A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Canon. Liturg. 354

Summary Catalogue no.: 19440



Primitive noted missal, monastic.

Gradual: combined temporale and sanctorale (fol. 1), mass of the dedication before the Sunday masses after Pentecost, mass for the dead (fol. 44) and common of the saints (44v). Proser (fol. 47) without music; kalendar (fol. 57), except for the month of January, entirely erased and rewritten with masses and proses; prefaces without music (fol. 63v); additions, among which a full-page crucifixion (fol. 67) at the verso of which a mass for the living and the dead with, in the collect, the wording pro cuncta congregatione sancti Pauli ac familia eius. Canon (fol. 69); sacramentary, consisting of a combined temporale and sanctorale (fol. 70), common of the saints (fol. 111) and votive masses (fol. 113v); after a few additions there is the common of the proser (fol. 126), partly on music, and an almost contemporary order of the blessing of holy water (fol. 129v). Mass lectionary, with an accurate punctuation and musical clues and phrases, divided into temporale (fol. 141 = 131), sanctorale (fol. 249 = 240), common (fol. 267v = 255v) and votive masses (fol. 280 = 271) which, ending abruptly after one leaf, are completed in the 14th century, when also an Office of St. Dorothea (fol. 286 = 277) was added. Throughout the sacramentary many marginal additions.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: i + 287 (278) + i fol., leaves missing at the end.
Dimensions (leaf): 290 × 195 mm.


Gradual: 27 lines, written space 200 × 110 mm.

Sacramentary and lectionary: 28 lines, written space 198 × 110 mm.

Musical Notation:

Adiastematic non-rhythmical notation of S. Germany


Fine initials. Fine miniature (defaced) painted or repainted on fol. 67, 13th century, first half. (P&A i. 102, pl. VIII)

Initials in gold and red outlines on a blue and pale green ground. In the sacramentary the first line of the text in capitals alternately black and red.

Additions: On fol. 123 is a 13th cent. prayer for 'Engelbertus fundator huius ecclesie'.


Origin: 12th century, end; additions, 13th-14th centuries ; German, Augsburg or diocese of Salzburg (?)

Provenance and Acquisition

Probably for a house dedicated to St. Paul; see above at fol. 67. For the monastic origin see fol. 115v-116. On fol. 30 St. George has a large initial. The sequence Regnum tuum (fol. 55) occurs in the 12th cent. missal of Prague, all the others were known at Augsburg, where the Canons Regular had a house dedicated to St. George. The saints in the Mass lectionary, however, suggest the diocese Salzburg rather than that of Augsburg. (St. Rupert, St. Erentruda, St. Paternianus, Sts. Hermachoras and Fortunatus; on the other hand: St. Wenceslaus, St. Quintinus, St. Pirminius). However, neither kalendar seem to have known the commemoration of St. Sylvester in January.

Record Sources

Adapted (2018) from S. J. P. Van Dijk, Handlist of the Latin Liturgical Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford Vol. 1: Mass Books, Pächt and Alexander, and the Summary Catalogue (1897).

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (11 images from 35mm slides)


    Otto Pächt and J. J. G. Alexander, Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford, I (1966), no. 102