A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. Canon. Pat. Lat. 57

Summary Catalogue no.: 19043

Gregory the Great, De cura pastorali, with glosses in Latin and Old High German; south-west Germany or Switzerland (?Lake Constance area), 11th century


(fols. 1r-95r)
Gregory the Great, De cura pastorali

Fol. 1r blank except for later pen-trials and erased ex libris; see Provenance. Part of the folio excised.

(fol. 1v)


Rubric: Glosa Pastoralis Cvre
Incipit: Antiqui moris fuit consuetudo que et usque hodie in romana ęcclesia quasi in lege tenetur, ab episcopis urbis Rauennę presidentibus, summum apostolicę sedis pontificem eligi
Explicit: quod de hoc inpen [excised] innotuit

Followed by an erased text and a note in 15th-century Italian script, mostly excised; see below, Provenance.

(fols. 2r-v)


Rubric: In nomine domini nostri Iesu Christi incipit liber regulę pastoralis sancti Gregorii papę scriptvs ad Iohannem episcopum
Incipit: PASTORALIS CURĘ ME PONDERA FVGERE DElitiscendo [gloss: bosconde[sic] id est tacendo] uoluisse
Explicit: ianua repellantur
Final rubric: Explicit prologus
(fols. 2v-32v)

Book 1

Rubric: Ne uenire imperiti ad magisterium audeant
Incipit: NULLA ARS DOCERI PREsuma\i/tur
Explicit: a circulis numquam recedant
Final rubric: Explicit pars prima
(fols. 32v-95r)

Book 2

Rubric: Incipit pars secvnda Gregorii. Prologvs.
Rubric: Quanta debet esse diuersitas in arte predicationis
Incipit: QUIA IGITUR QUALIS ESSE debeat pastor ostendimus
Explicit: tangere corda audientium debet
Rubric: (fol. 33r) Incipit breviarivm libri .II.
Incipit: ALITER NAMQUE ADMONENDI SUNT VIRI atque aliter admonendę sunt feminę
Explicit: per singula quanta possumus breuitate pandamus
Final rubric: Explicit breviarivm libri .II.
Incipit: (fol. 34r) ALITER IGITUR ADMONENDI SVNT VIRI atque aliter feminę. Quia illis [gloss: scilicet uiris] grauia
Explicit: proprium deprimit . tui meriti ||
Final rubric: Expliciunt libri pastoral||

Part of fol. 95 excised.

Fol. 95v blank except for later 'C 91' (?)

The text presented in two books, equivalent to books 1–2 and book 3 in the usual division. This manuscript not listed by Richard W. Clement, 'A handlist of manuscripts containing Gregory's Regula Pastoralis', Manuscripta 28 (1984), 33–44.

Language(s): Latin

Contemporary interlinear and marginal glosses, perhaps all by scribe A, including approximately 90 glosses in Old High German, unpublished at the time of cataloguing. As far as fol. 64v these are very closely related to, and in large part identical with, those in Basel, UB B. V. 21 (Die althochdeutschen Glossen, ed. E. Steinmeyer and E. Sievers, II (1882), 197–9, no. DCXL; BStK no. 26, with literature). One added (12th-century?) interlinear German gloss, fol. 14r.

Language(s): Latin and Old High German (Alemannic)

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: i (paper) + i (parchment) + 96 + i (parchment) + i (paper)
Dimensions (leaf): 230 × 145 mm.
Foliation: i-ii, 1–50a, 50b-97


1(8)-12(8) (fols. 1–95, including 50a, b). The third and sixth leaves in quires 5–8 are half-sheets (fols. 35, 38, 43, 46, 50b, 53, 58, 61) as are the second and seventh in quire 12 (fols. 89, 94).


Ruled with a hard point for 1 column of 30 lines, with double vertical bounding lines. Ruled space 180 × 100 mm.


Caroline minuscule by two hands, (a) fols. 1v-79v, 88r-95r, with frequent ligatures (us, nt, rt, ns; a and i sometimes in ligature below the line), and with a form of -rum abbreviation similar to that regarded by Hartmut Hoffmann as characteristic of Reichenau (Buchkunst und Königtum I.306) (b) fols. 80r-87v (quire 11).

Rubrics in rustic capitals with some uncial forms.


Foliate initials in red at the beginning of each book, fols. 2r, 34r. R. W. Hunt compared the initials in MS. Laud Misc. 274.

Minor initials usually of three lines in plain red.


Sewn on four bands (replacing earlier sewing using five stations); 16th century or 17th century (?), Italian (?) brown calf over pasteboards, blind-ruled and and blind-stamped with fleur-de-lis and leafwork motifs, and indistinct centrepieces, the Crucifixion on the front and perhaps the Virgin and Child or St Christopher on the back. The spine with gilt label 'S. Gregor. Papae Lib. Regul. Pastoral.' and 'Cod. Mem. 1150' (a date, rather than a shelfmark; cf. fol. 1r). Endleaves of 18th-century Venetian paper with three moons watermark.


Origin: 11th century ; Germany, south west, or Switzerland, perhaps area of Lake Constance

Provenance and Acquisition

Fol. 1r: pentrials, one with the year 1150.

Erased inscriptions, text not recoverable, fols. 1v, 53v.

Probably in Italy by the 15th century: inscription, mostly excised, in Italian script, fol. 1v: '... monasterii sanctę | a castelionibus | loco recepte ele|am discretam |us fuit annotatus'

Unidentified house of regular canons, perhaps in Treviso: fol. 1r, partly erased ex libris inscription (possibly itself written over an earlier inscription): 'Iste liber est canonico⟨rum⟩ ⟨regu⟩larium sancte Marie | r de tar(?)'. Perhaps the regular canons of S. Maria de Pichelermi and the Forty Martyrs, Treviso, as MS. Canon. Pat. Lat. 46 or MS. Canon. Misc. 456, or Santa Maria Maggiore, Treviso.

Fol. 1r: erased ex libris inscription, 'Iste liber est canonicorum | tre'.

Matteo Luigi Canonici, 1727–1805; acquisition uncertain, not from Soranzo,

Giuseppe Canonici , -1807

Purchased by the Bodleian in 1817

Record Sources

Description by Matthew Holford, March 2021, with thanks to Nigel Palmer for advice on the dialect of the glosses. Previously described in the Quarto Catalogue (H. O. Coxe, Catalogi codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecæ Bodleianæ pars tertia codices Græcos et Latinos Canonicianos complectens, Quarto Catalogues III, 1854).

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)


Last Substantive Revision

2021-03-24: Description fully revised for Polonsky German digitization project.