A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Canon. Pat. Lat. 192

Summary Catalogue no.: 19178

Rupert of Deutz, De diuinis officiis (part I). 12th century, second quarter or middle; Austria-Germany border area

Contents

Rupert of Deutz, De divinis officiis (I - VII.12)
(fols. 1r–2r)

Prefatory letter to Cuno, bishop of Regensburg

Rubric: Ad venerabilem ecclesie Ratisponensis episcopum Chůnonem epistola Rudperti pro libro de officiis divinis
Incipit: Primitias frugum terre quam dominus dedit mihi nunc offero secundum preceptum sanctę ac mysticę legis
Explicit: et in iusticia tua exaltabuntur
Ruperti Tuitiensis Liber de divinis officiis, ed. by H. Haacke, CCCM, 7 (Turnhout, 1967), pp. 1–4.
(fols. 2r–3r)

Prologue

Rubric: Prologus sequentis opusculi De officiis divinis per anni circulum
Incipit: Ea quę per anni circulum ordine constituto in divinis aguntur officiis
Explicit: unde causas institutionis acceperint iam dicendum est
Haacke, op. cit., pp. 5–6
(fols. 3r–100v)
Rubric: Incipit liber primus de divinis officiis
Incipit: Septem canonicas horas diei non licet a quoquam
Explicit: ut de illis tale quid cantiterent quale illud est. Et crimine ab uno disce omnes.

Ending at the end of VII.12: Haacke, op. cit., pp. 7–239.

The text ends with three erased words (perhaps ‘[Explicit?] [s…?] talis’) followed by 11 unwritten lines.

The next section of the text concerns Easter Sunday, which would thus have commenced a second volume. A few MSS. do start at this point, including MS. Laud Misc. 211. Although of later date, the companion volume to the present one is believed to be Munich, Clm. 12633, as it also seems to come from Ranshofen.

Language(s): Latin

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment, some leaves with substantial holes or other flaws (e.g. fol. 87), sometimes repaired by sewing (e.g. fol. 74)
Extent: I + 100 leaves
Dimensions (leaf): 290 × 200 mm.
Foliation: i, 1–100 in 19th- or 20th-century pencil

Collation

1(8)–12(8), 13 (probably five, including the pastedown: collation uncertain due to repairs to the parchment. The current central bifolium is fols. 99/100). Quire signatures in Roman numerals .i.–.xii. in red ink in the middle of the lower margin of final versos.

Layout

Ruled in plummet for 33 lines, ruled space 220-5 × 125-35 mm. (quires 1-3: 32 lines, ruled space 210-5 × 135 mm); written above top line.

Hand(s)

Fine formal pre-Gothic bookhand by several scribes, with rubrics in brick red (partially oxidised).

Musical Notation:

A 12th-century pen-trial(?) with a version of an Easter antiphon ‘Christus resurgens mortuis iam non est’ has neums above the first two words (back pastedown).

Decoration

Two large foliate initials in red ink at the start of the prefatory texts (fols. 1r, 2r).

The start of books with 4- to 6-line initials, and chapters with 2- or 3-line initials, in plain red, for which guide-letters sometimes survive (e.g. fol. 71v).

Sketches of letters (?), fol. i verso. A sketch of a soldier(?) (wearing a helmet?) and a woman or beardless youth, possibly based on a scene of martyrdom(?) (back pastedown).

Binding

15th century or early 16th century, Austrian, Ranshofen: wood boards, thick, straight-cut with modest squares; thick pigskin, off-white and somewhat discoloured, each cover tooled with blind lines to form bold lozenge-shaped patterns linking 4+1 lost circular bosses; traces of two leather strap-and-pin fastenings running from back cover to front (all fittings lost), and of a lost label at top left upper cover; spine plain. Added gilt red-leather spine-label, 18th century, Italian. 300 × c. 204–205 × c. 56–58 mm. (book closed) (after Barker-Benfield; see Bibliography).

History

Origin: 12th century, second quarter or middle ; Germany or Austria

Provenance and Acquisition

Haacke (1967, p. xxx, siglum ‘C8’), briefly describes the MS. and suggests an early 13th-century date based on the script; Classen (1970) disagrees and suggests c.1150–60, comparing the decorated initials to examples from Reichersberg, about 30km north-east of Ranshofen (on which see K. Holter, ‘Mittelalterliche Buchkunst im Reichersberg’, in 900 Jahre Augustiner-Chorherrenstift Reichersberg, ed. by H. Litschel (Linz, 1983), pp. 295–312).

Ranshofen, Augustinian priory of St Pancras: a partially erased 12th-century inscription can be read as ‘Notum facimus cunctis Christi fidelibus quod I(mma) de Aphetal traditit partem predii sui super altarem sancti Martini ⟨in Hantin⟩berch. Testes sunt Chůno maritus eius Ulricus et Megengotus filii ejus et Adalbero gener eius’ (back pastedown); the uncertain parts are supplied by P. Classen, ‘Zur kritischen Edition der Schriften Ruperts von Deutz’, Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters, 26 (1970), at p. 519, by comparison with the summary in the Ranshofener Traditionscodex (K. Schiffmann, ‘Der Traditionskodex des Augustiner-Chorherrenstiftes Ranshofen am Inn, Beiträge zu einer kritischen Ausgabe’, Archiv für die Geschichte der Diözese Linz, V, Heft 2 (1908), at p. 22 no. 65, where it is dated c.1140). Handenberg is about 12km south of Ranshofen. Probably to be identified as the ‘Prima pars Rüpertus de officiis.’ in the mid 14th-century catalogue of Ranshofen library (Munich, Clm. 12643; Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Österreichs, V, ed. by H. Paulhart (Vienna, 1971), at p. 91, line 5); the following item in the catalogue, ‘Secunda pars Rüpertus de officiis’ is thought to be Munich, Clm. 12633.

Matteo Luigi Canonici, 1727–1805, Jesuit and bibliophile, of Venice, who owned at least two other MSS. probably from Ranshofen: MS. Canon. Bibl. Lat. 60 and MS. Canon. Bibl. Lat. 76.

Giuseppe Canonici , -1807, his brother; on his death to Giovanni Perisinotti, from whom over 2,000 books were bought by the Bodleian Library.

Purchased by the Bodleian in 1817

Record Sources

Description (April 2021) by Peter Kidd, edited by Matthew Holford. Previously described in the Quarto Catalogue (H. O. Coxe, Catalogi codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecæ Bodleianæ pars tertia codices Græcos et Latinos Canonicianos complectens, Quarto Catalogues III, 1854).

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)

Bibliography

    Online resources:

    Printed descriptions:

    B. C. Barker-Benfield, Bookbindings of Canonici manuscripts: a survey of early and non-standard bindings, mostly Italian, in the Canonici collection of the Bodleian Library, University of Oxford (Oxford, privately printed, 2020)
    Otto Pächt and J. J. G. Alexander, Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford, I (1966), no. 54

Last Substantive Revision

2021-04-20: Description fully revised for Polonsky German digitization project.