A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Canon. Misc. 353

Summary Catalogue no.: 19829

Rabanus Maurus, De computo; Germany, Fulda, 9th century, second quarter

Contents

Language(s): Latin

(fol. 1r–v)

Ruled, but blank except for pen-trials. Transcribed as part of a detailed study by W. M. Stevens, ‘A ninth-century manuscript from Fulda: MS. Canonici Miscellaneous 353’, BLR, 9 (1973–78), 9–16; reprinted in his collected studies, Cycles of time and scientific learning in medieval Europe (Aldershot, 1995), Ch. VII; drawing heavily on his ‘Fulda scribes at work: Bodleian Library Manuscript Canonici Miscellaneous 353’, Bibliothek und Wissenschaft, 9 (1972), 287–316.

(fols. 2r-53r)
Rabanus Maurus, De computo

Composed at Fulda in AD 820. Ed. W. M. Stevens, CCCM 44 (1979) 199–321.

(fol. 2r–v)

Prologue

Incipit: Dilecto fratri Marchario monacho Hrabanus peccator in Christo salutem
Explicit: absoluas & mihi remittas. UALE.
(fols. 3r–4v)

Chapter list

Rubric: Incipiunt capitula libri sequentis
Incipit: I. De numerorum potentia
Explicit: xciii. De ætatibus
(fol. 4v)
Incipit: Quia te uenerandę preceptor
Explicit: de numerorum capere peritia
(fols. 4v–53r)
Rubric: De numerorum potentia
Incipit: M(agister) Bene etiam dilecte frater rogas
Explicit: deus qui est benedictus in saecula. Amen.

Chapter numbers not indicated after ‘VII’, rubrics often omitted.

(fols. 53v–54r)

Added astrological/calendrical notes

(fol. 53v, lines 1–2)

List of solar regulars

Incipit: Martius v. Aprilis. i. Maius iij.
(fol. 53v, lines 3–8, 9–20)

Two series of notes on the Ides and Nones of the month

Incipit: Ianuarius Augustus et December IIII nonas habent, XVIII kalendas post idus, et dies XXXI
Explicit: Omnes menses .viii. idus habent
PL, 129, 1281
Incipit: In ianuario, augusto, & decembre
Explicit: et in idibus dies xiij
PL, 129, 1281
(fol. 53v)

The title (only) of a set of rules

Rubric: Regulares ad kalendas inueniendas quota sit feria
(fols. 54r-55r)
Exerptum de astrologia (eTK 0473K)
Incipit: Duo sunt extremi uertices mundi quos appellant polos septentrionis et austri
Explicit: quia ad ipsum usque decurrit accipiens

The text and its authorship are discussed by H. Le Bourdellès, L’Aratus latinus: Étude sur la culture et la langue latines dans le Nord de la France au VIIIe siècle (Lille, 1985), pp. 85–89; text ed. Ivana Dobcheva, 'Excerptum de astrologia' (2019), in Aratea Digital, Editions [online].

Fol. 55v blank.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment, with many flaws
Extent: ii + 55 + ii
Dimensions (leaf): 235 × 145 mm.
Foliation: i–ii, 1–57 (the final endleaf not foliated)

Collation

1–4(8) (fols. 1–32), 5(6) (fols. 33–38), 6(8) (fols. 39–46), 7(8) (fols. 47–54), 8(2–1) (fol. 55, a bifolium with the second leaf cancelled); quire signatures ‘I’–‘.VII.’

Layout

Ruled in blind for 30 lines per page. Ruled space 180 × 95–100 mm.

Hand(s)

Caroline minuscule. Analysed in detail by Stevens, who differentiates ‘three mature Fulda hands … two mature non-Fulda hands … and six other novices’. He shows, from the use of some Insular forms and some misreadings, that the exemplar was written in Insular script.

Decoration

None.

Binding

Italian 18th-century (before 1761) plain undecorated parchment over pasteboards, with overlapping fore-edges. The endpapers block printed with reserved foliate designs on a ground of red, blue, and yellow. The spine with a red leather title-piece lettered in gilt capitals ‘IUVEBAN | PECCAT. | MACH. MO | DE COMP | COD. M’: the first word is a misreading of the prologue incipit, in which Hrabanus’s name has an ‘ra’ ligature.

History

Origin: 9th century (after 820; before 836?) ; Germany, Fulda

Provenance and Acquisition

Stevens (who had advice from Bernhard Bischoff, and compared the script to several dated examples, including charters in the Fulda Cartulary) dated the MS. to ‘the decade before A.D. 836’; Bischoff seems to have accepted this: Katalog der festländischen Handschriften des neunten Jahrhunderts, II: Laon–Paderborn (Wiesbaden, 2004), p. 362 no. 3790: ‘Fulda, spätestens 836’.

Jacopo Soranzo, -1761; the 4th item under no. 744 in the catalogue of his library; Stevens records that traces of a Soranzo shelfmark, no longer present, were still visible on the lower spine.

Matteo Luigi Canonici, 1727–1805

Giuseppe Canonici , -1807

Purchased by the Bodleian in 1817

Record Sources

Summary description (March 2021) by Peter Kidd, edited by Matthew Holford. Previously described in the Quarto Catalogue (H. O. Coxe, Catalogi codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecæ Bodleianæ pars tertia codices Græcos et Latinos Canonicianos complectens, Quarto Catalogues III, 1854)

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)

Bibliography

Last Substantive Revision

2021-03-09: Revised description by Peter Kidd for Polonsky German digitization project.