MS. Canon. Liturg. 354
Summary Catalogue no.: 19440
The volume, although uniform in script and decoration, is comprised of several sections. There are many later additions (on originally blank space unless otherwise noted). For a more detailed inventory of the contents see Flotzinger.
Gradual and sequentiary
Combined temporale and sanctorale, mass of the dedication before the Sunday masses after Pentecost.
Mass for the dead
Calendar with additions, and part of the ordinary of the mass
Calendar, entirely erased and rewritten (except for the month of January) with masses and proses (late fourteenth / early fifteenth century?): itemized in Flotzinger, pp. 12–13.
Additions (14th century) with neums: Alleluia 'Letamini'; Office of St Oswald
Prefaces without music and Vere dignum
Mass for the Conception of the Virgin, not neumed; 13th century
Mass for St Elizabeth, partly neumed, 13th century
De sancta Chunigund, 13th century, and sequence 'Mittit ad virginem', late 14th/early 15th century.
Benedictio vini, late 14th/early 15th century
Full-page miniature of the Crucifixion, 13th century, first half
Canon of the Mass, Sacramentary, and additions
De sancta affra, addition, late 14th/early 15th century
Combined temporale and sanctorale, common of the saints (fol. 111) and votive masses (fol. 113v)
Collect for St Nicholas, added 13th century
Additions, late 14th/early 15th century: St Katherine, St Barbara (Flotzinger p. 14).
'Officium de viginti iiijor senioribus', added 14th century, presumably after erasing an earlier text
Main scribe: creed followed by sequences (Flotzinger p. 14), followed by a 14th-century addition.
Early addition: order of the blessing of salt and holy water
Additions, late 13th/14th century: 'Deus qui es', 'Conscientias nostras'.
Ruled in 'crayon'. Written above top line. Pricked in the outer margins only.
Gradual: 27 lines, written space 200 × 110 mm.
Sacramentary and lectionary: 28 lines, written space 198 × 110 mm.
One main hand, protogothic.
Additions by several hands (see Flotzinger) in textualis and cursive.
Adiastematic non-rhythmical notation of S. Germany
Fine miniature (defaced) painted or repainted on fol. 67, 13th century, first half. (Pächt and Alexander i. 102, pl. VIII)
Initials in gold and red outlines on a blue and pale green ground. In the sacramentary the first line of the text in capitals alternately black and red.
A standard Canonici style of blind-tooled diced brown leather over pasteboards; 18th century, Italian.
Provenance and Acquisition
Flotzinger established that the manuscript was written for the Benedictine abbey of St Paul in Lavanttal. At fol. 67v the wording is 'pro cuncta congregatione sancti Pauli ac familia eius', and at fol. 123v is an added (14th century?) prayer on for 'famuli tui Engelberti fundatoris huius ecclesie'; St Paul was founded by Engelbert I von Spanheim. Although both passages are additions, the general prayer on fol. 124v also refers to 'omni congregatione et familia sancti Pauli', and the feasts of St Paul are emphasized throughout. The monastic provenance is established by fols. 115v-116r with masses 'pro abbate et congregationem' and 'missa monachorum'.
Assessments of the manuscript's date have varied from c. 1160 (Flotzinger) to the first half of the 13th century (Haidinger). St Gothard in the lectionary (fol. 254r) establishes a date after 1131 (Watson), but the absence of St Thomas of Canterbury from the original sacramentary (his feast is added, late 14th century, fol. 71v) is not significant for dating as his feast was not immediately observed in Austria (Haidinger, 45).
The manuscript's origin is also disputed. As Flotzinger and Haidinger discuss, comparisons have been drawn with manuscripts associated with Salzburg and with the Benedictine abbey of Kremsmünster; our manuscript has particularly close affiliations with Stuttgart, LB, Cod. bibl. fol. 20, written at Kremsmünster c. 1136 but in use at St Paul's soon after (Haidinger, 31–4).
Presumably remained at St Paul's, where the later-medieval additions were made.
Matteo Luigi Canonici, 1727–1805: uncertain when acquired, not from Trevisan / Soranzo.
Purchased by the Bodleian in 1817
Last Substantive Revision
2020-12-04: Description finalized for Polonsky German digitization project.