A catalogue of Western manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries and selected Oxford colleges

MS. D'Orville 141

Summary Catalogue no.: 17019

Glosses on Sallust; Jean Lebègue. France, 15th century, second half


Glosses on Sallust, Catilina and Jugurtha
Rubric: Incipiunt Glose supra Catalinarium et Iugurtinum Salustij felicter
(fols. 1r-18v)
Incipit: Salustius uti mos erat
Catalogus Translationum et Commentariorum, I.10a (vol. X, pp. 380-3, printing the accessus in full, and with further bibliography).
(fols. 19r-40v)
Incipit: Falso queritur Eadem est intentio in hoc prologo
Catalogus Translationum et Commentariorum, I.7a (vol. X, pp. 386-8).
Colophon: (fol. 41r) Itaque super Catilinario et Iugurtino Crispi Salustii glose a vetulo codice quodam […] per me Jo. le Begue […] apud boscum Trouselli prope Biturcas [Bois-Trousseau near Bourges] […] in presens redacte volumen […] complete anno incarnati verbi MoCCCCoxvijo Octobris xxvia […]
The colophon is transcribed in full in D. Byrne, 'An Early French Humanist and Sallust: Jean Lebègue and the Iconographical Programme for the Catiline and Jugurtha', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 49 (1986), pp. 41-65 at 46 n. 44
Language(s): Latin
2. (fol. 42r)
Jean Lebègue, Les histoires que l'on peut raisonnablement faire sur les livres de Salluste
Rubric: Histoires sur les deux liures de Saluste
Incipit: Cy commencent les histoires que len puet raisonnablement faire et pourtraire sur le liure de Saluste par moy J. le Begue deuisees et mises par escript

Printed from this (the unique) manuscript by J. Porcher, Paris, 1962, and closely related to the surviving illustrations in Geneva, Bibliothèque de Genève, Ms. lat. 54. The text has been described as 'the fullest and most detailed written programme to survive' of instructions for an illuminator (J. J. G. Alexander, Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (1992), 57), but in the fullest recent analysis Anne van Buren has argued that the earlier text is descriptive - describing the illustrations that already existed in the Geneva MS. at the time of Lebègue's writing - with only the later entries (corresponding to fols. 39v onwards of the Geneva manuscript) being prescriptive (A. van Buren with R. Wieck, Illuminating fashion: dress in the art of medieval France and the Netherlands, 1325-1515 (2011), 35 nn. 120-1); a fuller analysis is in Anne D. Hedeman, Visual Translation: Illuminated Manuscripts and the First French Humanists (South Bend: Notre Dame University Press, 2022).

Language(s): Middle French

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Paper, folded in quarto. The watermark closely resembles Briquet 1834 (Paris/Pontoise, 1468).
Extent: ii + 55 + i leaves
Dimensions (leaf): 212 × c. 148 mm.


Probably 1(12)-4(12) (fols. 1-48), 5(seven) (fols. 49-55). Vertical catchwords on fols. 12v, 36v.


Frame-ruled; 1 column, c. 28-30 lines; ruled space 140 × 80-90 mm.


Cursive by one hand

Rubrics and lemmata on fols. 1r-41r in textualis.




Plain brown leather over pasteboards; ‘Sallust | MS’ on the spine


Origin: 15th century, second half ; France (watermark)

Provenance and Acquisition

The colophon, fol. 41r, covering fol. 1r-40v, is copied from an earlier examplar and gives the date of the original compilation, not the present manuscript.

Jacques Phillippe D'Orville of Amsterdam (1690–1751); listed in the catalogue of his collection, MS. D'Orville 302, fol. 21r.

Jean D'Orville, b. 1734, his son, by descent

Jean D'Orville, son of Jean, by descent

Sold to the Rev. John Cleaver Banks (1765/6–1845): purchased from him by the Bodleian.

Acquired by the Bodleian in 1804. Previous shelfmark Auct. X. 1. 4. 39.

Record Sources

Description by Matthew Holford (August 2021), with grateful acknowledgment to Anne D. Hedeman for advice. Previously described in the Summary Catalogue (1897).


Last Substantive Revision

2021-08: Description fully revised.