [U]idi ciuitatem sanctam Iherusalem nouam descendentem de celo …
(fols. 181r–182v)
Masses for the days of the week
Rubric: De sancta trinitate
Rubric: Feria .ii.
Rubric: De sancto spiritu
Rubric: Feria .iiii. De angelis
Rubric: Feria .v. De caritate
Rubric: Feria .vi. De cruce
Rubric: Sabbato. De sancta Maria
(fols. 182v–190r)
Masses for various intentions
Rubric: In ordinatione episcopi
Rubric: Pro rege
Rubric: Pro cunctis qui ecclesię presunt
Rubric: Pro omni gradu ecclesię
Rubric: Pro concordia
Rubric: Pro semetipso
Rubric: Pro temptacione carnis
Rubric: Pro peticione lacrimarum
Rubric: Pro peccatis
Rubric: Pro salute unius uiri
Rubric: Pro salute uiuorum
Rubric: Pro exercitu siue principibus vel pro cuncto populo Christiano
Rubric: Pro quacumque tribulatione
Rubric: Pro pace
Rubric: Contra aduersantes
Rubric: Pro inimicis
Rubric: In tempore belli
Rubric: Pro elemosinis facientibus
Rubric: Pro iter agentibus
Rubric: Pro infirmis
Rubric: Pro pluviam postulandam
Rubric: Pro serenitate
(fol. 190r–191v)
Mass for the Dead
Rubric: In agenda mortuorum
Incipit: Fratres. Nolumus uos ignorare de dormientibus …
(fols. 192r–193r)
Readings for:
(fol. 192r)
Purification (Malachi 3:1–4)
(fols. 192r–193r)
Epiphany (Luke 3:21–4:1)
(fols. 193r–194r)
Substantial formal later additions:
(fol. 193r)
Reading for Corpus Christi (John 6:54–72),

14th century

(fols. 193v–194r)
The Exultet with music
Incipit: Exultet iam angelica turba celorum …
Explicit: et regnat deus in unitate spiritus sancti. Per omnia secula seculorum.
(fol. 194v–195r)

Short later additions by many different hands, including prayers to:

St Martin
Incipit: Deus qui conspicis quia ex nulla nostra uirtute subsistimus …
St Francis
Rubric: In festo sancti Francisci
Incipit: Fratres. Michi autem absit gloriari nisi in cruce …
St Peter
Incipit: Deus qui beatum Petrum apostolum a uinculis absolutum illesum abire …
St Matthew
Incipit: Beati euuangeliste Mathei domine precibis adiuvemur …

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: ii (paper) + I (medieval parchment) + 192 + III (medieval parchment) + ii (paper)
Dimensions (leaf): 218 × 155 mm.
Foliation: Foliated i–iii, 1–196

Collation

The main text apparently all in quires of 8 leaves except for 26 (fols. 9–14). In the final quire, 254 (fols. 192–195), the second and third leaves are singletons, and in quires 4 (fols. 23–30) and 8 (fols. 55–62) the third and sixth leaves are singletons; fol. 60 is a half-leaf written only on the recto, supplying a reading for Palm Sunday. Quire signatures survive sporadically in the lower outer corner of first rectos and last versos, e.g. ‘.ii.’ (fol. 9r), ‘.vii.’ (fols. 47r, 54v).

Layout

Ruled in very faint plummet and written with 23 lines per page; 155×65 × 100×15 mm.

The supplementary readings on fol. 192r–v with 24 lines

The Exultet (fols. 193v–194r) with 12 and 18 lines of text and music

Musical Notation: Occasional neumes in the text. The Exultet has square notation on 4-line staves; the marginal music at fol. 66r has no ruling.

Decoration

Large pen-drawn foliate initials in brown and purple inks at major textual divisions, typically about 5 lines high, except the Gospel reading for Christmas Eve, 13 lines high (fol. 1r); occasionally in the form of, or including, a dragon (fols. 4r, 7v, 8r, 109v, 110r, 130v); two with a yellowish wash background (fol. 130r–v). Pächt & Alexander (Pächt and Alexander i. no. 63) describe the initials as ‘partly unfinished’, presumably because the purple ink is very pale and has the appearance of preparatory drawing.

2-, 3-, or 4-line initials in plain red for ordinary lections.

One marginal drawing of a bearded head (of Christ?) (fol. 95v).

Binding

17th century or 18th century, Italian: sewn on three wide slit straps, laced horizontally into thick wood boards, no bevel, square-cut with broad squares and a strap-groove at centre edge of front board beneath the leather; inside boards are bare wood; light brown leather over the groove, not allowing for clasp(s), blind-tooled with double lines and one bee(?)-tool to form a simple panel with crossing diagonals; spine lost; edges plain, top edge speckled with dark spots, perhaps deliberate. Same (archaizing?) style as at MSS. Canon. Liturg. 297 and 340. Rebacked in matching leather, 20th century, Bodleian. 233–235 × 163–164 × c. 73–77 mm. (book closed).

Traces of the lost original binding, before 1255, German: fols. iii and 195 (with date 1255) were the old parchment paste-downs(?), with traces of leather turn-ins and a central clasp.

History

Origin: 12th century, first half ; German (south)

Provenance and Acquisition

The Sanctorale is very similar to that in MS. Canon. Bibl. Lat. 43, which shows strong monastic influence, and the inclusion of St Aurelius suggests a connection with the Hirsau congregation.

Benedictine abbey of St Gall, Moggio Udinese: Inscribed in 1255, below a two-line erasure, ‘Anno d(omi)ni mºcc lv. xvi kal(endas) Ap(ri)l(is). concessi s(un)t hic lib(ri). A mosacenen(se) c(on)uentu d(omi)no Walram(o) et d(omi)no Ottaviano .iiii. scilicet epistolar(ium) et eu(a)ng(e)lia(rium). in i uolum(ine) missale ⟨et⟩ duo matutinal⟨ia⟩(fol. 195r). Identified by Rudolf Flotzinger, Choralhandschriften österreichischer Provenienz in der Bodleian Library, Oxford (Vienna, 1991), 48–48.

In Italy by the 14th century, when marginalia (fols. 49r and 66r) and the Exultet (fols. 193v–194r) were added.

Matteo Luigi Canonici (1727–1806), Jesuit and bibliophile of Venice; from whom his mansucripts passed to his brother, Giuseppe (d. 1807), and on the latter’s death to Giovanni Perisinotti, from whom over 2,000 were bought by the Bodleian Library in 1817.

Former Bodleian shelfmarks: ‘Miscell. Liturg. 334.’ (!) (inner face of front board), ‘E codd. Bodl. Miscell Liturgy CCCXXIV’ (fol. iii verso).

Record Sources

Described by Peter Kidd (April 2021) with binding research by Bruce Barker-Benfield (2020). Previously described by S. J. P. Van Dijk, Handlist of the Latin Liturgical Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford : Vol. 1: Mass Books (typescript, 1957), Pächt and Alexander, and the Summary Catalogue (1897).

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)
Digital Bodleian (1 image from 35mm slides)

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2021-04-21: Andrew Dunning Updated description by Peter Kidd.